FACTOID # 23: Wisconsin has more metal fabricators per capita than any other state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Cloth
It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
A variety of fabric. From the left: evenweave cotton, velvet, printed cotton, calico, felt, satin, silk, hessian, polycotton.
A variety of fabric. From the left: evenweave cotton, velvet, printed cotton, calico, felt, satin, silk, hessian, polycotton.

Cloth or fabric is a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibres (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting (textiles), or pressed into felt. The words fabric and material are commonly used in the textile assembly trades such as tailoring and dressmaking, as synonyms for cloth. They are however, words with much more general meanings. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... It has been suggested that Textile manufacturing be merged into this article or section. ... variety of fabric. ... variety of fabric. ... For the meaning of fiber in nutrition, see dietary fiber. ... Yarn. ... Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... Knit hat, yarn, and knitting needles. ... It has been suggested that Textile manufacturing be merged into this article or section. ... Felt was also the name of a 1980s UK Indie band. ... A tailor is a person whose occupation is to sew clothes custom-fit to individuals, and to repair clothes. ... A dressmaker is a person (usually a woman) who makes custom clothing for women, such as dresses, blouses, and evening gowns. ...

Contents


Uses

Cloth is most often used in the manufacture of clothing, household furnishings, and art such as tapestry. Before the advent of woven cloth, the functions of textiles were fulfilled by furs and skins. (See also List of types of clothing and Clothing terminology) Humans nearly universally wear articles of clothing (also known as dress, garments, attire, or apparel) on the body. ... Furniture is the collective term for the movable objects which support the human body (seating furniture and beds), provide storage, and hold objects on horizontal surfaces above the ground. ... Winged Victory of Samothrace exihibited in the Louvre. ... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... A dogs fur usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ...


Sources

In the past, all cloth was made from natural fibres, including plant sources such as cotton, flax, and hemp, and animal sources such as wool, hair, and silk. In the 20th century, these were supplemented by artificial fibres such as polyester and rayon. Cotton plant as imagined and drawn by John Mandeville in the 14th century Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium spp. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... A High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse, or HEMP, is emanated from the detonation of a single nuclear warhead several kilometers into the atmosphere. ... Wool in a shearing shed Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, AR Wool sheep, Royal Melbourne Show Wool is the fibre derived from the hair of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep and goats, but the hair of other mammals... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For the film, see the article Polyester (film) Close-up of a polyester shirt SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven-lobed cross section Polyester is a category of polymers, or, more specifically condensation polymers, which contain the ester functional group in... See Raion for a subnational entity. ...


Treatments

Cloth is most often but not always dyed, with fabrics available in every color. Coloured designs in fabric can be created by weaving strands of different colours (plaid) and adding coloured stitches to finished fabric (embroidery), but also by using various printing processes on finished fabric. The hobby of machine embroidery has become popular in the last few years, thanks to less expensive home embroidery machines. Yarn drying after being dyed in the early American tradition, at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... Plaid may refer to more than one thing: Plaid as patterned cloth: Man in plaid shirt Plaid is a Scots language word meaning blanket, usually referring to patterned woollen cloth; it is unclear if the Gaelic word Plaide came first. ... Gold Embroidery Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. ...


Since the 1990s, finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free. [1]


Types of cloth

Cloth is made in many, various strengths and degrees of durability, from the finest gossamer fabrics to sturdy canvas sails. The relative thickness of fibres in cloth is measured in deniers. Microfiber refers to fibers made of strands thinner than one denier. Gossamer can be: A very light, sheer, gauze-like fabric, popular for white wedding dresses and decorations A fine spiderweb Gossamer, a character in the Looney Tunes cartoons The Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross, both human-powered aircraft Gossamer, Gothic rock band, active from 1995 to 2003. ... Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, and other functions where sturdiness is required. ... A sail is any type of surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind —in essence a vertically-oriented wing. ... Denier is one unit of measure for the linear mass density of fibers. ... Microfibre is a term for fibres with strands thinner than one denier. ...

Bògòlanfini (sometimes bogolan) is a traditional Malian fabric dyed with fermented mud, particularly associated with the Bambara. ... Bombazine, or bombasine, is a fabric originally made of silk or silk and wool, and now also made of cotton and wool or of wool alone. ... Burlap is a densely woven fabric, usually made of jute and allied vegetable fibers. ... Calico is a fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. ... Cambric is a lightweight cotton cloth used as fabric for lace and needlework. ... Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, and other functions where sturdiness is required. ... David rejects the unaccustomed armour (detail of fol. ... Chambray is a commune of the Eure département in France. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary using the Transwiki process. ... Cheesecloth is a loosewoven cotton cloth, such as is used in pressing cheese curds. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Chiffon is a sheer fabric made of silk or rayon. ... Corduroy is a fabric comprised of twisted fibers that when woven lay parallel (similar to twill) to one another to form the cloths distinct pattern, a cord. ... Italian silk damask, 1300s. ... Part of a pair of denim blue jeans Denim closeup Denim, in American usage since the late 18th century, denotes a rugged cotton twill textile, in which the weft passes under two (twi- double) or more warp fibers, producing the familiar diagonal ribbing identifiable on the reverse of the fabric... Felt was also the name of a 1980s UK Indie band. ... Flannel is a light-to-medium weight woven cloth that is commonly used to make clothing and bedsheets. ... Fustian is a term for a variety of heavy woven cotton fabrics, chiefly prepared for mens wear. ... Gabardine is a tough, tightly woven fabric used to make suits, overcoats and trousers, or a garment made from the material. ... For the Japanese Hardcore Punk Band, see Gauze. ... Gingham is a fabric made from dyed cotton yarn. ... Gossamer can be: A very light, sheer, gauze-like fabric, popular for white wedding dresses and decorations A fine spiderweb Gossamer, a character in the Looney Tunes cartoons The Gossamer Condor and Gossamer Albatross, both human-powered aircraft Gossamer, Gothic rock band, active from 1995 to 2003. ... Haircloth is a stiff, unsupple fabric typically made from horsehair and/or from the wooly hair of a camel. ... Lamé is a type of brocaded clothing fabric with inwoven metal threads, typically of gold or silver, giving it a metallic sheen. ... A typical lawn A lawn sprinkler A lawn is an area of land planted with grass and sometimes clover and other plants, which are maintained at an even low height. ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax (and historically, cannabis) plant. ... Muslin is a type of finely-woven cotton fabric, introduced to Europe from the Middle East in the 17th century. ... Look up Satin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Satin is a cloth that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. ... Seersucker is a thin all-cotton fabric, commonly striped, which is used to make clothing for summer wear. ... Serge is a type of twill fabric that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down weave. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... Media:Example. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Toile is a type of decorating pattern, consisting of a white or off-white background on which a repeated pattern depicting a fairly complex scene, generally of a pastoral theme such as (for example) a couple having a picnic by a lake. ... A twill weave can easily be identified by its diagonal lines. ... Velvet is a type of tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it its distinct feel. ... Velveteen is a cotton cloth made in imitation of velvet. ... Worsted is the name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. ...

Synonyms

rag Look up rag and Rag in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


External links

  • Fabricdictionary - explanations for fabric- and textile-related terms

  Results from FactBites:
 
Roman Clothing, Part I (2201 words)
Both these undergarments can be seen on the woman athlete at the left, from a fourth-century CE mosaic; she holds a palm branch signifying that she has been victorious in a contest.
It was made of a large woolen cloth cut with both straight and rounded edges; it was not sewn or pinned but rather draped carefully over the body on top of the tunic.
As shown in the drawing at left, the cloth was folded lengthwise and partly pleated at the fold, which was then draped over the left side of the body, over the left shoulder, under the right arm, and back up over the left arm and shoulder.
Clothing - MSN Encarta (1533 words)
The words cloth and clothing are related, the first meaning fabric or textile, and the second meaning fabrics used to cover the body.
Clothing most obviously defines a social role in the case of uniforms, such as those worn by police officers and nurses, and garments worn by clergy or members of religious orders.
The clothing worn for rituals such as weddings, graduations, and funerals tends to be formal and governed by unwritten rules that members of the society agree upon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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