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Encyclopedia > ColecoVision
ColecoVision
Manufacturer Coleco
Type Video game console
Generation Second generation
First available Flag of the United States June 1982

Flag of Europe 1982 Image File history File linksMetadata Colecovision. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... Coleco (1932 - 1989) was a company founded in 1932 by Maurice Greenberg as Connecticut Leather Company. It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids and, to a lesser extent, for its video game consoles Coleco Telstar and ColecoVision. ... A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1982 1982 in games 1981 in video gaming 1983 in video gaming Notable events of 1982 in computer and video games. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 1982 1982 in games 1981 in video gaming 1983 in video gaming Notable events of 1982 in computer and video games. ...

Discontinued 1984
Units sold 6 million
Top-selling game Donkey Kong

The ColecoVision is Coleco Industries' second generation home video game console, which was released in June 1982. The ColecoVision offered arcade-quality graphics and gaming style, the ability to play other home consoles' video games (notably the Atari 2600), and the means to expand the system's hardware. The ColecoVision was released with an initial catalog of 12 titles, with 10 additional titles on the way for 1982. All told, approximately 170 titles were released in the form of plug-in cartridges between 1982 and 1985. This article is about the year. ... This is a list of video games that have sold over one million copies. ... For the Game Boy game, see Donkey Kong (Game Boy). ... Coleco (1932 - 1989) was a company founded in 1932 by Maurice Greenberg as Connecticut Leather Company. It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids and, to a lesser extent, for its video game consoles Coleco Telstar and ColecoVision. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... A video game console is an interactive entertainment computer or electronic device that manipulates the video display signal of a display device (a television, monitor, etc. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... In a variety of electronic equipments, a cartridge (in video game terms, cart, game pack, or Game Pak) can be one method of programming different functionality, providing variable content, or a method by which consumables may be replenished. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Hardware

The main console unit consists of a 14x8x2 inch rectangular plastic case that houses the motherboard, with a cartridge slot on the right side and connectors for the external power supply and RF jack at the rear. The controllers connect into plugs in a recessed area on the top of the unit. A wall wart style variable DC power supply with its cover removed. ... An RF connector is an electrical connector designed to work at radio frequencies in the multi-megahertz range. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The design of the controllers is similar to that of Mattel's Intellivision — the controller is rectangular and consists of a numeric keypad and a set of side buttons. In place of the circular control disc below the keypad, the Coleco controller has a short, 1.5-inch joystick. The keypad is designed to accept a thin plastic overlay that maps the keys for a particular game. Each ColecoVision console shipped with two controllers. Mattel Inc. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Joystick elements: 1. ...


Expansion Modules

From its introduction, Coleco had touted a hardware add-on called the Expansion Module #1 which made the ColecoVision compatible with the industry-leading Atari 2600. Functionally, this gave the ColecoVision the largest software library of any console of its day. The expansion module prompted legal action from Atari, but Atari was unable to stop sales of the module because the 2600 could be reproduced with standard parts. Coleco was also able to design and market the Gemini game system which was an exact clone of the 2600, but with combined joystick/paddle controllers. The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The Coleco Gemini was a Atari 2600 clone manufactured by Coleco. ...


Expansion Module #2 came with steering wheel, gas pedal controllers and Turbo (the pack-in), also for use with the games Destructor and Dukes Of Hazzard.


Expansion Module #3, the final hardware expansion module, was released in the summer of 1983. Module #3 converted the ColecoVision into a full-fledged computer known as the Coleco Adam, complete with keyboard and digital data pack (DDP) cassette drives. Module #3 was originally conceived to be the ColecoVision "Super Game Module" using game wafers as the storage medium. Although Coleco presented a mock-up of the SGM at the 1983 New York Toy Show, that product was never to be. There were also rumors that Expansion Module #3 was to have incorporated an RCA CED player to store larger amounts of data. Memory console and keyboard for Coleco Adam computer expansion for the Colecovision The Coleco Adam was a home computer, an attempt in the early 1980s by American toy manufacturer Coleco to follow on the success of its ColecoVision game console. ... RCA, formerly an acronym for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by Thomson SA through RCA Trademark Management S.A., a company owned by Thomson. ... The Hobbit CED SelectaVision was originally the name for a video playback system developed by RCA using specialized Capacitance Electronic Disc (CED) media, in which video and audio could be played back on a TV using a special analog needle and high-density groove system similar to phonograph records. ...


Coleco prototyped a fourth expansion module intended to provide compatibility with Mattel's Intellivision, but they never released it.


Two controller expansions were also available. First was the Roller Controller, a trackball packaged with a port of the arcade game Slither, itself a Centipede clone. The second was the Super Action Controller Set, resembling a pair of boxing gloves each with joystick and numeric keypad on top and a series of buttons along the grip. It came with the game Super Action Baseball and saw later release of the Rocky-inspired Super Action Boxing and a port of Front Line. Centipede is a vertically-oriented shoot em up arcade game produced by Atari in 1980. ... Rocky is a 1976 film written by and starring Sylvester Stallone and directed by John G. Avildsen. ... Front Line is a military combat-themed arcade game released in 1982 by Taito Corporation. ...


Sales

Coleco licensed Nintendo's Donkey Kong as the official pack-in cartridge for all ColecoVision consoles, and this version of the game was well received as a near-arcade perfect port, helping to boost the console's popularity. By Christmas of 1982, Coleco had sold 500,000 units, largely on the strength of its bundled game. The ColecoVision's main competitor in the next generation console space was the arguably more advanced but less commercially successful Atari 5200. Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... This article is about the video game character. ... In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ...


The ColecoVision was distributed by CBS Electronics outside of the United States, and was branded the CBS ColecoVision. CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is a media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ...


Sales quickly passed one million in early 1983, before the video game crash of 1983. The ColecoVision was discontinued in the spring of 1984. Even with its late difficulties, the ColecoVision still sold more than six million units. In 1986, Bit Corporation produced a ColecoVision clone called the Dina, which was sold in the United States by Telegames as the Telegames Personal Arcade. Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... ET for the Atari 2600 is considered by many to be emblematic of the crash along with the Atari 2600 version of Pac-Man. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Bit Corporation was an Asian developer and publisher of computer and video games in the 1980s and 1990s. ... The BitCorp Dina was a video game console originally made by BitCorp; it was sold in the United States by Telegames as the Telegames Personal Arcade. ...


Today, Coleco emulators and games are widely available as abandonware on the Internet. Although the games remain copyrighted, the holders of ColecoVision games have tended not to enforce their copyrights, in contrast to Intellivision and some Atari games. Abandonware is widely thought to be computer software that is no longer current. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... This article is about a corporate game company. ...


Games

Coleco's software approach was to go after licensed arcade games that Atari had missed and to make cartridges for the 2600 and Intellivision in addition to its own system. Realizing that Atari had firm support from Namco (creators of Pac-Man and many other hits), Coleco involved itself with companies like Sega, Konami, and Universal. The ColecoVision had enough power to produce near-arcade-quality ports, and industry magazines like Electronic Games were unanimous in their enthusiasm over the console. The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Namco Ltd ) is a amusement company based in Japan, best known overseas for video games development. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... Sega Corporation ) is a multinational Japanese video game software and hardware development company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Universal Sales Co. ... Electronic Games was the first video game magazine published in the united states and ran from 1981 to 1985. ...


Some of the more popular games included Donkey Kong (the pack-in), Donkey Kong Junior, Carnival, Lady Bug, Mouse Trap, Smurf: Rescue in Gargamel's Castle, and Zaxxon. The ColecoVision didn't offer many revolutionary new games, since most of its popular titles were arcade ports. Still, it did offer a few notable original titles like War Room, Illusions, and Fortune Builder, an early milestone in the style of SimCity. Most cartridges did not have an end-game to beat, but instead would loop around to the beginning, such as Cosmic Avenger. For the Game Boy game, see Donkey Kong (Game Boy). ... It has been suggested that Donkey Kong 2 be merged into this article or section. ... Carnival is a fixed shooter arcade game created by Your Mom in 1980, and has the distinctin of being the first cunt video game with a bonus condom. ... Lady Bug is a Pac-Man-like maze-based insect-themed arcade game produced by Universal Games and released in 1981. ... Mouse Trap is a 1981 arcade game released by Exidy similar to Pac-Man. ... Zaxxon is a 1982 arcade game developed by Ikegami Tsushinki and released by Sega. ... This page is about the video game; for the documentary film, see The War Room. ... Illusions. ... SimCity is a simulation and city-building personal computer game, first released in 1989 and designed by Will Wright. ...


Coleco also popularized less popular arcade games, such as Venture, the aforementioned Cosmic Avenger and Lady Bug, as well as Mr. Do!. In some cases, the console versions were arguably superior to the arcade versions, as seen in Space Panic. Venture is a 1981 arcade game by Exidy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Screenshot of the Colecovision port Space Panic is a 1980 arcade game designed by Universal. ...


BIOS

All first-party cartridges and most third-party titles feature a twelve-second pause before presenting the game select screen. A frequently offered, but incorrect, anecdote suggests that this delay results from internal programming to emulate the PASCAL programming language. In actuality, it represents an intentional delay loop in the console's BIOS to enable on-screen display of the ColecoVision brand. Companies like Parker Brothers, Activision, and Micro Fun bypassed this loop, which necessitated embedding within each cartridge's code those parts of the BIOS outside the loop, further reducing storage available to actual game programming. The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI unit of pressure. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Parker Brothers logo. ... Activision, Inc. ...


Other games

Coleco was infamous for its vaporware offerings. Over fifty games advertised in catalogs or on packaging were never released and likely never existed[citation needed]. An example of such was to be an adaptation of Tunnels and Trolls to the ColecoVision. It is not certain whether the printed screen shots were taken from an actual prototype or were merely pre-development illustrations. The ColecoVision's box itself bears several other examples, among them Chess Challenger, Side Trak, Rip Cord, Horse Racing, and Mr. Turtle. Vaporware is software or hardware product which is announced by a developer well in advance of release, but which then fails to emerge, either with or without a protracted development cycle. ... Tunnels and Trolls is a role-playing game that was first released in 1975. ...


In 1997, ColecoVision received its first "homebrew" game, the Tetris clone Kevtris by Kevin Horton. Since then, dozens of homebrew games have been released by different authors. Tetris (Russian: ) is a falling-blocks puzzle video game, released on a large spectrum of platforms. ...


Technical specifications

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPongColeco Telstar
Second generation
Fairchild Channel FAtari 2600Interton VC 4000Odyssey²IntellivisionArcadia 2001Atari 5200ColecoVisionVectrex • SG-1000
Third generation
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth Generation
TurboGrafx-16Mega Drive/GenesisNeo GeoSNES
Fifth generation
3DOAmiga CD32JaguarSaturnPlayStationNintendo 64Virtual Boy
Sixth generation
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation
Xbox 360PlayStation 3Wii

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... PONG helped bring computerized video games into everyday life. ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Emerson Arcadia 2001, intended as a portable game console, the Arcadia 2001 was released by Emerson Radio Corp in mid-1982. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) was a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, was Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... It has been suggested that Technical demos for the Virtual Boy be merged into this article or section. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark and Guppy during development) is Segas final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... “PS2” redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... In the history of computer and video games, the seventh generation began on November 21, 2004 with the United States release of the Nintendo DS. The beginning of the seventh generation for home consoles came on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360, and continued a... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... Zilog, often seen as ZiLOG, is a manufacturer of 8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit, and 32-bit CPUs, and is most famous for its Intel 8080-compatible Z80 series. ... One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp is from June 1976. ... A Video Display Controller or VDC is an integrated circuit which is the main component in a video signal generator, a device responsible for the production of a TV video signal in a computing or game system. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... // General information The TMS9918 Video Display Processor (VDP) was used in systems like MSX, Coleco Vision, TI-99 and Sega SG-1000/SC-3000. ... The SN76489 Programmable Sound Generator (PSG) is a TTL compatible four-channel sound chip from Texas Instruments. ... According to the International Electrotechnical Commission a kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage. ...

Similarities to other platforms

The ColecoVision contains the same CPU and graphics chip as the MSX1 and Sega SG-1000/SC-3000. It also shares a sound chip with the Sega machines (including the Master System), making them identical in hardware capabilities. The MSX contains a different sound chip that is very similar in capabilities, the General Instruments AY-3-8910. For this reason it proved very easy to port games between the three systems. Sony MSX 1, Model HitBit-10-P MSX was the name of a standardized home computer architecture in the 1980s. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... Sega SC-3000 and joystick The SC-3000 was the computer equivalent of the SG-1000 cartridge-based gaming console manufactured by Sega. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The AY-3-8912 was a 3-voice sound chip designed by General Instruments. ...


References

  • Bowen, Kevin et al (1998). ColecoVison FAQ. Retrieved on June 27, 2006.

See also

  • Dina (aka Telegames Personal Arcade), a hybrid Sega SG-1000/ColecoVision clone
  • List of ColecoVision games
  • Adamcon, the annual Coleco Adam users' convention, usually includes presentations on ColecoVision programming

The BitCorp Dina was a video game console originally made by BitCorp; it was sold in the United States by Telegames as the Telegames Personal Arcade. ... Sega Corporation ) is a multinational Japanese video game software and hardware development company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... This is a list of games for the ColecoVision game system, organized alphabetically by name. ... Adamcon is an annual gathering of North American Coleco Adam computer enthusiasts. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
OldiesGames.net - COLECOVISION SECTION We have about 211 Colecovision Games (597 words)
In August 1982, Coleco released the ColecoVision, a new $175 videogame system with graphics and sound superior to both the Atari 2600 and the Intellivision.
The ColecoVision had quite a few great games; its game library was primarily a collection of overlooked (but fun) coin-op ports.
The ColecoVision didn't really have many revolutionary new games, since most of its popular titles were arcade ports.
Coleco Colecovision (367 words)
Colecovision games weren't exactly "arcade perfect", but they were close enough that the public didn't notice the difference.
Overall, the Colecovision helped to establish the idea in consumers' minds that home consoles should be able to closely replicate arcade hardware - in fact, the system helped cement a link between consoles and arcade games that never existed before (but that persists even now).
The Colecovision is also probably the first system to have had available some truly high quality and useful peripherals that actually ended up as marketplace successes - its Turbo Wheel and Atari expansion module proved quite popular, and the latter opened the flood gates for future system emulators.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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