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Encyclopedia > Coat of arms of Poland
Flag of Poland with the coat of arms
Flag of Poland with the coat of arms

The Polish coat of arms is regulated by article 28(1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997. The Coat of arms of Poland consists of a white eagle on a red field. Its current appearance, regulated by the Coat of Arms Act, consists of single-headed, crowned eagle, turned towards right with golden claws and beak, upon the red shield. White and red are the national colours of the Republic of Poland, regulated by the Act. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1932x2407, 4465 KB) [edit] Summary Coat of arms of the Republic of Poland Made by Aotaearoa, based on the official specifications in Coat of arms, Colors and Anthem of the Republic of Poland, and State Seals Act (Dz. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1282x802, 46 KB) // Summary English State Flag with Coat of Arms of the Republic of Poland (also a merchant ensign) Made by Kpalion on August 13, 2006, based on the specifications in and attachments no. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1282x802, 46 KB) // Summary English State Flag with Coat of Arms of the Republic of Poland (also a merchant ensign) Made by Kpalion on August 13, 2006, based on the specifications in and attachments no. ...

Contents

Legend

The White Eagle emblem originated when Poland’s legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle’s nest. When he looked at the bird, a ray of sunshine from the red setting sun fell on its wings, so they appeared tipped with gold, the rest of the eagle was pure white. He was delighted and decided to settle there and placed the eagle on his emblem. He also named the place Gniezdno (currently Gniezno) from the Polish word gniazdo (nest). Gniezno (pronounced: [gɲȋεznÉ”]) is a town in central-western Poland, some 50 km east of PoznaÅ„, inhabited by about 73,000 people. ...


This tale could be considered as an allusion to the legend of the city of Rome which was founded by Romulus and Remus. Auspicium is the ancient rite of observing birds of prey flights in order to get support of gods for future arranged actions. A less romantic version assumes that Poland adopted the emblem from the Roman Empire (like many other European countries). Story has several different meaning as outlined below. ... For other uses, see Legendary (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Romulus may refer to any of these articles: Romulus is a mythical founder of Rome, brother of Remus. ... Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome in Roman mythology, were the supposed sons of the god Mars and the priestess Rhea Silvia. ... The Roman Empire is not the Holy Roman Empire (843-1806). ...


History

The image of the white eagle appeared for the first time on the coins made during the reing of Boleslaw I, initially as the Piast family’s personal coat of arms. The stylized bird’s appearance caused dispute between scholars who could not identify its species. The most probable is the white-tailed eagle but cock, pigeon, and peacock were also taken into consideration. Since XII c. the eagle has appeared on the shields, ensigns, coins, and stamps of Piast dukes. It appeared on the Polish coat of arms during Przemysl II reign as a reminder of the Piast tradition before the fragmentation of Poland. Reign 992 — 1025. ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... This article is about a Polish dynasty. ...


The eagle’s graphic form has changed throughout centuries. Its recent shape, accepted in 1927, was designed by professor Zygmunt Kaminski and was based on the eagle’s form from the times of Stefan Batory's reign. It is worth mentioning that it was adapted to stamps or round shields rather than to a rectangular shape.


The shield itself also changed shape. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's shield was divided into four parts, with Polish Eagle and Lithuanian Pahonia on opposite sides. Kings used to place their own emblems in the center of the national coat of arms (i.e. House Vasa). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Despite the fact that new emblems were given to provinces established by the invaders after the partitions of Poland, the White Eagle remained there with or without crown and occasionally with face turned towards left and in some exceptions with Pahonia. But in most cases they were combined with the invader’s emblem.


After the November Uprising, the tsars, titled also as Polish kings, adapted the Order of the White Eagle with blue ribbon, well accepted in Russia. Archangel, the symbol of Ukraine, joined the Eagle and Pahonia during the January Uprising. The Poles conscientiously collected coins from the pre-partitions period with the eagle on their obverse and reverse. The symbol of the Eagle often with Pahonia appeared on numerous flags and emblems of the uprising. Coat-of-arms of the November Uprising. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... Order of the White Eagle (badge) The Order of the White Eagle (Polish Order OrÅ‚a BiaÅ‚ego) is Polands highest decoration awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ...


The resurrection of the Polish Kingdom was approved by Austria and Germany in 1916. A year later, the first Polish bank-notes with crowned eagle on an indivisible shield were introduced. After regaining independence the White Eagle was implemented by the act of 1919. Official image of the coat of arms (which remind Stanislaw Poniatowski’s emblem) was used until 1927 when Zygmunt Kaminski designed a new one. The given name Stanisław was popular with the Polish szlachta family of Poniatowski. ...


Recently it is a copyrighted symbol of the Republic of Poland. Its effigy appears on many public administration buildings. It is present at schools and courts. Furthermore it is placed on the averse of polish coins and even on the Poland national football team’s shirts. However the issue on which conditions it should be exposed and how it should be interpreted is the topic of numerous debates in Poland.


Polish military

Gallery

After World War II, authorities of the Polish People Republic removed crown from the eagle’s head. It was approved by resolution in 1955. As a result the government of the Polish Republic in Exile introduced a new emblem presenting the eagle wearing a crown with a cross at the top. Eventually the Third Republic of Poland’s government brought the crown back.


Heraldic tradition

The eagle with spread wings, ready to attack, is shown in heraldic tradition. The White Eagle is a specific name of the coat of arms of Poland. The heraldic description of the national emblem is a silver eagle with the golden crown pictured on a red field.


See also


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