FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Julia Phillips
Michael Phillips
Clark L. Paylow
Written by Steven Spielberg
Starring Richard Dreyfuss
François Truffaut
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Vilmos Zsigmond
Editing by Michael Kahn
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) 16 November 1977
Running time Various, including:
Original 70MM Version
135 min
Special Edition
132 min
Collector's Edition
137 min
Country U.S. / UK
Language English / French / Spanish / Hindi
Budget $20,000,000 (+ $1.5m - Special Edition)
Gross revenue Domestic
$116,395,460
Foreign
$171,700,000
Worldwide
$303,788,635
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile
This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter.

Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) is a science fiction movie about unidentified flying objects. It was written and directed by Steven Spielberg. It stars Richard Dreyfuss, François Truffaut, Bob Balaban, Melinda Dillon, Teri Garr, and Cary Guffey. The movie has visual effects by Douglas Trumbull and a score composed by John Williams. A film poster for Close Encounters of the Third Kind, contended as fair use. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Julia Phillips (April 7, 1944 – January 1, 2002) was an Academy Award-winning film producer and author. ... Michael Phillips is a prominent Canadian psychiatrist known for his work in mental illness and suicide prevention. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (born October 29, 1947) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Vilmos Zsigmond (born June 16, 1930) is a Hungarian-American cinematographer. ... Michael Kahn (born in New York, December 8, 1935) is a widely recognized film editor, whether from his work on Hogans Heroes or feature films directed by Steven Spielberg, having won the Academy Award for Film Editing in 1998 (Saving Private Ryan), 1993 (Schindlers List) and 1981 (Raiders... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Close encounter in ufology is an event where a person witnesses an unidentified flying object. ... // Events In the Academy Awards, Peter Finch, Faye Dunaway and Beatrice Straight win Best Actor and Actress and Supporting Actress awards for Network. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... UFO redirects here. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (born October 29, 1947) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Bob Balaban (born August 16, 1945) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and director, best known for his collaborations with Christopher Guest. ... Melinda Dillon (born October 13, 1939 in Hope, Arkansas), is an American actress and comedienne. ... Teri Garr (born December 11, 1947 in Lakewood, Ohio) is an American actress and comedienne. ... Cary Guffey (born May 10, 1972 in Douglasville, Georgia) is a former child-actor who is non-active in adulthood. ... Douglas Trumbull (born April 8, 1942) is a film director and special effects supervisor. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ...


Close Encounters is a landmark science fiction film, not only for its special effects, but also for its portrayal of UFO occupants as benign, even kind, which was a sharp departure from the "evil monster" style of most earlier films. It popularized a number of UFO motifs, many of which had earlier been reported in conjunction with UFO sightings, such as alien abduction, small and thin aliens ("greys"), and UFOs covered in lights rather than the disc shapes popular in the 1950s and 1960s. However, the seeming moral contradiction between the UFO occupants' benevolence and the forced abductions they conduct is left unexplored. The Abduction Phenomenon is as umbrella term used to describe a number of kidnap individuals--sometimes called abductees--usually for medical testing or for sexual reproduction procedures. ... For other uses, see grays (disambiguation). ... the first thing that was invented was the automatic DILDO. Education grew explosively because of a very strong demand for high school and college education. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


The enigmatic title refers to the three "kinds" of "close encounters" with UFOs, as categorized by the noted astronomer UFO investigator, Dr. J. Allen Hynek who defined Close Encounters of the First Kind as "Sighting," the Second Kind as "Evidence," and the Third Kind as "Contact." In line with Hynek's rejection of the extraterrestrial hypothesis during his life, (and somewhat in line with the "interdimensional" ideas of Hynek's colleague, the astrophysicist, computer expert and UFO investigator Dr. Jacques Vallee), the UFOs and their occupants, as depicted in the film, are not necessarily regarded as "aliens" and are not described as such in the film. Close encounter in ufology is an event where a person witnesses an unidentified flying object. ... Josef Allen Hynek (May 1, 1910 - April 27, 1986) was a U.S. astronomer, professor, and ufologist. ... A photograph taken in Passoria, New Jersey, on July 31 1952 The Extraterrestrial hypothesis (ETH) is the hypothesis that UFOs are best explained as being creatures from other planets occupying physical spacecraft visiting Earth. ... Dr. Allen Hynek (back), and Dr. Jacques Vallee (far right, front) at U.N. General Assembly, 1978. ...

Contents

Plot overview

The movie plot has three basic threads:

  • A group of scientific researchers including Lacombe (Truffaut) and Laughlin (Balaban) investigate UFO reports worldwide, and discover a lost squadron of World War II aircraft (see Flight 19) in the Mexican desert of Sonora.
  • During a motorized pursuit of several UFOs that was probably modeled on the 1966 Portage County UFO Chase, Indiana electrical lineman Roy Neary (Dreyfuss) experiences a close encounter of the second kind (a sighting that leaves physical evidence) and thereafter becomes obsessed with UFOs, to the great dismay of his wife, Veronica "Ronnie" Neary (Garr). Roy begins making models of a distinctive, flat-topped mountain or hill - a place he has never actually seen, and with which he is unfamiliar. At one point, he and Ronnie attend a meeting featuring both patronizing and skeptical government officials, and an archetypal crackpot ("I saw Bigfoot once!")
  • A widow named Jillian Guiler (Dillon) witnesses a UFO landing, in which her son Barry (Guffey) is abducted by unseen beings who appear to invade her home. Soon after, Guiler also becomes obsessed with the mental picture of a unique-looking mountain.

After Roy's increasingly bizarre conduct causes Ronnie and their children to abandon him (even though their two sons Brad and Toby believe in UFOs), he sees the feature he has been modeling on a television news show: Devils Tower in Wyoming. Guiler also sees the same news broadcast, and both Roy and Jillian - as well as others with similar experiences - obsessively head toward the site. Elsewhere in the world, the pace of alien activity is increasing; Lacombe (a character based on Jacques Vallee) and Laughlin investigate a host of weird occurrences along with other United Nations experts. François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Bob Balaban (born August 16, 1945) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and director, best known for his collaborations with Christopher Guest. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Flying machine redirects here. ... US Navy TBF Grumman Avenger flight, similar to Flight 19 Flight 19 was the designation of a training exercise that took place on December 5, 1945 from Ft Lauderdale Naval Air Station, Florida, involving five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers of the United States Navy, which disappeared under still unknown circumstances... This article is about arid terrain. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... The so-called Portage County UFO Chase was an unidentified flying object encounter that began in Portage County, Ohio on the morning of April 17, 1966, when police officers Dale Spaur and Wilbur Neff observed a metallic, disc shaped object flying in the skies. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Linemen repairing overhead lines (that supply power to trains) Linemen repairing electricity distribution lines (that supply power to homes) A lineman or linesman is a tradesman who constructs and maintains electric power transmission and distribution facilities. ... Close encounter in ufology is an event where a person witnesses an unidentified flying object. ... Crank (or kook, crackpot, or quack) is a pejorative term for a person who writes or speaks in an authoritative fashion about a particular subject, often in science, but is alleged to have false or even ludicrous beliefs. ... It has been suggested that Evidence regarding Bigfoot be merged into this article or section. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... Devils Tower is a monolith (more technically, an igneous intrusion) or volcanic neck located near Hulett and Sundance in Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Dr. Allen Hynek (back), and Dr. Jacques Vallee (far right, front) at U.N. General Assembly, 1978. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


After Laughlin recognizes a signal from space as a simple set of geographical coordinates pointing to Devils Tower, all parties begin to converge on Wyoming. The United States Army evacuates the area after spreading false reports that a train wreck has spilled highly dangerous nerve gas, all the while preparing a landing zone for the first human contact with the UFOs and their occupants. While the other humans drawn to the site are unable to reach Devils Tower, Roy and Jillian persist and make it to the site as dozens of UFOs appear. The enormous "mothership" lands, and returns people who had been abducted over the years, including Barry. With an understanding of peace between the two civilizations, the aliens take Roy and several people on board their ship as ambassadors from Earth, and one of the aliens comes out to greet the humans. Lacombe communicates with him by using the hand signs that are used to create the five tones in the human contact. The alien does the same and smiles before he boards back on the ship. All the humans smile once the ship soars away to the stars, knowing that they will meet the aliens again. The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Also known as Nerve agents, it is the term used for a type of chemical warfare substance that interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses. ... The Abduction Phenomenon is as umbrella term used to describe a number of kidnap individuals--sometimes called abductees--usually for medical testing or for sexual reproduction procedures. ...


Alternate versions

The movie has been revised and re-edited numerous times, notably for a 132-minute "Special Edition" reissue in 1980 and again for a 137-minute "Collector's Edition" in 1998 (see List of films recut by studio for details on these alternate versions). According to the Auteur Theory, the prevalent framework of modern film criticism, a film director is most responsible for the creative aspects of a film. ...


The Special Edition features several new character development scenes, the discovery of a lost ship, the SS Cotopaxi, in the Gobi Desert, and a view of the inside of the mother ship. The interior of the mother ship is deleted from the "Collector's Edition". (Spielberg added this scene as a concession to be allowed to make the Special Edition. He decided it was a mistake and removed it in the later edition.) The S.S. Cotopaxi was a tramp steamer named after the Cotopaxi stratovolcano and lost under mysterious circumstances in December 1925 while en route from Charleston, South Carolina to Havana, Cuba. ... The Gobi Desert lies in the territory of the Peoples Republic of China and the Country of Mongolia. ...


Sony Pictures Home Entertainment is planning to release the film on Blu-ray Disc on November 13, 2007. This 30th Anniversary "ultimate edition" will feature three cuts of the film — the 1977 original cut, the 1980 special edition cut, and the 1998 director's cut. In addition, only available on Blu-ray, a storyboard-to-scene comparison to the original 1977 Watch the Skies short feature is included. A blank rewritable Blu-ray disc (a BD-RE) A Blu-ray Disc (also called BD) is a high-density optical disc format for the storage of digital information, including high-definition video. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


This marks the first time that a Spielberg film is released in high definition. No official specifications have been released as of mid-2007, but expect an AVC video encoding and PCM (or possibly TrueHD) audio encoding. With the three versions presumably on one disc, and the main feature running well over two hours, it is also safe to presume that this title will take advantage of seamless branching.


A standard DVD issue of the "ultimate edition" is also planned, with most of the same content as its high-definition counterpart.


Cast

Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (born October 29, 1947) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Teri Garr (born December 11, 1947 in Lakewood, Ohio) is an American actress and comedienne. ... Melinda Dillon (born October 13, 1939 in Hope, Arkansas), is an American actress and comedienne. ... Bob Balaban (born August 16, 1945) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and director, best known for his collaborations with Christopher Guest. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Phil Dodds was a sound technician who appeared in the famous motion picture Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Working for ARP Instruments, Inc. ...

Production

Mothership model at the Udvar-Hazy Center

Paul Schrader wrote the first-draft script for Close Encounters, entitled Kingdom Come. Schrader's script was essentially a modern-day retelling of the story of Saint Paul. Its protagonist, Paul Van Owen, is an Air Force officer whose job is to disprove the existence of UFOs. In a climactic scene which recalls to mind St. Paul seeing a vision of Jesus and being converted to Christianity, Van Owen sees a UFO, is abducted, and carried away from the earth. Spielberg hated Schrader's script (referrring to it as "embarrassing" and "terribly guilt-ridden") and the final screenplay - credited to Spielberg alone - bore very little resemblance to it. However, Schrader did have some influence on the final version of the movie: he convinced Spielberg to focus less on the government's Watergate-style cover-up of the UFO, and more on the mystical encounter with the spaceship.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 696 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photo of the special effects model for the Close Encounters of the Third Kind mothership, taken by me at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 696 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photo of the special effects model for the Close Encounters of the Third Kind mothership, taken by me at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in... Entrance to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Aerial view of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. ... Paul Joseph Schrader (born July 22, 1946 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is a screenwriter and film director, renowned for his characters that fall into desperation while their world crumbles around them. ... St. ...


When the original director of Jaws 2 was fired, Spielberg considered taking over. However, his contractual obligations to Close Encounters of the Third Kind meant that production on the sequel would have been delayed by an expensive year. Steve McQueen, Gene Hackman, Jack Nicholson and James Caan were all considered for the main role (McQueen was a recluse at the time, Hackman passed for unknown reasons, Nicholson was deemed too old and Caan's price tag was too high). Principal photography began in spring 1976 and continued until late-summer, with additional filming taking place in India in February 1977. Jaws 2 is a 1978 horror–thriller film directed by Jeannot Szwarc. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an Academy Award-nominated American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool.[1] He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ... Eugene Allen Gene Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960). ... James Langston Edmund Caan (born March 26, 1940) is an American Academy Award, Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American film, stage and television actor. ...


Roy Neary lives in Muncie, Indiana and there were plans to actually film in Muncie, Indiana, but those plans were changed and no filming took place in Muncie. Still, there were multiple references mostly noticeable to Muncie, Indiana natives, such as the reference to an actual road in the Muncie, Indiana area (Cornbread Road) as well as a scene at the breakfast table where Neary wears a local college shirt (Ball State University) while other props on the breakfast table such as a newspaper from the now defunct Muncie Evening Press, as well as a milk carton from a now defunct Muncie based drive up convenience store (Miller's Milkhouse). Muncie (IPA: ) is a city in Delaware County in east central Indiana, best known as the home of Ball State University and the birthplace of the Ball Corporation. ... Ball State University is a state-run research university located in Muncie, Indiana, USA. Located on the northwest side of the city, Ball States campus spans more than 1,000 acres (4 km²). The student body consists of more than 20,000 students, of which over 18,000 are...


The shooting/working title for the film was Watch the Skies, which is the last line of the classic 1950's science fiction film, The Thing from Another World. Astronomer J. Allen Hynek, a UFO researcher who coined the term "close encounter," was a consultant for the film, and makes a cameo appearance as a scientist smoking a pipe near the end of the picture. UFO researcher Dr. Jacques Vallée served as a model for the character of the French scientist Lacombe played by François Truffaut. Vallée met Hynek while studying for his Ph.D. at Northwestern University. The Thing from Another World is a 1951 science fiction film which tells the story of an Air Force crew and scientists at a remote Arctic research outpost who fight a malevolent alien being. ... Josef Allen Hynek (May 1, 1910 - April 27, 1986) was a U.S. astronomer, professor, and ufologist. ... A cameo role or cameo appearance (often shortened to just cameo) is a brief appearance of a known person in a work of the performing arts, such as plays, films, video games and television. ... Jacques F. Vallée, Ph. ... François Roland Truffaut (French IPA: ) (February 6, 1932 – October 21, 1984) was one of the founders of the French New Wave in filmmaking, and remains an icon of the French film industry. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... For other uses, see Northwestern. ...


Spielberg initially wanted the mothership to be very dark, but seeing a large oil refinery at night while filming in India gave him the idea to have it lots of spindly towers covered in lights. A model of the mothership used during filming is on display at the National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Northern Virginia; the model includes a number of hidden objects integrated in and around the ship's antennas, domes and other structures. Examples include a 1930s automobile, a cemetery, a VW Bus and a small model of R2-D2. The model of R2-D2 can be seen upside-down on the mothership at 1:54 into the Collector's Edition DVD, as it rises behind Melinda Dillon. Most of the Devils Tower landing site scenes were filmed in a Mobile, Alabama aircraft hangar. The small aliens in the final scenes were played by local children. Entrance to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Aerial view of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. ... Map of Northern Virginia Northern Virginia (NoVA) consists of Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, and Prince William counties and the independent cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, Fairfax, Manassas, and Manassas Park. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Castle Ashby Graveyard Northamptonshire A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... ... R2-D2 (called R2, or Artoo for short), is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ...


The synthesizer used to communicate with the aliens at the end of the film is an ARP 2500 modular system. Phil Dodds, a tech from ARP Instruments Inc., is the man playing the keyboard. The motif woven through the film (the five tones that the space ship plays back and forth with the humans) is re - mi - do - do (octave lower) - sol. These tones all lie on a major pentatonic scale. The motif was developed to resemble Hello (H-E-L-L-O) in musical form. Steven Spielberg remarked that "it shouldn't even be a melody: it should be more like somebody pushes a doorbell. Like Avon calling—you know. 'Ding Dong.' It's not a melody. It's not even a phrase. It's just musical intervals. With no rhythm assigned to them or anything. Just five notes."[2] When the last two notes are played after the first three, it roughly follows the repetitive Planet Krypton melody from John Williams' Superman.[3] Ironically, the motif was quoted in the James Bond film Moonraker as a "doorbell"-sound, an electronic sound effect resembling the unlock code of a security key pad. The ARP 2500, built from 1970 through the mid-70s, was ARPs first big synthesizer. ... In music, a motif is a perceivable or salient reoccurring fragment or succession of notes that may used to construct the entirety or parts of complete melodies, themes. ... A pentatonic scale is a musical scale with five pitches per octave. ... This article is about Krypton, the fictional planet which was the birthplace of the comic book superhero Superman. ... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Moonraker is a 1979 spy film. ...


Spielberg wanted the Warner Brothers classic Duck Dodgers in the 24th and a Half Century to play before the movie in theaters, but Columbia balked at showing a rival studio's cartoon with one of their movies.[citation needed] However the Chuck Jones directed Merrie Melodie can be seen on the living room television as Roy Neary begins throwing dirt into the house to build his model of Devils Tower. [citation needed]Bob Balaban wrote a book about his experience shooting the movie called Spielberg, Truffaut & Me: Close Encounters of the Third Kind - An Actor's Diary. The book was first published in 1978, and a 25th anniversary edition featuring more photos and an extra chapter was published in 2002. Warner Bros. ... Chuck Jones in 1976 Charles Martin Chuck Jones (September 21, 1912 – February 22, 2002) was an American animator, cartoon artist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most memorably of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts for the Warner Bros. ... Merrie Melodies end title Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. ... Bob Balaban (born August 16, 1945) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and director, best known for his collaborations with Christopher Guest. ...


Awards

It received eight Academy Award nominations. Director of Photography Vilmos Zsigmond won the Oscar for Best Cinematography and sound effects editor Frank E. Warner was granted a Special Achievement Award.[4] and in 1998, The American Film Institute placed the film on its list of the 100 greatest American films. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Vilmos Zsigmond (born June 16, 1930) is a Hungarian-American cinematographer. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Sound effects or audio effects are artificially created or enhanced sounds, or sound processes used to emphasize artistic or other content of movies, video games, music, or other media. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ...


In 2003, the film received another type of recognition as the primary special effects model of the "Mother Ship" was placed on display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center annex of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM), located near Washington Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Entrance to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Aerial view of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... National Air and Space Museum exterior The National Air and Space Museum (NASM) of the Smithsonian Institution is a museum in Washington, D.C., United States, and is the most popular of the Smithsonian museums. ... FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (40 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County and Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... Chantilly is an unincorporated community located in western Fairfax County, in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ...


Trivia

  • During an interview years later, Richard Dreyfuss was asked whether there would ever be a sequel to Close Encounters. He responded that, "The sequel to Close Encounters was E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial."
  • Following this movie, young Cary Guffey got to play the part of an alien himself - in the Italian movies Uno Sceriffo extraterrestre - poco extra e molto terrestre (English title: The Sheriff and the Satellite Kid, 1979) and its sequel Chissà perché... capitano tutte a me (Everything Happens to Me, 1980); both alongside the Italian actor Bud Spencer.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... For the Atari 2600 video game based on the movie, see E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (Atari 2600). ... The Sheriff and the Satellite Kid (original Italian title: Uno Sceriffo extraterrestre - poco extra e molto terrestre) is a childrens comedy movie starring Bud Spencer and child actor Cary Guffey that was released in cinemas in 1979. ... Everything Happens to Me (original Italian title: Chissà perché... capitano tutte a me) is a childrens comedy movie starring Bud Spencer and child actor Cary Guffey that was released in cinemas in 1980. ... Bud Spencer (born October 31, 1929), born as Carlo Pedersoli, is a famous Italian actor, known for his height 6 4 (1. ...

References and parodies

  • Saturday Night Live spoofed the film when Dreyfuss was the guest host as "Cone Encounters of the Third Kind" featuring the recurring Conehead characters. In this case, instead of removing the cone top from the clay sculpture like he did in the film, Dreyfuss attaches it to make it right.
  • The film was spoofed in a short titled Closet Cases of the Nerd Kind on the original 1980's videotape Hardware Wars and other Film Farces. In this short, the mother ship was a huge pie accompanied by marching music.
  • On the episode "Who Wants It More?" of That '70s Show, Kelso (Ashton Kutcher) tells of seeing a UFO. Hyde (Danny Masterson) later mocks Kelso by sculpting Devils Tower out of mashed potatoes and saying "This means something".
  • The movie is also spoofed in two episodes of The Simpsons. In the episode "The Springfield Files", Homer sculpts his mashed potatoes into a shape similar to Devils Tower after he encounters what he believes to be an alien. Also in "The Springfield Files", while the citizens of Springfield are gathered in the field awaiting the 'alien's' appearance, the school music instructor, Mr. Largo and 5 of his students play the famous 5 note tune on marching band instruments. Finally, just before this, Kent Brockman references the title with "Close Encounters of th Blurred Kind", show Homer's photo and videocam evidence. In another episode called "Homie the Clown", Homer forms a large mashed potato circus tent after becoming obsessed with a billboard advertising a local clown college.
  • In the film UHF, George Newman ("Weird Al" Yankovic) sculpts his mashed potatoes into Devils Tower and says, "This means something, this is important."
  • The mashed potato sculpture is once more spoofed in the film Muppets From Space, where a fan of Gonzo presents Kermit the frog with a mashed potato sculpture of Gonzo's head.
  • Close Encounters was parodied in an eighth-season episode of the British comedy The Goodies entitled "U-Friend or UFO?". Steven Spielberg was a fan of The Goodies and in 1979 he considered making a film with the British trio.
  • In the movie Bruce Almighty, there is a deleted scene, which may be viewed on the DVD, of Jim Carrey's character, Bruce, parodies being crazy and sculpting what looks like Devils Tower out of cookie dough, saying "This means something, this is important!"
  • In the film Canadian Bacon, Rhea Perlman's character, swept up by a faux Cold War with Canada, builds a replica of the CN Tower in Toronto out of mashed potatoes.
  • The five-note musical motif of the film has been referenced many times. It was used as a code entered on a pushbutton keypad in Moonraker of the James Bond series, and the first five notes on Mr. Herriman's keypad security system in the Foster's Home For Imaginary Friends episode: The Big Cheese, and in the Power Glove sequence of The Wizard. In one episode of the short-lived animated series The Oblongs, the tones are used for the doorbell of an alien masquerading as a teenage girl. Rock guitarist Steve Vai referenced it in his song "Little Green Men" from his 1984 solo album, "Flex-Able." John Petrucci plays it before beginning the song Trial of Tears on the Dream Theater album Once in a LIVEtime. Jerry Garcia also quotes it in a solo from the Grateful Dead's January 22, 1978 concert at the University of Oregon. The tone is also played at the beginning of Alien Hominid. Enigma also borrowed the motif for the song "Back to the Rivers of Belief". Daft Punk opened their 2006 U.S. performance, their first in 8 years, at Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival with the theme music from the movie, performing in an LED pyramid. Duran Duran plays it before beginning the song The Chauffer on the Arena Album.
  • Close Encounters was parodied in an episode of That's So Raven, called Close Encounters Of The Nerd Kind.
  • It was mentioned by Captain Steve Hiller in the movie Independence Day, when he knocks out an alien. He says, "Now that's what I call a close encounter".
  • The title is brought up briefly in the X-Files episode "Squeeze".
  • Matt Bellamy of Muse played the musical motif from the film before Knights of Cydonia at their two massive gigs at Wembley Stadium on June 16, 2007 & June 17, 2007. This was probably due to the stage being heavily sci-fi based and possibly as a reference to contacting aliens with the performance.
  • There is an episode of the anime series Pani Poni Dash! where the character Akira Miyata tries to communicate with aliens using music, but gets shot by their laser for her efforts.
  • In the first episode of the anime series Vandread, when the character Dita first meets Hibiki for the first time, she does the hand signs as a greeting, believing he is an alien.
  • ImprovBoston's fourth annual "GoreFest" Halloween production, "Gross Encounters of the Nerd Kind," was named for the film although there are few similarities otherwise.
  • The five note seuqence was used (played on violin) in a sketch by Trev and Simon, on Live and Kicking, the main thread of the parafy being rleated to the release of Stargate[citation needed].

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This article is about the American television series. ... Closet Cases of the Nerd Kind (1980) is an award-winning short film spoof of the classic science fiction film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. ... Who Wants It More? is an episode of That 70s Show. ... That 70s Show is an American television sitcom that centers on the lives of a group of teenagers living in Point Place, Wisconsin, a fictional suburb of either Kenosha or Green Bay[1] from May 17, 1976 to December 31, 1979. ... This article is about the actor. ... Daniel Peter Masterson (born March 13, 1976) is an American actor known for his role as Steven Hyde in That 70s Show. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Springfield Files is the tenth episode of The Simpsons eighth season, which originally aired January 12, 1997. ... Kenton Kent Brockman, (nee Brockelstein), is a recurring fictional character from the animated TV series The Simpsons, voiced by Harry Shearer. ... This article is about The Simpsons episode. ... UHF (also known as The Vidiot from UHF in Australia and parts of Europe, and Los Telelocos in Mexico) is a comedy film made in 1989. ... This article is about the musician himself. ... Muppets from Space was the sixth feature film to star The Muppets, and the first since the death of Muppets creator Jim Henson to have an original Muppet-focused plot. ... This article discusses the Goodies trio and the origins of their comedy TV series For information about the television series, see The Goodies (TV series) The Goodies are a trio of British comedians (Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden and Bill Oddie), who created, wrote, and starred in a surreal British... U-Friend or UFO? is an episode of the British comedy television series The Goodies. ... Bruce Almighty is a 2003 comedy movie directed by Tom Shadyac and written by Steve Koren, Mark OKeefe and Steve Oedekerk. ... James Eugene Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a two-time Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian-American A-list film actor and comedian. ... For the film see Canadian Bacon (movie). ... Rhea Perlman at the 1988 Emmy Awards. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... Moonraker is a 1979 spy film. ... 007 redirects here. ... Mr. ... Fosters Home for Imaginary Friends (sometimes called Fosters for short, and abbreviated as FHIF/FHFIF) is an Emmy Award-Winning American animated television series created and produced at Cartoon Network Studios by animator Craig McCracken, who also created The Powerpuff Girls. ... The Japanese Nintendo Power Glove, manufactured by PAX The Power Glove (1989) is a controller accessory for the Nintendo Entertainment System designed by the team of Grant Goddard and Sam Davis for Abrams/Gentile Entertainment, made by Mattel in the United States and PAX in Japan. ... The Wizard, also known as Joy Stick Heroes is a 1989 movie starring Fred Savage, Luke Edwards, and Jenny Lewis. ... The Oblongs is an animated television program aimed at adults and teenagers. ... John Petrucci (born July 12, 1967, Kings Park, Long Island, New York) is an American guitarist best known as a founding member of the progressive metal band Dream Theater. ... Dream Theater is an American progressive metal band comprising James LaBrie, John Petrucci, Jordan Rudess, John Myung, and Mike Portnoy. ... Once in a LIVEtime is a 2CD live album by progressive metal band Dream Theater, recorded at the Bataclan in France and released in 1998. ... Jerome John Jerry the Bulldog Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and artist best known for being the lead guitarist and vocalist of the psychedelic rock band the Grateful Dead. ... This article is about the band. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Alien Hominid (or Alien Hominid HD on Xbox 360) is an independently developed console video game released for Sony PlayStation 2 and Nintendo GameCube in 2004 through publisher O~3 Entertainment. ... Enigma is an electronic musical project started by Michael Cretu, his wife Sandra Cretu, David Fairstein and Frank Peterson in 1990. ... The Rivers of Belief is a 1991 song created by the musical project, Enigma. ... Daft Punk is the collective name of Paris house musicians Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo (born February 8, 1974)[1] and Thomas Bangalter (born January 3, 1975). ... The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival (commonly known as Coachella) is a three-day (formerly a one or two-day) annual music and arts festival held at the Empire Polo Fields in Indio, California. ... Duran Duran are an English pop group notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... For other uses, see Arena (disambiguation). ... Thats So Raven is an American Emmy Award-nominated [1] sitcom television series broadcast on the Disney Channel. ... Independence Day (also known as its promotional abbreviation ID4) is an Academy Award winning science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich. ... X-Files intro from first 8 seasons The X-Files was a popular 1990s American science fiction television series created by Chris Carter. ... Matthew Bellamy (born June 8, 1978) is the lead singer and guitarist of British rock group Muse. ... For other uses, see Muse (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For the old stadium, see Wembley Stadium (1923). ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Pani Poni Dash! ) is a Japanese series based around the concept of parody, for it frequently references Japanese culture in a wide array of ways. ... Vandread ) is an anime series directed by Takeshi Mori and created by GONZO and Media Factory animation studios. ... ImprovBoston is a nonprofit improvisational theater, based in Cambridge, MA. They offer shows 6 nights per week at their theatre in Inman Square, as well as workshops and training programs in improvisation and, more recently, sketchwriting. ... Trevor Neal and Simon Hickson are a British comedy duo, best known for their contributions to the BBC One childrens television series Going Live! and Live & Kicking during the late 1980s and throughout much of the 1990s. ... Live and Kicking was a BBC Saturday morning variety programme that was aimed at kids and included a mix of competitions, comedy, music and cartoons such as the Rugrats. ... An activated Stargate, the central object of the fictional Stargate universe, here depicted in the SG-1 television series. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/ps/Paul_Schrader.html Adherents.com
  2. ^ Quoted by John Williams, in Laurent Bouzereau, "An Interview with John Williams", printed in the booklet to The Collector's Edition Soundtrack: Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Arista Records 1998
  3. ^ "Yearbook 1980: Biographies," Encyclopedia Brittanica, 1980.
  4. ^ http://imdb.com/title/tt0075860/awards

See also

The Day the Earth Stood Still is a 1951 black-and-white science fiction film that tells the story of a humanoid alien who comes to Earth to warn its leaders not to take their conflicts into space, or they will face devastating consequences. ... According to the Auteur Theory, the prevalent framework of modern film criticism, a film director is most responsible for the creative aspects of a film. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Close Encounters of the Third Kind

  Results from FactBites:
 
Close Encounters of the Third Kind - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1219 words)
Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) is a science-fiction movie about UFOs, written and directed by Steven Spielberg.
Close Encounters was perhaps the most important science fiction movie up to that point to introduce benign or even kind aliens, a sharp departure from the 'evil monster' style of most earlier films.
Indiana electrical lineman Roy Neary (Dreyfuss) experiences a close encounter of the second kind (a sighting that leaves physical evidence) and thereafter becomes obsessed with UFOs, to the great dismay of his family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m