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Encyclopedia > Coffee varieties
Map of coffee bean producton: r for C. robusta, a for C.arabica, and m for both species
Map of coffee bean producton: r for C. robusta, a for C.arabica, and m for both species

Coffee varietals refer to the genetic subspecies of coffee. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 57 KB) Map of production r: culture Coffea robusta m: culture Coffea robusta et Coffea arabica a: culture Coffea arabica. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 57 KB) Map of production r: culture Coffea robusta m: culture Coffea robusta et Coffea arabica a: culture Coffea arabica. ...


Coffee beans from two different places usually have distinctive characteristics such as flavor (flavor criteria includes terms such as "citrus-like" or "earthy"), caffeine content, body or mouthfeel, and acidity. These are dependent on the local environment where the coffee plants are grown, their method of process, and the genetic subspecies or varietal. A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds—commonly referred to as beans—of the coffee plant. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Caffeine is a xanthine alkaloid compound that acts as a stimulant in humans. ... Acidity is a controversial novelette written for the popular South Asian website Chowk. ... Varietal describes wines made from a single named grape variety. ...


Arabica varietals

Coffee from the species Coffea arabica are richer in flavor than their Coffea robusta counterparts. C. arabica has many different varietals, each with unique characteristics. Some well-known arabica coffees include: Binomial name Coffea arabica L. Coffea arabica is a species of coffee indigenous to Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Coffea canephora L. Coffea canephora (Robusta Coffee; syn. ...

  • Colombian — Coffee was first introduced to the country of Colombia in the early 1800s. Today Maragogype, Caturra, Typica and Bourbon cultivars are grown. When Colombian coffee is freshly roasted it has a bright acidity, is heavy in body and is intensely aromatic. Colombia produces about 12% of the coffee in the world, second only to Brazil.
  • Colombian Milds — Includes coffees from Colombia, Kenya, and Tanzania, all of which are washed arabicas.
    Unroasted coffee beans of the Coffea arabica variety, from Brazil
    Unroasted coffee beans of the Coffea arabica variety, from Brazil
  • Costa Rican Tarrazu — from the San Marcos de Tarrazu valley in the highlands outside of San José.
  • Ethiopian Sidamo from the Sidamo (now Oromia) region of Ethiopia
  • Guatemala Huehuetenango — Grown at over 5000 feet in the northern region, one of the most remote growing regions in Guatemala
  • Ethiopian Harar — from the region of Harar, Ethiopia. Known for its complex, fruity flavor that resembles a dry red wine.
  • Ethiopian Yirgacheffe — from the area of the town of Yirga Cheffe in the Sidamo (now Oromia) region of Ethiopia
  • Hawaiian Kona — grown on the slopes of Hualalai in the Kona District on the Big Island of Hawaii. Coffee was first introduced to the Islands by Chief Boki, the Governor of Oahu, in 1825.
  • Jamaican Blue Mountain — From the Blue Mountain region of Jamaica. Due to its popularity, it fetches a high price in the market.
  • Java — from the island of Java, in Indonesia. This coffee was once so widely traded that "java" became a slang term for coffee.
  • Kenyan — Known among coffee enthusiasts to have a bright, "acidic" flavor.
  • Mexico - Produces hard bean coffee.
  • Mocha — Yemeni coffee traded through the once major port of Mocha. Not to be confused with the preparation style (coffee with cocoa).
  • Santos - from Brazil's famous coffee pass through, is a low acidic light bodied brew. [1]
  • Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong — Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing Batak ethnic group located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.
  • Sulawesi Toraja Kalossi — Grown at high altitudes on the island of Sulawesi (formerly Celebes) in the middle of the Malay archipelago in Indonesia. Kalossi is the small town in central Sulawesi which serves as the collection point for the coffee and Toraja is the mountainous area in which the coffee is grown. Celebes exhibits a rich, full body, well-balanced acidity (slightly more than Sumatra) and is multi-dimensional in character. It has dark chocolate and ripe fruit undertones. It is an excellent coffee for darker roasting. Because of its semi-dry processing, it may roast a bit unevenly.
  • Tanzania Peaberry — grown on Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. "Peaberry" means that the beans come one to a cherry (coffee fruit) instead of the usual two. Peaberries are naturally occurring and account for approximately 10% of any crop.
  • Uganda- Although it mostly produces robusta coffee, there is a quality arabica blend grown there known as Bugishu.[citation needed]

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1659 KB) Unroasted coffee(COFFEA ARABICA) beans - Brazil This photo was taken in May-2005 by Fernando Rebelo File links The following pages link to this file: Coffee Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1659 KB) Unroasted coffee(COFFEA ARABICA) beans - Brazil This photo was taken in May-2005 by Fernando Rebelo File links The following pages link to this file: Coffee Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... San José is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Sidamo was a province in the southern part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Irgalem, and later at Awasa. ... Oromo flag The land of the Oromo Nation is known as Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya). ... Harar (sometimes spelled Harrar, Hārer, or Harer) is an eastern city in Ethiopia, and the capital of the modern Harari ethno-political division (or kilil) of Ethiopia. ... Sidamo was a province in the southern part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Irgalem, and later at Awasa. ... Oromo flag The land of the Oromo Nation is known as Oromia (sometimes spelled Oromiya). ... Kona Coffee is the market name for a variety of coffee (Coffea arabica) cultivated on the slopes of Mount Hualalai and Mauna Loa in the North and South Kona Districts of the Big Island of Hawaii. ... {{Mtnbox start|Name=Hualālai|Photo=Hualalai from north. ... Kona is the name of a moku or district on the island of Hawai‘i in the State of Hawai‘i. ... The Island of Hawaiʻi (called the Big Island or Hawaiʻi proper) is one of eight main islands that make up the U.S. State of Hawaiʻi. ... this is stink info. ... The Blue Mountains are a mountainous region of Jamaica. ... Java coffee is a coffee produced on the island of Java. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Painting of Mocha in 1692 Mocha (Arabic: المخا [al-Mukhā]) is a port city on the Red Sea coast of Yemen. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups found in the highlands of North Sumatra Indonesia. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Location of Sulawesi Island (light green) among the various islands of Indonesia. ... Map of Sulawesi pictures by Julianto Halim Sulawesi (or Celebes) is a large Indonesian island. ... Carved wooden Torajan art - each panel is a stylised representation of a wish for goodwill of some form. ... For the album by The Teardrop Explodes, see Kilimanjaro (album). ... Peaberry, also known as caracoli, is a type of coffee bean. ...

Blends

Coffees are often blended for balance and complexity, and many popular blendings exist. One of the oldest traditional blends is Mocha-Java, combining beans of the same name. The chocolate flavor notes peculiar to Mocha gave rise to the popular chocolate-flavored beverage, the Cafe mocha, which may have been invented in circumstances where no Mocha beans were available. Nowadays, the Mocha-Java blend is often blended with some other varieties to provide variety. In addition to those blends sold commercially, many coffee houses have their own signature "house blends". Milk and coffee mixing in a Latte A Café Mocha is a variant of a cafe latte. ...


Some bean varieties are so well-known and so in-demand that they are far more expensive than others. Jamaican Blue Mountain and Hawaiian Kona coffees are perhaps the most prominent examples. Often these beans are blended with other, less expensive varieties and the suffix "blend" added to the labelling, such as "Blue Mountain blend" or "Kona blend" even though they only contain a small amount of the coffee mentioned.


Robusta varietals

Whilst not separate varieties of bean, unusual and very expensive robustas are the Indonesian Kopi Luwak and the Philippine Kape Alamid. The beans are collected from the droppings of the Common Palm Civet, whose digestive processes give it a distinctive flavor. Binomial name Coffea canephora L. Coffea canephora (Robusta Coffee; syn. ... Kopi Luwak or Civet coffee is coffee made from coffee cherries which have been eaten by and passed through the digestive tract of the Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). ... Kopi luwak are coffee berries which have been eaten by and passed through the digestive tract of the Common palm civet. ... Binomial name Paradoxurus hermaphroditus The Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a small, cat-sized animal (family Viverridae) from South-east Asia and southern China. ...

Unroasted coffee beans of the Robusta variety(Coffea Canephora)
Unroasted coffee beans of the Robusta variety(Coffea Canephora)
Coffee
Facts about coffee: History of coffee | Economics of coffee | Coffee and health
Species and varieties: List of varieties | Coffea arabica: Kenya AA, Kona, Jamaican Blue Mountain | Coffea canephora (robusta): Kopi Luwak
Major chemicals in coffee: Caffeine | Cafestol
Coffee bean processing: Coffee roasting | Home roasting coffee | Decaffeination
Common beverage preparation: Espresso (lungo, ristretto) | Drip brew (from coffeemakers) | French press |
Turkish coffee | Instant coffee | Chemex | Moka Express
Popular coffee beverages: Americano/Long black | Café au lait/Café con leche | Cafe mocha
Cappuccino | Greek frappé coffee | Irish coffee | Latte/Flat white | Macchiato (espresso, latte) | Red eye
Coffee and lifestyle: Social aspects of coffee | Coffeehouse | Caffè | Café | Caffè sospeso

 view  talk  edit  Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1500x1088, 1499 KB) Robusta(Canephora/Conilon) Coffee - C. Barbedo 08/11/2006 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Coffee Coffea canephora Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1500x1088, 1499 KB) Robusta(Canephora/Conilon) Coffee - C. Barbedo 08/11/2006 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Coffee Coffea canephora Metadata This file contains additional information... A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds—commonly referred to as beans—of the coffee plant. ... The history of coffee has been recorded as far back as the ninth century. ... Main article: Coffee Coffee is one of the worlds most important primary commodities; it ranks second only to petroleum in terms of dollars traded worldwide, ($70 billion pa)[1]. With over 400 billion cups consumed every year, coffee is one of the worlds most popular beverages. ... Coffee is consumed in large part not simply because of taste, but because of the effect it has on those who drink it. ... Species Coffea arabica - Arabica Coffee Coffea benghalensis - Bengal coffee Coffea canephora - Robusta coffee Coffea congensis - Congo coffee Coffea excelsa - Liberian coffee Coffea gallienii Coffea bonnieri Coffea mogeneti Coffea liberica - Liberian coffee Coffea stenophylla - Sierra Leonian coffee Coffea (coffee) is a genus of ten species of flowering plants in the family... Binomial name Coffea arabica L. Coffea arabica is a species of coffee indigenous to Ethiopia. ... Kenya is the 17th largest producer of coffee in the world. ... Kona Coffee is the market name for a variety of coffee (Coffea arabica) cultivated on the slopes of Mount Hualalai and Mauna Loa in the North and South Kona Districts of the Big Island of Hawaii. ... this is stink info. ... Binomial name Coffea canephora L. Coffea canephora (Robusta Coffee; syn. ... Kopi Luwak or Civet coffee is coffee made from coffee cherries which have been eaten by and passed through the digestive tract of the Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). ... Caffeine is a xanthine alkaloid compound that acts as a stimulant in humans. ... Cafestol is a diterpene molecule present in coffee. ... Coffee processing aquapulp Processing of coffee is the method converting the raw fruit of the coffee plant (cherry) into the commodity green coffee. ... French roasted coffee beans // Roasting coffee is the transformation of the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products. ... Start of roast End of roast (overroasted) Chaff // Home roasting is the process of obtaining green coffee beans and roasting them on a small scale for personal consumption. ... Decaffeination is the act of removing caffeine from coffee beans and tea. ... The processing of coffee typically refers to the agricultural and industrial processes needed to deliver whole roasted coffee beans to the consumer. ... Espresso brewing, with a dark reddish-brown foam, called crema or schiuma. ... Lungo is italian for long and does in this context describe the coffee beverage made when using an espresso machine and making an espresso (single or double dose or shot) and in this case letting the amount of water running through the coffee be larger and taking twice the time... Ristretto is a very short shot of espresso coffee. ... Drip brew is a method for brewing coffee which involves pouring water over coffee contained in a filter. ... A blue Alaska brand coffeemaker. ... A French press. ... A cup of Turkish coffee served at an Ä°stanbul terrace. ... Instant coffee Instant coffee is a beverage derived from brewed coffee beans. ... It has been suggested that some sections of this article be split into a new article entitled Chemex coffeemaker. ... Alfonso Bialettis Moka Express The Bialetti logo The Moka Express is a stovetop coffee maker. ... Americano (also café américano) is a style of coffee prepared by adding espresso to hot water, giving a similar strength but different flavor than regular drip coffee. ... A long black is a style of coffee, most commonly found in Australia and New Zealand, made by pulling a double-shot of espresso over hot water (usually the water is also heated by the espresso machine). ... Café au lait, literally coffee with milk, is a French coffee drink prepared by mixing coffee and scalded (not steamed) milk. ... Popular rock band in Costa Rica in the late 1980s. ... Milk and coffee mixing in a Latte A Café Mocha is a variant of a cafe latte. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Yiannis Dritsas be merged into this article or section. ... A classic Irish coffee consists of hot coffee, Irish whiskey and sugar, with cream floated on top. ... Latte or Cafe latte Latte (IPA: [], anglicised as IPA: , according to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary) is Italian for milk. ... A Flat White is a beverage served in Australia and New Zealand, prepared with espresso and milk. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Caffè macchiato (sometimes Espresso macchiato), an Italian beverage, is espresso with a tiny dollop of steamed milk. ... A latte macchiato is a latte (espresso with steamed milk topped with foam), but instead of having the espresso shots on the bottom, the espresso is poured on top of the foam. ... This article is about a non-alcoholic coffee beverage. ... The United States is the largest market for coffee, followed by Germany. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus // A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or cafe (also spelled as café from the French, Spanish, and Portuguese or caffè from the Italian) shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... Caffè is the Italian word for coffee and may indicate either the Italian way of preparing this beverage at home or espresso, which is prepared instead with electrical steam machines. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ... A tradition in the cafés of Naples is to order a caffè sospeso – literally, a coffee in suspense – as a sign of your good fortune. ...


 
 

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