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Encyclopedia > Clinical neurophysiology

Clinical neurophysiology is a medical speciality that studies the central and peripheral nervous systems through the recording of bioelectrical activity, whether spontaneous or stimulated. For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ...


In some countries it is a part of neurology, for example USA and Germany. In others it is an autonomous speciality, such as Spain, Portugal, Italy, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden and Norway. Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ...


Its main parts are:

Electromyography (EMG) is a technique for evaluating and recording physiologic properties of muscles at rest and while contracting. ... A nerve conduction study (NCS) is a test commonly used to evaluate the function, especially the ability of electrical conduction, of the motor and sensory nerves of the human body. ... “EEG” redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Polysomnographic record of REM Sleep . ... Intraoperative Neurophysiology Monitoring (IONM) is the use of electrophysiological methods (such as EEG, EMG, and evoked potentials) to monitor the functional integrity of neural structures (brain, nerves, spinal cord) during surgery. ... The scientific practice of neuromonitoring takes place in the surgical suite (OR). ...

External links

Organizations for clinical neurophysiology

  • International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
  • American Academy of Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Norwegian Society for Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Dutch Society for Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Italian Society for Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Mexican Society for Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Sociedad Española de Neurofisiología Clínica

 
 

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