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Encyclopedia > Coahuila
Coahuila
Location
Statistics
Capital Saltillo
Area 149,982 km²
Ranked 3rd
Population
(2005 census)
2,495,200
Ranked 17th
HDI (2004) 0.8284 - high
Ranked 3rd
Governor Humberto Moreira Valdés (PRI)
Federal Deputies PAN: 5
PRI: 2
Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-COA
Coah.

Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexico's 31 component states. It is located in the north of the country. Image File history File links Escudo_MX-COA.png‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Coahuila ... Image File history File links Mapacoahila. ... Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... States of Mexico colored by HDI The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Profr. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ...


To the north Coahuila accounts for a 512 km stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). Coahuila also borders on the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east; San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas to the south; and Durango and Chihuahua to the west. With an area of 151,571 km², it is the nation's third biggest state. It comprises 38 municipalities (municipios). In 2005 Coahuila had a population of 2,495,200 inhabitants. The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Party State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Río Bravo redirects here. ... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in north-eastern Mexico. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... For other uses, see Chihuahua (disambiguation). ... A municipio (Spanish for municipality) is a second-level political and administrative division in Mexico. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The capital of Coahuila is the city of Saltillo. Coahuila also includes the cities of Monclova (a former state capital), Piedras Negras, and Torreón (the biggest metro of the state). Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ... Monclova is a city in the northern Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Piedras Negras is a city in Coahuila, Mexico, located at . ... Torreon Centennary logo Torreón is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila. ...

Contents

History

The Spanish explored the north of Mexico some decades after their victory in the capital of the Aztecs. Such exploration was delayed because the northern climate was harsher and there was no gold. In the 16th century, Mexico and Guatemala were included in the vice-royalty of New Spain which included Nueva Extremadura. Coahuila was part of Nueva Extremadura. Francisco Cano was one of the earliest Europeans to explore Nueva Extremadura. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Nueva Extremadura was a region in the north of New Spain. ... Francisco Cano was a conquistador who explored the north of Mexico to find gold, in the 16th century. ...


Coahuila y Tejas ("Coahuila and Texas") was one of the constituent states of the newly independent United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution. Much of the territory of Texas seceded in 1836, to form the Republic of Texas. Coahuila y Tejas (or Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos, Harrisburg, Galveston, Velasco, Columbia (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Language(s) English (de facto) Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Government Republic President1  - 1836-1838 Sam Houston  - 1838-1841 Mirabeau B. Lamar  - 1841-1844 Sam Houston  - 1844-1845 Anson Jones Vice...


On February 19, 1856, Santiago Vidaurri annexed Coahuila to his state, Nuevo León. February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in north-eastern Mexico. ...


During the Mexican Revolution, Francisco Villa attacked the city of Torreón. This article is about the Mexican Revolution of 1910. ... For information about the boxer, see Pancho Villa (boxer). ... Torreon Centennary logo Torreón is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila. ...


On April 5, 2004, the border city of Piedras Negras was flooded. More than 30 people died and more than 4000 lost their homes. April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Piedras Negras is a city in Coahuila, Mexico, located at . ...


Economy

About 95% of Mexico's coal reserve is found in Coahuila, which is the country's top mining state. Saltillo also has a growing automobile industry, hosting General Motors and Daimler-Chrysler assembly plants. General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (Xetra: DCX) , (NYSE: DCX), with headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany and Auburn Hills, Michigan, is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer, formed in 1998 by the buyout of the Chrysler Corporation (USA) by Daimler-Benz (Germany). ...


Municipalities

Coahuila is subdivided into five regions and 38 municipalities (municipios). For a full list with municipal seats, see: municipalities of Coahuila A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The Mexican state of Coahuila is divided into 38 municipalities (municipios): Categories: Lists of municipalities of Mexico | Mexican states ...


Major communities

Ciudad Acuña, also known simply as Acuña, (originally Garza Galán, later Villa Acuña) is a city located in the Mexican state of Coahuila, at and a mean height above sea level of 280 metres. ... Ciudad Frontera is a town in the northern Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Francisco I. Madero is a city and its surrounding municipality located in the northern Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Matamoros (Spanish for Moor-killer) is a city and its surrounding municipality of the same name located in the southwestern part of the state of Coahuila in Mexico. ... Monclova is a city in the northern Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Nueva Rosita is a town in the state of Coahuila in northern Mexico. ... Parras de la Fuente is a city located in southern part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Piedras Negras is a city in Coahuila, Mexico, located at . ... Ramos Arizpe is a city in the Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Sabinas is a city and its surrounding municipality of the same name located in the northeastern quadrant of the state of Coahuila in Mexico. ... Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ... San Pedro is a city and its surrounding municipality of the same name located in the southwestern part of the state of Coahuila in Mexico. ... Torreon Centennary logo Torreón is a city and its surrounding municipality in the Mexican state of Coahuila. ...

Demographics

Coahuila's estimated 2005 population of about 2,300,000, is 54% European (mostly of Spanish descent), 45% mestizo (of mixed European and Amerindian descent), and 1% other. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mestizo (Portuguese, Mestiço; French, Métis: from Late Latin mixticius, from Latin mixtus, past participle of miscere, to mix) is a term of Spanish origin used to designate people of mixed European and indigenous non-European ancestry. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... A Hupa man. ...


List of governors

This list is incomplete

  • José María Garza Galán (?-1893)
  • José María Múzquiz (1894)
  • Miguel Cárdenas (1894-1909)
  • Jesús de Valle (1909-1911)
  • Venustiano Carranza (1911-1913)
  • Gustavo Espinoza Mireles (1917-1920)
  • Luis Gutiérrez Ortiz (1920-1921)
  • Arnulfo González (1921-1923)
  • Carlos Garza Castro (1923-1925)
  • Manuel Pérez Treviño (1925-1929)
  • Bruno Neira González (1929-1929)
  • Nazario Ortiz Garza (1929-1933)
  • Jesús Valdez Sánchez (1933-1937)
  • Pedro Rodríguez Triana (1937-1941)
  • Gabriel Cervera Riza (1941-1941)
  • Benecio López Padilla (1941-1945)
  • Ignacio Cepeda Dávila (1945-1947)
  • Ricardo Ainslie Rivera (1947-1948)
  • Paz Faz Risa (1948-1948)
  • Raúl López Sánchez (1948-1951)
  • Roman Cepeda Flores (1951-1957)
  • Raúl Madero González (1957-1963)
  • Braulio Fernández Aguirre (1963-1969)
  • Eulalio Gutiérrez Treviño (1969-1975)
  • Oscar Flores Tapia (1975-1981)
  • Francisco José Madero González (1981-1981)
  • José de las Fuentes Rodríguez (1981-1987)
  • Eliseo Mendoza Berrueto (1987-1993)
  • Rogelio Montemayor Seguy (1993-1999)
  • Enrique Martínez y Martínez (1999-2005)
  • Humberto Moreira Valdés (2005–)

José María Garza Galán was a Mexican politician. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Miguel Cárdenas was a Mexican politician. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Venustiano Carranza Garza (December 29, 1859 – May 21, 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... General Manuel Pérez Treviño was an important military and political leader during and after the Mexican Revolution. ... Enrique Martinez y Martinez (b. ... Profr. ...

Notable people

Horacio (García) Piña [pee-nyah] (born March 12, 1945 in Matamoros, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico) is a former relief pitcher who played in Major League Baseball between 1968 and 1978. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... mcv ...

See also

Don Santiago Vidaurri 1856-1865 He annexed Coahuila in 1856, it ajointed Nuevo Leon. Nueva Extremadura was a region in the north of New Spain. ... Coahuila y Tejas (or Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ...


Bibliography

  • "Mexican state moves to allow same-sex unions", Advocate News, Gay.com, January 11, 2007 [1]

External links

Coordinates: 27°18′08″N, 102°02′41″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tour By Mexico ® - Coahuila State --- 5 (237 words)
Others say that it came from the Nahuatl word "Coatlhilana", which means "Flying snake" or "Creeping snake".
Coahuila has four types of climate: Depending on the region, diverse climates exist throughout the state.
With an average temperature 25°C (77°F) and an annual precipitation of 40 mm (1-3/4 in,), the climate for the Southeastern region varies from dry to semi-dry and from mild to warm.
Vacations and Mexico Travel Destinations (748 words)
Coahuila is a mainly industrialized state, which economic development depends on the great amount of transnational enterprises that have settled their headquarters and factories in this state.
Coahuila is located in the northeast of Mexico, surrounded by the states of Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Durango and San Luis Potosi, in the area known as the desert of Chihuahua.
Coahuila, as well as most of the northern states of Mexico, has specialized along the years in the extraction and manufacture industry.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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