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Encyclopedia > Cloven hoof

A cloven hoof is a type of hoof split into two toes, each encased by a layer of horn. This is found on most members within the mammalian order Artiodactyla. Examples of mammals that possess this type of hoof are cows and sheep. Only cloven-hoofed mammals have true horns, and all non-extinct species of mammals with a cloven hoof have been domesticated in some form. A claw is a curved pointed growth found at the end of a toe or finger, or in arthropods, of the tarsus. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Australosphenida Ausktribosphenida Monotremata Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Arctostylopida (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, kine or kyne in pre-modern English, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Species See text. ... Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ...

One reason for mammals to be classified by type of hoof is for Jewish kosher standards. Observant Jews may not eat the meat of mammals other than those with cloven hooves. Camels and horses are examples of mammals with uncloven hooves. Some mammals, such as pigs, have a cloven hoof but are not considered kosher because they do not meet other criteria. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camel refers to either of the two species of Camelid. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ...

The cloven hoof is also traditionally associated with the Devil, possibly arising either from the association of pigs with uncleanliness, or of goats (which also have cloven hooves) with sinfulness. The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity, who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil. ... Trinomial name Capra aegagrus hircus (Linnaeus, 1758) The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a domesticated subspecies of the wild goat of southwest Asia and eastern Europe. ...



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