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Encyclopedia > Cognitivism

The word cognitivism is used in several ways:

  • In ethics, cognitivism is the philosophical view that ethical sentences express propositions, and hence are capable of being true or false. See Cognitivism (ethics). More generally, cognitivism with respect to any area of discourse is the position that sentences used in that discourse are cognitive, that is, are meaningful and capable of being true or false.
  • In aesthetics, cognitivism is the view that a work of art is valuable if it contributes to knowledge.
  • In psychology, cognitivism is the approach to understanding the mind which argues that mental function can be understood as the 'internal' rule-bound manipulation of symbols. See Cognitivism (psychology).
  • In psychology, anecdotal cognitivism is a methodology for interpreting animal behavior in terms of mental states, comparable to the mental states of humans. For example, the methodology attempts to determine the cognitive capacity of animals through observation without the necessity that this observation be regulated or controlled as in an experiment; however, behavior in an experiment can be interpreted using the methodology.
  • Cognition - the study of the human mind (not brain).

Ethics (from the Ancient Greek ethikos, meaning arising from habit), a major branch of philosophy, is the study of value or quality. ... In modern philosophy, logic and linguistics, a proposition is what is asserted as the result of uttering a declarative sentence. ... In ethics, cognitivism is the view that ethical sentences express propositions and can therefore be true or false (they are truth-apt). ... Discourse is a term used in semantics as in discourse analysis, but it also refers to a social conception of discourse, often linked with the work of French philosopher Michel Foucault (1926-1984) and Jürgen Habermas The Theory of Communicative Action (1985). ... When someone sincerely agrees with an assertion, they might claim that it is the truth. ... False is the antonym of the adjective true. ... Kittens are often considered quite cute. ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human brain and behavior. ... In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical approach to understanding the mind, which argues that mental function can be understood by quantitative, positivist and scientific methods, and that such functions can be described as information processing models. ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human brain and behavior. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Cognition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Buddhism and Cognitivism (6656 words)
Cognitivism marginalises emotion as one of a number of factors that are somehow outside of cognition proper, that is, not necessary parts of it but rather optional adjuncts to it To consider these factors at the same time would be to obscure the rational foundations of cognition.
Cognitivism's treatment of emotion is predominantly concerned with its rational precursors and how it functions as an adjunct to processes such as attention, decision making or memory.
Cognitivism's computational theory or the fundamental material grain of reality that was the grail of classical physics are chimerical objectives for science, since they correspond to nothing in reality.
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