In ethics, cognitivism is the philosophical view that ethical sentences express propositions, and hence are capable of being true or false. See Cognitivism (ethics). More generally, cognitivism with respect to any area of discourse is the position that sentences used in that discourse are cognitive, that is, are meaningful and capable of being true or false.
In psychology, cognitivism is the approach to understanding the mind which argues that mental function can be understood as the 'internal' rule bound manipulation of symbols. See Cognitivism (psychology).
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A Nyaya cognitivist Vatsyayana further argues that in philosophical debate, one is supposed to defend or reject certain thesis.
The same term seems to be used by the cognitivist and the sceptic in two different senses; the former uses it in the 'relative sense' whereas the later uses it in the 'absolute sense.
For a Nyaya cognitivist, all logical queries are to be preceded by some psychological factors like 'dubiousness' about the exact character of the knowable and this state of doubt is to be eradicated by the application of a pramana (s) that can causally justify the truth of a specific cognitive episode as devoid of doubt.
Nargarjuna laughs at the cognitivist because his view almost amounts to say that "the son is produced by the father and that father is produced by that son.
The Naiyayika cognitivist may level another fresh charge against Nargarjunian skeptic by saying that it is impossible to carry out the infinite doubt regarding the validity of pramanas, because when one denies a thesis say P, as defective, he must have a thesis, it might be a counter-thesis, say 'not-P', that is not defective.
The same term seems to be used by the cognitivist and the skeptic in two different senses; the former uses it in the 'relative sense' whereas the later uses it in the 'absolute sense.
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