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Encyclopedia > Cognac
Cognac
Location
Longitude 00° 19' 41" W
Latitude 45° 41' 48" N
Administration
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente (sous-préfecture)
Arrondissement Cognac
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Mayor Jérôme Mouhot
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 5 m–53 m
(avg. 27 m)
Land area¹ 15.5 km²
Population²
(1999)
19,534
 - Density (1999) 1,260/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 16102/ 16100
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Cognac is a commune in the French département of Charente, of which it is a sous-préfecture. The inhabitants of the town are known as Cognaçais. Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Charente is a département in central France named after the Charente River. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Cognac is an arrondissement of France, located in the Charente département, in the Poitou-Charentes région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the year 2001. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Charente is a département in central France named after the Charente River. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...

Contents

Geography

Cognac in St. James French Way
Cognac in St. James French Way


Cognac is situated on the river Charente between the towns of Angoulême and Saintes. The majority of the town has been built on the river's left bank, with the smaller right bank area known as the Saint Jacques district. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2955x2080, 503 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cognac ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2955x2080, 503 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cognac ... Charente is a river in western Atlantic Ocean. ... Angoulême is a town and commune in southwestern France, préfecture (capital city) of the Charente département. ... Saintes is a town and commune in France, in the Charente-Maritime département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ...


The town is situated on one of the pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostella. The Obradoiro façade of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela: an all-but-Gothic composition generated entirely of classical details Santiago de Compostela (2003 pop. ...


History

Unknown prior to the 9th century, the town was subsequently fortified. During the Hundred Years' War, the town changed sides on several occasions as the result of fighting and treaties in the region. As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Combatants England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainault Aquitaine Luxembourg France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Aragon The Hundred Years War was a conflict between England and France, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ...


Francis I granted the town the right to trade salt along the river, guaranteeing strong commercial success, which in turn led to the town's development as a centre of wine and later brandy. Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) A salt, in chemistry, is any ionic compound composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is neutral (without a net charge). ... Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced by the fermentation of the juice of fruits, usually grapes, although a number of other fruits, such as plum, elderberry and blackcurrant, may also be fermented. ... Brandy pot stills at the Van Ryn Brandy Cellar near Stellenbosch, South Africa. ...


Tourist sites

  • The Old Town

The town's medieval quarter "Vieux Cognac" runs from the Tours Saint-Jacques, alongside the river, up to the Saint-Léger church. The area contains many unusual buildings, built between the 15th and 18th centuries, situated on narrow cobbled streets. Many contain sculptures of the salamander, Francis I's symbol, as well as gargoyles and richly decorated facades. Suborders Cryptobranchoidea Salamandroidea Sirenoidea Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibians with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails. ...

  • The Château des Valois, an important medieval trading post.
  • The Saint-Léger church.
  • The musée d'Art et d'Histoire (art and history museum)
  • The musée des arts du Cognac (art museum)
  • The Saint-Gobain glassworks and barrelworks

The area also contains many Romanesque churches as well as several châteaux. The musée des arts du Cognac The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328- 1589. ...

The musée des arts du Cognac
The musée des arts du Cognac
The Château des Valois
The Château des Valois
The Château des Valois
The Château des Valois

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 309 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 309 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 319 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 319 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 321 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 321 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Cognac

Main article: Cognac (drink) A brandy snifter A cognac pot still Cognac, named after the town of Cognac in France, is a brandy, which is produced in the region surrounding the town. ...


The town gives its name to one of the world's best-known types of brandy or eau de vie. Drinks that bear this name must be made in certain areas around the town of Cognac and must be made according to strictly-defined regulations in order to be granted the name Cognac. Eau de vie is a French term for a colourless brandy distilled from fermented fruit juice. ...


Economy

The region's economy is dominated by the manufacture of brandy. Industries surrounding this include:

  • Manufacture of agricultural machinery
  • Bottling, storage and labelling
  • Agricultural industries such as fertilizer production
  • Distillation products such as stills and tanks
  • Barrel making
  • Glassmaking: the bottle factory of the large Saint-Gobain group is situated in Cognac
  • Cork manufacture
  • Printing works for labels and advertising
  • Packaging
  • Transport

Farmland that is unsuitable for winemaking, principally low-lying areas that are prone to late frosts, are used for growing cereals.


Recently, winemakers have increasingly made a table wine vin de pays charentais using totally different grapes and methods to those required for cognac. This is partly to limit the effects of any unforeseen problems with the growth of the main crops.


Tourism and associated industries have also developed strongly in recent years.


The town is also home to the French Air Force training base 709.


Population

Total population
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999
20798 22062 22237 20660 19528 19534

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Miscellaneous

Famous residents

  • Francis I was born in the town's castle in 1494. He was king of France between 1515 and 1547. The town's main square is named after him and a statue of the king on horseback towering over his enemies stands at the centre.
  • The French poet Octavien de Saint-Gelais was born in Cognac in 1468.
  • Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, born in Cognac in 1838 discovered the elements Gallium in 1875 and Samarium in 1878.
  • Jean Monnet, one of the founding fathers of the European Union was born in Cognac in 1888.
  • The car manufacturer Louis Delâge was born in Cognac in 1874.
  • The glassmaker Claude Boucher, inventor of the glass-blowing machine in around 1880, lived and worked in Cognac. His invention paved the way for the industrial manufacture of glass bottles by removing the need for glasses to be blown by mouth. One of the original machines can still be seen in the town's museum.

1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 16 - Grand Duke Ivan IV of Muscovy becomes the first Tsar of Russia. ... Frontpiece to a manuscript of Octaviens translation of Ovids Heroides (Huntington Library, MS HM 60, folio 1r). ... Events Baeda Maryam succeeds his father Zara Yaqob as Emperor of Ethiopia Births February 29 - Pope Paul III (died 1549) Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, dramatist and composer Charles I of Savoy John, Elector of Saxony (died 1532) Juan de Zumárraga, Spanish Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico... Paul Émile (François) Lecoq de Boisbaudran (April 18, 1838 - May 28, 1912) was a French chemist born in Cognac. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... General Name, Symbol, Number gallium, Ga, 31 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 4, p Appearance silvery white   Atomic mass 69. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... General Name, Symbol, Number samarium, Sm, 62 Chemical series lanthanides Group, Period, Block n/a, 6, f Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 150. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jean Monnet Jean Omer Marie Gabriel Monnet (November 9, 1888 – March 16, 1979) is regarded by many as the architect of European Unity. ... 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Louis Delâge, born March 22, 1874 - died December 14, 1947, was a French pioneer automotive engineer and manufacturer. ... A 1968 BMW Glas 3000GT. Notice the BMW logo in the front but that it otherwise doesnt look like a BWM. Glas was a German automobile manufacturer founded by Hans Glas. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Sport

Union Sportive Cognaçaise is a French rugby union club , based in Cognac in the Charente département (Poitou-Charentes region). ... A rugby union scrum. ...

Twin towns

Cognac is twinned with:

Motto: A jewel at the crossing of a great river! Location of Denison, Texas Coordinates: Country United States of America State Texas County Grayson Founded 1872 Mayor Robert Brady Area    - City 59. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Königswinter is a town and summer resort of Germany in North Rhine-Westphalia, on the right bank of the Rhine, 24 m. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Royal Burgh of Perth (Peairt in Scottish Gaelic) is a large burgh in central Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Valdepeñas is a municipality in the Spanish province of Ciudad Real, in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cognac - LoveToKnow 1911 (358 words)
COGNAC, a town of south-western France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Charente, on the left bank of the;river Charente, 32 m.
A castle of the 15th and 16th centuries, once the residence of the counts of Angouleme, now a storehouse for brandy, and a medieval gate stand in the older part of the town.
Cognac is the seat of a subprefect and has tribunals of first instance and of commerce, a council of trade arbitrators, a chamber of commerce, and consulates of the United States, Spain and Portugal.
Cognac (drink) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1375 words)
Cognac, named after the town of Cognac in France, is a brandy, which is produced in the region surrounding the town.
Cognac may not be sold to the public, or indeed called 'Cognac' until it has been aged for at least two years, counting from the end of the period of distillation (1 April following the year the grapes were harvested).
The age of the cognac is calculated as that of the youngest eau-de-vie used in the blend.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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