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Encyclopedia > Coach (sport)

In sports, a coach or manager is an individual involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... A sportsperson (British and American English) or athlete (principally American English) is any person who participates regularly in a sport. ...



The term coach is sometimes equivalent in U.S. usage to the term manager in other English-speaking countries in reference to the director of a sporting team, particularly with regard to Association Football. Additionally, the director of the operation of a team in baseball, a sport far more popular in the U.S. than in any other English-speaking country, is also properly referred to as a "manager", particularly in the context of a team of adults, as opposed to youths. “Soccer” redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005) In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager (or more formally, the field manager); this individual controls matters of team batting order to more closely communicate with baserunners, but most managers delegate this responsibility... See Adult. ...

The title "Coach" is also one of respect or affection, often replacing the first name much like "Doctor" to become "Coach Smith". Some former players will still address their instructor as "Coach", even if both the player and coach him/herself have long retired or graduated on.

The term "coach" has been expanded greatly in American English usage[citation needed], especially in recent years, to include such non-sports-related concepts; see the article on coaching for more information. For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Coaching is a method of directing, instructing and training a person or group of people, with the aim to achieve some goal or develop specific skills. ...

In Game

Coaching entails the application of sport tactics and strategies during the game or contest itself, and usually entails substitution of players and other such actions as needed. Most coaches are former participants in the sports in which they are involved, and those who are not have usually had extensive training in the sport in question. A tactic is a method employed to help achieve a certain goal. ... A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, most often winning. Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand by its nature of being extensively premeditated, and often practically rehearsed. ... For other uses, see Game (disambiguation). ... Contest may refer to: A contest, is an event in which two or more individuals or teams compete against each other, often for a prize or similar incentive. ... A player of a game is a participant therein. ... Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills. ...


In some professional sports operations the head coach also serves as general manager, the team executive responsible for acquiring the rights to players and negotiating their contracts, generally in recent years with their agents, and for trading or dismissing players, but these roles have been increasingly likely to be seen as separate functions fulfilled by separate persons in more recent years, although many coach/general managers still exist. The term general manager is a descriptive term for certain executives in a business operation. ... A sports agent is a person who procures and negotiates employment and endorsement deals for an athlete. ...


Many coaches, usually those of school-sponsored sports teams, also bear the responsibility of teaching the skills, rules and tactics involved in a particular sport to its players. This can be accomplished individually, by team, by division (ex. Defensive Coaching, Offensive Coaching, etc.) or by position (ex. receiver coach, quarterback coach, etc.) where applicable. Students in Rome, Italy. ... A sport consists of a normal physical activity or skill carried out under a publicly agreed set of rules, and with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of skill, or some combination of these. ... A skill is an ability, usually learned and acquired through training, to perform actions which achieve a desired outcome. ... In sport, defense (AmE) and defence (CwE) is the action of preventing an opponent from scoring. ... In law, an offense is a violation of the penal law. ... The wide receiver (WR) position in American and Canadian football is the pass-catching specialist. ... Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ...

Under this system in which duties are divided, there is necessarily a head coach who oversees all other coaches as a supervisor. This article is about the Atlas Supervisor computer program. ...

Coaching Staff

A coach, particularly in a major operation, is traditionally aided in his efforts by one or more assistant coaches known as the coaching staff.

Many times, in major team sports the principal coach (usually referred to as the head coach) has little to do with the development of details such as techniques of play or placement of players on the playing surface, leaving this to assistants while concentrating on larger issues. The head coach in sports coaching is the coach who is in charge of the other coaches. ...


Coaching techniques and philosophies are often taught by prominent coaches to youth and high school coaches at events referred to as "coaching programs" where literature supports the increase of specific, positive feed back in order to achieve optimal effects of coaching. The classic practice consists of the on-court demonstrations and walkthroughs to learn the plays and strategies. Other applications are used to create a more effective learning environment that will reach all the players.

Coaching philosophies are passed along from one generation of coaches to another through these events, and of course the tendency of assistant coaches serving under a successful head coach being the most likely to be given an opportunity to become head coaches in their own right.


All major US collegiate sports have associations for their coaches to engage in professional development activities, but professional coaches tend to have less formal associations, and have never developed into a group resembling a union in the way that athletic players in many leagues have. Most coaching contracts allow the termination of the coach with little notice and without specific cause, usually in the case of high-profile coaches with the payment of a financial settlement. U.S. collegiate coaching contracts require termination without the payment of a settlement if the coach is found to be in serious violation of named rules, usually with regard to the recruiting or retention of players in violation of amateur status. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... For the 1994 film, see Amateur (film). ...

Coaching is a very fickle profession, and a reversal of the team's fortune often finds last year's "Coach of the Year" to be seeking employment in the next.

Many coaches are former players of the sport themselves, and coaches of professional sports teams are sometimes retired players.

Successful coaches often become as well or even better-known than the athletes they coach, and in recent years have come to command high salaries and have agents of their own to negotiate their contracts with the teams. Often the head coach of a well-known team has his or her own radio and television programs and becomes the primary "face" associated with the team.

See also

An athletic trainer is an allied health care provider capable of performing immediate and emergency injury management, injury assessment, and rehabilitation. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In baseball, a number of coaches assist in the smooth functioning of a team. ... Coach in ice hockey refers to a head coach or an assistant coach given responsibility of organizing player offence and defence. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Roles and responsibilities of a Sports Coach (1972 words)
The United Kingdom Coaching Strategy describes the role of the sports coach as one that "enables the athlete to achieve levels of performance to a degree that may not have been possible if left to his/her own endeavours".
In July 2002, in response to the UK's Government "Plan for Sport", the Coaching Task Force published their report on coach education and qualification schemes in the UK and identified the need for a coaching structure suitable for all sports and the implementation of a UK Coaching Certificate (UKCC).
A coach is required to comply with their National Governing Body's code of ethics and conduct and as coaches we also have legal responsibilities.
Coach (sport) - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki (924 words)
In sports, a coach or manager is an individual involved in the direction and instruction of the on-field operations of an athletic team or of individual athletes.
Coaching techniques and philosophies are often taught by prominent coaches to youth and high school coaches at events referred to as "coaching clinics".
Coaching philosophies are passed along from one generation of coaches to another through these events, and of course the tendency of assistant coaches serving under a successful head coach being the most likely to be given an opportunity to become head coaches in their own right.
  More results at FactBites »



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