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Encyclopedia > Coeducational

Coeducation is the integrated education of men and women. Before coeducation became predominant, most important institutions of higher education restricted their enrollment to men. Women were educated in all-female schools, if at all.

Contents

Coeducation in the United States

The first coeducational institution of higher education in the United States was Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio. The agitation for coeducation by feminists grew through the American Civil War era, and by 1872 there were 97 American universities admitting women. Some institutions refused to integrate fully, but were willing to educate women in closely associated schools—a variation on the later "separate but equal" standard of racially segregated schools followed in some parts of the US. Examples of this parallelism include Radcliffe College at Harvard University in Massachusetts and Barnard College at Columbia University in New York. A variety of gender-segregated women's institutions were founded, notably the Seven Sisters. Some of these are now coeducational (e.g. Vassar), while others are not (e.g. United States, American women now earn the majority of bachelor's degrees and account for 60% of the enrolled undergraduate population.


U.S. institutions of higher education coeducational from establishment

Years U.S. educational institutions became coeducational

Schools that were previously all-female are listed in italics.
1860 University of Wisconsin
1865 Cornell University
1867 DePauw University
Indiana University
1868 University of Iowa Law School
1870 University of Michigan
1872 Cornell University
1882 Florida State University
1883 Bucknell University
1885 University of Mississippi
1888 George Washington University
Tulane University Pharamaceutical School
University of Kentucky
1892 Auburn University
1893 Macalester College
University of Connecticut
1894 Boalt Hall
1895 University of Pittsburgh
1897 University of Buffalo Law School
University of North Carolina (graduate students)
1900 University of Virginia (nursing only)
1902 Miami University
1909 Tulane University School of Dentistry
1914 Tulane University Medical School
University of Pennsylvania Medical School
1918 College of William and Mary
1920 University of Virginia (graduate students)
1922 Northeastern University School of Law
1931 Seattle University
1942 Wake Forest University
1946 James Madison University (de facto)
1952 Lincoln University
1953 Georgia Tech
1953 Harvard Law School
1963 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (all programs)
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
1964 Texas A&M University
1966 James Madison University (official)
1968 Princeton University
Virginia Tech
1969 Connecticut College
Franklin and Marshall College
Georgetown University
Kenyon College
Trinity College (Connecticut)
Vassar College
Yale University
1970 Johns Hopkins University
University of Mary Washington
University of Virginia (all programs)
1972 Davidson College
Radford University
Texas Woman's University
University of Notre Dame
Washington and Lee University Law School
1974 United States Merchant Marine Academy
1976 Claremont McKenna College
United States Air Force Academy
United States Coast Guard Academy
United States Military Academy
United States Naval Academy
1982 Mississippi University for Women
1983 Columbia College - Columbia University
1985 Washington and Lee University
1991 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
1993 The Citadel
1997 Virginia Military Institute
2001 Notre Dame College
2002 Hood College
2004 Immaculata College
2005 Lesley College of Lesley University
Wells College

Coeducation in Canada

Years Canadian educational institutions became coeducational

1884 McGill University



Coeducation in China

The first coeducational institution of higher learnings in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute. It later renamed National Southeastern University in 1921, National Central University in 1928 and Nanjing University in 1949. For thousands years in China, education especially higher education was the privilege of men. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University, Peking Girl's Higher Normal School, but coeducation was still prohibited. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of coeducation, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students(《規定女子旁聽法案》) on the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal Institute hold on December 7th, 1919. He also proposed the university to recruit girl students. They were supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming and such famous professors Lu Zhiwei, Yang Xingfo, and were opposed by many famous men of the time. Finally, the meeting passed the law and decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal Institute (now Nanjing University) enrolled the earliest 8 coeducational Chinese women students in 1920. In the same year Peking University also began to allow women audit students. Since then, more and more Chinese university became coeducational. The most famous girl students of Nanjing University or of Chinese universities may be Chien-Shiung Wu.


In mainland China, there were many girl schools and several women colleges during the ROC. After 1949 since the CCP controlled mainland China, almost all schools and universities became coeducational in the PRC. In recent years new girl schools and women colleges again emerged.


External links

  • Rosenberg: Coeducation History (http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/learn/documents/coeducation.htm)

See also: List of current and historical women's universities and colleges




  Results from FactBites:
 
Coeducation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (935 words)
Coeducation is the integrated education of men and women at the same school facilities; co-ed is a shortened adjectival form of co-educational.
The first coeducational institution of higher education in the United States was Franklin College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, established in 1787.
The longest continuously operating coeducational school in the United States is Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, which was established in 1833.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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