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Encyclopedia > Coccus
Staphylococcus bacteria
Staphylococcus bacteria

Cocci (singular - coccus, from the Latin coccinus (scarlet) and derived from the Greek kokkos (berry) ) are any microorganism (usually bacteria) whose overall shape is spherical or nearly spherical.[1] Image File history File links Arrangement_of_cocci_bacteria. ... Image File history File links Arrangement_of_cocci_bacteria. ... Image File history File links Staphylococcus_aureus_Gram. ... Image File history File links Staphylococcus_aureus_Gram. ... A cluster of Escherichia coli bacteria magnified 10,000 times. ... Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ... For other uses, see Sphere (disambiguation). ...

Aggregations of coccoid bacteria often occur and these forms have specific names as well[2]; listed here are the basic forms as well as representative bacterial genera: For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ...

Important human pathogens caused by coccoid bacteria include staphylococci infections, some types of food poisoning, some urinary tract infections, toxic shock syndrome, gonorrhea, as well as some forms of meningitis, throat infections, pneumonias, and sinusitis.[3] Cocci are spherical bacteria. They can exist as single or clumped cells and are not motile. Diplococci are paired cells (diplo- meaning double). Other arrangements include: triad (groups of three), tetrad (groups of four), sarcina (cubes of eight), streptococcus(chains), and staphylococcus (irregular clusters). A diplococcus is a round bacterium (a coccus) that typically occurs in pairs of two joined cells. ... Neisseria is a genus of bacteria, included among the proteobacteria, a large group of gram-negative forms. ... Species Micrococcus antarcticus Micrococcus luteus Micrococcus lylae Micrococcus mucilaginosis Micrococcus roseus Micrococcus (mi’ krō kŏk’ Əs) is a genus of bacteria in the Micrococcaceae family. ... Species S. agalactiae S. bovis S. mutans S. pneumoniae S. pyogenes S. salivarius S. sanguinis S. suis Streptococcus viridans Streptococcus uberis etc. ... Species S. aureus S. caprae S. epidermidis S. haemolyticus S. hominis S. lugdunensis S. pettenkoferi S. saprophyticus S. warneri S. xylosus Staphylococcus (in Greek staphyle means bunch of grapes and coccos means granule) is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria. ... A pathogen (from Greek pathos, suffering/emotion, and gene, to give birth to), infectious agent, or more commonly germ, is a biological agent that causes disease or illness to its host. ... Species S. aureus Staphylococcus (in Greek staphyle means bunch of grapes and coccos means granule) is a genus of gram-positive bacteria. ... Foodborne illness or food poisoning is caused by consuming food contaminated with pathogenic bacteria, toxins, viruses, prions or parasites. ... A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. ... Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but potentially fatal disease caused by a bacterial toxin. ... The clap redirects here. ... Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system, known collectively as the meninges. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may or may not be as a result of infection, from bacterial, fungal, viral, allergic or autoimmune issues. ... Motile A term to describe Intelligent Mobile Applications. ...


  1. ^ Madigan M; Martinko J (editors). (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms, 11th ed., Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1. 
  2. ^ Salton MRJ, Kim KS (1996). Structure. In: Baron's Medical Microbiology (Baron S et al, eds.), 4th ed., Univ of Texas Medical Branch. (via NCBI Bookshelf) ISBN 0-9631172-1-1. 
  3. ^ Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology, 4th ed., McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. 


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  Results from FactBites:
Coccus Cacti - Lectures on Homoeopathic Materia Medica by JAMES TYLER KENT (1470 words)
The chronic catarrhal state of the Coccus cacti patient comes on especially in the winter.
In Coccus cacti the right side of the heart is affected, the vessels become friable and there is haemorrhage, oozing of blood, forming great fl clots.
Dull pains in the region of the kidneys, with albuminuria; heavy sediment in the urine, etc., just such a state as you would find in a child that had taken cold after scarlet fever.
DrLuc (82 words)
The main activity of Coccus is on the respiratory mucosa, so it can be used for coughing fits caused by a tickling feeling in the throat, especially around 11:30 p.m.
The typical Coccus cough is also made worse by heat, but is relieved when the person is in a cold room or when walking.
The Coccus cough can be described as a "machine -gun" cough: attacks of a spamodic, rattling cough.
  More results at FactBites »



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