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Encyclopedia > Clutha District

South Otago (pop. 17,172) lies in the south east of the larger of For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand's two main islands, imaginatively named the South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151... South Island. As the name suggests, it forms the southernmost part of the geographical region of Otago is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the southeast of the South Island. It comprises approximately 32,000 km² making it the second-largest region in New Zealand. As of the census of 2001 the region had a population of 181,542. The name... Otago. The area is roughly congruous with the Clutha District, which has its administrative centre at Balclutha is a town in Otago, it lies towards the end of the Clutha River on the east coast of the New Zealand. It is about halfway between Dunedin and Invercargill. A service town for the fertile farming region around the lower reaches of the Clutha River, it is also... Balclutha.


Geography

South Otago is dominated by three main topographic features. To the south is the rough bush country of the The Catlins is an area in the south of the South Island of New Zealand and lies between Balclutha and Invercargill. The area straddles the border between Otago and Southland regions, and lies along the southern coast of the South Island mainland. The South Islands southernmost point, Slope Point... Catlins, with its forests and rugged coastline. To the north of that the land is mainly rolling hill country, bisected by the In geography, a floodplain is an area of relatively level land that is inundated from time to time. A floodplain may be border a stream, lake or river, or may be a watercourse in its own right. It is often defined as contained the floodway, which normally is inundated during... floodplains of several large rivers. With the exception of this flat, fertile area, South Otago is quite sparsely populated due to relatively cold winters, geographical isolation and lack of a decent port.


There are a number of rivers flowing through South Otago, the largest of them is the Geography The Clutha River is the second longest river in New Zealand and flows south-southeast for 340 kilometres through Central and South Otago to the Pacific Ocean, 75 kilometres south west of Dunedin. The ultimate source of the river is at the end of the Makarora River, close to... Clutha, the country's second longest river, which flows from View of the southern end of Lake Wanaka, looking southeast. The Clutha River can be seen in the distance, and at top left is the southern end of Lake Hawea. Lake Wanaka is located in the Otago region of New Zealand, at an altitude of 300 metres. Covering an area... Lake Wanaka in The area known as Central Otago in Otago, New Zealand, includes the middle of the region but generally also most of the north_western portion (the Queenstown_Lakes District). This area is dominated by mountain ranges and the upper reaches of the Clutha River and tributaries. The wide flat plateau of the... Central Otago for 340 kilometres, through Balclutha ( Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. See IPA in Unicode if you have display problems. Scottish Gaelic, or just Gaelic (GĂ idhlig; IPA: ), is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. The branch includes Scottish Gaelic, Irish and Manx... Scots Gaelic for "Town on the banks of the Clutha (Clyde)") and there splits in two around the river delta known as Inch Clutha before reaching the The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. It encompasses a third of the Earths surface, having an area of 179.7 million km² (69.4 million sq... Pacific Ocean.


Also of note is the The Taieri River is the fourth longest river in New Zealand, and is located in Otago in the countrys South Island. Rising in the Lammerlaw ranges, it initially flows north, then east around the Rock and Pillar range before turning southeast, reaching the sea 30 km south of Dunedin... Taieri, the country's fourth longest river, which winds through rough hill country before forming the The Taieri Plains are an area of fertile agricultural land to the southwest of Dunedin, in Otago, New Zealand. The plains cover an area of some 300 square kilometres, with a maximum extent of 30 kilometres. The floodplains of the Taieri and Waipori Rivers, the plains are enclosed to the... Taieri Plains to the north of Milton. Lakes Lake Waihola, South Otago Lake Waihola is a tidal freshwater lake located 15 km north of Milton in Otago, on New Zealands South Island. Its area is some 9 square kilometres, with a maximum length of 6 kilometres. It is the larger of a pair of lakes - the other... Waihola and Lake Waipori is the smaller and shallower of the pair of lakes located in the wetlands to the south west of Dunedin in New Zealand on the Waipori River. The lake is inhabited by various waterfowl and wetland birds. It is however too shallow and inaccessible (due to being surrounded... Waipori, which ultimately drain into the Taieri through its tributary the The Waipori River is located in Otago in the South Island of New Zealand. Rising in the Lammerlaw ranges, it flows southeast for 50 kilometres before joining the Taieri River near Henley, 30 km southwest of Dunedin. The upper reaches of the Waipori flow through rough hill country, much of... Waipori River, are also located in South Otago. Between and roughly parallel with these two large rivers is the smaller The Tokomairiro River is located in Otago, New Zealand. It flows southeast for some 50 kilometres, reaching the Pacific Ocean 50 kilometres south of Dunedin. The town of Milton is located on the Tokomairiros floodplain. The name of the river is Maori, and translates roughly as place where punts... Tokomairiro River.


People

Lying 81km south of Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. Known in Maori as Otepoti, the city stands on the hills and valleys surrounding the head of Otago Harbour. The harbour and hills are the remnants of an... Dunedin by road, Balclutha is the most populous town in South Otago, with a population of 4,104 ( 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001 census). Other towns of note are Milton is a town of some 2,000 people, located on State Highway 1, 50 kilometres to the south of Dunedin in Otago. It lies on the floodplain of the Tokomairiro River, the two branches of which flow past the north and south ends of the town. Founded as a... Milton (pop. 1,920), Kaitangata is a town near the coast of South Otago, New Zealand, on the left bank of the Clutha River ten kilometres south east of Balclutha. Close to the town lies the small lake, Tuakitoto. According to the 2001 census, the usually resident population of Kaitangata was 789, a decrease... Kaitangata (pop. 789), Lawrence is a small town of some 500 inhabitants in Otago, in New Zealands South Island. It is located on the main route from Dunedin to the inland towns of Queenstown and Alexandra, 35 kilometres to the northwest of Milton, and close to the Tuapeka River, a tributary of... Lawrence (pop. 474), Clinton (pop. 321) and Owaka (pop. 363). For a while in the Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology Bulletin board system popularity Popularization of personal computers, Walkmans, VHS videocassette recorders, and compact disc (CD) players Introduction of the IBM PC Home video games become enormously popular, most notably Atari until the market crashes in 1983; the rise... 1980s Balclutha was New Zealand's most wealthy town, per capita.


Residents of South Otago and   Categories: New Zealand-related stubs | Southland, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Southland have a prominent accent which is noticeably different to that of the rest of New Zealand, with a rolling 'r' that is almost certainly an indication of the Gaelic roots of many of the residents. This is also indicated in the Scots Gaelic and Scots (or Lallans, meaning Lowlands), properly Lowland Scots, is used in Lowland Scotland, as well as parts of Northern Ireland and border areas of the Republic of Ireland, where it is known in official circles as Ulster Scots or Ullans but by speakers simply as Scotch or Scots. On the... Lallans Scots origins of many of the area's placenames. The people are paradoxically warm and friendly yet wary of strangers in there midst. Whilst remaining relatively crime free, the influence of a cynical outside world has had a noticeable influence on the area within the last 10 years.


Noted inhabitants of South Otago include Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. It is also the name of the people and language of the Cook Islands, referred to as Cook Islands Māori. The word māori means... Maori poet Hone Tuwhare (born in Kaikohe, Northland in 1922) is a noted New Zealand poet of Maori ancestry. He currently resides in the Catlins in Otago. His first, and often reprinted, work - No Ordinary Sun - was published in 1964. Internal links New_Zealand_literature Categories: Stub | 1922 births | New Zealand writers | Maori people... Hone Tuwhare.


History

The area has a rich history, with the Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. It is also the name of the people and language of the Cook Islands, referred to as Cook Islands Māori. The word māori means... Maori tribes and the predominantly Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is a country or nation and former independent kingdom of northwest Europe, and one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom. Scotland has a land boundary with England in the island of Great Britain and is otherwise bounded by seas and oceans. These boundaries... Scottish settlers the latter of whom arrived in the Events and Trends First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi New Zealand. The treaty between the British Crown and Maori made New Zealand a British colony and is considered the founding point of modern New Zealand. Introduction of the postage... 1840s and Events and Trends Crimean war (1854 - 1856) fought between Imperial Russia and an alliance consisting of the United Kingdom, the Second French Empire, the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire. The majority of the conflict takes place around Crimea, on the northern coasts of the Black Sea. World Leaders... 1850s. Like the rest of the South Island, the land was "bought" from the original inhabitants, the Maori, for minuscule sums. The main Maori tribe of the area, Ngāi Tahu, or Kai Tahu, is the principal iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand. The tribal authority, Te Runanga o Ngāi Tahu, is based in Christchurch. External links Te Runanga o Ngāi Tahu website Categories: Stub | Iwi and hapu ... Kai Tahu, received a large cash settlement from the New Zealand Government as reparation for the wholesale confiscation of land that took place during the colonisation of the country.


A For the Neil Young album evoking this phrase, see After the Gold Rush. Gold rush ad A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. Gold rushes became a feature of 19th-century culture. Factors that... goldrush in the Events and trends Italian unification under King Victor Emmanuel II. Wars for expansion and national unity continue until the incorporation of the Papal States (March 17, 1861 - September 20, 1870). American Civil War fought between the remaining United States of America under President Abraham Lincoln and the self-declared Confederate... 1860s, centred around Lawrence, drew thousands of men to the district in search of wealth. In more recent times the region has been associated with This article is about wool, the fiber. For alternative meanings see Wool (disambiguation). Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, AR Wool is the fiber derived from the hair of domesticated animals, usually sheep. Material Most of the fiber from domestic sheep... woollen milling and Forestry (formally known as silviculture) is the art, science, and practice of studying and managing forests and related natural resources. A strong body of research and development exists regarding the managing of forest ecosystems, selecting species and varieties, and tree breeding. Forestry also includes the development of better methods for... forestry, and This article is about the animal, sheep; for other meanings of Sheep, see Sheep (disambiguation). The article Ram redirects here; a ram is an intact male sheep. For other meanings of Ram, see Ram (disambiguation). Binomial name Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758 A sheep is any of several woolly ruminant quadrupeds... sheep, Dairy farm near Oxford, New York, July 2001 In many northern-hemisphere countries a dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milk (mostly from cows, sometimes from buffaloes or goats) for human consumption. The end product of such processes are known as dairy products. In Australia... dairy cattle and Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. Defined strictly, a deer is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. A number of broadly similar animals, from related families within the order Artiodactyla, are often also called deer. Depending on the species, male deer are called stags, harts, bucks or bulls... deer are farmed locally. Farming and farm-related industries are the mainstay of the region's economy.

Territorial Authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. There are 74 territorial authorities: 16 city councils, 57 district councils and the Chatham Islands Council. Five territorial authorities (Nelson City Council, Gisborne, Tasman and Marlborough District Councils and the Chatham... Territorial Authorities of For alternative meanings, see New Zealand (disambiguation). New Zealand is a country formed of two major islands and a number of Pacific Ocean. A common Māori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, popularly translated as Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand also maintains responsibility for the... New Zealand
Cities:
North Shore Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Auckland | Cities and towns in New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... North Shore | Waitakere City is in the west of metropolitan Auckland, New Zealands most populous urban area. Waitakere itself is the countrys 5th largest territorial authority by population, with annual growth of about 2%. Most residents live near the citys eastern borders with the Waitemata Harbour and neighbouring Auckland... Waitakere | Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Auckland | Cities and towns in New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Auckland | Manukau City is a city in the Greater Auckland region of New Zealand. While officially described as being a city unto itself, Manukau is a de facto part of the city of Auckland, there not being any clear divisions between Manukau and the rest of the city other than administrative... Manukau | Waikato River passing through Hamilton Hamilton is New Zealands 4th largest metropolitan area. It is situated in the Waikato district about one and a half hours drive south of Auckland. The local iwi (Maori tribe) is Tainui. Originally called Kirikiriroa when the first Maori inhabited the region, it was... Hamilton | Tauranga (population 90,906 — 2001 census) is the major city of the western Bay of Plenty on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is 105 km east of Hamilton and 85 km north of Rotorua. Tauranga is located at the head of a large... Tauranga | Napier is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. It has a population (2001) of 53,661. Ten kilometres further south lies the slightly smaller town of Hastings. The two are often regarded as twin cities. The city A typical view of Napier at dusk. The city... Napier | Palmerston North is a city in the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. The original name of the city was Palmerston, bestowed in honour of the Third Viscount Palmerston, Henry John Temple, a former Prime Minister of Great Britain. The suffix North” was added in... Palmerston North | Porirua is a city and a harbour in New Zealand situated immediately north of Wellington, with the city centres about 20 km apart. The city completely surrounds the Porirua Harbour, part of which has world-class estuarine values. It is at the southern end of the Kapiti Coast, yet has... Porirua | Upper Hutt is a satellite city of Wellington, New Zealand. Geography The city is 30 kilometres northeast of the Wellington CBD, and is centred on the upper (northern) valley of the Hutt River which winds its way from northeast to southwest on its way to its outflow into Port Nicholson... Upper Hutt | Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of New Zealand. It is also known as Hutt City which is the name adopted by the City Council (Hutt City Council), but currently not accepted by the NZ Geographic Board or recognised in the Local Government Act. The alternative... Lower Hutt | Alternative meanings at Wellington (disambiguation) A view of Wellington from the top of Mount Victoria. In the middle of the image you can see the internationally famous Te Papa museum. Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand. The Wellington urban area has the countrys second largest metropolitan population... Wellington | The city of Nelson stands on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand. The hinterland formed the traditional province of Nelson, now incorporated into the Tasman District. Nelson received its name in honour of the 1st Viscount Nelson. Nelson is... Nelson* | For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). Christchurch is a city on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The city is named after the cathedral college of Christ Church in the University of Oxford. Its Maori name is Otautahi, from the Maori chief Tautahi who had a... Christchurch | Alternative meanings at Dunedin (disambiguation) Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, located in coastal Otago. Known in Maori as Otepoti, the city stands on the hills and valleys surrounding the head of Otago Harbour. The harbour and hills are the remnants of an... Dunedin | Invercargill is the southernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the most southern settlements in the world. It is the commercial centre of the Southland region. It lies in the heart of the wide expanse of the Southland Plains on the Oreti or New River some 18 kilometres north... Invercargill
Districts:
The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. Several important cities are in The North Island, notably New Zealands largest city Auckland, and Wellington, the capital, located at the southern extremity of the island. Around 76% of New... North Island: Far North | Whangarei Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | Northland, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Whangarei | Kaipara | Rodney | Papakura is the name of a city and a district to the south of Auckland in New Zealands North Island. Papakura City Papakura city is located between the Manukau Harbour and the Franklin District in the Auckland region of New Zealand, just south of Manurewa. Situated on the southern... Papakura | Franklin | Thames-Coromandel | Hauraki | Waikato | Matamata-Piako | Waipa | South Waikato | Otorohanga | Rotorua is a city located on the southern shore of Lake Rotorua in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. It has a population of 53,000. The city is located 60 kilometres south of Tauranga, 105 km south-east of Hamilton and 82 km... Rotorua | Waitomo | Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | Central North Island, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Taupo | Western Bay of Plenty | Whakatane is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located in the eastern Bay of Plenty, 90 kilometres to the east of Tauranga, and close to the mouth of the Whakatane River. The town is part of, and the seat of, the Whakatane District Council. The... Whakatane | Kawerau is a town in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. It is part of and the seat of the Kawerau District Council. It is a small community with the main industry being the nearby papermill. There are a number of hot springs in... Kawerau| Opotiki is a town in the eastern Bay of Plenty in the North Island of New Zealand. It houses the headquarters of the Opotiki District Council and comes under the Bay of Plenty Regional Council. Contents // Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Bay of Plenty-East Coast | Cities and towns in... Opotiki | Gisborne is the name of a unitary authority (in this case, a region and district) in New Zealand. It contains the city of the same name. Gisborne Region The region is located in the northeastern corner of the North Island and is also referred to as the East Cape or... Gisborne* | Wairoa is a town in New Zealands North Island. It is the northernmost town in the Hawkes Bay region, and is located on the northern shore of Hawke Bay at the mouth of the Wairoa River and to the west of Mahia Peninsula. It is 70 kilometres northeast... Wairoa | Hastings is a large urban area in Hawkes Bay, close to the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Less than 15 kilometres separates the centres of Hastings and Napier, and as such the two are regarded as twin cities. In local government terms, however, the two... Hastings | Central Hawkes Bay District is a region of North Island, New Zealand. It covers an area of 333,450 hectares (3,335 km²) with a population of 12,828. It covers the area from Pukehou in the north to Takapau in the south, and from the western Ruahine... Central Hawke's Bay | New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. The area where New Plymouth was founded had been the historic home for several Maori iwi (tribes) for centuries. Early European whalers operated in the area for... New Plymouth | Stratford is the main town of the central Taranaki region. Situated directly inland from Mount Taranaki, Stratford is a rural service centre with a 2001 population of 8715. The Patea River flows through the town, and its supposed similarity to the River Avon in England led to the towns... Stratford | South Taranaki | Ruapehu | Wanganui is an urban area and district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. Like several New Zealand centres, it was officially designated a city until administrative reorganisation in 1989, and is now run by a District Council. Despite this, it is still regarded as a... Wanganui | Rangitikei | Manawatu | Tararua | Horowhenua | The Kapiti Coast District is the name of a local government district in the north-west corner of the Wellington Region of New Zealand. It is similar to, but not identical to, the area known as the Kapiti Coast, a more ambiguous and less defined area stretching roughly from Porirua... Kapiti Coast | Masterton is the largest town (and local government district) in the Wairarapa region in the southeastern North Island of New Zealand. It is 85 kilometres northeast of Wellington and 70 kilometres south of Palmerston North, and stands on the banks of the Ruamahanga River. Masterton is a thriving community with... Masterton | Carterton is a small town in a farming area of the Wairarapa district in New Zealand’s North Island. It is located 14 kilometres southwest of Masterton. Its population in 2001 was 4014, with a further 2800 living in the surrounding rural district. Founded in 1857, the town was... Carterton | South Wairarapa
South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. The Maori name for the South Island is Te Wai Pounamu which means The Greenstone Water (greenstone being jade). It has an area of 58,093 square miles (151... South Island: Tasman* | Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. Geography External links Marlborough Online Marlborough District Council Main category on Zeal, with several subcategories   Categories: Stub | Marlborough, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand ... Marlborough* | Tasman, New Zealand ... Buller | Grey | Westland | Kaikoura | Hurunui | Waimakariri | Banks Peninsula is roughly circular in shape, with many bays, and two deep harbours. Banks Peninsula is located in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand, partly surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, and adjacent to the largest city in the South Island, Christchurch... Banks Peninsula | Selwyn| Ashburton is a town in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The third largest centre in Canterbury (after Christchurch and Timaru), it is the main centre of Mid-Canterbury. The Māori name for the town/area is Hakatere. Ashburton is... Ashburton | Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Canterbury, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... Timaru | MacKenzie | Waimate is a town and district in the South Island of New Zealand. It is located 40 kilometres south of Timaru in south Canterbury, 20 kilometres to the north of the Waitaki River. Waimate is well-known locally for its population of wallabies. These marsupials were introduced from Australia and... Waimate | Waitaki | Queenstown-Lakes | The area known as Central Otago in Otago, New Zealand, includes the middle of the region but generally also most of the north-western portion (the Queenstown-Lakes District). This area is dominated by mountain ranges and the upper reaches of the Clutha River and tributaries. The wide flat plateau... Central Otago | Clutha | Gore is a town and surrounding borough in the South Island of New Zealand. It is also the name of a district in the Southland region. the town of Gore is situated 64km northeast of Invercargill and 70km northwest of Balclutha. Originally known as Longford, Gore was renamed after Sir... Gore | Southland
Territory: The Chatham Islands from Space. Chatham Island is the largest, Pitt Island is the second largest, and South East Island is the small island to the right of Pitt Island The archipelago of the Chatham Islands, Rekohu in the Moriori language, consists of about 10 islands within a 40_kilometre radius... Chatham Islands
* A unitary authority is a term used in a two-tier local government system to describe a unit of local government that operates as a single tier. New Zealand In New Zealand a unitary authority is a territorial authority (district or city) which also performs the functions of a regional... unitary authorities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clutha District New Zealand A to Z Travel Directory Balclutha Tapanui Milton (4330 words)
The Clutha River is an important part of Balclutha's history as it encouraged settlers to the area, brought prosperity with the discovery of gold, but also tragedy to the region with horrendous floods.
To the local Maori, the Clutha was known as Mata-au (which means surface current) but was finally named Clutha (which is Gaelic for Clyde) by the Scottish settlers, after a river in their native country, the Clyde.
The Clutha was also a rich source of gold and has become a major source of hydroelectric power with a flow rate of 530 cubic meters per second.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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