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Encyclopedia > Collier's Weekly
Collier's (May 7, 1932)

Collier's Weekly was an American magazine founded by Peter Fenelon Collier and published from 1888 to 1957. With the passage of decades, the title was shortened to Collier's. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Peter Fenelon Collier (December 12, 1849 – April 24, 1909) was the publisher of Colliers Weekly. ...


As a result of Peter Collier's pioneering investigative journalism, Collier's Weekly established a reputation as a proponent of social reform. When attempts by various companies to sue Collier ended in failure, other magazines became involved in what Theodore Roosevelt described unflatteringly as "muckraking journalism." Investigative journalism is a kind of journalism in which reporters deeply investigate a topic of interest, often involving crime, political corruption, or some other scandal. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Bold text McClures Magazine (cover, Jan, 1901) published many early muckraker articles. ...

Contents

History

Irish immigrant Collier (1849-1909) left Ireland at age 17. Although he went to a seminary to become a priest, he instead started work as a salesman for P.J. Kennedy, publisher of books for the Catholic market. When Collier wanted to boost sales by offering books on a subscription plan, it led to a disagreement with Kennedy, so Collier left to start his own subscription service. P.F. Collier & Son began in 1875, expanding into the largest subscription house in America with sales of 30 million books during the 1900-1910 decade.


In April, 1888, Collier's Once a Week was launched as a magazine of "fiction, fact, sensation, wit, humor, news". By 1892, with a circulation climbing past the 250,000 mark, Collier's Once a Week was one of the largest selling magazines in the United States. The name was changed to Collier's Weekly: An Illustrated Journal in 1895. With an emphasis on news, the magazine became a leading exponent of the halftone news picture. To fully exploit the new technology, Peter Collier recruited James H. Hare, one of the pioneers of photojournalism. Collier's only son, Robert J. Collier became a full partner in 1898. New York Times; November 11, 1918 Robert Joseph Collier (June 17, 1876 – November 9, 1918) was the publisher of Colliers Weekly magazine and president of the Aero Club of America. ...


Peter Collier died in 1909, and then Robert Collier died in 1918, leaving a will that turned the magazine over to three of his friends--Samuel Dunn, Harry Payne Whitney and Francis Patrick Garvan. Harry Payne Whitney was a businessman, horsebreeder and the husband of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. ... Image:Lg GarvanNPG 96 131 web. ...


The magazine was sold in 1919 to the Crowell Publishing Company (which in 1939 was renamed as Crowell-Collier Publishing Company). [1] Thomas Y. Crowell Co. ...


Editors and writers

When Norman Hapgood became editor of Collier's Weekly in 1903, he attracted many leading writers. In May, 1906, he commissioned Jack London to cover the San Francisco earthquake, a report accompanied by 16 pages of pictures. Under Hapgood's guidance, Collier's Weekly began publishing the work of investigative journalists such as Samuel Hopkins Adams, Ray Stannard Baker, C.P. Connolly and Ida Tarbell. Hapgood's approach had great impact, resulting in such changes as the reform of the child labor laws, slum clearance and women's suffrage. In April, 1905, an article by Upton Sinclair, "Is Chicago Meat Clean?", persuaded the Senate to pass the 1906 Meat Inspection Act. Norman Hapgood (1868- ) was an American editor and critic, born in Chicago, Ill. ... For other persons named Jack London, see Jack London (disambiguation). ... PPPPPPPPPPP§ ... Samuel Hopkins Adams (1871–1958) was an American writer, best known for his investigative journalism. ... Ray Stannard Baker Ray Stannard Baker (April 17, 1870–July 12, 1946), American journalist and author, was born in Lansing, Michigan. ... C.P. Connolly (1863-1935) was a radical American investigative journalist who was associated for many years with Colliers Weekly. ... Ida Tarbell Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 - January 6, 1944) was an American author and journalist, known as one of the leading muckrakers. ... Categories: Stub | United States law | U.S. history of labor relations ... The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... Upton Beall Sinclair Jr. ... The United States Meat Inspection Act of 1906 authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption. ...


Starting October 7, 1905, Adams startled readers with "The Great American Fraud," an 11-part Collier's series. Analyzing the contents of popular patent medicines, Adams pointed out that the companies producing these medicines were making false claims about their products and some were health hazards. Hapgood launched the series with the following editorial: is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... E.W. Kembles Deaths Laboratory in Colliers Magazine in 1906 Patent medicine is the somewhat misleading term given to various medical compounds sold under a variety of names and labels, though they were, for the most part, actually medicines with trademarks, not patented medicines. ...

In the present number we print the first article in "The Great American Fraud" series, which is to describe thoroughly the ways and methods, as well as the evils and dangers, of the patent medicine business. This article is but the opening gun of the campaign, and is largely introductory in character, but it will give the reader a good idea of what is to come when Mr. Adams gets down to peculiarities. The next article, to appear two weeks hence, will treat of "Peruna and the 'Bracers'," that is, of those concoctions which are advertised and sold as medicines, but which in reality are practically cocktails.
Since these articles on patent medicine frauds were announced in Collier's some time ago, most of the makers of alcoholic and opiated medicines have been running to cover, and even the Government has been awakened to a sense of responsibility. A few weeks ago the Commissioner of Internal Revenue issued an order to his Collectors, ordering them to exact a special tax from the manufacturer of every compound composed of distilled spirits, "even though drugs have been added thereto." The list of "tonics," "blood purifiers" and "cures" that will come under this head has not yet been published by the Treasury Department, but it is bound to include a good many of the beverages which, up to the present time, have been soothing the consciences while stimulating the palates of the temperance folk. The next official move will doubtless be against the opium-sellers; but these have likewise taken fright, and several of the most notorious "consumption cures" no longer include opium or hasheesh in their concoction.

"The Great American Fraud" had a powerful impact and led to the first Pure Food and Drug Act (1906). The entire series was reprinted by the American Medical Association in a book, The Great American Fraud, which sold 500,000 copies at 50 cents each. This is an article about the United States Food and Drug Act; for the Canadian version see Food and Drugs Act. ...


Hapgood had a huge influence on public opinion, and between 1909 and 1912, he succeeded in doubling the circulation of Collier's from a half million to a million. When he moved on to Harper's Weekly in 1912, he was replaced as editor for the next couple years by Robert J. Collier, the son of the founder. “Harpers” redirects here. ... New York Times; November 11, 1918 Robert Joseph Collier (June 17, 1876 – November 9, 1918) was the publisher of Colliers Weekly magazine and president of the Aero Club of America. ...


Writers such as Martha Gellhorn and Ernest Hemingway, who reported on the Spanish Civil War, helped boost the circulation. Winston Churchill, who wrote an account of the First World War, was a regular contributor during the 1930s, but his series of articles ended in 1938 when he became a minister in the British government. Other writers included Willa Cather, Zane Grey, Ring Lardner, Sinclair Lewis, E. Phillips Oppenheim, Carl Fick, Ruth Burr Sanborn, Albert Payson Terhune and H.C. Witwer. Martha Gellhorn Martha Gellhorn (8 November 1908 - 15 February 1998) was an American novelist and journalist considered one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... “Churchill” redirects here. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... Wilella Sibert Cather (December 7, 1873[1] – April 24, 1947) is an eminent author from the United States. ... Zane Grey (January 31, 1872 – October 23, 1939) was an American author best known for his popular adventure novels and pulp fiction that presented an idealized image of the rugged Old West. ... Ringgold Wilmer Lardner (March 6, 1885 - September 25, 1933) was an American sports columnist and short story writer best known for his satirical takes on the sports world, marriage, and the theatre. ... Sinclair Lewis Sinclair Lewis (February 7, 1885 — January 10, 1951) was an American novelist and playwright. ... Carl Fick (born 1918, Evanston, Illinois) is the director of several documentaries including the Cannes award-winning and the author of two novels, The Danziger Transcript and The Danziger Transcript was published in hardcover by Putnam in 1971, and in mass market paperback by Dell in 1974. ... TERHUNE, Albert Payson. ...


Radio

Collier's circulation battle with The Saturday Evening Post led to the creation of The Collier Hour, broadcast on the NBC Blue Network from 1927 to 1932. It was radio's first major dramatic anthology, adapting stories and serials from Collier's. Airing on the Wednesday before weekly publication, it switched to Sundays to avoid spoilers with stories being aired simultaneously with the magazine. In 1929, in addition to the dramatizations, it offered music, news, sports and comedy. A cover of the Saturday Evening Post from 1903 The Saturday Evening Post was a weekly magazine published in the United States from August 4, 1821 to February 8, 1969. ... The Collier Hour, broadcast on the NBC Blue Network from 1927 to 1932, was radios first major dramatic anthology, adapting stories and serials from Colliers in a calculated move to increase subscriptions and compete with The Saturday Evening Post. ...


Serials

Serializing novels during the late 1920s, Collier's Weekly sometimes simultaneously ran two ten-part novels, and non-fiction was also serialized. Between 1913 and 1949, Sax Rohmer's Fu Manchu serials, illustrated by Joseph Clement Coll and others, were hugely popular. The Mask of Fu Manchu, which was adapted into a 1932 film and a 1951 Wally Wood comic book, was first published as a 12-part Collier's serial, running from May 7 to July 23, 1932. The May 7 issue displayed a memorable cover illustration by famed maskmaker Władysław T. Benda, and his mask design for that cover was repeated by many other illustrators in subsequent adaptations and reprints. Joseph Clement Coll (1881-1921) was an American newspaper and book illustrator. ... Wallace Wally Wood (born June 17, 1927, Menahga, Minnesota, United States; died November 2, 1981), was an American writer-artist best known for his work in EC Comics and Mad. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... W.T. Benda, Circa 1940s WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Teodor Benda (b. ...


Illustrators and cartoonists

Leading illustrators and cartoonists contributed to Collier's, including Charles Addams, Carl Anderson, Stan and Jan Berenstain, Sam Berman, Howard Chandler Christy. Sam Cobean, Harrison Fisher, James Montgomery Flagg, A.B. Frost, Jay Irving, Crockett Johnson, E.W. Kemble, Hank Ketcham, Percy Leason, David Low, J. C. Leyendecker, Bill Mauldin, John Cullen Murphy, Virgil Partch, Mischa Richter, John Sloan, Frederic Dorr Steele, William Steig, Charles Henry "Bill" Sykes, Richard Taylor, Gluyas Williams, Gahan Wilson and Rowland B. Wilson. In 1903, Charles Dana Gibson signed a $100,000 contract, agreeing to deliver 100 pictures (at $1000 each) during the next four years. From 1904 to 1910, Maxfield Parrish was under exclusive contract to Collier's, which published his famed Arabian Nights paintings in 1906-07. After WWII, Harry Devlin became the top editorial cartoonist at Collier's, one of the few publications to display editorial cartoons in full color. Charles Samuel Addams (January 7, 1912–September 29, 1988) was an American cartoonist known for his particularly black humor and macabre characters. ... Carl Thomas Anderson (14 February 1865–4 November 1948) was a cartoonist who is best remembered for his comic strip Henry. ... Stan and Jan Berenstain are best known for creating the childrens book series The Berenstain Bears. ... Howard Chandler Christy (January 10, 1873—March 3, 1952) was an American artist. ... Flaggs famous depiction of Uncle Sam James Montgomery Flagg (June 18, 1877 - May 27, 1960) was a American artist and illustrator. ... Jay Irving (born Irving Joel Rafsky in New York) is a cartoonist best known for his syndicated strip Pottsy about a New York policeman. ... Crockett Johnson was the pen name of cartoonist and childrens book illustrator David Johnson Liesk (1906—1975). ... Henry King Ketcham (1920-2001), commonly known as Hank Ketcham, was an American cartoonist who created the Dennis the Menace comic strip, writing and drawing it from 1951 to 1994. ... Sir David Alexander Cecil Low (7 April 1891–19 September 1963) was a New Zealand political cartoonist. ... Joseph Christian Leyendecker (23 March 1874-25 July 1951) was a popularAmerican illustrator. ... William Henry Bill Mauldin (October 29, 1921 – January 22, 2003) was a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist of the United States. ... John Cullen Murphy (May 3, 1919 in New York City - July 2, 2004 in Greenwich, Connecticut) was the artist of the Prince Valiant comic strip. ... Virgil Franklin Partch, known by his pen name VIP, was one of the most-prominent American gag cartoonists of the postwar era. ... Mischa Richter was a cartoonist. ... John French Sloan (August 2, 1871 - September 8, 1951) was a U.S. artist. ... Frederic Dorr Steele is an American illustrator best known for his work on the Sherlock Holmes stories. ... William Steig (November 14, 1907 – October 3, 2003) was a prolific American cartoonist, sculptor and, later in life, an author of popular childrens literature. ... Gluyas Williams (July 23, 1888 – February 13, 1982) was an American cartoonist. ... Gahan Wilson (born February 18, 1930) is an author, cartoonist, and illustrator in the United States. ... Charles Dana Gibson (September 14, 1867 _ December 23, 1944) was an American graphic artist, noted for his creation of one of the first pin-up girls, the Gibson Girl. Woman Jurors by Charles Dana Gibson, 1902 He was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts. ... The Dinky Bird, by Maxfield Parrish, an illustration from Poems of Childhood by Eugene Field, 1904. ...


Later years

During World War II, Collier's readership reached 2.5 million. In the October 14, 1944 issue, the magazine published one of the first articles about concentration camps, Jan Karski's "Polish Death Camp," a harrowing account of his visit to Belzec. Collier's carried that excerpt from Karski's Story of a Secret State a month-and-a-half prior to the book's publication by Houghton Mifflin. A Book of the Month Club selection, Karski's book became a bestseller, with 400,000 copies sold in 1944-45. The Collier's selection was reprinted in Robert H. Abzug's America Views the Holocaust: 1933-1945 (Palgrave, 1999). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Before a wall map of the Warsaw Ghetto at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Jan Karski recalls his secret 1942 missions into the Nazi prison-city-within-a-city. ... Belzec was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. ... i suck for crack!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... The Book of the Month Club (founded 1923) is a United States mail-order business where consumers are offered a new book each month. ...


Collier's had a circulation of 2,846,052 when Walter Davenport took over as editor in 1946, but the magazine began to lose readers during the post-WWII years. In the early 1950s, Collier's ran a groundbreaking series of articles about space flight, Man Will Conquer Space Soon! which prompted the general public tp seriously consider the possibility of a trip to the moon. Collier's changed from a weekly to a biweekly in August 1953, but it continued to lose money. After the magazine ceased publication on December 16, 1956, the company continued to publish Collier's Encyclopedia and Collier’s Junior Classics. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Man Will Conquer Space Soon! was the title of a famous series of 1950s articles in Colliers Weekly Magazine laying out Wernher von Brauns plans for manned spaceflight. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Editors

  • Peter Fenelon Collier, editor (1888-1903)
  • Norman Hapgood, editor (1903-12)
  • Albert Lee, managing editor (1905)
  • Robert J. Collier, editor (1912-14)
  • Mark Sullivan, editor (1914)
  • Arthur H. Gleason, associate editor (1908-13)
  • Finlay Peter Dunne, editor
  • William Ludlow Chenery, editor (1925-31)
  • Henry La Cossitt, editor (1944-46)
  • Walter Davenport, editor (1946)

Peter Fenelon Collier (December 12, 1849 – April 24, 1909) was the publisher of Colliers Weekly. ... Norman Hapgood (1868- ) was an American editor and critic, born in Chicago, Ill. ... New York Times; November 11, 1918 Robert Joseph Collier (June 17, 1876 – November 9, 1918) was the publisher of Colliers Weekly magazine and president of the Aero Club of America. ...

References

  1. ^ John Wyndham, The Day of the Triffids, paperback edition title page, Fawcett Crest Book #449-01322-075, 6th printing, April 1970

External links

  • "The Great American Fraud" (full text of two articles in the series)
  • Collier's Rise and Fall
  • Collier's in 1927-28

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