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Encyclopedia > Club

A club is an association of people united by a common interest or goal. The service club, for example, exists for voluntary or charitable activities; there are clubs devoted to hobbies and sports, social activities clubs, political and religious clubs, and so forth. A Service club is a type of voluntary organization where members meet regularly for social outings and to perform charitable works either by direct hands-on efforts or by raising money for other organisations. ...

Contents

History

Historically, clubs occurred in all ancient states of which we have detailed knowledge. Once people started living together in larger groups, there was need for people with a common interest to be able to associate despite having no ties of kinship. Organizations of the sort have existed for many years, as evidenced by Ancient Greek clubs and associations in Ancient Rome. The most comprehensive statement we possess as to the various kinds of clubs which might exist in a single Greek state appears in a law of Solon quoted incidentally in the Digest of Justinian I (47. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Origins of the word and concept

It is uncertain whether the use of the word "club" originated in its meaning of a knot of people, or from the fact that the members “clubbed” together to pay the expenses of their meetings. The oldest English clubs were merely informal periodic gatherings of friends for the purpose of dining or drinking together. Thomas Occleve (in the time of Henry IV) mentions such a club called La Court de Bone Compaignie (the Court of Good Company), of which he was a member. In 1659 John Aubrey wrote, “We now use the word clubbe for a sodality [a society, association, or fraternity of any kind] in a tavern.” Thomas Occleve (or Hoccleve) (1368 - 1450?), English poet, was born probably in 1368/9, for, writing in 1421/2 he says he was fifty-three years old (). He ranks, like his more voluminous and better known contemporary Lydgate, among those poets who have a historical rather than intrinsic importance in... Henry IV can refer to Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV of England Henry IV of France Henry IV of Castile Henry IV, Duke of Breslau or plays by William Shakespeare: Henry IV, part 1 Henry IV, part 2 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... John Aubrey. ...


In Shakespeare's day

Of early clubs the most famous was the Bread Street or Friday Street Club, originated by Sir Walter Raleigh, and meeting at the Mermaid Tavern. William Shakespeare, John Selden, John Donne, John Fletcher and Francis Beaumont were among the members. Another such club, supposedly founded by Ben Jonson, was that which met at the Devil Tavern near Temple Bar, also in London. Bread Street is a ward of the City of London and is named from its principal street, which was antiently (anciently) the bread market; for by the records it appears that in 1302[1], the bakers of London were ordered to sell no bread at their houses but in the... Alternatively, Professor Walter Raleigh was a scholar and author circa 1900. ... The Mermaid Tavern was a tavern in London during the Elizabethan Era. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... John Selden (December 16, 1584 - November 30, 1654) was an English jurist, legal antiquary and oriental scholar. ... For the Welsh courtier and diplomat, see Sir John Donne. ... John Fletcher (1579-1625) was a Jacobean playwright. ... Sketch of Francis Beaumont Francis Beaumont (1584 – 1616), was an English dramatist most famous for his collaborations with John Fletcher. ... For other persons of the same name, see Ben Johnson (disambiguation). ... Temple Bar can refer to: Temple Bar in London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Coffee houses

See main article at Coffeehouse Coffeehouse in Damascus // A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or cafe (also spelled as café from the French, Spanish, and Portuguese or caffè from the Italian) shares some of the characteristics of a bar, and some of the characteristics of a restaurant. ...


The word “club,” in the sense of an association to promote good-fellowship and social intercourse, became common in England at the time of Tatler and The Spectator (17091712). With the introduction of coffee-drinking in the middle of the 17th century, clubs entered on a more permanent phase. The coffee houses of the later Stuart period are the real originals of the modern clubhouse. The clubs of the late 17th and early 18th century type resembled their Tudor forerunners in being oftenest associations solely for conviviality or literary coteries. But many were confessedly political, e.g. The Rota, or Coffee Club (1659), a debating society for the spread of republican ideas, broken up at the Restoration in 1660, the Calves Head Club (c.1693) and the Green Ribbon Club (1675). The characteristics of all these clubs were: Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... Richard Steele Tatler is a contemporary British society magazine published by Condé Nast Publications. ... The Spectator was a daily publication of 1711–12, founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele in England. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Stuart Osborne may be:. a male Mary Sue. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh: ) was a series of five monarchs who ruled England and Ireland from 1485 until 1603. ... Debate is a formalized system of (usually) logical argument. ... King Charles II, the first monarch to rule after the English Restoration. ... Calves Head Club was a club established in derision of the memory of Charles I of England shortly after his death. ... The Green Ribbon Club, one of the earliest of the loosely combined associations which met from time to time in London taverns or coffee-houses for political purposes in the 17th century. ...

  1. No permanent financial bond between the members, each man’s liability ending for the time being when he had paid his “score” after the meal.
  2. No permanent clubhouse, though each clique tended to make some special coffee house or tavern their headquarters.

These coffee-house clubs soon became hotbeds of political scandal-mongering and intriguing, and in 1675 King Charles II issued a proclamation which ran: “His Majesty hath thought fit and necessary that coffee houses be (for the future) put down and suppressed,” because “in such houses divers false, malitious and scandalous reports are devised and spread abroad to the Defamation of his Majesty’s Government and to the Disturbance of Peace and Quiet of the Realm.” So unpopular was this proclamation that it was almost instantly found necessary to withdraw it, and by Anne’s reign the coffee-house club was a feature of England’s social life. Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) followed Englands only joint monarchy to become Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702 after the passing of both William and Mary. ...


18th and 19th century

The idea of the club developed in two directions. One was of a permanent institution with a fixed clubhouse. The London coffeehouse clubs in increasing their members absorbed the whole accommodation of the coffeehouse or tavern where they held their meetings, and this became the clubhouse, often retaining the name of the original innkeeper, e.g. White's, Brooks's, Arthur's, and Boodle's. These still exist today. Clubhouse was a short-lived 2004 American drama television series starring Jeremy Sumpter, Dean Cain, and Christopher Lloyd. ... Whites is a London gentlemens club, established at 4 Chesterfield Street in 1693 by Francesco Bianco. ... The interior of a gaming room at Brookss, 1808, print by Rowlandson and Pugin Brookss is a London gentlemens club, founded in 1764 by 27 men, including four dukes. ... Boodles is a London gentlemens club, founded in 1762 at 49-51 Pall Mall, London by Lord Shelburne the future Marquess of Lansdowne and Prime Minister, and the club came to be known after the name of its head waiter Edward Boodle. ...


The peripatetic lifestyle of the 18th and 19th century middle classes also drove the development of more residential clubs, which had bedrooms and other facilities. Military and naval officers, lawyers, judges, members of Parliament and government officials tended to have an irregular presence in the major cities of the Empire, particularly London, spending perhaps a few months there before moving on for a prolonged period and then returning. Especially when this presence did not coincide with the Season, a permanent establishment in the city (i.e., a house owned or rented, with the requisite staff), or the opening of a townhouse (generally shuttered outside the season) was inconvenient or uneconomic, while hotels were rare and socially declasee. Clubbing with a number of like minded friends to secure a large shared house with a manager was therefore a convenient solution. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The social season or Season has historically referred to the annual period when it is customary for members of the social and political elite of society to hold debutante balls, dinner parties, and large charity events, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. ...


The other sort of clubs meet occasionally or periodically and often have no clubhouse, but exist primarily for some specific object. Such are the many purely athletic, sports and pastimes clubs, the Alpine, chess, yacht and motor clubs. Also there are literary clubs (see writing circle and book club), musical and art clubs, publishing clubs; and the name of “club” has been annexed by a large group of associations which fall between the club proper and mere friendly societies, of a purely periodic and temporary nature, such as slate, goose and Christmas clubs, which do not need to be registered under the Friendly Societies Act. A writing circle is a group of like-minded people needing support for their work, either through writing critiques, workshops or classes, or just encouragement. ... A book club is a club where people usually meet to discuss a book that they have read and express their opinions, likes, dislikes, etc. ... A friendly society (sometimes called a mutual society, benevolent society or fraternal organization) is a mutual association for insurance_like purposes, and often, especially in the past, serving ceremonial and friendship purposes also. ... The Christmas Club is a savings program that was first offered by various banks during the Great Depression. ...


Worldwide

The institution of the gentleman's club has spread all over the English-speaking world. Many of those who energised the Scottish Enlightenment were members of the Poker Club in Edinburgh. In the United States clubs were first established after the War of Independence. One of the first was the Hoboken Turtle Club (1797), which still survived as of 1911. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Scottish Enlightenment was a period of intellectual ferment in Scotland, running from approximately 1740 to 1800. ... The Poker Club was one of several clubs at the heart of the Scottish Enlightenment where many associated with that movement met and exchanged views in a convivial atmosphere. ... , Edinburgh (() pronounced ; Scottish Gaelic: ) is the capital of Scotland and its second largest city. ... The term War of Independence is generally used to describe a war occurring over a territory that has declared independence. ...


The earliest clubs on the European continent were of a political nature. These in 1848 were repressed in Austria and Germany, and later clubs of Berlin and Vienna were mere replicas of their English prototypes. In France, where the term cercle is most usual, the first was Le Club Politique (1782), and during the French Revolution such associations proved important political forces (see Jacobins, Feuillants, Cordeliers). Of the purely social clubs in Paris the most notable were the Jockey-Club de Paris (1833) and the Cercle de la Rue Royale. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... It has been suggested that Jacobin/Sandbox be merged into this article or section. ... Feuillant, a French word derived from the Latin for leaf, has been used as a tag by two different groups. ... The Cordeliers, also known as the Club of the Cordeliers and formally as the Society of the Friends of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen comprised a populist society during the French Revolution. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The Jockey Club de Paris is best remembered as a gathering of the cream of nineteenth-century French society. ...


Types of clubs

School clubs

These are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. Extracurricular activities are activities performed by students that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education. ...


Service clubs

Main article: Service Clubs

A Service club is a type of voluntary organization where members meet regularly for social outings and to perform charitable works either by direct hands-on efforts or by raising money for other organizations. It has been suggested that Fraternal and service organizations be merged into this article or section. ...


Social clubs

Main article: Social clubs

Social clubs were made up of the social elite, and became known as “gentlemen's clubs” (not to be confused with strip clubs) . To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Gentlemens club is a members club, originally for male members of the English gentry. ... For the book or movie Striptease see Striptease (book) and Striptease (movie) A striptease is a performance, usually a dance, in which the performer gradually removes their clothing for the purposes of sexually arousing the audience, usually performed in nightclubs. ...


The modern club, sometimes proprietary, i.e. owned by an individual or private syndicate, but more frequently owned by the members who delegate to a committee the management of its affairs, first reached its highest development in London, where the district of St. James's has long been known as “Clubland”. Modern London clubs include Soho's Groucho Club, which opened in 1985 as "the antidote to the traditional club." In this spirit, the club was named for Groucho Marx because of his famous remark that he would not wish to join any club that would have him as a member. St Jamess is an area of west central London, England. ... Cast-iron architecture in Greene Street SoHo is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... The Groucho Club is a well-known private arts and media club in Dean Street, Soho, London, opened in 1985 as the antidote to the traditional club. In this spirit it was named after Groucho Marx because of his famous remark about not joining any club that would have him... Julius Henry Marx, AKA Groucho Marx (October 2, 1890 – August 19, 1977), was an American comedian, working both with his siblings, the Marx Brothers, and on his own. ...


Less elitist, but still in some cases exclusive, are the working men's clubs. At the other end of the spectrum, some shade into country clubs. Working Mens clubs are a formally organized type of private social club (Also see C&IU). ... A country club is a private club that offers a variety of recreational sports facilities to its members. ...


Social activities clubs

Social activities clubs are a modern combination of several other types of clubs and reflect today’s more eclectic and varied society. These clubs are centered around the activities available to the club members in the city or area in which the club is located. Because the purpose of these clubs is split between general social interaction and taking part in the events themselves, clubs tend to have more single members than married ones; some clubs restrict their membership to one of the other, and some are for gays and lesbians.


Membership can be limited or open to the general public, as can the events. Most clubs have a limited membership based upon specific criteria, and limit the events to members to increase the security of the members, thus creating an increased sense of cameradery and belonging. Social activities clubs can be for profit or not for profit, and some are a mix of the two (a for profit club with a non-profit charitable arm, for instance). The Inter-Varsity Club (IVC) is the biggest British non-profit one. Inter-Varsity Club (IVC) is a national network of social events clubs aimed at professionals, graduates and like-minded people in the United Kingdom. ...


Sports clubs

Main article: Sports club

Note that these can be amateurs -- groups of people who club together to practise a sport, as for example in most cycling clubs -- or professionals -- football clubs consist of well-paid team members and thousands of supporters. A sports club can thus comprise participants (not necessarily competitors) or spectator fans, or both. Some, like many country clubs, exist as much for socialising as for athletic performance. Some organisations exist with a mismatch between name and function. The Jockey Club is not a club for jockeys, but rather exists to regulate the sport of horseracing; the Marylebone Cricket Club was until recently the regulatory body of cricket, and so on. A sports club, athletics club or sports association is an eclectic institution oriented to multiple sports, which fields many teams and has varied sports departments in several sports, working under the same umbrella organization. ... A cycling club is a club or society formed by and for cyclists, and is usually focused in a particular geographic location, perhaps a region, town or city suburb, as well as national cycling clubs, such as the United Kingdoms Cyclists Touring Club, CTC) and also internet based clubs... A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it association football (soccer), rugby, Australian Rules football, American football, Gaelic football, or other version of football. ... A country club is a private club that offers a variety of recreational sports facilities to its members. ... The Jockey Club is responsible for the day-to-day regulation of United Kingdom horse-racing. ... Lords 2005 The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), founded in 1787, is a private members club and was the original governing body of cricket in England and across the world. ...


Do not confuse a sports club with a health club, better known as a gym, which can also be members only. Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ...


See also

  • Childhood secret club
  • Probus Clubs cater for the interests of retired or semi-retired professional or business people.
  • Users' group, a type of club focused on the use of a particular technology, usually (but not always) computer-related.

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