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Encyclopedia > Closer (baseball)
Mariano Rivera is the closing pitcher for the New York Yankees.
Mariano Rivera is the closing pitcher for the New York Yankees.

In baseball, a closing pitcher, more frequently referred to as a closer (abbreviated CL), is a relief pitcher who specializes in closing games, i.e., getting the final outs in a close game. Since closers appear frequently when a game is on the line, the role usually goes to a team's best reliever. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (612x1000, 223 KB) Summary Photo by Googie Man Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (612x1000, 223 KB) Summary Photo by Googie Man Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969 in Panama City, Panama) is a Panamanian baseball player. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... This article is about the sport. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Closers, while typically possessing as much pitching talent as any other pitcher on their respective teams, may not have a wide enough variety of pitches or enough reliability over several innings to become a starting pitcher. Some closers, however, have been starting pitchers who due to injury or fading durability became closers later in their careers (such as Dennis Eckersley, Jason Isringhausen, Eric Gagne and, for 3 years, John Smoltz). In baseball or softball, a starting pitcher, often abbreviated as starter, is the pitcher who pitches the first pitch to the first batter of a game. ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ... Jason Derik Isringhausen (born September 7, 1972 in Brighton, Illinois) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball, and is currently the closer for the St. ... Eric Gagné Eric Serge Gagné (born January 7, 1976 in Montreal, Québec, Canada) is a right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... John Andrew Smoltz (born May 15, 1967 in Warren, Michigan) is a Major League Baseball player. ...


In general, closers are selected for their ability to pitch effectively for one inning against both right-handed and left-handed batters (as opposed to left-handed specialists) and their ability to maintain their composure in high-pressure situations. Good closers usually have an overpowering fastball and one or two complementary pitches (a full arsenal of pitches is not necessary), although this rule does have its exceptions (such as knuckleballer Tim Wakefield and sinkerballers Derek Lowe and Bob Wickman, all of whom have spent time closing games, as well as starting). In baseball, a left-handed specialist (also called, somewhat derisively, a LOOGY or Lefty One Out Guy) is a left-handed relief pitcher who specializes in getting left-handed batters out. ... For the American band of the same name, see Fastball (band). ... Tim Wakefield in his throwing motion, showing his grip of the knuckleball. ... Timothy Stephen Wakefield (born August 2, 1966 in Melbourne, Florida) is a right-handed knuckleball pitcher in Major League Baseball who has played with the Boston Red Sox since 1995. ... In baseball, a sinker is a type of fastball pitch similar to the two-seam fastball which has significant downward movement. ... Derek Christopher Lowe (born June 1, 1973 in Dearborn, Michigan) is a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers. ... Robert Joe Wickman (born February 6, 1969 in Green Bay, Wisconsin) is a closer in Major League Baseball who plays with the Atlanta Braves. ...


The marquee statistic for closers is the save. The all-time Major League Baseball saves leader is now Trevor Hoffman of the San Diego Padres, who, on September 24, 2006, broke Lee Smith's record by notching his 479th career save. Bobby Thigpen holds the single-season mark for saves, having saved 57 games for the Chicago White Sox in 1990. Trevor Hoffman, a closer for the San Diego Padres, is currently the leader on the all-time save list. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Trevor William Hoffman (October 13, 1967 in Bellflower, California) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who has played for the San Diego Padres since 1993. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Lee Arthur Smith (born December 4, 1957 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is an American former relief pitcher, more specifically a closer, in Major League Baseball. ... Robert Thomas Thigpen (born July 17, 1963 in Tallahassee, Florida) is an American former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball noted for setting the major league (and American League) record of 57 saves during the 1990 season. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1990 throughout the world. ...


For about the past two decades, the general practice has been for a closer to enter the game to pitch the ninth inning when his team is ahead by three runs or fewer, which aligns with the requirements to get a save. If the game is important (e.g., a playoff game); the closer has not had much opportunity to pitch during recent games; or for other reasons, the manager may opt to bring him in during the eighth inning. If the closer fails at his task by letting the other team tie the game or take a lead, he has blown the save. To save in a sport means to stop a goal or to maintain the lead. ...


In a game in which the home team enters the ninth inning tied, or if he enters a game which has gone into extra innings, it is impossible for that team's closer to gain a save. In such a situation, the manager will likely use his closer anyway, in order to prevent the visiting team from taking the lead.


Occasionally, some teams employ a "closer by committee", in which no single player is assigned the role of closer. Rather, the manager will select a pitcher to close the game that he thinks has the hot hand or the favorable match-up. Use of a closer by committee, however, is often a signal that the manager does not have confidence in any particular member of his bullpen, and the pitcher who gains his confidence will eventually become the closer. A variant on this, backed by Bill James and others, is the concept of a relief ace. A designated pitcher enters the game when the situation is most important, even if it is not a save situation. Though this is different from a closer by committee, it is similar, in that saves will be distributed among a number of pitchers. New York Yankees manager Joe Torre returning to the dugout (September 2005) In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager (or more formally, the field manager); this individual controls matters of team batting order to more closely communicate with baserunners, but most managers delegate this responsibility... George William “Bill” James (born October 5, 1949 in Holton, Kansas) is a baseball writer, historian and statistician whose work has been widely influential. ...


Easily sensationalized, the "saves" stat should note that the team's manager decides when to put a pitcher in a game, taking into account the degree of difficulty involved, etc. A manager looking to pad a player's stats for team publicity, etc., can hold a relief pitcher back from the most difficult and taxing "saves," and put him in the easier ones. This must be looked at in analyzing saves. Another statistic that can be used to identify the best closers, although not readily available from normal box scores, is the percentage of inherited baserunners that score. Since closers often enter games with one or more runners on base, and their job is to stop them from scoring, this statistic can be useful in gauging their effectiveness.


Some teams with established closers also designate one or two setup pitchers to pitch immediately before the closer. In such a case, the set-up man will pitch the eighth inning and the closer will pitch the ninth in a close game. In baseball, a setup pitcher (or set-up pitcher, sometimes called the setup man) is a relief pitcher who regularly pitches before the closer. ...

Contents

Major awards, honors won by closers

Award Closer Team Year
Hall of Fame Bruce Sutter Cardinals 2006
Dennis Eckersley Athletics 2004
Rollie Fingers Athletics 1991
Hoyt Wilhelm N.Y. Giants 1985
Cy Young Éric Gagné Dodgers 2003 (NL)
Dennis Eckersley Athletics 1992 (AL)
Mark Davis Padres 1989 (NL)
Steve Bedrosian Phillies 1987 (NL)
Willie Hernández Tigers 1984 (AL)
Rollie Fingers Brewers 1981 (AL)
Bruce Sutter Cubs 1979 (NL)
Sparky Lyle Yankees 1977 (AL)
Mike Marshall Dodgers 1974 (NL)
Jim Konstanty Phillies 1950 (NL)
Award Closer Team Year
MVP Dennis Eckersley Athletics 1992 (AL)
Willie Hernández Tigers 1984 (AL)
Rollie Fingers Brewers 1981 (AL)
WS MVP Mariano Rivera Yankees 1999
John Wetteland Yankees 1996
Rollie Fingers Athletics 1974
ROY Huston Street Athletics 2005 (AL)
Kazuhiro Sasaki Mariners 2000 (AL)
Scott Williamson Reds 1999 (NL)
Gregg Olson Orioles 1989 (AL)
Todd Worrell Cardinals 1986 (NL)
Steve Howe Dodgers 1980 (NL)
Butch Metzger Padres 1976 (NL)
Joe Black Dodgers 1952 (NL)

† also won league Cy Young Award in the same year The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Howard Bruce Sutter (born January 8, 1953 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania) (last name is pronounced with a long U, i. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... Roland Fingers giving his trademark handlebar moustache a twirl. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 8 - Rod Carew, Gaylord Perry and Ferguson Jenkins are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, with Carew becoming the 22nd player to be named in his first year of eligibility. ... James Hoyt Wilhelm (July 26, 1922 in Huntersville, North Carolina - August 23, 2002 in Sarasota, Florida) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... The Cy Young Award of the American League, 1983. ... Éric Serge Gagné (born January 7, 1976 in Montreal, Québec, Canada), pronounced GAHN-yay, is a right-handed relief pitcher for the Texas Rangers. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... The following are the events of the year 2003 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... For other uses, see National League (disambiguation). ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1992 throughout the world. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... Mark Davis (born 1960) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher who is best known for his years as the closer for the San Diego Padres. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... 1989 in baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Steven Wayne Bedrosian (born December 6, 1957 in Methuen, Massachusetts) was an American baseball player from 1981 to 1995 with the Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, San Francisco Giants and Minnesota Twins. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 14 - Catfish Hunter and Billy Williams are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Hernandez pitching for the Tigers Guillermo Hernandez Villanueva (Willie Hernández) (born November 14, 1954 in Aguada, Puerto Rico) is a former relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs (1977-1983), Philadelphia Phillies (End of 1983), and the Detroit Tigers (1984-1989). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... The following are the baseball events of the year 1984 throughout the world. ... Roland Fingers giving his trademark handlebar moustache a twirl. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... The following are the baseball events of the year 1981 throughout the world. ... Howard Bruce Sutter (born January 8, 1953 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania) (last name is pronounced with a long U, i. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1979 throughout the world. ... Albert Walter Sparky Lyle (born July 22, 1944) is an American former left-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1977 throughout the world. ... Michael Grant (Mike) Marshall (born January 15, 1943 in Adrian, Michigan) is a retired Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... The following are the baseball events of the year 1974 throughout the world. ... Casimir James (Jim) Konstanty (March 2, 1917 - June 11, 1976) was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Cincinnati Reds (1944), Boston Braves (1946), Philadelphia Phillies (1948-1954[start]), New York Yankees (1954[end]-1956[start]) and St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... The following are the baseball events of the year 1950 throughout the world. ... In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1992 throughout the world. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... Hernandez pitching for the Tigers Guillermo Hernandez Villanueva (Willie Hernández) (born November 14, 1954 in Aguada, Puerto Rico) is a former relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs (1977-1983), Philadelphia Phillies (End of 1983), and the Detroit Tigers (1984-1989). ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... The following are the baseball events of the year 1984 throughout the world. ... Roland Fingers giving his trademark handlebar moustache a twirl. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... The following are the baseball events of the year 1981 throughout the world. ... The World Series MVP Award is given to the player who most contributes to his teams success in the World Series. ... Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969 in Panama City, Panama) is a Panamanian baseball player. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1999 throughout the world. ... John Karl Wetteland (born August 26, 1966 ) (age 40) in San Mateo, California, USA) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher, who played as a closer for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Montreal Expos, New York Yankees, and Texas Rangers. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1996 throughout the world. ... Roland Fingers giving his trademark handlebar moustache a twirl. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 1974 throughout the world. ... In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is given to the best first-year players in the American and National Leagues. ... Huston Lowell Street (born August 2, 1983, in Austin, Texas) is a relief pitcher for the Oakland Athletics, currently best known for winning the 2005 American League Rookie of the Year. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Kazuhiro Sasaki Kazuhiro Daimajin Sasaki (佐々木主浩 Sasaki Kazuhiro, born February 22, 1968 in Sendai, Japan) is a retired relief pitcher. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... The following are the baseball events of the year 2000 throughout the world. ... Scott Ryan Williamson (born February 17, 1976 in Fort Polk North, Louisiana) is a right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... The following are the baseball events of the year 1999 throughout the world. ... This article is about Gregg Olson, the pitcher, who must not be confused with Greg Olson, the catcher. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... 1989 in baseball - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Todd Roland Worrell (born September 28, 1959 in Arcadia, California) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher who played for the St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 8 - Willie McCovey is the only player elected this year to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, and becomes the 16th player elected in his first year of eligibility. ... Steven Roy Howe (March 10, 1958 – April 28, 2006) was an American left-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who spent most of his career with the Los Angeles Dodgers and New York Yankees. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Clarence Edward (Butch) Metzger (born on May 23, 1952 in Lafayette, Indiana) was a former Major League Baseball player. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 14 - Ted Turner completes the purchase of 100 percent of the Atlanta Braves. ... Joe Black was a right-handed Major League pitcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers, Cincinnati Redlegs, and Washington Senators who became the first black pitcher to win a World Series game in 1952. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... The following are the events of the year 1952 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


Current Major League Baseball closers

NL East
Club Player Since
ATL Rafael Soriano 2007
FLA Kevin Gregg 2007
NYM Billy Wagner 2006
PHI Brad Lidge 2008
WAS Chad Cordero 2005
NL Central
Club Player Since
CHC Ryan Dempster 2005
CIN Francisco Cordero 2008
HOU Undetermined
MIL Undetermined
PIT Matt Capps 2007
STL Jason Isringhausen 2002
NL West
Club Player Since
ARI José Valverde 2006
COL Manny Corpas 2007
LAD Takashi Saito 2006
SD Trevor Hoffman 1994
SF Brad Hennessey 2007
AL East
Club Player Since
BAL Chris Ray 2006
BOS Jonathan Papelbon 2006
NYY Mariano Rivera 1997
TB Al Reyes 2007
TOR Jeremy Accardo

(B.J. Ryan on DL) Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... Rafael Soriano (born December 19, 1979 in San José, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball Pitcher for the Atlanta Braves. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Kevin Marschall Gregg (born in Corvallis, Oregon on June 20, 1978) is a pitcher with the Florida Marlins. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... William Edward Wagner (born July 25, 1971 in Tannersville, Virginia) is a American Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the New York Mets. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... Bradley Thomas Lidge (born December 23, 1976 in Sacramento, California) is an American Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the Houston Astros. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2008 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... Chad Cordero (born March 18, 1982 in Upland, California) is a current right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Washington Nationals. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Ryan Scott Dempster (born May 3, 1977 in Sechelt, British Columbia, Canada) is a pitcher for the Chicago Cubs in Major League Baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Francisco Cordero (born May 11, 1975 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2008 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... This article is about the baseball team. ... Matthew Dicus Capps (born September 3, 1983 in Douglasville, Georgia) is a baseball relief pitcher who currently plays for the Pittsburgh Pirates. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Jason Derik Isringhausen (born September 7, 1972 in Brighton, Illinois) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball, and is currently the closer for the St. ... This year in baseball: 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 8 - Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... José Rafael Valverde is a baseball pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) West Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Colorado Rockies (1993–present) Other nicknames The Rocks, The Rox, Blake Street Bombers, Hurdles Heroes. ... Manuel Manny Corpas (born December 3, 1982 in Panama City, Panama) is a baseball pitcher for the Colorado Rockies. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Takashi Saito , born February 14, 1970 in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan) is a relief pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames The Pads, The Friars, The Fathers, The Dads Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... Trevor William Hoffman (October 13, 1967 in Bellflower, California) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who has played for the San Diego Padres since 1993. ... The following are the events of the year 1994 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... Brad Hennessey is a starting pitcher for the San Francisco Giants. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Christopher T. Ray (born January 12, 1982 in Tampa, Florida, United States) is a current Major League closer for the Baltimore Orioles. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Jonathan Robert Papelbon (born November 23, 1980 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana) is the closer for the Boston Red Sox. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969 in Panama City, Panama) is a Panamanian baseball player. ... The following are the events of the year 1997 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-Rays, The Rays Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Rafael Alberto Reyes (born April 10, 1970), better known as Al Reyes, is a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Jeremy Accardo (born on December 18, 1981 in Phoenix, Arizona) is a pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... B.J. Ryan (born Robert Victor Ryan, Jr. ... In baseball, the disabled list (a. ...

2007
AL Central
Club Player Since
CWS Bobby Jenks 2005
CLE Joe Borowski 2007
DET Todd Jones 2006
KC Joakim Soria 2007
MIN Joe Nathan 2004
AL West
Club Player Since
LAA Francisco Rodríguez 2005
OAK Huston Street 2005
SEA J.J. Putz 2006
TEX Akinori Otsuka 2007

The year in the right column of the table refers to the year the player began closing for his current team, not the number of years they have been a closer. Some pitchers (for instance, Billy Wagner) may have closed for another team but were traded or signed to their current team and assumed the closer's role. The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72, Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) Other nicknames The Sox, The South Siders, The ChiSox, The Pale Hose, The Good Guys, The Go-Go Sox, The... Robert Bobby Scott Jenks (born March 14, 1981 in Mission Hills, California) is a Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the Chicago White Sox who made his debut in 2005. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Joeseph Thomas Borowski is a right-handed relief pitcher with the Cleveland Indians. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... Todd Barton Givin Jones (born April 24, 1968 in Marietta, Georgia) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays with the Detroit Tigers. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... Joakim Agustín Soria Ramos (b. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Joseph Michael Nathan (born November 22, 1974 in Houston, Texas) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Minnesota Twins (since 2004). ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Francisco Frankie José Rodríguez (born January 7, 1982 in Caracas, Venezuela), nicknamed K-Rod, is a Major League Baseball player. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Huston Lowell Street (born August 2, 1983, in Austin, Texas) is a relief pitcher for the Oakland Athletics, currently best known for winning the 2005 American League Rookie of the Year. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) West Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Seattle Mariners (1977–present) Other nicknames The Ms Ballpark Safeco Field (1999–present) King County Domed Stadium (Kingdome) (1977-1999) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) None... Joseph Jason Putz (born February 22, 1977 in Trenton, Michigan) is a Major League Baseball player for the Seattle Mariners. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1972–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 26, 34, 42 Name Texas Rangers (1972–present) Washington Senators (1961-1971) Other nicknames None in common use Ballpark Rangers Ballpark in Arlington (1994–present) a. ... Akinori Otsuka , born January 13, 1972, in Chiba, Japan), is a Japanese baseball player. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... William Edward Wagner (born July 25, 1971 in Tannersville, Virginia) is a American Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the New York Mets. ...


Other notable closers

For the top closers by number of saves, see save leaders in Major League Baseball. To save in a sport means to stop a goal or to maintain the lead. ...


Other noteworthy Major League Baseball closers not mentioned above:

Richard Warren Aguilera (born December 31, 1961 in San Gabriel, California) is a former pitcher in Major League Baseball for the New York Mets, Minnesota Twins, Boston Red Sox, and Chicago Cubs. ... Danys Báez Gonzalez (born September 10, 1977 in Pinar del Río, Cuba) is a current Major League relief pitcher for the Baltimore Orioles. ... Rodney Roy Beck (August 3, 1968 – June 23, 2007[1]) was an American relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the San Francisco Giants (1991-97), Chicago Cubs (1998-99), Boston Red Sox (1999-2001) and San Diego Padres (2003-2004). ... Jeffrey Hoke (Jeff) Brantley, nicknamed Cowboy (born September 5, 1963 in Florence, Alabama), is a former relief pitcher with a 14 year career from 1988 to 2001. ... Elroy Leon Face (born February 20, 1928 in Stephentown, New York) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1953, 1955-68), Detroit Tigers (1968) and Montreal Expos (1969). ... Roland Fingers giving his trademark handlebar moustache a twirl. ... Keith Charles Foulke [FOLK] (born October 19, 1972 in Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota) is a retired Major League relief pitcher. ... John Anthony Franco (b. ... Brian Christopher Fuentes (born August 9, 1975 in Merced, California) is a closer in Major League Baseball who plays for the Colorado Rockies. ... Henry Eugene Garber was a MLB player. ... Richard Michael Goose Gossage (born July 5, 1951, in Colorado Springs, Colorado) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Daniel Peter Graves (born August 7, 1973, in Saigon, South Vietnam) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Thomas Anthony (Tom) Henke (born December 21, 1957 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Michael Alan Henneman (born December 11, 1961 in St. ... Roberto Manuel Hernández Rodríguez (born November 11, 1964 in the Santurce district of San Juan, Puerto Rico) is a right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... William (Billy) Koch (born December 14, 1974 in Rockville Centre, New York) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ... Douglas Reid Jones (born June 24, 1957 in Lebanon, Indiana) is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who had a 16-year career from 1982, 1986-2000. ... Frank Edwin Tug McGraw Jr. ... José Ramón Nova Mesa [MAY-sah] (may have been born on May 22, 1966 (see Controversies) in Pueblo Viejo, Azua, Dominican Republic), is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies. ... Jeffrey Thomas Montgomery (born January 7, 1962 in Wellston, Ohio) was a relief pitcher for Major League Baseballs Kansas City Royals. ... Randall Kirk Myers (born September 19, 1962 in Vancouver, Washington, U.S.) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher who pitched from 1985-1998, with the New York Mets, Cincinnati Reds, San Diego Padres, Chicago Cubs, Baltimore Orioles, and Toronto Blue Jays. ... Robb Nen Robert Allan Robb Nen (born November 28, 1969 in San Pedro, California) was a former right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball, more specifically a closer. ... Troy Eugene Percival (born August 9, 1969 in Fontana, California) is a Major League Baseball closer who is under contract with the Detroit Tigers. ... Daniel Thomas Plesac (born February 4, 1962 in Gary, IN) was a pitcher with an 18 year career from 1986 to 2003. ... Daniel Raymond Quisenberry (February 7, 1953 – September 30, 1998), nicknamed Quiz, was an American right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played primarily for the Kansas City Royals. ... Jeffrey James Reardon (born October 1, 1955 in Dalton, Massachusetts) is an American former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ... David Allan Righetti (born November 28, 1958 in San Jose, California), nicknamed Rags, is an American former left-handed pitcher, and current pitching coach, in Major League Baseball. ... Jeffrey Lee Shaw (born July 7, 1966 in Washington Court House, Ohio) is a former pitcher in Major League Baseball who had a 12-year career from 1990 to 2001. ... Dave Smith (born January 21, 1955 in Richmond, California) was a Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ... Lee Arthur Smith (born December 4, 1957 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is an American former relief pitcher, more specifically a closer, in Major League Baseball. ... John Andrew Smoltz (born May 15, 1967 in Warren, Michigan) is a Major League Baseball player. ... Kenton Charles Tekulve (born March 5, 1947 in Cincinnati, Ohio) was an American baseball player from 1974 to 1989 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, and Cincinnati Reds. ... Robert Thomas Thigpen (born July 17, 1963 in Tallahassee, Florida) is an American former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball noted for setting the major league (and American League) record of 57 saves during the 1990 season. ... Ugueth Urbina (IPA pronunciation: ), born Ugueth Urtaín Urbina Villarreal (February 15, 1974 in Caracas, Venezuela), is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... John Karl Wetteland (born August 26, 1966 ) (age 40) in San Mateo, California, USA) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher, who played as a closer for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Montreal Expos, New York Yankees, and Texas Rangers. ... Mitchell Steven Williams (born November 17, 1964, in Santa Ana, California) was a baseball relief pitcher who appeared for six teams in Major League Baseball from 1986 to 1997. ... Todd Roland Worrell (born September 28, 1959 in Arcadia, California) is a former Major League Baseball relief pitcher who played for the St. ...

External links


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