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Encyclopedia > Cockpit
VC-10 (1960s) Airliner Cockpit. Modern airliners have more digital, and less analogue, cockpit instrumentation.

A cockpit is the area usually nearer the front of a piloted aircraft from which a pilot controls the aircraft. The cockpit is also commonly referred to as the flight deck although that term can also refer to the flight deck on an aircraft carrier. Most modern cockpits are fully enclosed, except on some small aircraft, and cockpits on large airliners are also physically separated from the cabin. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 611 KB)Super VC10 type 1151 G-ASGC Flight Deck. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 611 KB)Super VC10 type 1151 G-ASGC Flight Deck. ... The VC-10 airliner was designed and built by Vickers (part of the British Aircraft Corporation) in the 1960s. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft — in effect acting as a sea... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ...


Cockpit as a term for the pilot's compartment in an aircraft first appeared in 1914 and from about 1935 cockpit also came to be used informally to refer to the driver's seat of a car, especially a high performance one, and this is official terminology in Formula One. The term is most likely related to the sailing term for the coxswain's station in a Royal Navy ship, and later the location of the ship's rudder controls. Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... In the Royal Navy, the term cockpit originally referred to the area where the coxswain was stationed. ... The coxswain (pronounced cox-ən; often called the cox) is the person in charge of a boat, particularly its navigation and steering. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...

Typical modern single-seat glider cockpit, with a forward hinged canopy in the open position.
Typical modern single-seat glider cockpit, with a forward hinged canopy in the open position.

The cockpit of an aircraft contains flight instruments, typically called an "instrument panel", and the controls which enable the pilot to fly the aircraft. In most large airliners, a door separates the cockpit from the passenger compartment(s). After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, measures have been taken by all major airlines to fortify the cockpit against unauthorized access by would-be hijackers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1188x1244, 99 KB) Photo taken by John DeRosa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1188x1244, 99 KB) Photo taken by John DeRosa. ... Gliders or Sailplanes are heavier-than-air aircraft primarily intended for unpowered flight. ... The raised canopy of a Vans RV-7A An aircraft canopy is the transparent enclosure over the cockpit of some types of aircraft. ... Six basic instruments in a light twin-engine airplane arranged in the basic-T. From top left: airspeed indicator, attitude indicator, altimeter, turn coordinator, heading indicator, and vertical speed indicator Most aircraft are equipped with a standard set of flight instruments which give the pilot information about the aircrafts... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Hijackers inside flightdeck of TWA Flight 847 Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ...


On an airliner, the cockpit is usually referred to as the "flight deck." This term derives from its use by the RAF for the separate, upper platform where the pilot and co-pilot sat in large flying boats.

Cockpit of a light aircraft, showing instrumentation dials and dual control yokes.
Cockpit of a light aircraft, showing instrumentation dials and dual control yokes.

The first airplane with an enclosed cabin appeared as early as 1913 on Igor Sikorsky's airplane The Grand. However, during the 1920s there were many passenger aircraft in which the crew were open to the air while the passengers sat in a cabin. Military biplanes and the first single-engined fighters and attack aircraft also had open cockpits into the Second World War. Early airplanes with closed cockpits were the 1924 Fokker tri-motor, the 1926 Ford Tri-Motor, the 1927 Lockheed Vega, the Spirit of St. Louis, the 1931 Taylor Cub, German Junkers used as military transports, and the passenger aircraft manufactured by the Douglas and Boeing companies during the mid-1930s. Open-cockpit airplanes were almost extinct by the mid-1950s, with the exception of training planes and crop-dusters. Download high resolution version (596x888, 139 KB)Cockpit of a light aircraft. ... Download high resolution version (596x888, 139 KB)Cockpit of a light aircraft. ... The control yoke of a Boeing 737 aircraft. ... Igor Sikorsky Russian Aviators Sikorsky, Genner and Kaulbars abroad airplane Russian Vityaz; 1915 Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company Stock Certificate courtesy of Scripophily. ... The Fokker F.VII was a small airliner produced by Anthony Fokkers Atlantic Aircraft Company, and later by other companies under licence. ... The Ford Trimotor was a three engine civil transport aircraft first produced in 1926 by Henry Ford and continued until about 1931. ... The Vega was a six-passenger monoplane built by the Lockheed company starting in 1927. ... The Spirit of St. ...


Cockpit windows may be equipped with a sun shield. Most cockpits have one or more windows which can be opened when the aircraft is on the ground. Nearly all glass windows in large aircraft have a Anti-reflective coating, and an internal heating element to melt ice. Smaller aircraft may be equipped with a transparent aircraft canopy. Anti-reflective coatings are a type of optical coating applied to lenses and other devices to reduce reflection from optical surfaces. ... The raised canopy of a Vans RV-7A An aircraft canopy is the transparent enclosure over the cockpit of some types of aircraft. ...


Erogonomics and human factors concerns are playing an increasing role in the design of modern cockpits. The layout and function of cockpit displays controls are carefully considered to increase pilot situational awareness without causing information overload. In the past, many cockpits, especially in fighter aircraft, limited the size of the pilots that could fit into them. Now, cockpits are being designed to accommodate the 1st percentile female physical size and the 99th percentile male size.


See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External Link

  • F-35 Cockpit Setting New Standards in Safety, Comfort
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Cockpits

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Cockpit Country Home Page (411 words)
Cockpit Country is a rugged, inaccessible area of inland Jamaica.
This is the area where the karst terrain is so developed that humans have not found it viable to develop and where some semblance of the original flora and fauna remains.
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