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Encyclopedia > Coachella Valley
Coachella Valley

The Coachella Valley (pronounced /koʊəˈtʃɛlə/ in English) is a large stretch of land in Southern California that is populated by close to a million people and which includes the famed tourist mecca, Palm Springs. Geographically it is the agricultural and recreational desert valley in southern California, United States (U.S.), east of Riverside and San Bernardino. The valley extends for approximately 45 miles (72 km) in Riverside County southeast from the San Bernardino Mountains to the saltwater Salton Sea, the largest lake in California. It is approximately 15 miles (24 km) wide along most of its length, bounded on the west by the San Jacinto Mountains and the Santa Rosa Mountains and on the north and east by the Little San Bernardino Mountains. The San Andreas Fault crosses the valley from the Chocolate Mountains in the southeast corner and along the centerline of the Little San Bernardinos. The fault is easily visible along its northern length as a strip of greenery against an otherwise bare mountain. The Chocolate Mountains are home to a United States Navy live gunnery range and are mostly off-limits to the public. In comparison to the "Inland Empire" (Riverside-San Bernardino area and the California desert), some people refer to the Coachella Valley as the "Desert Empire". Geographers and geologists sometimes call the area, along with the Imperial Valley to the south, the "Cahuilla Basin" or the "Salton Trough."[1] Coachella Valley © 2004 Matthew Trump adapted from U.S. government public domain map. ... Coachella Valley © 2004 Matthew Trump adapted from U.S. government public domain map. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Palm Springs is a desert city in Riverside County, California approximately 110 miles (177 km) east of Los Angeles and 140 miles (225 km) northeast of San Diego. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Riverside Government  - Mayor Ron Loveridge Area  - City  78. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... San Bernardino Mountains The San Bernardino Mountains are short transverse mountain range northeast of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. ... For the film, see The Salton Sea. ... North slope of San Jacinto Peak San Jacinto Mountains The San Jacinto Mountains are short mountain range east of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. ... Santa Rosa Mountains The Santa Rosa Mountains are a short peninsular range east of Los Angeles and northeast of San Diego in southern California in the United States. ... Little San Bernardino Mountains The Little San Bernardino Mountains are short peninsular range in southern California in the United States. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... The Chocolate Mountains of California are located in Imperial County and Riverside County in the Colorado Desert in southern California. ... USN redirects here. ... This article is about the region in California. ... For the books called Geography by Ancient Greek authors, see Geographia (Ptolemy) and Geographica (Strabo) For the magazine of the Royal Geographical Society, see Geographical (magazine) Geography is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena. ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ...

Contents

Communities and population

The Coachella Valley contains nine cities and various unincorporated communities.

City Population
(2000 census)
[2]Population
(2005 estimate)
Cathedral City 42,647 60,632
Coachella 22,724 45,764
Desert Hot Springs 16,582 30,386
Indian Wells 3,816 10,781
Indio 49,116 98,118
La Quinta 23,694 44,145
Palm Desert 41,155 80,280
Palm Springs 42,807 90,731
Rancho Mirage 13,249 51,416
Unincorporated area 76,695 102,721
Coachella Valley Total 332,485 614,974

The Coachella Valley is one of the fastest-growing areas in the country, due in part to its location in Riverside County, California, and to real estate booms in the 1990s. The area, made of nine incorporated cities, has a total population of over 400,000, twice the number of 1990 (185,000) and three times than in 1980 (80,000). State projections estimate that the valley's population will pass 600,000 by the year 2020 and 1.1 million by 2066.[3] Cathedral City is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. ... Coordinates: County Riverside Government  - Mayor Eduardo Garcia Area  - City 83 km²  (32 sq mi) Elevation 20. ... Desert hot springs redirects here. ... Indian Wells is a city located in Riverside County, California, in the Palm Springs area, in between Palm Desert and La Quinta. ... The Indio Fashion Mall. ... La Quinta redirects here. ... Palm Desert is a city in Riverside County, California, in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), approximately 11 miles east of Palm Springs in the Coachella Valley. ... Palm Springs is a desert city in Riverside County, California approximately 110 miles (177 km) east of Los Angeles and 140 miles (225 km) northeast of San Diego. ... Rancho Mirage is a city located in Riverside County, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The popular resort community of Palm Springs sits at the northwest end of the valley. Unincorporated areas and towns include Bermuda Dunes and Thousand Palms in the west end of the valley with Indio Hills, Sky Valley, North Palm Springs and Garnet along the northern rim along with Thermal, Valerie Jean, Vista Santa Rosa, Oasis and Mecca to the southeast. The native Cahuilla tribe represented in the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, Twentynine Palms Band of Mission Indians, Agua Caliente Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians and the Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Indians each have reservations in the area. Palm Springs is a desert city in Riverside County, California approximately 110 miles (177 km) east of Los Angeles and 140 miles (225 km) northeast of San Diego. ... Bermuda Dunes is a census-designated place located in Riverside County, California. ... Thousand Palms is a census-designated place located in Riverside County, California. ... Desert Hot Springs is a city in Coachella Valley, Riverside County, California, United States. ... Desert Hot Springs is a city in Coachella Valley, Riverside County, California, United States. ... Palm Springs is a famed Riverside County, California, desert resort city, approximately 110 miles east of Los Angeles. ... Thermal is a small unincorporated community located approximately 25 miles southeast of Palm Springs and about 9. ... Welcome to Mecca sign Mecca is a census-designated place (CDP) in Riverside County, California, United States. ... The Cahuilla are a group of Native Americans that have inhabited California for more than 2000 years, originally covering an area of about 2,400 square miles (6,200 km²). Evidence shows that when the Cahuilla first moved into the area a large body of water now called Lake Cahuilla...


A retirement haven throughout the area's history, senior citizens and the wealthy came to live in the Coachella Valley and a large percentage of residents are age 65 or older.


Though the area is somewhat politically fiscally conservative, it is nevertheless renowned for being a community that is known for its inclusion of gays and lesbians as part of a diverse community.[citation needed] Current estimates are that up to 33% of Palm Spring's residents identify as gay and lesbian.[4] Cathedral City is also home to a number of gay resorts, bars, restaurants and clubs. Many establishments along a stretch of Arenas Road in downtown Palm Springs are gay-oriented and serve as the center of the annual White Party. According to an interview with former Palm Springs mayor Ron Oden, perhaps the nation's only openly gay African-American mayor,[4] A large number of HIV/AIDS-infected individuals have moved to Palm Springs to take advantage of the extensive health-support systems that have been developed in recent years (such as the Desert AIDS Project.) For this reason, Palm Springs has one of the highest per capita rates of HIV/AIDS in the nation. GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ... The White Party is the name of a number of circuit parties held annually, catering to the LGBT communities. ... Ron Oden is an African-American, openly gay politician. ...


The area has a large percentage of Mexican American political figures, plus the state assembly representative Bonnie Garcia of La Quinta is of Puerto Rican parentage. The ethnonym Mexican-American describes United States citizens of Mexican ancestry (14 million in 2003) and Mexican citizens who reside in the US (10 million in 2003). ... California State Assemblywoman Bonnie Garcia Bonnie Garcia ((R)-Cathedral City) is the representative of Californias 80th Assembly District, serving eastern Riverside County and all of Imperial County. ...


Racial/ethnic diversity

The Coachella Valley was settled by a diverse array of races and ethnicities. Once viewed as predominantly Caucasian, the Coachella Valley has features of a diverse history. As of 2004, the Claritas study[5] found that 373,100 people resided in the region. The racial makeup was 44.70% Non-Hispanic White, 49.90% Hispanic, 1.80% Black/African American, 2.10% Asian/Pacific Islander, 0.40% American Indian and Eskimo, 0.10% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races.


In the early 20th century, less than 1,000 full-time residents from across the U.S. lived in the "village" (Palm Springs), surrounding farms and ranches, and on the Indian reservation. The 1930 U.S. census found less than half the Coachella Valley's population was "white", the rest were Mexicans especially in the eastern ends (Indio and Coachella) when traqueros arrived to maintain the area's railroads, and Native Americans of local tribes in what was then impoverished reservations. The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A traquero is a railroad track worker, especially a Mexican or Mexican American railroad track worker (gandy dancer in U.S. English usage). ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


Starting in the 1890s, there has been a large Irish and Scottish presence in the region, after Palm Springs was an established agricultural colony called "Palm Valley" cofounded by Welwood Murray, a Scottish immigrant and John Guthrie McCallum, an American from the U.S. East coast. The two men widely advertised the colony to settlers in an interest of a warm climate and the ideal winter residence.[6] It might explain the high percentage of East Coast Americans (New Englanders), Canadians, and British citizens in Palm Springs during the early 1900s.[citation needed] This article is about the country. ...


The area's population growth included members of several immigrant communities including Italians and Poles after World War II, mostly settling in a section known as "Little Tuscany" in Palm Springs. Soon, Germans, French and Scandinavians made up a segment of residents. Today, affluent tourists from Canada, Europe and Australia frequently visit and some decidedly relocated in the area. Britons are increasingly coming to Palm Springs and desert cities, for vacations or often to retire. Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


The Coachella Valley has a Jewish community, and according to the United Jewish Citizens of the Desert, the Coachella Valley has an estimated 20,000 American Jews, one of California's largest Jewish communities. But all faiths and denominations are found and represented in the area, the largest church being Roman Catholic. There is also a sizable Mormon community, settling here since the early 1900s, with three branches of the Latter Day Saints church. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Jews who are American citizens or resident aliens. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... A Latter Day Saint is an adherent of the Latter Day Saint movement, a group of denominations tracing their heritage to the teachings of Joseph Smith, Jr. ...


Hispanics are long established in Palm Springs' central and eastern sections, and have constituted the majority of the populations of Indio and Coachella for many decades. In the 2000 U.S. census, about 35 percent of Coachella Valley residents were Latino. But according to the United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, an estimated half (50–60 percent) of the percentage of residents are Latino.[citation needed] Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... The Indio Fashion Mall. ... Coordinates: County Riverside Government  - Mayor Eduardo Garcia Area  - City 83 km²  (32 sq mi) Elevation 20. ...


Most of the valley's Latinos are Mexican or Mexican American from a multi-generational community (see Chicano), but Central American immigrants (especially in Indio and Cathedral City), Cuban Americans, Puerto Ricans, and South Americans are also prevalent (especially in Rancho Mirage and Palm Desert). The two-decade-old trend of immigration from neighboring Mexico has culturally impacted the Coachella Valley in many more ways than the rest of California or the country.[citation needed] The ethnonym Mexican-American describes United States citizens of Mexican ancestry (14 million in 2003) and Mexican citizens who reside in the US (10 million in 2003). ... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... A Cuban-American is an immigrant to the United States from Cuba. ...


Most Latinos came to obtain work in the area's year-round agriculture, but today many find employment in construction and home remodeling, the resort hospitality industry, landscaping firms, and in the retail sector. According to a 2006 real estate report by the Coachella Valley Association of Realtors, about 3 out of 5 new homeowners are Latino, and the majority of them are middle class, raising families in two-income households, and came from urban centers of Southern California around Los Angeles and San Diego.[citation needed] For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ... For the Venetian Snares album, see Hospitality (album). ... One example of a Landscape and Design project from Beaverton, Oregon, including trees, shrubs, perennials, rock, ornamental grasses and wooden deck. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ...


The prominence of Native Americans of the Cahuilla tribe is represented in local life; because of casino gambling and land ownership, the majority of local tribal members (Cahullas pertained to the Agua Caliente band and the Cabazon/Twentynine Palms bands) are in upper-income brackets. According to the Southern California National Congress of American Indians, less than 5 percent of the area's residents are Native Americans. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Cahuilla are a group of Native Americans that have inhabited California for more than 2000 years, originally covering an area of about 2,400 square miles (6,200 km²). Evidence shows that when the Cahuilla first moved into the area a large body of water now called Lake Cahuilla... This article is about casinos for gaming. ... The National Congress of American Indians is the oldest, largest and most representative Indian organization in the United States. ...


African Americans are concentrated in Palm Springs' northern and eastern ends, as well in small sections of Indio and Desert Hot Springs, but local blacks live everywhere in middle-class and wealthy areas, blacks are less than 5 percent of the local population. The area is home to 10,000 Indian Americans (mostly from Sri Lanka), descendants of agricultural workers in the 1930s and 1940s (another large community is Imperial Valley to the south). Additionally, Palm Desert is the home of 1,000 Tahitians, a Pacific Islander people from French Polynesia. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Pacific Islands (or Pacific Person, pl: Pacific People, also called Oceanic[s]), is a geographic term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. ...


Other ethnic groups in the area like Asian Americans (i.e. Chinese, Japanese and Filipinos), followed by a small wave of Armenians and Arabs (esp. Lebanese and Syrians) from the Middle East were involved in the area's agriculture in the early 1900s. In recent years, the area (especially Palm Desert and Palm Springs) became popular to Iranian, Israeli, East Indian, and Korean home buyers, with most purchasing increasingly high-valued properties for investment purposes.[citation needed] An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In mid-2000, Palm Springs city officials and business leaders discussed on an unofficial declaration of Palm Springs as a "hate-free zone" as a sign of local pride to celebrate the city's tolerance (Palm Springs, especially in the Advocate magazine that caters to gay and lesbian readership, has voted it as one of the top five most popular world places for the gay/lesbian lifestyle)[citation needed] and multicultural diversity of the city's relaxed attitude regarding many races living close together. It has been suggested that toleration be merged into this article or section. ... The Advocate (ISSN 0001-8996) is a US-based LGBT-related biweekly news magazine. ... The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of both cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of a particular social space. ...


Geography and climate

The area is surrounded on the southwest by the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto mountain ranges, and the Little San Bernardino Mountains on the northeast. These mountains peak at around 11,000 feet and tend to average between three to five thousand feet. This effectively blocks the marine layer familiar to most other Southern Californian areas. Sometimes a weather system can come through one of the narrow passes, or up from the Gulf of California as Hurricane Kathleen did in September 1976. Daily high temperatures in the summer rarely go lower than 105°F.[citation needed] At wintertime, the temperatures range from 50°F to 80°F, making it a popular winter resort destination. Santa Rosa Mountains The Santa Rosa Mountains are a short peninsular range east of Los Angeles and northeast of San Diego in southern California in the United States. ... North slope of San Jacinto Peak San Jacinto Mountains The San Jacinto Mountains are short mountain range east of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. ... Little San Bernardino Mountains The Little San Bernardino Mountains are short peninsular range in southern California in the United States. ... A marine layer is a cool, moist, foggy layer of air that can be several hundred feet to as much as two thousand feet thick associated with offshore weather patterns. ... The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. ... Hurricane Kathleen was a tropical cyclone of the 1976 Pacific hurricane season. ...


Although geographically the valley is the northwestern extension of the Colorado Desert to the southeast, the irrigation of over 100,000 acres (405 km²) of the valley since the early 20th century has allowed widespread agriculture. In its 2006 annual report, the Coachella Valley Water District listed the year's total crop value at over $576 million or almost $12,000 per acre.[7] The Coachella Canal, a concrete-lined aqueduct built between 1938 and 1948 as a branch of the All-American Canal, brings water from the Colorado River to the valley. The Colorado River Aqueduct, which provides drinking water to Los Angeles and San Diego, crosses the northeast end of the valley along the base of the Little San Bernardino Mountains (the Joshua Tree National Park). The Colorado Desert (yellow) showing Joshua Tree National Park The Colorado Desert is a large arid depression in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California and the northeastern portion of the Mexican state of Baja California. ... The All-American Canal brings Colorado River water to the Imperial Valley in California. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... Colorado River Aqueduct The Colorado River Aqueduct is a 242-mi (392 km) water conveyance in southern California in the United States. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Double Cross on The Old Woman Rock Joshua Tree National Park is located in south-eastern California. ...


The San Andreas Fault runs down the Valley's east side. Because of this fault the Valley has many hot springs. The Santa Rosa Mountains to the West are part of the Lake Elsinore Fault zone. The Results of a prehistoric sturzstrom can be seen in Martinez Canyon. The Painted Canyons of Mecca feature smaller faults as well as Precambrian, Tertiary and Quaternary rock formations, unconformities, badlands and desert landforms. Seismic activity is what triggers earthquakes, a common natural but on occasion, destructive phenomena in the Coachella Valley, and fault lines causes hot water springs or geysers to rise from the ground. Earthquakes and natural water sources are what brought possible inhabitation and development in a desert like the Coachella Valley. View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... A sturzstrom is a rare, unique type of landslide. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ...


Agriculture

Fruit

The valley is the primary date-growing region in the United States, responsible for nearly 95 percent of the nation's crop and is celebrated each year in Indio during the Riverside County Fair and National Date Festival. The earliest attempt at growing dates came about in 1890 when the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) imported date palm shoots from Iraq and Egypt. Sixty-eight shoots were distributed across the Southwest U.S. in Las Cruces, New Mexico, Yuma, Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona, and several California cites: Indio, Pomona near Los Angeles, Tulare and National City near San Diego. The imports were almost all male seedlings and produced poor fruit. The Coachella Valley showed promise, so USDA horticulturist Bernard Johnson planted a number of shoots that he brought back from Algeria in September 1903. On his own initiative, Johnson imported more shoots from Algeria in 1908 and again in 1912. The area's entire date industry can be traced back to those original USDA experiments near present-day Mecca. Date groves were grown from present-day Cathedral City to the Salton Sea, but most date groves are replaced by development by the 1990s. Today, nearly all the date groves are in the "East Valley" area south of Indio, near Coachella and east of La Quinta. Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... For other uses of the word fair see Fair (disambiguation) Fair is the name for the gathering together of people to display or trade produce or other goods, to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated carnival or fairground entertainment. ... USDA redirects here. ... The New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... Yuma is the county seat[1] of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location in Los Angeles County and the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor Norma Torres Area  - Total 22. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Tulare (pronounced: ) is a city in Tulare County, California, United States. ... National City is a city in San Diego County, California, United States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Cathedral City is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. ...


Other agricultural products cultivated in the Coachella valley include fruits and vegetables, especially table grapes, citrus fruits and peppers along with avocados, artichokes, beans, carrots, corn, cotton, grains (barley, oats and wheat plus rice fields kept wet or moist in the Salton Sea area), lettuce, peaches, persimmons, plums and prunes, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes and other vegetable crops. The Coachella grapefruit originated in the region. The city of Coachella is the primary shipping point for agricultural goods. Agriculture is a founding block of the majority of "oldtimer" residents (In the 2000 census, only 10 percent of the Coachella Valley residents are born/raised in the area, a very low percentage than most parts of the U.S.), whose parents and grandparents came to the area as farmers and laborers transformed the eastern parts of the valley, from a hot sandy desert into a green fertile place with a year-round growing season. The Coachella and Imperial valley's agricultural miracle is in due part to irrigation, an underground aquifer from the era when the valley was under a fresh water lake in the last ice age (over 10,000 years ago), and the All-American Canal completed in the late 1940s brought large supplies of water from the Colorado River. Recent growth of fish farming or "aquaculture" in Mecca near the Salton Sea brings new promise to the local economy, especially in efforts to restore the ailing ecology of the large saltwater lake. Coordinates: County Riverside Government  - Mayor Eduardo Garcia Area  - City 83 km²  (32 sq mi) Elevation 20. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Workers harvest catfish from the Delta Pride Catfish farms in Mississippi Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms. ...


Wind farming

The valley's northwest entrance from the Inland Empire along Interstate 10 is known as the San Gorgonio Pass and is one of the windiest places on earth. Cool coastal air is forced through the pass and mixes with the hot desert air, making the San Gorgonio Pass one of only three ideal places in California for steady, wind-generated electricity. Hundreds of huge wind turbines spread across the desert and hills on either side of the highway greet visitors as they approach the crest of the pass and have become somewhat of a symbol of the area. The state's other wind farms are in the Tehachapi Pass between Mojave and Bakersfield and in the Altamont Pass near Livermore. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2465x909, 708 KB) Source: darinmarshall @ flickr File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Coachella Valley Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... This article is about the region in California. ... Interstate 10, the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from Santa Monica, California, on the Pacific Ocean, through Los Angeles and San Bernardino to the border with Arizona. ... The San Gorgonio Pass (elevation 2600 feet) cuts between the San Bernardino Mountains on the north and the San Jacinto Mountains to the south. ... Tehachapi Pass Tehachapi Pass (elevation 3793 ft/1156 m, location 35°06′08″ N 118°16′58″ W) is a mountain pass in southern California in the United States. ... Mojave is a town located in Kern County, California. ... Bakersfield redirects here. ... The Altamont Pass is a mountain pass in Northern California, United States, located between Livermore in the Livermore Valley and Tracy in the San Joaquin Valley. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ...


History

There is some contention as to the origin of the name. Early maps show the area as "Conchella," the Spanish word for "seashell." Since the area was once a part of a vast inland sea, tiny fossilized mollusk shells can be found in just about every remote area. Local lore explains the change in the name from Conchella to Coachella as a mistake made by the map-makers contracted to transcribe the data supplied by the Southern Pacific Railroad's survey party. Rather than redraw the expensive maps, the railroad chose to instead begin calling the area by the misspelled name "Coachella" rather than its traditional name "Conchella." Some believe that the name Coachella was simply made up, but that theory is rather unlikely. Even though the area had been surveyed by Edward Fitzgerald Beale in 1857, whose survey party actually used camels to cross the desert, primarily along the path of the historic Bradshaw Trail, it wasn't until the coming of the Southern Pacific Railroad and the discovery of abundant artesian wells later in the 19th Century that the area began to expand. Cindarella Courtney was the first non-Indian child born in Indio in 1898. The first boy, David Elgin, was born in 1899. US Brigadier General Edward Fitzgerald Ned Beale (February 4, 1822 - April 22, 1893) is best known for his carrying out former Secretary of War Jefferson Davis Camel Corps experiment in the Coachella Valley of California. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well An artesian aquifer is an aquifer whose water is overpressurized. ...


The coming in 1926 of U.S. Route 99 northward through Coachella and Indio and westward toward Los Angeles more or less along the present route of Interstate 10 helped further open both agriculture, commerce and tourism to the rest of the country. So too did the coming of State Highway 111 in the early 1930s, which cut a diagonal swath through the valley and connected all of its major settlements. Dr. June McCarroll, then a nurse with the Southern Pacific whose office fronted U.S. 99 in Indio, is credited with being the first person to delineate a divided highway by painting a stripe down the middle of the roadbed in response to frequent head-on collisions. The standard was refined and adopted worldwide. Doctor McCarroll is memorialized by a stretch of I-10 through Indio named in her honor. U.S. Route 99 was the main north-south highway on the West Coast of the United States until 1964, running from Calexico, California on the U.S.-Mexico border to Blaine, Washington on the U.S.-Canada border. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Interstate 10, the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from Santa Monica, California, on the Pacific Ocean, through Los Angeles and San Bernardino to the border with Arizona. ... JUNCTION MILE POST 10 ?? 86 ?? Legend < Route 110 Route 112 > The California State Highways California State Route 111 is the main north/south state highway and retail corridor through the Coachella Valley, a part of the Colorado Desert in the southeastern corner of the state and famous as a resort... June McCarroll was a nurse (later a doctor) with the Southern Pacific Railroad in the early 20th Century who is credited with the simple but revolutionary idea of delineating busy highways with a painted line separating lanes of traffic, a safety standard now in use all over the world. ...


The Coachella Valley became a major real estate destination in the 1980s and 1990s no longer limited to senior citizens, winter residents and retirees. Families with young children and young adults became interested in Palm Springs and surrounding communities for lower cost housing and apartment rents. The tourist attraction we know as Palm Springs has been exported worldwide, an increase of international visitors and now treated as a "year-round" community, the Coachella Valley is sometimes compared to Las Vegas, Nevada, Phoenix, Arizona or Santa Fe, New Mexico as part of the Southwest, as much it's a part of Southern California's most popular destinations (San Diego, Orange County and Los Angeles). In a 2003 Conde Nast publication review, Palm Springs was ranked one of the top 10 global vacation destinations, and the smallest one in population. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... -1... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Cond Montrose Nast, born March 26, 1873 in New York City, United States, died there on September 19, 1942, was the founder of Cond Nast Publications, a major American magazine publisher. ...


Recreation and annual activities

With more than 350 days of sunshine per year and warm, mild winters—though summer can be quite hot—recreational hiking and horseback riding are popular in the many canyons in the mountains that surround the valley. One of the most visited outdoor sports areas is Thousand Palms Canyon. Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon, or gorge, is a valley walled by cliffs. ...


The Coachella Valley was once a safe haven for hay fever allergy sufferers before the surge of golf courses and year-round lawns, and people with bronchitis, emphysema and asthma chose to relocate for health reasons in the early half of the 20th century. For the play, see Hay Fever. ... Allergy is an abnormal reaction to a substance foreign to the body that is acquired, predictable and rapid. ... Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi and may specifically refer to: Acute bronchitis, caused by viruses or bacteria and lasting several days or weeks Chronic bronchitis, a persistent, productive cough lasting at least three months in two consecutive years. ...


In the early 1900s, Palm Springs was an ideal farming town and had some space converted to a minor agricultural economy. After that failed, all the fields and groves were replaced by homes and golf courses. Agriculture succeeded in the lower Coachella Valley near the communities of Thermal, Mecca, Oasis and Vista Santa Rosa that had a large underground aquifer to sustain a year-round green environment.


More than two hundred golf courses blanket the area, making it one of the world's premier golf destinations. The Merrill Lynch Skins Game is held in La Quinta each Thanksgiving and draws some of the biggest names in golf. The PGA has a major presence in La Quinta as well with the PGA WEST golf and residential complex. One of the host courses of the aforementioned Bob Hope Chrysler Classic, a PGA WEST fairway represents the area in Soarin' Over California, an IMAX-based attraction at Disney's California Adventure theme park. Merrill Lynch & Co. ... A skins game is a golf event in which players compete for prize money on each individual hole. ... For the Canadian holiday, see Thanksgiving (Canada). ... Professional Golfers Association, (with or without the apostrophe), is the usual term for a professional association in mens golf. ... Soarin Over California is a simulator attraction at Disneys California Adventure Park at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... Disneys California Adventure is a theme park in Anaheim, California, adjacent to Disneyland Park and part of the larger Disneyland Resort. ...


The area is also dotted with classy, Las Vegas-style casinos run by local Indian tribes as well as resort hotels and spas with natural mineral water wells, making it a prime vacation destination as well. The Palm Springs Aerial Tramway, considered to be one of the greatest engineering feats of the 20th Century, takes visitors from the valley floor to the San Jacinto Peak mountain station 8516 feet (2595 m) above sea level. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ... Valley Station, the lower of the tramways two stations. ... San Jacinto Peak is the highest peak in Riverside County, California and part of the sheerest mountain face in all of North America. ...


Palm Springs is home to one of the country's largest collections of mid-century architecture. Thousands of homes, apartments, hotels, businesses and other buildings were designed in this fashion across the city. International mid-century enthusiasts come to Palm Springs to admire the design.


Other activities include:

  • An annual air show is held in November is held at the Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport in Thermal. The Palm Springs Airport Annual Air Show held every January displays World War II-era vintage fighter aircraft.
  • The Desert Circuit Horse Show is one of the nation's largest horse competitions is also held at the Polo Grounds from January through March, as well as polo matches by such celebrities as Prince Charles of England.
  • The Coachella Valley attempted to draw in sports teams, both minor league and semi-pro but met with limited success. In the 1990s, Palm Desert city officials approved a sports arena, but the project never broke ground. In 2006, Indio city officials approved an U.S. Olympic team training facility to be completed by 2009.
  • The Palm Springs Power minor league baseball team plays in Palm Springs Stadium every summer and the Palm Springs Chill is a team of the Arizona Winter Baseball League plays in Jan. and Feb. both in Palm Springs Stadium, the former site of the California Angels major league spring training facility from 1961 to 1993. Collegiate sports are played at College of the Desert at its Palm Desert campus and the home field of a soccer team, the California Desert Heat of the semi-pro American Soccer League-West Coast.
  • The NBA announced the Indian Wells Tennis Garden of Indian Wells will host the first outdoor NBA game, an exhibition event scheduled in 2008 (October?). The stadium facility build for tennis matches and music concerts can hold up to 15,000 fans, and the teams representing are the Phoenix Suns due to its' owner Richard Heckmann and the Denver Nuggets, despite interest by the Los Angeles Lakers and coach Phil Jackson in the past.[citation needed]
  • Auto racing will make a comeback in Palm Springs in October 2008 when the revived Palm Springs Grand Prix takes place on a closed two-mile track on select city streets. Palm Springs hosted a vintage car race from 1988 to 2002 and twice attempted to have a speedway in the early 1990s, but never had the approval by city and county commissions.

Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport (IATA: TRM, ICAO: KTRM) is a public airport located in Thermal, California, 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Palm Springs. ... The term alternative rock or alternative music1 was coined in the early 1980s to describe bands which didnt fit into the mainstream genres of the time. ... This article is about the annual music and arts festival. ... Prince Charles may refer to: Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, current heir-apparent to the British throne Any of the previous British royals named Charles, Prince of Wales The former Belgian regent, Prince Charles of Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... This article is about the sport. ... Palm Springs Stadium is a stadium in Palm Springs, California. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... College of the Desert (or COD) is a public two-year community college located in Palm Desert in the Coachella Valley of Riverside County, California. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Palm Springs Convention Center is a 160,000 square foot facility located in downtown Palm Springs, California. ... Roller Hockey is a form of hockey played on a dry surface using skates with wheels. ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... NBA redirects here. ... Aerial photo of the Indian Wells Tennis Garden. ... The Phoenix Suns are a professional basketball team, based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... For the original defunct Denver Nuggets, see Denver Nuggets (original). ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... This article is about the basketball coach. ...

Celebrity residents

The area has been a magnet for Hollywood stars since the 1930s when Bing Crosby, Charles Farrell and Ralph Bellamy founded the area's first tennis club in Palm Springs. Crosby would go on to found the Blue Skies Trailer Park in Rancho Mirage, unique for its expensive trailer homes each with its own individual theme. Other 1930s/1940s celebrities known to stop by Palm Springs included Humphrey Bogart, John Barrymore, Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Mary Pickford and Judy Garland. ... Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Charles Farrell (August 9, 1901 – May 6, 1990)[1] was a notable American film actor of the 1920s silent era and into the 1930s, and later a television actor. ... Ralph Rexford Bellamy (June 17, 1904 – November 29, 1991) was a Tony Award-winning American actor with a career spanning sixty-two years. ... Bogart redirects here. ... This article is about John Barrymore, Sr. ... Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. ... For the Katie Melua song, see Mary Pickford (Used to Eat Roses). ... Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). ...


Farrell, after whom a street in Palm Springs is named, would later be elected mayor. Farrell Drive is built on the path of the Palmdale Railroad, a narrow-gauge horse-drawn railroad right-of-way originally built to serve the proposed town of Palmdale. The town was never built and the railroad was abandoned after a few short years of operation. The ties were used to build one of the area's earliest residences and the Cornelia White House still stands today in downtown Palm Springs. A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ...


Congressional Medal of Honor recipient Captain William McGonagle was a graduate of Coachella High School and made the valley his home after his retirement. Mitchell Paige was another Congressional Medal of Honor veteran who lived in Palm Desert and has a newly opened middle school in La Quinta named after him. Jacqueline Cochran, founder and director of the Women Airforce Service Pilots lived her last years in Indio. In 2005, Microsoft CEO Bill Gates reportedly bought and owns a home in The Vintage Club Country Club in Indian Wells. For the Scottish poet see William McGonagall William Loren McGonagle (November 19, 1925 -- March 3, 1999) was a United States Naval officer in command of the USS Liberty when he was attacked by the Israel Defense Force. ... Mitchell Paige (August 31, 1918-November 15, 2003) was a recipient of the Medal of Honor from World War II. He received this most prestigious military honor awarded by the United States of America for his actions at the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands on October 26, 1942... Jacqueline Cochran (11 May 1906 – 9 August 1980) was a pioneer American aviatrix, considered to be one of the most gifted race pilots of her generation. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ...


Elvis Presley honeymooned in Palm Springs in 1967 and was a frequent visitor as well. Frank Sinatra, Bob Hope and Dinah Shore were residents of the valley and were instrumental in the creation of three major golf tournaments, the Frank Sinatra Celebrity Golf Tournament, Bob Hope Chrysler Classic (now hosted by comedian and golf aficionado George Lopez) and the Nabisco LPGA respectively. All three have streets named in their honor as does President Gerald Ford, a longtime Rancho Mirage resident and benefactor of the substance abuse center that bears his wife's name, the Betty Ford Center on the campus of the Eisenhower Medical Center, named for general, U.S. president and part-time resident Dwight Eisenhower. Sinatra and his friends, including Dean Martin, Perry Como, Tony Bennett, Sammy Davis Jr., Rosemary Clooney and Connie Francis were frequent visitors in the close-knit celebrity community of the Coachella Valley in the 1950s and 1960s. Elvis redirects here. ... A honeymoon is the traditional holiday taken by newlyweds to celebrate their marriage in intimacy and seclusion. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ... Dinah Shore (born Frances Rose Shore February 29, 1916 - February 24, 1994) was an American singer, actress and television personality. ... This article is about the game. ... The Bob Hope Chrysler Classic is a PGA Tour golf tournament played each January in Californias Coachella Valley. ... George C. Lopez (born April 23, 1961) is an American comedian and actor. ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... Also see Alcoholism and Drug addiction. ... The Betty Ford Center is a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center in Rancho Mirage, California co-founded by former United States First Lady Betty Ford and her friend, Ambassador Leonard Firestone, in 1982. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... Dean Martin (born Dino Paul Crocetti, June 7, 1917 – December 25, 1995) was an Italian-American singer, film actor, television personality, and comedian. ... Pierino Ronald Como (May 18, 1912 – May 12, 2001) was an American crooner. ... For other persons named Tony Bennett, see Tony Bennett (disambiguation). ... Sammy Davis, Jr. ... Rosemary Clooney (May 23, 1928 – June 29, 2002) was an American popular singer and actress. ... Connie Francis (born December 12, 1938 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American pop singer best known for international hit songs such as Whos Sorry Now?, Where The Boys Are, and Everybodys Somebodys Fool. She is known to have one of the most distinct voices in the...


The main road into Palm Springs International Airport, named simply "Airport Road", was renamed Kirk Douglas Way on October 17, 2004. Douglas, a major area benefactor, lived in the valley for more than fifty years and currently resides in Montecito. He is credited with spearheading the drive to modernize the area over those ensuing five decades. His son Michael Douglas, also an actor, is said to own a residence in Palm Springs with his actress wife Catherine Zeta-Jones. Palm Springs International Airport (IATA: PSP, ICAO: KPSP, National LID: PSP) is a public airport located two miles (3 km) east of the central business district (CBD) of Palm Springs, California, serving the Coachella Valley area of Riverside County. ... Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch[1] on December 9, 1916) is an iconic Academy Award-winning American actor and film producer known for his cleft chin, his gravelly voice and his recurring roles as the kinds of characters Douglas himself once described as sons of bitches. He is also father... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Montecito is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Barbara County, California. ... For other people bearing this name, see Michael Douglas (disambiguation) Michael Kirk Douglas (born September 25, 1944) is an American actor and producer, primarily in movies and television. ... Catherine Zeta-Jones (born 25 September 1969) is an Academy Award-winning Welsh actress based in the United States. ...


More famous names

Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz were instrumental in forming the exclusive Thunderbird Heights tract in Rancho Mirage, once the home of President Gerald Ford and his wife Betty. According to Palm Springs Life magazine, that same tract would loan its name to a new car in late 1954, the Ford Thunderbird. The magazine also cites that a favorite vacation spot for General Motors executives, Palm Desert's Eldorado Country Club, loaned its name to Cadillac's top model the year before. Local automotive history also states that designer Raymond Loewy penned the Studebaker Avanti in his Palm Springs home. Especially since the 1950s, Palm Springs and nearby golf clubs are hailed as the "playground of celebrities", but in lesser numbers celebrities don't travel or reside in the Palm Springs area as much they used to, but the area's "star power" made a comeback in the 2000s. Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ... Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ... The Ford Thunderbird was a car manufactured in the United States by the Ford Motor Company. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... The Eldorado model was part of the Cadillac line from 1953 to 2002. ... Raymond Loewy standing on one of his designs, the Pennsylvania Railroads S1 steam locomotive. ... Studebaker Avanti The Studebaker Avanti was a sports coupe originally built by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana, USA between June of 1962 and December of 1963. ...


Ball and Arnaz helped finance construction of the Indian Wells Country Club. Founded in 1956 with their winter residence on famous DesiLu Court, Indian Wells became a major factor in "down valley" growth in the 1970s and 1980s. A mostly gated community, Indian Wells has one of the highest per capita income of any small town in the United States, while nearby Coachella, a short distance southeast on State Route 111 is the third poorest city of the 10,000-50,000 population range in the nation, though that is rapidly changing as the area develops. A memorial to Eisenhower can be found on the front lawn of Indian Wells City Hall, also features the local veterans memorial plaque to represent the community's 800 veterans, a high number of war veterans per ratio of its' predominantly senior citizen population. Coachella has the Vietnam War veterans' memorial to represent their community's high representation of armed forces volunteers, a large percentage had Spanish surnames since the city's population are over 90 percent Latino. Entrance to a guard-gated community (Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico). ... JUNCTION MILE POST 10 ?? 86 ?? Legend < Route 110 Route 112 > The California State Highways California State Route 111 is the main north/south state highway and retail corridor through the Coachella Valley, a part of the Colorado Desert in the southeastern corner of the state and famous as a resort... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


Many other celebrities, past and present, have called the area home. Among those who grew up in the area:

Billy Steinberg is an American songwriter. ... Alison Marion Lohman (born September 18, 1979) is an American actress. ... Tyler James Hilton (born on November 22, 1983, in Palm Springs, California) is a singer-songwriter and actor. ... Alan O`Day (born 3 October 1940) Singer/songwriter. ... Cameron Bruce Crowe (born July 13, 1957) is an Academy Award winning American writer and film director. ... Rich Newey (born April 23, 1975), is a Coachella Valley-based director/writer. ... Aubrey Morgan ODay (born February 11, 1984) is an American singer, actress, songwriter, model, dancer, and a member of the musical group Danity Kane. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Joshua Michael Homme (born May 17, 1973[2] in Palm Springs, California) is an American Rock musician. ... Palm Desert High School is a secondary school located in Palm Desert, California. ...

Other historic figures

  • President John F. Kennedy was a frequent guest of Frank Sinatra's, and a plaque in one of the pews of Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Palm Desert marks the spot where Kennedy would usually sit during Mass. That same area in Palm Desert once served as a training ground for General George Patton's Third Army troops and tank battalions; today, the site is home to the very upscale El Paseo shopping district. Patton also trained in a huge plot of desert stretching from Chiriaco Summit just off the eastern end of the valley northward almost to Amboy along U.S. Route 66 in the Mojave Desert. Tank tracks from those maneuvers are still visible today in the open desert and a museum dedicated to Patton is located in Chiriaco Summit. Patton was also a frequent guest at the Whittier Ranch House in Indio, a grand adobe structure which had faced the possibility of demolition as the ranch lands surrounding it were being developed. A grass roots organization had petitioned the city to preserve the structure for use as a VFW post; it has instead been restored and retained as the clubhouse for the new Whittier Ranch housing development.
  • Sonny Bono ran a restaurant in downtown Palm Springs. Frustrated by the lack of cooperation he faced from the city council over a new sign for the restaurant, the entertainer took matters into his own hands and ran for mayor. He retained local conservative talk radio host Marshall Gilbert (heard regularly on KNWQ) as his campaign manager in a successful bid that not only put Bono back in the public eye, but fueled his later campaign for a seat on the United States Congress, a position he held until his death in a skiing accident in 1998. His widow, Mary, filled the vacancy left by her husband and later campaigned successfully on her own. Both he and Frank Sinatra are buried at Desert Memorial Park (now the Forest Lawn Mortuary) in Cathedral City.
  • The La Quinta Resort and Club, a series of bungalows built in 1926 in what was then known as Marshall's Cove is the oldest resort in the valley. Frank Capra wrote the script for Lost Horizon poolside at the La Quinta. Capra is buried in nearby Coachella.
  • So fond was Walt Disney of his property at the Smoke Tree Ranch in Palm Springs that he had the ranch's brand embroidered on all of his neckties. Disney reluctantly sold the property to help finance the construction of Disneyland. The Partners, bronze sculptures of Disney standing next to Mickey Mouse in each of the Disney theme parks clearly show the brand on Disney's tie.
  • Clint Eastwood owns a restaurant called the Hog's Breath Inn in Old Town La Quinta.

John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... General George Smith Patton Jr. ... A number of nations have had a Third Army British Third Army German Third Army Soviet Third Army US Third Army This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Chiriaco Summit is a small town and travel stop located in the Colorado Desert of Southern California, 19 miles west of Desert Center. ... It has been suggested that Roys Motel and Cafe be merged into this article or section. ... For the indigenous American tribe, see Mohave. ... The Veterans of Foreign Wars, or VFW, is an American organization whose members are current or former members of the U.S. armed forces. ... Salvatore Phillip Sonny Bono (February 16, 1935) – January 5, 1998) was an American record producer, singer, actor, and politician whose career spanned over three decades. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... KNWZ-970 and KNWQ-1140 are two AM dials of one radio station, K-News based in the Palm Springs area and serves the Coachella Valley in Southern California. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Mary Whitaker Bono (born Mary Whitaker on October 24, 1961)), an American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1998, representing the 45th District of California (map) which includes most of central and eastern Riverside County. ... The La Quinta Resort and Club is an historic resort which opened in 1926 in present-day La Quinta, California. ... For other persons named Frank Capra, see Frank Capra (disambiguation). ... Lost Horizon is a 1937 film directed by Frank Capra starring Ronald Colman, Jane Wyatt, John Howard, Margo, Thomas Mitchell, Edward Everett Horton, Isabel Jewell, H.B. Warner, and Sam Jaffe. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Disneyland is a theme park that is located at 1313 South Harbor Boulevard in Anaheim, California, USA. It opened on July 17, 1955. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ...

Events and activities

Changing exhibits of sculptures can be found along El Paseo Drive in Palm Desert. Palm Springs became a miniature version of Hollywood and a rival to Sundance, Utah; with the annual Palm Springs International Film Festival every January and the Palm Springs International Short Film Festival held in August, at the historic Plaza theater. Palm Springs International Film Festival is a film festival held in Palm Springs in the U.S. state of California. ...


For professional tennis fans, the Indian Wells Tennis Garden, opened in 2000, hosts the Pacific Life Open tennis tournament annually in March. Aerial photo of the Indian Wells Tennis Garden. ... The Indian Wells Masters is an annual tennis tournament held in the small city of Indian Wells, California. ...


Each April, Indio Hosts the Riverside County Fair and National Date Festival. Indio is also the site of the annual Coachella Music festival, a rock music concert venue in the Indio/Empire Polo Ground. The National Date Festival takes place in Indio, California every year in February. ...


Notable companies based in the Coachella Valley

  • United States Filter Corporation headquarters, Palm Desert - manufacturers of industrial water filtration systems.
  • Guthy-Renker, Palm Desert and Thane International, La Quinta - the nation's leading producers of mail order infomercials.
  • Western Golf Car, Desert Hot Springs - one of the world's largest golf cart design and manufacturing facilities. Lido Motors, a company founded by Lee Iacocca, produces neighborhood electric vehicles in conjunction with Western Golf Car.
  • West Coast Turf, Indio - official supplier of sod to the Super Bowl. West Coast Turf was also the site of an episode of Monster Garage in which a Ford Mustang convertible was converted into a lawn mower.
  • Ernie Ball, one of the world's leading manufacturers of electric guitar strings, opened a manufacturing facility in Coachella in 2005.
  • Armtec Defense Products, Coachella, is a member of Esterline Technologies' Defense Group, one of the world's largest combustible ordnance manufacturers.
  • Living Desert Zoo and Gardens, Palm Desert
  • Shields Date Gardens, a local landmark and tourist attraction since 1924.

Guthy-Renker Corporation is a company known for selling products via infomercials. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Lamborghini built golf cart A golf cart (officially referred to as a golf car according to ANSI standard z130. ... Lido Anthony Lee Iacocca (born October 15, 1924) is an American industrialist most commonly known for his revival of the Chrysler Corporation in the 1980s[1], serving as President and CEO from 1978 and additionally as chairman from 1979, until his retirement at the end of 1992. ... A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) is an American term for a speed limited battery electric vehicle (usually 25 miles per hour in the U.S.A.) restricted by law to operation on roads with speed limits not exceeding 35 MPH. Often such vehicles are not built from scratch but instead... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Monster Garage (2002–2006) was a popular television show for the Discovery Channel hosted by Jesse G. James. ... For other Ford Mustang models and concepts, see Ford Mustang Variants. ... Set of Ernie Ball Regular Slinky electric guitar strings Ernie Ball (1930 – September 9, 2004) was an American entrepreneur, musician, and innovator, widely acclaimed as a revolutionary in the development of guitar-related products. ... Living Desert Zoo and Gardens (1200 acres) are desert botanical gardens and a zoo located at 47-900 Portola Avenue, Palm Desert, California. ... Shields Date Gardens is a historic date orchard and tourist attraction in Indio, California, USA. The company was founded in 1924 by Floyd and Bess Shields. ...

Pop culture references

Noteworthy and memorable pop culture references include the animated Looney Tunes short, Bully for Bugs. In it, Bugs Bunny requests directions to the Coachella Valley "and the carrot festival therein." An annual carrot festival is in fact held just outside the area in the Imperial County town of Holtville. Looney Tunes opening title from mid-1950s Looney Tunes is a Warner Bros. ... Bully for Bugs is a Warner Brothers Looney Tunes theatrical cartoon short released on 8 August 1953. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated rabbit/hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Imperial County is a county located in the Imperial Valley, in the far southeast of the U.S. state of California, and borders both Arizona and Mexico. ... Holtville is a city located in Imperial County, California. ...


The generation defining novel "Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture" by Canadian novelist Douglas Coupland describes the angst of those born between roughly 1960 and 1965 and is set in the Palm Springs of the late 1980s. Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, published in 1991, is the first novel by Douglas Coupland. ...


A second classic 1980s novel "Less Than Zero", a tale of disaffected, rich teenagers of Los Angeles, has its climatic scenes of excess and despair set in Palm Springs. "Less Than Zero" was made into a film in 1987, directed by Marek Kanievska and starring Andrew McCarthy, Robert Downey Jr and Jami Gertz. Less Than Zero is a novel by Bret Easton Ellis, published in 1985. ...


The most famous movie filmed in the Coachella Valley is arguably It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World. This film even includes the former Desert Air airport, now the site of the Rancho Las Palmas Marriott in Rancho Mirage. The airfield escape scene in A Night in Casablanca was filmed at present-day Palm Springs International Airport; Mount San Jacinto is clearly seen in the background. Its a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World is a 1963 American comedy film directed by Stanley Kramer about the madcap pursuit of $350,000 of stolen cash by a diverse and colorful group of strangers. ... A Night in Casablanca (1946) was the twelfth Marx Brothers movie. ...


Tex Avery made a brief reference to Palm Springs via a sight gag in his 1948 animated short for MGM, The Cat that Hated People. In the showroom of the "Moonbeam Rocket Company," a tiny rocket ship with a sign showing its intended destination of Palm Springs is shown among a series of large rockets also displaying signs indicating not terrestrial but rather their galactic destinations. Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... In comedy, a Sight Gag is anything which conveys its humour visually, often without words being used at all. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Ariane 5 lifts off with the Rosetta probe on 2nd of March, 2004. ...


The early 1960s would see the movie Palm Springs Weekend filmed on location. A humorous situation involving four drunk LAPD policemen in a rented aircraft attempting to reclaim a Palm Springs golf course in the name of the local Indian tribes can be found in the 1975 novel, The Choirboys. The cover of Joseph Wambaughs classic police fiction story, The Choirboys (ISBN 0-440-11188-9), is a controversial 1975 work of fiction written by Los Angeles Police Department officer-turned-novelist Joseph Wambaugh. ...


An episode of The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show titled The Ruby Yacht of Omar Khayyam announces the upcoming second installment of the episode as Rimsky & Korsakov Go to Palm Springs, or Song of Indio. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tomb of Omar Khayam, Neishapur, Iran. ...


In the 1984 music video by Tears for Fears' Everybody Wants to Rule the World being shot on location in the Coachella Valley. The rock video features scenes of a few local landmarks: the dinosaur structures near Cabazon, the windmill farms, scenery along Interstate 10 and state route 111, and the shores of the Salton Sea.[citation needed] Tears for Fears (sometimes abbreviated to TFF or T4F) are a popular English pop band formed in the early 1980s by Roland Orzabal and Curt Smith, which emerged after the dissolution of their first band, the mod-influenced Graduate. ... Everybody wants to rule the world is a song by Tears for Fears from their 1984 album Songs From The Big Chair. ...


In 1988, "The Race" by Swiss dance band Yello featured a fictitious sportscaster talking about the "thirty-first annual formula race" in Palm Springs. While Palm Springs did briefly host an annual Grand Prix, it ran for considerably fewer than thirty-one years. Yello is a popular Swiss electronica band consisting of Dieter Meier and Boris Blank. ... Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894. ...


In the 1990s two television series shows P.S. I Love You and Phenom, the characters and plots were set in Palm Springs. P.S. I Love You is a song by The Beatles from their album Please Please Me. ... Phenom was a 1993 family sitcom about a tennis wunderkind that aired on ABC. The show ran for a single season and was canceled in May 1994. ...


In 2006, The CW television network had a teen drama series Hidden Palms is set in a gated desert community near Palm Springs, although there is a real Hidden Palms in Palm Desert.[citation needed] The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... Hidden Palms is an American teen drama television series that ran from May 30, 2007 until July 4, 2007 on The CW in the United States. ...


In local Tyler Hilton's song "When It Comes", he references Palm Desert's strip of high-class fashion and dining singing, When I'm cruising El Paseo / In my off-white coup back '65. Tyler James Hilton (born on November 22, 1983, in Palm Springs, California) is a singer-songwriter and actor. ...


In an episode of the animated comedy Family Guy, baby Stewie and his friend, Brian (a talking dog) figured a way to return home from vacation in Lois' parents home in Palm Springs. Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ...


A majority of the 2007 film "Alpha Dog" was shot in Palm Springs. For the term relating to dog behavior, see Alpha (biology). ...


Media

The Coachella Valley, under the title "Palm Springs", is a distinct Nielsen and Arbitron ratings market, with eight local television stations and twenty radio stations. Cable subscribers under Time Warner can receive Los Angeles television channels as part of basic cable service. Satellite television and satellite radio are available as well. In newsprint, the Gannett Company-owned The Desert Sun is the local daily paper; the Riverside Press-Enterprise, San Diego Union-Tribune and Los Angeles Times are also sold there. The New York Times is sold through Starbucks Coffee outlets. The Press-Enterprise also publishes The D, a weekly tabloid-style paper dispensed for free at newsstands, restaurants and stores. The area's most known publication, Palm Springs Life caters to the valley's rich and famous elites, the magazines is available across the Coachella Valley and in urban areas throughout the Western U.S. When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are often referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by Nielsen Media Research to determine the audience size and composition of television programming. ... Arbitron is a radio audience research company in the United States. ... Time Warner Inc. ... other uses, see Gannet (disambiguation). ... The Desert Sun is a local daily newspaper serving Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley of Southern California owned by Gannett publications since 1988 and acquired the Indio Daily News in 1990 to become the sole local newspaper. ... The Press-Enterprise is a newspaper that serves the Inland Empire in Southern California and is based in Riverside, California. ... The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California by the Copley Press. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... This article is about the newspaper size. ...


Transportation

The area is served by the Palm Springs International Airport. Interstate 10 runs along the northeastern rim of the valley. State Route 111 runs for about thirty miles along the southwestern rim of the valley, which is where population is concentrated highest, though with the urban sprawl and growth taking place there in recent years, this population is expanding toward the freeway rapidly. A four-lane expressway, State Highway 86 opened the early 1990s bypasses Coachella and goes south to the Imperial Valley, connects with the U.S.-Mexican border town of Mexicali, Mexico. The limited public transportation in the valley is provided by the SunLine Transit Agency based in Thousand Palms, known by its' nickname Sunbus, plans to expand public transit bus routes across the Coachella Valley with a new route in the agricultural "East Valley" (Mecca and Thermal) and serve non-driving residents from gated communities away from route 111. Palm Springs International Airport (IATA: PSP, ICAO: KPSP, National LID: PSP) is a public airport located two miles (3 km) east of the central business district (CBD) of Palm Springs, California, serving the Coachella Valley area of Riverside County. ... Interstate 10, the major east-west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, runs east from Santa Monica, California, on the Pacific Ocean, through Los Angeles and San Bernardino to the border with Arizona. ... JUNCTION MILE POST 10 ?? 86 ?? Legend < Route 110 Route 112 > The California State Highways California State Route 111 is the main north/south state highway and retail corridor through the Coachella Valley, a part of the Colorado Desert in the southeastern corner of the state and famous as a resort... -1... State Route 86 is a north-south state highway in the southeastern desert region of Southern California, United States. ... Mexicali is the capital of the state of Baja California, Mexico. ...


Notes and references

  • Coachella Valley's Golden Years, printed by the Coachella Valley Water District, 1978.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Media


  Results from FactBites:
 
Coachella Valley Water District - Water and the Coachella Valley (4610 words)
In Coachella Valley, shortly after work on the canal was completed, construction began on an underground, tile drainage system designed to carry used agricultural irrigation water which is high in salinity away from farmland and to the Salton Sea.
The Coachella Valley Stormwater District was assimilated by CVWD in 1935.
Coachella Valley is a long way from the rivers and streams that provide water that flows several hundred miles from north to south in California, but the area holds the third largest State Water Project entitlement.
Coachella Valley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2541 words)
The Coachella Valley is an irrigated agricultural and recreational desert valley in southern California east of Los Angeles.
Although geographically the valley is the northwestern extension of the Colorado Desert to the southeast, the irrigation of over 100,000 acres (405 km²) of the valley since the early 20th century has allowed widespread agriculture.
The Coachella Canal, a concrete-lined aqueduct built between 1938 and 1948 as a branch of the All-American Canal, brings water from the Colorado River to the valley.
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