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Encyclopedia > Climbing wall
Climbing a rock-textured wall with belay, modular hand holds, incuts, and protrusions
Climbing a rock-textured wall with belay, modular hand holds, incuts, and protrusions

A climbing wall is an artificially constructed wall with grips for hands and feet, used for climbing. Some are brick or wooden constructions, but on most modern walls, the material used for the wall is a thick multiplex board with holes drilled into it. The wall will have places to attach belay ropes, but may also be used to practice lead climbing or bouldering. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2336x3504, 3606 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Climbing wall Belaying User:Rklawton/Galleries Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2336x3504, 3606 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Climbing wall Belaying User:Rklawton/Galleries Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Climbers on Valkyrie at The Roaches in Staffordshire, England. ... Toy constructed from plywood. ... In climbing, belaying is the technique of controlling the rope so that a falling climber does not fall very far. ...


Each hole contains a specially formed t-nut to allow modular hand holds to be screwed on to the wall. The face of the climbing surface is covered with textured products including concrete and paint and/or polyurethane loaded with sand. In addition to the textured surface and hand holds, the wall may contain surface structures such as indentions (incuts) and protrusions (bulges), or take the form of an overhang, underhang or crack. Concrete is a construction material that consists, in its most common form, of Portland cement, construction aggregate (generally gravel and sand) and water. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A polyurethane is any polymer consisting of a chain of organic units joined by urethane links. ... Patterns in the sand Sand is a granular material made up of fine rock particles. ...


Some grips are formed to mimic the conditions of outdoor rock, including some that are oversized and can have other grips bolted onto them.


History

The concept of the artificial climbing wall began in the UK. The first wall was created in 1964 at Leeds University by Don Robinson, a lecturer in Physical Education, by inserting pieces of rock into a corridor wall. The first commercial wall was built in Sheffield, traditionally England's centre for climbing due to its proximity to the Peak District. For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... The Peak District is an upland area in central and northern England, mainly spanning Derbyshire, but also covering bits of Cheshire, Staffordshire and South and West Yorkshire. ...

An outdoor climbing wall at the University of Bath, England
An outdoor climbing wall at the University of Bath, England

Gym climbing is becoming an increasingly popular urban sport and provides many people with the opportunity to try some aspects of the sport of rock climbing. Bouldering gyms focus on bouldering rather than roped climbing. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2211x1564, 1285 KB) An outdoor climbing wall at the University of Bath, Bath, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2211x1564, 1285 KB) An outdoor climbing wall at the University of Bath, Bath, England. ... The University of Bath is a campus university located near Bath, England at . ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Bouldering is undertaken without a rope and is normally limited in respect to the height the climber ascends the route so that any fall will not risk significant injury. ...


Types of Wall

The simplest type of wall is of plywood construction, known colloquially in the climbing community as a 'woody', with a combination of either bolt-on-holds or screw on holds. Bolt-on-holds are fixed to a wall with iron bolts which are inserted through the hold in question, which will have specific bolt points, and then fixed into pre-allocated screw-threaded holes in the wall. Screw-on-holds are, by contrast, usually much smaller, owing to the nature of their fixing. These holds are connected to the wall by one or more screws which may be screwed directly into the wall's surface. Toy constructed from plywood. ...


Other types of wall include slabs of granite, concrete sprayed on to a wire mesh, pre-made fiberglass panels, and textured fiberglass walls.


Routes and grading

An indoor climbing wall in the UK showing moulded features and coloured route markers.
Enlarge
An indoor climbing wall in the UK showing moulded features and coloured route markers.
An indoor climbing center in Singapore
An indoor climbing center in Singapore

Grips come in different colours, those of the same colour often being used to denote a route, allowing routes of different difficulty levels to be overlaid on one another. Coloured tape placed under climbing holds is another way that is often used to mark different climbing routes. In attempting a given route, a climber is only allowed to use grips of the designated colour as handholds but is usually allowed to use both handholds and footholds of the designated colour and surface structures and textures of the "rockface" as footholds. Image File history File linksMetadata Climbing-wall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Climbing-wall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 1507 KB) This was taken at Climb Adventure in Singapore by me. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 1507 KB) This was taken at Climb Adventure in Singapore by me. ...


The grade (difficulty) of the route is usually a consensus decision between the builder of the route and the first few people who climb the route. In mountaineering and related climbing sports, climbers give a climbing grade to a route that attempts to assess the difficulty and danger of climbing the route. ...


Many indoor climbing walls have people who are assigned to set these different climbing routes. These people are called route setters.


See also Indoor climbing Indoor Climbing is an increasingly popular form of rock climbing performed on artificial structures that attempt to mimic the experience of real rock climbing but in a more controlled environment. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Passe Montagne - Climbing at school - question 1, 2, 3 (1605 words)
These walls then had the advantage that one could climb them, yet they were fixed in the sense that the routes along the wall’s surface could not be altered, except by the enormous effort of removing more bricks and replacing them with other rocks.
Climbing activities also lead to a perception of the individual as a whole, as he or she learns to take charge of their whole being, from their emotional reactions right through to the most skilful motor movements.
With the advent of the climbing wall, it is tempting for physical education teachers to offer their students the chance of doing an activity that they may not be able to do anywhere else.
Climbing wall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (670 words)
A climbing wall is an artificially constructed wall with grips for hands and feet, used for climbing.
Some are brick or wooden constructions, but on most modern walls, the material used for the wall is a thick multiplex board with holes drilled into it at regular intervals.
Arguably the simplest type of wall is of plywood construction, known colloquially in the climbing community as a 'woody', with a combination of either bolt-on-holds or screw on holds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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