A closed primary is a type of direct primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote. The closed primary serves to encourage party unity and prevent members of other parties from infiltrating and voting to nominate weak candidates. A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinionâusually as a final step following discussions or debates. ...
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In a closedprimary, only persons who are registered members of a political party may vote the ballot of that political party.
The provisions of the "closed"primary system were amended by the adoption of Proposition 198, an initiative statute approved by the voters at the March 26, 1996 primary election.
Proposition 198 changed the closedprimary system to what is known as a "blanket" or "open" primary, in which all registered voters may vote for any candidate, regardless of political affiliation and without a declaration of political faith or allegiance.
Closedprimaries (only previously registered party members can participate) are the most limiting, then semi-closed primaries are next (allowing independents as well as party members), then open primaries (all voters choose a party's primary on election day).
In New York state, a closedprimary state, for example, potential voters must be registered as party members a year in advance of a primary election.
Primary contests are not always desired by party leaders, and they may not even wish to mobilize voters in these contests.
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