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Encyclopedia > Club of Rome

The Club of Rome is a global think tank that deals with a variety of international political issues. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... This article is about the institution. ...

Contents

Formation

The Club of Rome was founded in April 1968 by Aurelio Peccei, an Italian industrialist, and Alexander King, a Scottish scientist. Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aurelio Peccei (July 4, 1908 - March 14, 1984) was an Italian scholar and industrialist, best known as the founder and first president of the Club of Rome. ... Alexander King was a Scottish scientist who helped found the Club of Rome in 1968. ... This article is about the profession. ...


Hasan Özbekhan, Erich Jantsch and Alexander Christakis were responsible for conceptualizing the original prospectus of the Club of Rome titled "The Predicament of Mankind." This prospectus was founded on a humanistic architecture and the participation of stakeholders in democratic dialogue. When the Club of Rome Executive Committee in the Summer of 1970 opted for a mechanistic and elitist methodology for an extrapolated future, they resigned from their positions. Dr. Hasan Özbekhan Dr. Hasan Özbekhan born 1921 - died Febraury 13, 2007 was an imminent systems thinker, cyberneticist, philosopher and planner of Turkish origin who was Professor Emeritus of Management at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. ... Erich Jantsch (1929-1980) was an Austrian astrophysicist who wrote the book The Self-organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution (1980). ... Alexander Christakis Aleco Christakis, born 1937 in Athens, Greece, came to the United States in 1956, and attended Princeton University with the vision of becoming a theoretical physicist. ...


The Club of Rome raised considerable public attention with its report Limits to Growth, which has sold 30 million copies in more than 30 translations, making it the best selling environmental book in world history.[citation needed]Kevin J. Krizek and Joe Power article: "A Planner's Guide to Sustainable Development" (Planning Advisory Service Report # 467, American Planning Assoc.) mentions this source and his author as stating that Paul Ehrlich's predictions in his 1968 book, "The Population Bomb" will come true within a century. Published in 1972 and presented for the first time at the ISC's annual Management Symposium in St. Gallen, Switzerland, it predicted that economic growth could not continue indefinitely because of the limited availability of natural resources, particularly oil. The 1973 oil crisis increased public concern about this problem. However, even before Limits to Growth was published, Eduard Pestel and Mihajlo Mesarovic of Case Western Reserve University had begun work on a far more elaborate model (it distinguished ten world regions and involved 200,000 equations compared with 1000 in the Meadows model). The research had the full support of the Club and the final publication, Mankind at the Turning Point was accepted as the official Second Report to the Club of Rome in 1974. In addition to providing a more refined regional breakdown, Pestel and Mesarovic had succeeded in integrating social as well as technical data. The Second Report revised the predictions of the original Limits to Growth and gave a more optimistic prognosis for the future of the environment, noting that many of the factors were within human control and therefore that environmental and economic catastrophe were preventable or avoidable, hence the title. Limits to Growth was a 1972 book modeling the consequences of a rapidly growing world population and finite resource supplies, commissioned by the Club of Rome. ... Paul Ehrlich Paul Ehrlich in his workroom Paul Ehrlich (March 14, 1854 – August 20, 1915) was a German scientist who won the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... World GDP/capita changed very little for most of human history before the industrial revolution. ... Petro redirects here. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... This is a list of systems scientists, people who made notable contributions in the field of Catastrophe theory, Chaos theory, Complex adaptive system, Complex systems, Cybernetics, Multi-agent system, Systems biology, Systems engineering and Systems theory Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J... Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. ...


At that time, the Club of Rome had an informal "inner group" of six, but no corporate existence. The inner group consisted of:

Aurelio Peccei (July 4, 1908 - March 14, 1984) was an Italian scholar and industrialist, best known as the founder and first president of the Club of Rome. ... Alexander King was a Scottish scientist who helped found the Club of Rome in 1968. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member-states, thus preventing another European war. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Erich Jantsch (1929-1980) was an Austrian astrophysicist who wrote the book The Self-organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution (1980). ...

Organization

According to its website, the Club of Rome is composed of "scientists, economists, businessmen, international high civil servants, heads of state and former heads of state from all five continents who are convinced that the future of humankind is not determined once and for all and that each human being can contribute to the improvement of our societies."


The current President is Prince El Hassan bin Talal of Jordan.[citation needed] Other active members include: Benjamin Bassin, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, Juan Luis Cebrian, Orio Giarini, Talal Halman, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Javier Solana, Mugur Isărescu , Kamal Hossain, Esko Kalimo, Ashok Khosla, Martin Lees, Roberto Peccei, Maria Ramirez Ribes, Victor A. Sadovnichy, Keith Suter, Majid Tehranian, Raoul Weiler, Anders Wijkman, and Mikhail Gorbachev.[citation needed] Prince Hassan bin Talal (Arabic: حصن بن طلال) (born on March 20, 1947 in Amman, Jordan) is the son of King Talal and Zeini sh-Sharaf bint Jamil. ... Beatrix (born January 31, 1938 as Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld) has been the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since April 30, 1980. ... Fernando Henrique Cardoso, pron. ... Javier Solana Madariaga (born July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain) is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the Secretary-General of both the Council of the European Union (EU) and the Western European Union (WEU). ... Mugur Isărescu (born August 1, 1949) is the Governor of the National Bank of Romania. ... Roberto D. Peccei is Vice Chancellor for Research at UCLA, a position he has held since October, 2000. ... Dr Keith Suter is a consultant on strategic planning and a futurist. ... Professor Dr. Weiler is President of the Brussels-EU Chapter of The Club of Rome and member of the Executive Committee of The Club of Rome. ... Anders Wijkman (born 30 September 1944 in Stockholm) is a Swedish politician and Member of the European Parliament. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev[1] (Russian: , IPA: ; born 2 March 1931) is a Russian politician. ...


The Annual Meeting of 2005 took place in Norfolk, Virginia, at Old Dominion University. It was held for the first time with members of the young think tank tt30. Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... Old Dominion University (ODU) is a public research university located in Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. It was established in 1930 as the Norfolk Division of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. ...


Offshoots

In 2001 the Club of Rome created tt30 as a spin-off, an anticipatory thinking youth think tank for people around the age of 30.[1] The tt30 is the young think tank of the Club of Rome. ... Systems thinking is a social approach using systems theories to create desired outcomes, or change. ...


There are national CoR associations in many nations, including a number of European nations, USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, and Asian nations. These associations analyze national problems in terms of the same factors and give advice nationally to decision-makers.


Criticism

Critics have charged the Club of Rome with "Neo-Malthusianism" and strong elitism in its membership, which interlocks with European power elite groups such as Bilderberg and to a lesser degree Anglo-American elite members. Thomas Robert Malthus, FRS (13th February, 1766 – 29th December, 1834), was an English demographer and political economist. ... The front cover of the privately circulated report of the 1980 Bilderberg conference in Bad Aachen, Germany. ...


Conspiracy theorists occasionally link the Club with various world conspiracies, notably the New World Order. A conspiracy theory is a theory that defies common historical or current understanding of events, under the claim that those events are the result of manipulations by two or more individuals or various secretive powers or conspiracies. ... One World Government redirects here. ...


References

  1. ^ tt30 website.

See also

Future studies reflects on how today’s changes (or the lack thereof) become tomorrow’s reality. ... Harlan Cleveland (b. ... DIKW is data, information, knowledge, wisdom: an information hierarchy where each layer adds certain attributes over and above the previous one. ... Limits to Growth was a 1972 book modeling the consequences of a rapidly growing world population and finite resource supplies, commissioned by the Club of Rome. ... Memetics is an approach to evolutionary models of information transfer based on the concept of the meme. ... Donella Dana Meadows (March 13, 1941 Elgin, Illinois, USA - February 20, 2001, New Hampshire) was a pioneering environmental scientist, a teacher and writer. ... Dennis Meadows is an economist and co-author of Limits to Growth. ... ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, United States is a graduate school operated by the United States Navy. ... For other uses, see Peak oil (disambiguation). ... The Revenge of Gaia: Why the Earth is Fighting Back - and How we Can Still Save Humanity (2006) is a book by James Lovelock. ...

External links


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