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Encyclopedia > Colmar
Commune of Colmar
Christmas at Colmar
Location
Coordinates 48°04′54″N, 07°21′20″E
Administration
Country Flag of France France
Region Alsace
Department Haut-Rhin (préfecture)
Arrondissement Colmar
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté
d'agglomération
de Colmar
Mayor Gilbert Meyer
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 175 m–214 m
(avg. 197 m)
Land area¹ 66.57 km²
Population²
(1999)
65,136
 - Density (1999) 978/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 68066/ 68000
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France
Petite Venise
Petite Venise

Colmar is a town and commune in the Haut-Rhin département of Alsace, France. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1399 KB)Christmas at Colmar, France. ... Download high resolution version (1804x1689, 163 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Colmar Categories: GFDL images ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (New région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Haut-Rhin is a French département, named after the Rhine river. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Colmar is an arrondissement of France, located in the Haut-Rhin département, of the Alsace région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links fr: Colmar, la Petite Venise en: Colmar, Alsace Little Venice district. ... Image File history File links fr: Colmar, la Petite Venise en: Colmar, Alsace Little Venice district. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Haut-Rhin is a French département, named after the Rhine river. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... (New région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ...


In 1999 Colmar had a population of 65,136. Colmar is also the chief town of the arrondissement of Colmar, with 86,832 inhabitants. The arrondissement of Colmar is an arrondissement of France, located in the Haut-Rhin département, of the Alsace région. ...

Contents

History

Colmar was founded in the 9th century. This was the location where Charles the Fat held a diet in 884. Colmar was granted the status of a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire in 1226. During the Thirty Years' War, the city was taken by the armies of Sweden in 1632, who held it for two years. The city was conquered by France under Louis XIV in 1697. As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Romantic portrait of Charles. ... In politics, a Diet is a formal deliberative assembly. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ...


In 1679 (Treaty of Nimwegen) Colmar was ceded to France. With the rest of Alsace, Colmar was annexed by the newly formed German Empire in 1871 as a result of the Franco-Prussian War. It returned to France after World War I, was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1940, and then reverted to French control after the battle of the "Colmar Pocket" in 1945. Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Otto Von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Located near Alsace in Eastern France, the Colmar Pocket was the site of a ten-day battle during the Second World War that saw four divisions of the French Army and an entire Corps from the U.S. Army overwhelm German resistance. ...


Geography

Colmar is 40 miles (64 kilometers) south-southwest of Strasbourg, at 48.08°N, 7.36°E, on the Lauch River. It is connected to the Rhine River by a canal. City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ... The Canal du Midi, Toulouse, France Canals are man-made channels for water. ...


With an average annual rainfall level of just 530 mm/m² (21 inches) per year, Colmar is the dryest town in France. This results from the town's location directly to the east of the Vosges Mountains. The mountains force clouds arriving from the west to rise, and much of their moisture to condense and fall as precipitation over the higher ground, leaving the air warmed and dried by the time it reaches Colmar. Vosges is a French department, named after the Vosges mountain range. ...


Culture

The well-preserved old city center houses several, sometimes large-scale buildings in German Gothic and early Renaissance style, as well as a number of old churches, among which the collégiale Saint-Martin (13th-16th century) is the largest and most noteworthy. Local 15th century artist Martin Schongauer painted what is considered his masterpiece, The Madonna of the Roses, in Colmar's Eglise des Dominicains(Dominican Church). Matthias Grünewald's famous Isenheim Altarpiece is the most noteworthy of the treasures housed in the city's Unterlinden Museum. International Gothic is a subset of Gothic art developed in Burgundy, Bohemia and northern Italy in the late 1300s and early 1400s. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... c. ... The Crucifixion, central panel of the Isenheim Altarpiece Matthias Grünewald (1470-1528) is a highly regarded figure from the German Renaissance. ... Grunewalds masterpiece is the Isenheim altarpiece. ...


Miscellaneous

Colmar was the home town of sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (best known for the Statue of Liberty), and contains a museum dedicated to a number of his works. A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... One of his works Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (August 2, 1834 - October 4, 1904) was a French sculptor. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886, standing at Liberty Island, New York in the mouth of the Hudson River...


Colmar has a sunny microclimate and is the driest city in France, with an annual precipitation of just 550 mm, making it ideal for Alsace wine. Colmar is also the Capital of Alsatian wine. Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at Heligan Gardens, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50° 15N A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... Alsatian wine has a long history. ...


Twin towns

Colmar is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Abingdon Town Councils coat of arms. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Eisenstadt (Hungarian Kismarton, Croatian Željezno) is a city in Austria, the state capital of Burgenland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... // Raab redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Lucca is a city in Tuscany, northern central Italy, situated on the river Serchio in a fertile plain near (but not on) the Ligurian Sea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Schongau is a small town in Bavaria, near the Alps. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Sint-Niklaas is a municipality located in the province of East Flanders, Flemish Region, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Hyde is a town within the Tameside borough of Greater Manchester, England. ...

See also

This is a list of mayors of Colmar in Alsace. ... Located near Alsace in Eastern France, the Colmar Pocket was the site of a ten-day battle during the Second World War that saw four divisions of the French Army and an entire Corps from the U.S. Army overwhelm German resistance. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Colmar
  • Official website
  • City Guide
  • Tourist office (in English)
  • Hospitals of Colmar
  • Tourist's video

  Results from FactBites:
 
Colmar (192 words)
Colmar is a city in the Haut-Rhin département of Alsace, France.
The city of Colmar is 40 miles south-southwest of Strasbourg, at 48.08°N, 7.36°E, on the Lauch River[?].
Colmar was granted the status of a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire in 1226.
Colmar at AllExperts (303 words)
Colmar is a town and commune in the Haut-Rhin département of Alsace, France.
Colmar is also the chief town of the arrondissement of Colmar, with 86,832 inhabitants.
Colmar is 40 miles (64 kilometers) south-southwest of Strasbourg, at 48.08°N, 7.36°E, on the Lauch River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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