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Encyclopedia > Colchester, Connecticut
Colchester, Connecticut
Location in Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°33′31″N 72°21′07″W / 41.55861, -72.35194
NECTA Hartford
Region Southeastern Connecticut
Incorporated 1698
Government
 - Type Selectman-town meeting
 - First Selectman Stan Luty
Area
 - City 129.0 km²  (49.8 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - City 15,389
 - Density 121/km² (313.4/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06415, 06420
Website: http://www.colchesterct.net/

Colchester is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 14,551 at the 2000 census. In 2005, it was ranked 57th on the "100 best Places to Live", conducted by CNN. Colchester is one of the fastest growing towns in Connecticut. The villages of Westchester and North Westchester are located within Colchester, as is the reservation of the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... A New England City and Town Area or NECTA is a geographic entity in the New England region of the United States. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... The First Selectman (sometimes Selectwoman depending on the preference of the person holding the office) is the traditional head of the Board of Selectmen of a New England town. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... New London County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... The Golden Hill Paugussets are a group of Native Americans living in Trumbull, Connecticut. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 129.0 km² (49.8 mi²). 127.1 km² (49.1 mi²) of it is land and 1.9 km² (0.7 mi²) of it (1.49%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Landmarks

Print made about 1848-1849 by Kelloggs & Comstock
Print made about 1848-1849 by Kelloggs & Comstock

The town of Colchester has many unique "landmarks" such as the veteran memorial on the town green and Harry's Place, a small shack located in the center of town widely known for their great hamburgers and hot dogs. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Activities

Fishing, hiking, and hunting at the Salmon River State Forest. // The first purchase of lands which comprise the Salmon River State Forest was made by the State Board of Fisheries and Game in 1934. ...


Schools

Colchester has four schools: Colchester Elementary School(Pre K-2), Jack Jackter Intermediate School(Grades 3-5), William J. Johnston Middle School(Grades 6-8), and Bacon Academy (Grades 9-12). Bacon Academy is a public high school in Colchester, Connecticut, in the United States. ...


Demographics

The Colchester Congregational Church, Bacon Academy, and, to the right of the church beneath the trees, a small "school for colored children." Sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (published in 1836)
The Colchester Congregational Church, Bacon Academy, and, to the right of the church beneath the trees, a small "school for colored children." Sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (published in 1836)

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 14,551 people, 5,225 households, and 3,997 families residing in the town. The population density was 114.5/km² (296.6/mi²). There were 5,407 housing units at an average density of 42.6/km² (110.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.53% White, 2.37% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bacon Academy is a public high school in Colchester, Connecticut, in the United States. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 5,225 households out of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 36.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $64,807, and the median income for a family was $72,346. Males had a median income of $47,123 versus $34,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,038. About 2.1% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005[1]
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,537 124 2,661 27.87%
  Republican 1,938 90 2,028 21.24%
  Unaffiliated 4,589 265 4,854 50.83%
  Minor Parties 6 0 6 0.06%
Total 9,070 479 9,549 100%

Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

Notable residents

  • John Adams, (1772-1863), founder of Phillips Exeter Academy, was the principal of the Bacon Academy here from 1803-1810.[2]
  • William Adams, (1807-1880), born in Colchester, noted clergyman and presidentof the Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York. [2]
  • Stephen F. Austin, (1793-1836), attended Bacon Academy in 1803.
  • Jonathan Coulton is a singer-songwriter.
  • Antonia Van-Loon, (1940-1993), was a best-selling author of "For Us the Living", "Katherine", and "For Love and Honor". She coined the Colchester town motto: "Where Tradition Meets Tomorrow".

John Adams (September 18, 1772-April 24, 1863) was an American educator noted for organizing several hundred Sunday schools. ... Phillips Exeter Academy (most commonly called Exeter, also Phillips Exeter or PEA) is a co-educational independent boarding school for grades 9–12, located on 619 acres[1] in Exeter, New Hampshire, USA, fifty miles north of Boston. ... William Adams William Adams (January 25, 1807-August 31, 1880) was a noted clergyman and academic. ... Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 - December 27, 1836), known as the Father of Texas, led the Anglo American colonization of the region. ... Jonathan Coulton is a folk rock singer-songwriter. ...

References

  1. ^ Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005 (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  2. ^ a b (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Town government Web site
  • Mystic Country: The Eastern Regional Tourism District
  • Eightmile River Study Committee Web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to the Town of Colchester, Connecticut (215 words)
It is designed to provide you an overview of Colchester, its history, things to do here, and other pertinent information.
Colchester is located in eastern Connecticut, approximately 30 minutes from Hartford, the state capital.
Taxes paid to the Town of Colchester are a combination of taxes on your home and on any vehicles owned.
Colchester, Connecticut - definition of Colchester, Connecticut in Encyclopedia (376 words)
Colchester, Connecticut - definition of Colchester, Connecticut in Encyclopedia
Colchester is a town located in New London County, Connecticut.
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