FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Cognition" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Cognition
Psychology
Portal · History
Areas · Wikiproject
RESEARCH Ψ

Abnormal
Biological
Cognitive
Developmental
Emotion
Experimental
Evolutionary
Legal
Mathematical
Neuropsychology
Personality
Positive
Psychonomics
Psychophysics
Social
Transpersonal Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... Image File history File links Psi2. ... The history of psychology as a scholarly study of the mind and behavior dates, in Europe, back to the Late Middle Ages. ... Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental method. ... Abnormal psychology is the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. ... Biological psychology, sometimes referred to as psychobiology or biopsychology, is a subfield of psychology. ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ... Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental method. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Legal psychology involves the application of empirical psychological research to legal institutions and people who come into contact with the law. ... Mathematical Psychology is an approach to psychological research that is based on mathematical modeling of perceptual, cognitive and motor processes, and on the establishment of law-like rules that relate quantifiable stimulus characteristics with quantifiable behavior. ... Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology and neurology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific psychological processes and overt behaviors. ... Personality psychology is a branch of psychology which studies personality and individual differences. ... Positive psychology is a relatively young branch of psychology that studies the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. ... Psychonomics describes an approach to psychology that aims at discovering the laws (Greek: nomos) that govern the workings of the mind (Greek: psyche). The field is directly related to experimental psychology. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... Social psychology is the scientific study of how peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others (Allport, 1985). ... Transpersonal psychology is a school of psychology that studies the transpersonal, the transcendent or spiritual aspects of the human mind. ...

APPLIED Ψ

Clinical
Educational
Forensic
Health
Industrial/Org
Sport The basic premise of applied psychology is the use of psychological principles and theories to overcome practical problems in other fields, such as business management, product design, ergonomics, nutrition, law and clinical medicine. ... The Greek letter Psi is often used as a symbol of psychology. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

LISTS

Publications
Topics
Therapies This is a list of important publications in psychology, organized by field. ... link title Headline text --Cknuth7 16:35, 3 April 2006 (UTC) This page aims to list articles related to psychology. ... This is an alphabetical List of Psychotherapies. ...

view · talk
Look up Cognition in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Cognition is a diffuse term and is used in radically different ways by different disciplines. In psychology, it refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions. Wider interpretations of the meaning of cognition link it to the development of concepts; individual minds, groups, organizations, and even larger coalitions of entities can be modelled as societies which cooperate to form concepts. The autonomous elements of each 'society' would have the opportunity to demonstrate emergent behavior in the face of some crisis or opportunity. Cognition can also be interpreted as "understanding and trying to make sense of the world". In the following context, different new perspectives are employed. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... In general, information processing is the changing (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer. ... Functionalism is the philosophical underpinning of much empirical research in psychology and cognitive science; however, as research goes on the functionalist approach is continually criticised for its shortcomings. ... An entity is something that has a distinct, separate existence, though it need not be a material existence. ... This article or section should be merged with Society of Mind Marvin Minskys theory of the Society of Mind asserts that the mind is the product of the interaction of a vast society of distinct and individually simple processes known as agents. ... This article is about cooperation as used in the social sciences. ... A concept is an abstract, universal psychical entity that serves to designate a category or class of entities, events or relations. ... Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ... A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony: a classic example of emergence in nature. ...

Contents

Introduction

The term cognition (Latin: cognoscere, "to know") is used in several loosely related ways to refer to a faculty for the human-like processing of information, applying knowledge and changing preferences. Cognition or cognitive processes can be natural and artificial, conscious and not conscious; therefore, they are analyzed from different perspectives and in different contexts, in anesthesia, neurology, psychology, philosophy, systemics and computer science. The concept of cognition is closely related to such abstract concepts as mind, reasoning, perception, intelligence, learning, and many others that describe numerous capabilities of the human mind and expected properties of artificial or synthetic intelligence. Cognition is an abstract property of advanced living organisms; therefore, it is studied as a direct property of a brain or of an abstract mind on subsymbolic and symbolic levels. For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The ASCII codes for the word Wikipedia represented in binary, the numeral system most commonly used for encoding computer information. ... Anesthesia or anaesthesia (see spelling differences) has traditionally meant the condition of having the perception of pain and other sensations blocked. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Systems theory or general systems theory or systemics is an interdisciplinary field which studies systems as a whole. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mind (disambiguation). ... Reasoning is the mental (cognitive) process of looking for reasons to support beliefs, conclusions, actions or feelings. ... In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... Learning is the acquisition and development of memories and behaviors, including skills, knowledge, understanding, values, and wisdom. ... “Life on Earth” redirects here. ...


In psychology and in artificial intelligence, it is used to refer to the mental functions, mental processes and states of intelligent entities (humans, human organizations, highly autonomous robots), with a particular focus toward the study of such mental processes as comprehension, inferencing, decision-making, planning and learning (see also cognitive science and cognitivism). Recently, advanced cognitive researchers have been especially focused on the capacities of abstraction, generalization, concretization/specialization and meta-reasoning which descriptions involve such concepts as beliefs, knowledge, desires, preferences and intentions of intelligent individuals/objects/agents/systems. Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... Mental functions and cognitive processes are terms often used interchangeably (although not always correctly so, the term cognitive tends to have specific implications - see cognitive and cognitivism) to mean such functions or processes as perception, introspection, memory, imagination, conception, belief, reasoning, volition, and emotion--in other words, all the different... Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... Understanding is a psychological state in relation to an object or person whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to be able to deal adequately with that object. ... Inference is the act or process of deriving a conclusion based solely on what one already knows. ... Decision making is the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among variations. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Learning is the acquisition and development of memories and behaviors, including skills, knowledge, understanding, values, and wisdom. ... Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... The word cognitivism is used in several ways: In ethics, cognitivism is the philosophical view that ethical sentences express propositions, and hence are capable of being true or false. ... abstraction in general. ... In philosophy, a concept is considered concrete if it is not abstract: it must be both particular and an individual, and hence occupy both space and time. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Preference (or taste) is a concept, used in the social sciences, particularly economics. ... In philosophy, an object is a thing, an entity, or a being. ... For other uses, see System (disambiguation). ...


The term "cognition" is also used in a wider sense to mean the act of knowing or knowledge, and may be interpreted in a social or cultural sense to describe the emergent development of knowledge and concepts within a group that culminates in both thought and action. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony: a classic example of emergence in nature. ... Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ...


Cognition in mainstream psychology

The sort of mental processes described as cognitive or cognitive processes are largely influenced by research which has successfully used this paradigm in the past. Consequently, this description tends to apply to processes such as memory, attention, perception, action, problem solving and mental imagery. Traditionally, emotion was not thought of as a cognitive process. This division is now regarded as largely artificial, and much research is currently being undertaken to examine the cognitive psychology of emotion; research also includes one's awareness of strategies and methods of cognition, known as metacognition. When studying psychology one will find that the cognitive approach will come up. In psychology, memory is an organisms ability to store, retain, and subsequently retrieve information. ... It has been suggested that Neural mechanisms behind shifts of attention be merged into this article or section. ... In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... Action, as a concept in philosophy, is what an agent can do, as for instance humans as agents can do. ... Problem solving forms part of thinking. ... Mental images are images as seen in the minds eye, which CNN reporter Walter Rogers called the camera in your mind. One complicating factor is the ambiguity of interpretation of an image. ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... Metacognition refers to thinking about cognition (memory, perception, calculation, association, etc. ...


Empirical research into cognition is usually scientific and quantitative, or involves creating models to describe or explain certain behaviors.


While few people would deny that cognitive processes are the responsibility of the brain, a cognitive theory will not necessarily make any reference to the brain or any other biological process (compare neurocognitive). It may purely describe behaviour in terms of information flow or function. Relatively recent fields of study such as cognitive science and neuropsychology aim to bridge this gap, using cognitive paradigms to understand how the brain implements these information-processing functions (see also cognitive neuroscience), or how pure information-processing systems (e.g., computers) can simulate cognition (see also artificial intelligence). The branch of psychology that studies brain injury to infer normal cognitive function is called cognitive neuropsychology. The links of cognition to evolutionary demands are studied through the investigation of animal cognition. And conversely, evolutionary-based perspectives can inform hypotheses about cognitive functional systems evolutionary psychology. In animals, the brain or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for behaviour. ... Neurocognitive is a term used to describe cognitive functions closely linked to the function of particular areas, neural pathways, or cortical networks in the brain. ... Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology and neurology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific psychological processes and overt behaviors. ... The field of cognitive neuroscience concerns the scientific study of the neural mechanisms underlying cognition and is a branch of neuroscience. ... Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... == ISABEL IS COOL AND SHE LOVES COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGY!!!!!!!!! == Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of neuropsychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relates to specific psychological processes. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


The theoretical school of thought derived from the cognitive approach is often called cognitivism. In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical approach to understanding the mind, which argues that mental function can be understood by quantitative, positivist and scientific methods, and that such functions can be described as information processing models. ...


The phenomenal success of the cognitive approach can be seen by its current dominance as the core model in contemporary psychology (usurping behaviorism in the late 1950s). Behaviorism (also called learning perspective) is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do—including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Influence and influences

This success has led to its application within a wide range of areas:

In its widest sense, the field is quite eclectic and draws from a number of areas, such as: Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... The field of cognitive neuroscience concerns the scientific study of the neural mechanisms underlying cognition and is a branch of neuroscience. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ... Neuropsychology is a branch of psychology and neurology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relate to specific psychological processes and overt behaviors. ... Nobel Prize in Economics winner Daniel Kahneman, was an important figure in the development of behavioral finance and economics and continues to write extensively in the field. ... Economics Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman, was an important figure in the development of behavioral finance and economics and continues to write extensively in the field. ... Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... Cybernetics is the study of feedback and derived concepts such as communication and control in living organisms, machines and organisations. ... Dildonics (or human factors) is the application of scientific information concerning humans to the design of objects, systems and environment for human use (definition adopted by the International Dildonics Association in 2007). ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... A Phrenological mapping of the brain. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ... Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, and understand language. ... In linguistics and cognitive science, cognitive linguistics (CL) refers to the currently dominant school of linguistics that views the important essence of language as innately based in evolutionarily-developed and speciated faculties, and seeks explanations that advance or fit well into the current understandings of the human mind. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... Experimental economics is the use of experimental methods to evaluate theoretical predictions of economic behaviour. ... Learning styles are different ways that a person can learn. ... Learning is the acquisition and development of memories and behaviors, including skills, knowledge, understanding, values, and wisdom. ...

Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Not to be confused with information technology, information science, or informatics. ... Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... It has been suggested that symbiotic intelligence be merged into this article or section. ... Robotics is the science and technology of robots, their design, manufacture, and application. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... It has been suggested that Meta-epistemology be merged into this article or section. ... In philosophy, ontology (from the Greek , genitive : of being (part. ... Ethics is a general term for what is often described as the science (study) of morality. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is good or right. ... Look up ignorance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Drawing of the cells in the chicken cerebellum by S. Ramón y Cajal Neuroscience is a field that is devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Probability is the likelihood that something is the case or will happen. ... This is a discussion of a present category of science. ... Observer Effect is the name of the 87th episode from the television series Star Trek: Enterprise. ...

Cognitive ontology

On an individual being level, these questions are studied by the separate fields above, but are also more integrated into cognitive ontology of various kinds. This challenges the older linguistically dependent views of ontology, wherein one could debate being, perceiving, and doing, with no cognizance of innate human limits, varying human lifeways, and loyalties that may let a being "know" something (see qualia) that for others remains very much in doubt. Cognitive ontology is ontology (study of being) which begins from features of human cognition directly, as opposed to its collective summary which is reflected in language. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ... In philosophy, ontology (from the Greek , genitive : of being (part. ... Redness is the canonical quale. ... This article is about the mental state. ...


On the level of an individual mind, an emergent behavior might be the formation of a new concept, 'bubbling up' from below the conscious level of the mind. A simple way of stating this is that beings preserve their own attention and are at every level concerned with avoiding interruption and distraction. Such cognitive specialization can be observed in particular in language, with adults markedly less able to hear or say distinctions made in languages to which they were not exposed in youth. A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony: a classic example of emergence in nature. ... The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information is a 1956 paper by the cognitive psychologist George A. Miller. ... Cognitive specialization refers to the theory that learning certain skills inhibits the ability to learn related but dissimilar skills. ...


Cognition as compression

By the 1980s, researchers in the Engineering departments of the University of Leeds, UK hypothesized that 'Cognition is a form of compression', i.e., cognition was an economic, not just a philosophical or a psychological, process; in other words, skill in the process of cognition confers a competitive advantage. An implication of this view is that choices about what to cognize are being made at all levels from the neurological expression up to species-wide priority setting; in other words, the compression process is a form of optimization. This is a force for self-organizing behavior; thus we have the opportunity to see samples of emergent behavior at each successive level, from individual, to groups of individuals, to formal organizations, to KJ. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... The University of Leeds is a major teaching and research university, one of the largest in the United Kingdom with over 32,000 full-time students. ... “Source coding” redirects here. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Psychology (from Greek: ψυχή, psukhē, spirit, soul; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is both an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. ... In marketing and strategic management, sustainable competitive advantage is an advantage that one firm has relative to competing firms. ... Self-organization refers to a process in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases automatically without being guided or managed by an outside source. ... A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony: a classic example of emergence in nature. ...


Cognition as and in a social process

In multiple observations, some dating back to antiquity, language acquisition in human children fails to emerge unless the children are exposed to language. Thus, 'language acquisition' is an example of an 'emergent behavior', which in fact requires a narrow, yet evolutionarily reliably occurring, set of inputs. In this case, the individual is made up of a set of mechanisms 'expecting' such input from the social world. Observation is an activity of a sapient or sentient living being (e. ... Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics Language acquisition is the process by which the language capability develops in a human. ...


In education, for instance, which has the explicit task in society of developing child cognition, choices are made regarding the environment and permitted action that lead to a formed experience. In social cognition, face perception in human babies emerges by the age of two months. This is in turn affected by the risk or cost of providing these, for instance, those associated with a playground or swimming pool or field trip. On the other hand, the macro-choices made by the teachers are extremely influential on the micro-choices made by children. Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ... Human development may refer to: Human development (biology) Human development (psychology) see Developmental psychology Occasionally, it may refer to both, but because each of these is already an immense area, few if any contemporary academic discussions attempt to tackle both with any completeness. ... Action, as a concept in philosophy, is what an agent can do, as for instance humans as agents can do. ... Look up Experience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This article discusses the general concept of experience. ... Social cognition is the name for both a branch of psychology that studies the cognitive processes involved in social interaction, and an umbrella term for the processes themselves. ... Face perception is the process by which the brain and mind understand and interpret the face, particularly the human face. ... Lets talk about risk control strategies, anyone with more information and willing to share, please do so. ... In economics, business, and accounting, a cost is the value of inputs that have been used up to produce something, and hence are not available for use anymore. ...


In a large systemic perspective, cognition is considered closely related to the social and human organization functioning and constrains. Managerial decision making processes can be erroneous in politics, economy and industry for the reason of different reciprocally dependent socio-cognitive factors. This domain became the field of interest of emergent socio-cognitive engineering (Google search). The article is about functionalism in sociology; for other uses, see functionalism. ... It has been suggested that Management system be merged into this article or section. ... Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives. ...


Cognition in a cultural context

Earthrise

One famous image, Earthrise, taken during Apollo 8, the first Apollo mission to the Moon, shows planet Earth in a single photograph. Earthrise is now the icon for Earth Day, which did not arise until after the image became widespread. At this level, an example of an 'emergent behavior' might be concern for Spaceship Earth, as encouraged by the development of orbiting space observatories etc. Download high resolution version (2400x2400, 303 KB) Description Taken by Apollo 8 crewmember Bill Anders on December 24, 1968, showing the Earth rising above the lunar surface. ... Apollo 8 was a manned mission of the Apollo space program. ... Apollo 8 was the second successful manned mission of the Apollo space program, in which Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first humans to orbit around the Moon. ... Earth Day Flag. ... Spaceship Earth is a world view term usually expressing concern over the use of limited resources available on Earth. ... Space telescopes A space observatory is any instrument in outer space which is used for observation of distant planets, galaxies, and other outer space objects. ...


Other concepts which seem to have arisen only recently (in the last century) include increased expectations for human rights. In this case, an example of an 'emergent behavior' might perhaps be the use of the mass media to publicize inequities in the human condition, perhaps using highly portable cameras and telephones. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... It has been suggested that Mass wire media be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Human condition (disambiguation). ...


Example of emergent organization

It is possible to find other examples of critical mass necessary to develop a concept. For example, a nascent coalition of individuals might fail in the implementation of some agreement among them; but in the words of Ward Cunningham, the inventor of the Wiki-wiki Web: A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... Look up Agreement in Wiktionary, the free dictionary An agreement may be an agreement in beliefs, rules, practices (policies), or conduct. ... Oh Yes, Hes Ward Cunningham! Howard Cunningham redirects here. ...

I thought there would be failure modes, but I wasn't surprised that communities found ways around them. I thought it was important that when the organization proved to be wrong, people could reorganize on their own, that organization could emerge.

In other words, when the organization adapted, the concept adapted and survived the incipient failure mode.


Theories in cognition

The Santiago theory of cognition by Varela and Maturana present an interesting version of cognition which equates the very act of being alive with a cognitive act. This of course leads us to theories of consciousness, awareness and other cognitve-related topics. Biologists, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela contributed their Santiago theory of cognition in which they wrote: Living systems are cognitive systems, and living as a process is a process of cognition. ... Varela could be Félix Varela - Priest Varela Project Movement for democratic change in Cuba. ... Humberto Maturana (born 1928 in Santiago) is a Chilean biologist and philosopher. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... In biological psychology, awareness describes a human or animals perception and cognitive reaction to a condition or event. ...


Related fields

In linguistics and cognitive science, cognitive linguistics (CL) refers to the currently dominant school of linguistics that views the important essence of language as innately based in evolutionarily-developed and speciated faculties, and seeks explanations that advance or fit well into the current understandings of the human mind. ... Cognitive ontology is ontology (study of being) which begins from features of human cognition directly, as opposed to its collective summary which is reflected in language. ... == ISABEL IS COOL AND SHE LOVES COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGY!!!!!!!!! == Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of neuropsychology that aims to understand how the structure and function of the brain relates to specific psychological processes. ... The field of cognitive neuroscience concerns the scientific study of the neural mechanisms underlying cognition and is a branch of neuroscience. ... Cognitive Psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. ... Cognitive science is usually defined as the scientific study either of mind or of intelligence (e. ... Cognitive style is a term used in cognitive psychology to describe the way individuals think, perceive and remember information, or their preferred approach to using such information to solve problems. ... Evolutionary neuroscience is a young field which awaits a general unified theory of neuroscience in order for its full integration into the accepted framework of evolutionary biology. ... Comparative cognition is the comparative study of the mechanisms and origins of cognition in various species. ...

See also

In addition to the topics below, see the List of thinking-related topics

Wikipedia portals One of the key concerns of older adults is experiencing memory loss, especially as it is one of the hallmark symptoms of Alzheimers Disease. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Animal communication is any behaviour on the part of one animal that has an effect on the current or future behaviour of another animal. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Vannevar Bushs essay As We May Think, first published in The Atlantic Monthly in July 1945, argued that as humans turned from war, scientific efforts should shift from increasing physical abilities to making all previous collected human knowledge more accessible. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cognitive dissonance is a psychological term which describes the uncomfortable tension that may result from having two conflicting thoughts at the same time, or from engaging in behavior that conflicts with ones beliefs. ... Cognitive radio is a paradigm for wireless communication in which either a network or a wireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters to communicate efficiently without interfering with licensed users. ... Cognitive space uses the analogy of location in two, three or higher dimensional space to describe and categorize the thoughts, memories and ideas. ... Cognitive style is a term used in cognitive psychology to describe the way individuals think, perceive and remember information, or their preferred approach to using such information to solve problems. ... In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical approach to understanding the mind, which argues that mental function can be understood by quantitative, positivist and scientific methods, and that such functions can be described as information processing models. ... Consciousness is a quality of the mind generally regarded to comprise qualities such as subjectivity, self-awareness, sentience, sapience, and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and ones environment. ... Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives. ... Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. ... A termite cathedral mound produced by a termite colony: a classic example of emergence in nature. ... Emotion can have a powerful impact on memory. ... In psychology, the Emotional Stroop Test is used as an information-processing approach to assessing emotions. ... Functional neuroimaging is the use of neuroimaging technology to measure an aspect of brain function, often with a view to understanding the relationship between activity in certain brain areas and specific mental functions. ... Gestalt effects in psychology of cognition refer to the form-forming capability of our senses. ... The holonomic brain theory, originated by Karl Pribram and initially developed in collaboration with David Bohm, models cognitive function as being guided by a matrix of neurological wave interference patterns situated temporally between holographic Gestalt perception and discrete, affective, quantum vectors derived from reward anticipation potentials. ... Information foraging is a theory that applies the ideas from optimal foraging theory to understand how human users search for information. ... Intentionality, originally a concept from scholastic philosophy, was reintroduced in contemporary philosophy by the philosopher and psychologist Franz Brentano in his work Psychologie vom Empirischen Standpunkte. ... Below are some notable researchers in cognitive science. ... In psychology, memory is an organisms ability to store, retain, and subsequently retrieve information. ... The memory-prediction framework is a theory of brain function that was created by Jeff Hawkins and described in his book On Intelligence. ... Metacognition refers to thinking about cognition (memory, perception, calculation, association, etc. ... Key goals of studies in the field of molecular cellular cognition (MCC) include the derivation of explanations of cognitive processes that integrate molecular, cellular, and behavioral mechanisms, and finding mechanism and treatments for cognitive disorders. ... Neurocognitive is a term used to describe cognitive functions closely linked to the function of particular areas, neural pathways, or cortical networks in the brain. ... NLP may refer to: Natural language processing, an area of computational linguistics Neuro-linguistic programming, a set of models and principles to describe the relationship between mind, language and perception. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Numerical cognition is a subdisipline of cognitive science that studies the cognitive, developmental and neural bases of numbers and mathematics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Phrenological mapping of the brain. ... Biologists, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela contributed their Santiago theory of cognition in which they wrote: Living systems are cognitive systems, and living as a process is a process of cognition. ... Self-understanding is a childs cognitive representation of the self, the substance and content of the childs self-conceptions. ... // Although there is no general theory of cognitive development, one of the most historically influential theories was developed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist (1896–1980). ... The phrase theory of mind (often abbreviated as ToM) is used in several related ways: general categories of theories of mind - theories about the nature of mind, and its structure and processes; theories of mind related to individual minds; in recent years, the phrase theory of mind has more commonly... Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Quantum brain dynamics. ...

  • Portal:thinking
  • Portal:philosophy

External links

  • Cognition An international journal publishing theoretical and experimental papers on the study of the mind.
  • Cognitive Processing - Quarterly, Springer
  • Information on music cognition, University of Amsterdam
  • Cognitie.NL Information on cognition research, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and University of Amsterdam (UvA)
  • Emotional and Decision Making Lab, Carnegie Mellon, EDM Lab
  • cognition in the CALT encyclopedia
  • The Limits of Human Cognition - an article describing the evolution of mammals' cognitive abilities
  • Cognitive Health Roadmap by CDC and Alzheimer's Association - an article on their joint initiative

Further reading

Lycan, W.G., (ed.). (1999). Mind and Cognition: An Anthology, 2nd Edition. Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishers, Inc.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to Cognition Partners (139 words)
With many years of management and entrepreneurial success, Cognition focuses on accelerating growth of clients' revenue and market share using well defined analytics, methodologies and an established network of contacts across the Global 1000.
Cognition announces the addition of a unique market research and customer insight service to its Rapid Precision Marketing service.
Cognition client receives second award in a year, capping off 12 months of incredible growth and increased recognition as an industry leader.
Educational Psychology Interactive: The Cognitive System (400 words)
Cognition can be defined as "the act or process of knowing in the broadest sense; specifically, an intellectual process by which knowledge is gained from perception or ideas" (Webster's Dictionary).
Cognition is central to the development of psychology as a scientific discipline.
Metacognition is another area in cognition that draws from a number of different perspectives and is the study of how we develop knowledge about one's own cognitive system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m