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Encyclopedia > Cliff Richard
Sir Cliff Richard
2006 picture
2006 picture
Background information
Birth name Harry Rodger Webb
Born Lucknow, United Provinces, British India, October 14, 1940 (1940-10-14) (age 67)
Origin Lucknow
Genre(s) Rock and roll/Pop
Occupation(s) Singer
Instrument(s) Vocals, Guitar
Years active 1958 - Present
Label(s) EMI, Decca, Columbia, Epic, Rocket, Papillon
Associated
acts
The Shadows
Website CliffRichard.org

Sir Cliff Richard OBE (born Harry Rodger Webb on 14 October 1940) is an English singer, actor and businessman. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... The United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinciën, Republic of the Seven United Netherlands/Provinces — 1581–1795) was a European republic which is now known as the Netherlands. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... This article is about vehicles powered by rocket engines. ... Papillon is a French word for butterfly. The term may also refer to Papillon (autobiography), a memoir written by Henri Charrière about his imprisonment at a penal colony in French Guiana. ... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority, these are Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross (GBE) Knight Commander... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ...


With his backing band The Shadows, Richard dominated the British popular music scene in the late 1950s and early 1960s, before and during the The Beatles' first year in the charts. A conversion to Christianity and subsequent softening of his music led to his having more of a pop than rock image. Although never able to achieve the same impact in the United States as in Britain (in spite of several chart singles there), Richard has remained a popular music, film, and television personality in the UK; he also retains a following in many other countries. The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ...


During the six decades in which he has been active, Cliff Richard has charted many hit singles, and holds the record (along with Elvis Presley) as the only act to make the UK singles charts in all of its active decades (1950s–2000s). According to his website, he has sold over 250 million records.[1] On the British charts, Richard has had over 120 singles, albums and EPs make the top 20, more than any other artist.[2] Elvis redirects here. ... This article is about the first decade of the 21st century. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... An album (from Latin albus white, blank, relating to a blank book in which something can be inserted) is a packaged collection of related things. ... // Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single but are too short to qualify as albums. ...

Contents

Biography

1940—1958: Childhood

Cliff Richard was born at the King George Hospital, Victoria Street, Lucknow, India in 1940 to parents Rodger Oscar a steward and Dorothy Marie (born Dazely) Webb. He was christened on the 2nd November 1940 at St Thomas' Church, Dehradun, India. Both parents were of mixed Indian Blood or Anglo Indian [3]A year later his family moved to Calcutta. In 1947, following Indian independence, the family moved to Britain. , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Dehradun (Hindi: देहरादून)  , also sometimes spelled Dehra Doon, is the capital city of the Uttarakhand state (earlier called Uttaranchal) in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Anglo-Indians like Patience Cooper were some of the first actresses in Indian films. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... The Indian independence movement was a series of steps taken in the Indian subcontinent for independence from British colonial rule, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857. ...


The Webbs moved from comparative wealth in India (with servants) to a much lower standard of living in England. For three years the Webbs did not have their own home and stayed with relatives. In 1951, they were allocated a council house in the town of Cheshunt. Statistics Population: 51,998 (Census 2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL358021 Administration District: Broxbourne Shire county: Hertfordshire Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hertfordshire Historic county: Hertfordshire Services Police force: Hertfordshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: East of England Post...


1958—1963: Success and stardom

Beginning as a member of an obscure skiffle group, Harry Webb soon became the lead singer of the pop and roll group the Drifters (not to be confused with the American group of the same name). Before their first large scale appearance, at the Regal Ballroom in Ripley in 1958, they adopted the name "Cliff Richard and the Drifters". The four members of the band were Webb, Ian "Sammy" Samwell on guitar, Terry Smart on drums and Norman Mitham on guitar. None of the other three played with the later and better known Shadows, although several would write songs for Richard's later career. Doghouse Skiffle Group Skiffle is a type of folk music with a jazz and blues influence, usually using homemade or improvised instruments such as the washboard, tea chest bass, kazoo, cigar-box fiddle, musical saw, comb and paper, and so forth, as well as more conventional instruments such as acoustic... The Drifters are a long-lived American doo wop/R&B vocal group, originally formed by Clyde McPhatter (of Billy Ward & the Dominoes) in 1953. ... In 1958 Ian Sammy Samwell wrote the first rock n roll hit song ever created in England. ... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ...


In the summer of 1958 Richard obtained a recording contract with EMI's Columbia label for himself only, leaving the band behind. He remained with EMI until signing with Decca in 2004. Richard recorded his first single on 24 July 1958 with the (pre-Marvin/Welch) Drifters. However, producer Norrie Paramor had little faith in the band and brought in two experienced session men, Ernie Shear and Frank Clarke, to provide backing on lead guitar and bass. For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Norrie Paramor is best known as a record producer, but was also a composer, arranger, and orchestral conductor. ...


For his debut session, Paramor provided Richard with a song called "Schoolboy Crush", a cover of an American record by Bobby Helms. Richard was permitted to record one of his own songs for the B-side; this was "Move It", written by the Drifters' Samwell (famously on a number "715" Green Line Bus on the way to Cliff's house for a rehearsal). In pop music a cover version is a new rendition of a previously recorded song. ... Bobby Helms (born August 15, 1933 in Bloomington, Indiana; died June 19, 1997) is an American singer who enjoyed his peak success in 1957. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Move it was the first hit single by British pop/rock music legend Cliff Richard. ...


There are a number of stories about why the A-side song was replaced by the intended B-side. One is that Norrie Paramor's young daughter raved about the B-side and not the A-side. Another possible reason for the flip was that influential TV producer Jack Good, who used the act for his TV show Oh Boy!, wanted the only song on his show to be "Move It". A Television producer oversees the making of television programmes. ... Jack Good at Rancho de Chimayo Restaurante. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Oh Boy! was the first teenage all-music show on British TV 1958-1959. ...


In any event, the single was flipped and went to #2 on the UK charts. Music critics Roy Carr and Tony Tyler would later write that it was the first genuine British rock classic (to be followed by Johnny Kidd and the Pirates's "Shakin' All Over"). John Lennon was also once quoted as saying that "Move It" was the first English rock record. Johnny Kidd and the Pirates were a rock and roll group from the United Kingdom who performed in the late 1950s and 1960s. ... Shakin All Over is a famous rock and roll song from the 1960s. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Move it was the first hit single by British pop/rock music legend Cliff Richard. ...


In the early days, Cliff Richard was marketed as the British equivalent to Elvis Presley. As did previous British rockers such as Marty Wilde, Richard adopted a Presley-like dress and hairstyle. In performance he struck a pose of rock attitude, rarely smiling or looking directly at the audience or camera. His late 1958 and early 1959 follow-up singles, "High Class Baby", Lionel Bart's "Living Doll" were followed by "Mean Streak" which carried a rocker's sense of speed and passion. It was on "Living Doll" that the Drifters began to back Richard on record. By that time the band's lineup had changed with the arrival of Jet Harris, Tony Meehan, Hank Marvin, and Bruce Welch. The group was obliged to change its name to "The Shadows" after legal complications arose with the U.S. Drifters. Marty Wilde (born Reginald Leonard Smith, April 15, 1939, in Greenwich, South London) is an English singer and songwriter. ... Lionel Bart (1930-1999) was a British composer of songs musicals, best known for Oliver! Bart was born Lionel Begleiter in London to Galician Jews, and grew up in Stepney. ... Living Doll is a popular song by Cliff Richard and the Shadows. ... Mean Streak is a roller coaster located at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio. ... Jet Harris (real name Terence Harris) was the bass guitarist and leader of The Shadows until April 1962. ... Daniel Joseph Anthony Tony Meehan, (March 2, 1943 – November 28, 2005), was one of the founder members of the British group The Shadows, along with Jet Harris, Hank B. Marvin and Bruce Welch. ... Brian Robson Rankin (born 28 October 1941), known by the stage name Hank B. Marvin, is an English guitarist, lead guitarist for The Shadows. ... Bruce Welch (born Bruce Cripps, 2 November 1941 in Bognor Regis, Sussex, England) is an English guitarist, songwriter, producer and singer, best known as a member of The Shadows. ...


The Shadows were not a typical backing group. They would become contractually separate entities from Cliff, and the group would not receive any performer royalties for the records they made backing the singer. In 1959, The Shadows (then still known as the Drifters) landed an EMI recording contract of their own, for independent recordings without Cliff. That year, they released three singles, two of which featured double-sided vocals and one of which had instrumental A and B sides. In 1960, they recorded and released "Apache", which augured the birth of British rock guitar instrumental music. Hitting the top of the charts in more than one country, the single set the Shadows on a path of their own. They thereafter had several major hits of their own, including five UK #1s. The band also continued to appear and record with Richard and wrote many of his hits. On more than one occasion, a Shadows instrumental replaced a Richard song atop the British charts. Apache was a popular 1960 instrumental song written by Jerry Lordan and recorded by British group The Shadows. ...


Richard's fifth single "Living Doll" triggered a change of focus with a softer, more relaxed, sound. Subsequent hits, the #1s "Travellin' Light" and "I Love You" and also "A Voice in The Wilderness" and "Theme for a Dream" cemented Richard's status as a mainstream pop entertainer (along with a few contemporaries such as Adam Faith and Billy Fury). Throughout the early sixties his hits were consistently in the top five. Travellin Light is a UK number-one single by Cliff Richard and The Shadows. ... Terence (Terry) Nelhams-Wright, known as Adam Faith (June 23, 1940—March 8, 2003) was an English singer and actor. ... Originally from Wavertree in south Liverpool, Billy Fury was born on April 17, 1940, at Smithdown Hospital, now Sefton General Hospital, Smithdown Road, Liverpool, Merseyside. ...


Typically, The Shadows closed the first half of the show with a 30-minute set of their own, and then backed Richard on his show-closing 45-minute stint. Tony Meehan and Jet Harris eventually left the group, in 1961 and 1962 respectively, and later had their own chart successes. The Shadows added a few more bass players, and also took on Brian Bennett on drums. The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... Brian Bennett is a drummer, pianist, composer, arranger and producer of popular music. ...


In the early days, Cliff Richard sometimes recorded without The Shadows, mainly to cater to other styles. Even after the Beatles' rise to prominence he continued to achieve hits, although more often without the Shadows but with an orchestra: a revival of "It's All In The Game" and "Constantly". A session under the direction of Billy Sherrill in Nashville yielded two more top two hits: "The Minute You're Gone" and "Wind Me Up" in 1965. Its All in the Game is the name of a song written by Carl Sigman. ... Billy Sherrill (born Campbell, Alabama, November 5, 1936) was a record producer and arranger who is most famous for his association with a number of country artists, most notably Tammy Wynette. ... For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


Cliff Richard and The Shadows were unable to parlay their UK stardom into hit status in the United States. In 1960 they toured the U.S. and were fairly well-received. However, lacklustre support and distribution from the record company proved costly, and the chance was lost. The band made appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show, which was a crucial outlet for the Beatles' success, but these performances did not really help Cliff and the Shadows. As a result, Cliff Richard remained obscure in America. In England, however, Cliff and the Shadows were key in calling EMI's attention to the importance and strength of rock n' roll music. It was due to their popularity that Parlophone were looking for a "second" Cliff and the Shadows, eventually signing the Beatles. The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ... Rock and roll (also spelled rock n roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company. ...


Cliff and The Shadows appeared in a number of films, most notably in The Young Ones, (the title song being his biggest hit up to "Mistletoe and Wine"); Summer Holiday (which featured a slimmed-down Richard with visible dancing skills), Wonderful Life and Finders Keepers. These movies created their own genre known as the "Cliff Richard musical" and led to Cliff being named the number one cinema box office attraction in Britain for both 1962 and 1963. The irreverent 1980s TV sitcom The Young Ones took its name from Richard's 1962 movie, and also made references to the singer. The Young Ones is a British musical released in 1961, featuring singer Cliff Richard. ... The Young Ones is a single by Cliff Richard and The Shadows. ... The term hit can refer to any of the following: in marketing, a success involving (sudden) popularity of and demand for a particular item, such as a song that reaches the hit parade in archery and in target shooting, striking the exact desired spot, commonly the center of a target... Mistletoe and Wine is a popular single by Cliff Richard. ... Summer Holiday is a British musical released in 1962, featuring singer Cliff Richard. ... Wonderful Life is a British film of 1964, made as a vehicle for pop star Cliff Richard. ... Finders Keepers is a 1966 film, directed by Sidney Hayers and starring Cliff Richard. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... TV redirects here. ... A British sitcom is a situation comedy (sitcom) produced in the United Kingdom. ... The Young Ones was a popular British sitcom, first seen in 1982, which aired on BBC2. ...


1964—1975: Changing circumstances

As with the other existing rock acts in Britain, Richard's career was affected by the sudden advent of The Beatles and the Mersey sound in 1963 and 1964. However, his popularity was established enough to allow him to weather the storm and continue to have hits in the charts throughout the 1960s, albeit not at the level that he had enjoyed before. Nor did doors open to him in the U.S. market; he was not considered part of the British Invasion, despite four Hot 100 hits (including the top 25 "It's All In The Game") between August 1963 and August 1964, and the American public had little awareness of him. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Mersey Sound (also known as the Liverpool Sound and Mersey Beat, and called the English Beat in Continental Europe. ... For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ...


Another important aspect of Richard's life was his conversion to Christianity in 1964. Standing up publicly as a Christian affected his career in several ways. He believed that he should quit rock 'n roll, feeling he could no longer be the rocker who had been called a "crude exhibitionist" and "too sexy for TV" and a threat to parents' daughters. However, his image had already become tamer due to his film roles and well-spoken manners on radio and TV. Richard intended at first to 'reform his ways' and become a teacher, but Christian friends advised him that he did not need to abandon his career just because he had become a Christian. Soon after, Cliff Richard re-emerged, performing with Christian groups and recording some Christian material. He still recorded secular songs with the Shadows, but he gave a lot of his time to Christian work, including his appearances with the Billy Graham crusades. As time progressed, Richard balanced his faith and work, which enabled him to remain one of the most popular singers in Britain as well as one of its best-known Christians. He was a leading figure in the Nationwide Festival of Light of 1971, protesting against the commercial exploitation of sex and violence in Britain, and advocating the teaching of Christ as the key to recovering moral stability in the nation. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... For other persons named Billy Graham, see Billy Graham (disambiguation). ... // In November 1970 a young couple, Peter and Janet Hill, returned to England after four years as evangelical Christian missionaries in India. ...


Cliff Richard's first straight acting role took place in the 1968 film Two a Penny, in which he played a young man who gets involved in drug dealing while questioning his life after his girlfriend changes her attitude. Also in 1968 he sang the UK's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest: "Congratulations" by Bill Martin and Phil Coulter. It lost by just one point to Spain's La La La. According to John Kennedy O'Connor's The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History, this was the closest yet result in the contest and Cliff locked himself in the toilet to avoid the nerves of the voting. [4]. Nevertheless, "Congratulations" was a huge hit throughout Europe and yet another #1 in April. In 1973 he sang the British entry Power to All Our Friends. The song finished third, close behind Luxembourg's Tu Te Reconnaîtras and Spain's Eres Tú. This time, Cliff took valium in order to overcome his nerves and his manager was almost unable to wake him for the performance.[5] Richard also hosted the BBC's qualifying heat for the Eurovision Song Contest, "A Song for Europe," in 1970, 1971 and 1972 as part of his BBCTV variety series. He presented the Eurovision preview programmes for the BBC in 1971 and 1972. Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... Congratulations may refer to: Congratulations (song) - Cliff Richard song Congratulations (Eurovision) - 50 Years Anniversary for Eurovision Song Contest (named after Cliff Richards the song) Congratulations (Silvía Night song) Category: ... Bill Martin (born William Wylie Macpherson, 9 November 1938, Govan, Glasgow) is a Scottish songwriter, music publisher and impresario. ... Phil Coulter (born 19 February 1942) is an Irish songwriter, performer and music producer from Northern Ireland. ... La La La is a Spanish language song performed by Massiel. ... John Kennedy OConnor is an author, entertainment and political commentator, based in the USA. Born in North London, UK, in 1964, he has written for numerous publications as well as writing, creating and producing media events for a number of International Corporations all over the world. ... Power to All Our Friends was a British entry to the Eurovision Song Contest, sung by Cliff Richard. ... Tu Te Reconnaîtras (English translation: Youll Recognise Yourself) was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1973 performed in French by Anne-Marie David representing Luxembourg. ... Belanovas Spanish Version of the song What Ive Been Looking For, especially recorded for the Latin American edition of the soundtrack of the movie High School Musical. ... Eurovision redirects here. ... A Song for Europe can mean: * A former name of the British national pre-selection competition for the Eurovision Song Contest, which is currently called Making Your Mind Up. ...


After the Shadows split in 1968, Cliff Richard recorded without the band. He had already become accustomed to the Shadows' absence, and was able to record in a variety of settings. Although many of his earliest fans regretted that Cliff had tried out songs which were not strictly in the rock 'n roll genre, most had got used to his habit of recording rockier material with the Shadows, while producing more middle-of-the-road material at other times. This versatility extended Richard's career prospects.


During the 1970s, Richard took part in television shows, such as It's Cliff, many of which also starred Hank Marvin. These shows, for a time, branded Cliff Richard as a television personality more than a recording artist. In 1972, he made a short BBC television comedy film called The Case with appearances from comedians and his first-ever duets with a woman, Olivia Newton-John. In 1973 he starred in the film Take Me High. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For the documentary about Jerry Seinfeld, see Comedian (film). ... Olivia Newton-John AO OBE (born 26 September 1948) is a Grammy Award-winning and Golden Globe-nominated English-born Australian pop singer, songwriter and actress. ... Take Me High was a 1973 English feature film, directed by David Askey, written by Christopher Penfold and starring Cliff Richard, with Deborah Watling, Hugh Griffith, George Cole and Anthony Andrews. ...


1976—1994: Comeback

In 1976 the decision was made to repackage Cliff Richard as a "rock" artist. That year he produced the landmark album I'm Nearly Famous, which included the successful but controversial guitar-driven track Devil Woman (Richard's first true hit in the United States) and the ballad Miss You Nights. Richard's fans were excited about this revival of a performer who had been a part of British rock from its early days. Many music names such as Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton, and Elton John were seen sporting I'm Nearly Famous badges, pleased that their boyhood idol was getting back into the heavier rock in which he had begun his career. Karishma Khakhar, known as the Devil Woman, is widely believed to have powers that suck the life out of cars. ... James Patrick Jimmy Page, OBE (born 9 January 1944) is an English guitarist, composer and record producer. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter and composer. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...


Notwithstanding this, Richard continued to release gospel-tinged albums in parallel with his rock and pop albums. For example, Small Corners from 1978 contained the single Yes He Lives. Despite his 1976 comeback, this single failed to chart in the United Kingdom. In 1980, the singer officially changed his name by deed poll from Harry Webb to Cliff Richard.[6] A deed poll is a legal document binding only to a single person or several person acted jointly to express an active intention. ...


In 1979, Richard teamed up with the producer Alan Tarney for the pop hit single We Don't Talk Anymore, which hit #1 in the UK and #7 in the U.S. The record gave Richard the distinction of becoming the first act to reach the Hot 100 in the 1980s who had also reached the Hot 100 in each of the three previous decades. The song was quickly added onto the end of his latest album Rock 'n' Roll Juvenile. It was his first time at the top of the UK singles chart in over ten years, and the song would become his biggest-selling single ever. At long last he had some extended success in the United States following Devil Woman: the follow-up Dreaming also reached the top ten. His 1980 duet Suddenly with Olivia Newton-John was a Top 20 hit in America. Richard continued with a string of top ten albums, including I'm No Hero, Wired For Sound, Now You See Me, Now You Don't, and, marking his 25th year in show business, Silver. The singles chart also saw his most consistent period of top twenty hits since the mid 1960s, with three of them on the Hot 100 at the same time at the end of 1980. 1987 saw Richard record his Always Guaranteed album, which became his best selling album of all new material. It contained the two top ten hit singles, "My Pretty One" and "Some People". Richard concluded his thirtieth year in music in spectacular chart style, reaching number one on the British singles chart with "Mistletoe and Wine", while simultaneously holding the number one positions on the album and video charts with the compilation Private Collection summing up his biggest hits from 1979-1988. "Mistletoe and Wine" was his biggest seller to that point. Tarney-Spencer Band was an Australian rock band composed of Trevor Spencer and Alan Tarney in the late 1970s. ... We Dont Talk Anymore was a UK number single for four weeks in August 1979 for Cliff Richard. ... ... Silver is Canadian band Moists debut album. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mistletoe and Wine is a popular single by Cliff Richard. ... A private collection is a privately owned collection of works, usually a collection of art. ...


In 1986, Richard teamed up with The Young Ones to re-record his smash hit Living Doll for the charity Comic Relief. Along with the song, the recording contained comedy dialogue between Richard and The Young Ones. The release went to #1. That same year he opened in the West End as a rock musician called upon to defend Earth in a trial set in the Andromeda Galaxy in the multi-media Dave Clark musical Time. The Young Ones was a popular British sitcom, first seen in 1982, which aired on BBC2. ... Living Doll is a popular song by Cliff Richard and the Shadows. ... For the origin of the term, see comic relief. ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Multimedia is the use of several different media to convey information (text, audio, graphics, animation, video, and interactivity). ... Dave Clark (born 1942) is a British musician, best known as the drummer and leader of the 1960s group, The Dave Clark Five. ... Time is a musical with a book and lyrics by Dave Clark and David Soames, music by Jeff Daniels, and additional songs by David Pomeranz. ...


Further top ten albums included Stronger in 1989, From a Distance in 1990 and yet another number one with The Album in 1993. The next few years saw Richard concentrate on bringing the musical Heathcliff to the stage. The production was a resounding success, but the time it took seemed to take a toll on his reinvigorated chart status. Back in the UK during the next years and throughout the 1980s, Richard remained one of the best-known music artists in the country. In the space of a few years he worked with Elton John, Mark Knopfler, Julian Lennon, Freddie Mercury, Stevie Wonder, Phil Everly, Janet Jackson, Sheila Walsh, and Van Morrison. Richard also reunited with Olivia Newton-John. In 1989, he filled the Wembley Stadium for a few nights with a spectacular titled "The Event". Meanwhile, the Shadows later re-formed (and again split). They recorded on their own, but also reunited with Richard in 1978, 1984, and 1989-90 for some concerts. On June 14, 2004 Cliff joined the Shadows onstage at the London Palladium. The Shadows had decided to re-form for one final tour of the UK, with this concert heralded as their final ever concert as "Cliff and the Shadows." Stronger is the second album from singer Kristine W. The songs are closer to pop than the previous album. ... The song, From a Distance was written in 1985 by American singer-songwriter Julie Gold. ... The Album is the fifth album by Swedish pop group ABBA, released in 1977 (see 1977 in music). ... Heathcliff is a made-for-TV musical (filmed in 1997) that is based on the novel Wuthering Heights and features popular singer Sir Cliff Richard as Heathcliff. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is a guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... John Charles Julian Lennon known universally as Julian Lennon, (born April 8, 1963 in Liverpool, England) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and first son of Beatle John Lennon and the only child of his first wife Cynthia Lennon. ... Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British musician, best known as the lead singer of the rock band Queen (inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001). ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris),[1] is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer. ... Don (born February 1, 1937 in Brownie, a small coal-mining town (now defunct) near Central City, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky) and Phil Everly (born January 18, 1939 in Chicago, Illinois) are country-influenced rock and roll performers who had their greatest success in the 1950s. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer, actress, songwriter, record producer, dancer, activist, pop icon, and younger sister of the King of Pop, Michael Jackson. ... Sheila Walsh, D.Min. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ... Wembley Stadium was a football stadium located in Wembley, London. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The London Palladium in 2004 The London Palladium is a 2,286 seat West End theatre located off Oxford Street in the City of Westminster. ...


1995— Sir Cliff

Cliff Richard was knighted on 25 October 1995. Contrary to popular belief he was not the first rock star to be so honoured (Bob Geldof received his knighthood a full nine years earlier) although Cliff was knighted ahead of Sir Paul McCartney (1997) and Sir Elton John (1998). In 1999, controversy arose regarding radio stations refusing to play his records. EMI, Richard's label since 1958, refused to release his latest single. Richard took his "Millennium Prayer" to an independent label, Papillon, which released the charity record (in aid of Children's Promise). The single went on to top the UK chart for three weeks, his fourteenth #1, and the third highest-selling single of his career. Richard's next album (2001) was a covers project, Wanted, followed by another top ten album with Cliff at Christmas. The holiday album contained both new and older recordings, including the single "Santa's List", which reached #5 in 2003. Richard decamped to Nashville, Tennessee for his next album project in 2004, employing a writer's conclave to give him the pick of all new songs for the album Something's Goin' On. Though the collection was critically well-received, it had disappointing sales. Nevertheless it was yet another top ten album, and produced three top fifteen singles: "Something's Goin' On", "I Cannot Give You My Love", with Barry Gibb of the Bee Gees, and the lively "What Car". However, Richard did not hide his disappointment with the album's lacklustre sales, and it was speculated that it might have been his last ever album of original songs. A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Robert Frederick Xenon Geldof[1], KBE[2], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [3], is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an Academy Award-winning English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Millennium Prayer is a 1999 charity single by Cliff Richard. ... Nashville redirects here. ... Barry Alan Crompton Gibb CBE (born on 1 September 1946) is a singer, songwriter and producer. ... The Bee Gees were a singing trio of brothers — Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb — that became one of the most successful musical acts of all time. ...


Sir Cliff Richard finished number 56 in the 2002 100 Greatest Britons list, sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public. Adored especially by baby boomer women, many of whom camp out for his concert tickets, he has become a fixture of the British entertainment world. He once led the Wimbledon Centre Court crowd in singing during a rain delay. The Ultimate Pop Star, a Channel 4 programme broadcast in 2004, revealed that Cliff Richard had sold more singles in the UK than any other music artist, ahead of the Beatles in second place and Elvis Presley in third. Richard has become joint owner of the Arora International Hotel in Manchester, which opened in June 2004. He spends much of his time at his house in Barbados, and has lent it to former British Prime Minister Tony Blair at times.[7] // In 2002, the BBC conducted a vote to determine whom the general public considers the 100 Greatest Britons of all time. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For the video game, see Baby Boomer (video game). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... This article is about the British television station. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency...


2006 saw Richard's album of duets, (another top 10 success) including newly-recorded material with Brian May, Dionne Warwick, Anne Murray, Barry Gibb and Daniel O'Donnell, plus some previously recorded duets with artists such as Phil Everly, Elton John and Olivia Newton-John. Released to coincide with the UK leg of his latest world tour, the album "Here and Now" includes a number of lesser known, but fan-favourite songs including, My Kinda Life, How Did She Get Here, Hey Mr. Dream Maker, For Life, A Matter Of Moments, When The Girl In Your Arms, Every Face Tells A Story, Peace In Our Time and the Christmas single 21st Century Christmas, which debuted at #2 on the UK singles chart. For the Australian film composer, see Brian May (composer). ... Marie Dionne Warrick (born December 12, 1940), known professionally as Dionne Warwick, is an acclaimed five-time Grammy Award-winning African American singer best known for her work with Hal David and Burt Bacharach as songwriters and producers. ... Not to be confused with Ann Murray. ... Daniel Francis Noel ODonnell MBE (born December 12, 1961) is an Irish singer from County Donegal. ... Don (born February 1, 1937 in Brownie, a small coal-mining town (now defunct) near Central City, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky) and Phil Everly (born January 18, 1939 in Chicago, Illinois) are country-influenced rock and roll performers who had their greatest success in the 1950s. ...


Richard's mother, Dorothy Webb, suffered from advanced Alzheimer's disease. In a September 2006 interview with the Daily Mail, he spoke about the difficulties he and his sisters had in dealing with their mother's condition. [8] On 18th October 2007 a statement on the star's website read, "We are sad to report that Cliff's mother, Dorothy, passed away early on 17 October. She was 87." The Daily Mail is a British newspaper and the oldest tabloid, first published in 1896. ...


Another compilation album, Love: The Album will be released on November 12th. Like Two's Company before it, this album will include both previously released material and newly-recorded songs, namely Waiting For A Girl Like You, When You Say Nothing At All, All Out Of Love, If You're Not the One and When I Need You (the latter was released as a single, reaching Number 38). The concept of the project has divided fans who anticipate an album of new material. On 5th December, Richard appeared on Channel 4's tea time hit The Paul O'Grady Show to promote the compilation, where he admitted that he felt it was "unfair" to release the same music more than once, but said with apparent sincerity that his fans would buy anything of his as they were "stupid". Richard went back on his remark a few minutes later.


"The most radical rock star ever"

Cliff Richard openly laments the lack of commercial support from radio stations and record labels. As noted in the recent BBC Radio 2 documentary "Cliff - Take Another Look", he points out that many documentaries charting the history of British music fail to even mention him.[9] BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBCs national radio stations and is by far the most popular station in the UK, reaching some 27% of the available audience in 2006[1]. It broadcasts throughout the UK on FM radio between 88 and 91 MHz from its studios in...


Cliff Richard's protracted chart success undermines radio stations' claims that he does not enjoy the support of their target audiences. Cliff believes he is "the most radical rock star there has ever been".[10] Richard's premise is that his decision not to adopt the "sex, drugs and alcohol" image expected of rock stars, then and now, was the truly avant-garde choice.


Works

Chart accomplishments

  • Cliff Richard has scored fourteen #1 singles in the UK, more than any other artist other than Elvis Presley and the Beatles.
  • As a performer, Cliff Richard has scored the most top 10 hits on the UK singles charts (67), the most top 20 hits (94) and the most top 40 hits (118).
  • Based solely on data used to compile the Official UK Singles Charts, Cliff has sold more singles in the UK than any other act, with sales exceeding twenty million copies. Interestingly enough, he has scored only one million-selling single: "The Young Ones". This does not reflect his total sales as the data used to compile the charts in the early part of his career was only partial. Sales from his 1950s singles would be significantly understated in this figure.
  • Cliff has had top ten hits in each of the last six decades.
  • Cliff is the only act in the UK to score a #1 single in each of the first five decades since the inception of the UK Singles chart in 1952. His chart peak in the 2000s is #2. The following list shows the number of chart toppers Cliff has achieved in each decade.
    • 1950s - 2: "Living Doll", "Travelling Light"
    • 1960s - 7: "Please Don't Tease", "I Love You", "The Young Ones", "The Next Time / Bachelor Boy", "Summer Holiday", "The Minute You're Gone", "Congratulations"
    • 1970s - 1: "We Don't Talk Anymore"
    • 1980s - 2: "Living Doll", "Mistletoe and Wine"
    • 1990s - 2: "Saviour's Day", "The Millennium Prayer"

The acts with the most aggregate time spent on the British record charts: Current rankings (by weeks): “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ... Living Doll is a popular song by Cliff Richard and the Shadows. ... Mistletoe and Wine is a popular single by Cliff Richard. ... Saviours Day is a popular song by Cliff Richard. ...

  1. Elvis Presley (2,574)
  2. Cliff Richard (1,983)
  3. Queen (1,755)
  4. The Beatles (1,749)
  5. Madonna (1,660)
  6. Elton John (1,626)

Elvis redirects here. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...

Christmas songs

Cliff Richard has aimed for the Christmas number one single on several occasions, sometimes successfully. His first Christmas number one (on some charts) was in 1960, but that single, "I Love You," was not a yuletide-themed song. Each year, record companies compete for the Christmas number one single spot on the British charts. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ...


In later years, Richard often released songs with a Christmas or other religious theme:

  • 1969: "With the Eyes of a Child" (#20)
  • 1982: "Little Town" (#12)
  • 1988: "Mistletoe and Wine" (#1)
  • 1989: "Whenever God Shines His Light" (duet with Van Morrison, #20)
  • 1990: "Saviour's Day" (#1)
  • 1991: "We Should Be Together" (#10)
  • 1999: "The Millennium Prayer" (#1)
  • 2003: "Santa's List" (#5)
  • 2006: "21st Century Christmas" (#2)

He also featured on the 1989 Christmas number one by Band Aid II, thus appearing at the top of the charts for three consecutive Christmases. George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a Grammy Award-winning Irish singer, songwriter, author, poet and multi-instrumentalist, who has been a professional musician since the late 1950s. ... Band Aid was a British and Irish charity supergroup, founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia by releasing the record Do They Know Its Christmas? for the Christmas market. ...


Discography

Main article: Cliff Richard discography

This is a discography for the British singer, Cliff Richard. ...

Awards

Brit Awards

  • 1977 - Best British male solo artist during the past 25 years
  • 1982 - Best British male solo artist
  • 1989 - Outstanding contribution to music
Preceded by
Pet Shop Boys
Always on My Mind
UK Christmas Number One single
Mistletoe and Wine

1988
Succeeded by
Band Aid II
Do They Know It's Christmas
Preceded by
Band Aid II
Do They Know It's Christmas
UK Christmas Number One single
Saviour's Day

1990
Succeeded by
Queen
Bohemian Rhapsody

Pet Shop Boys are a Grammy Award nominated British synthpop/pop music/electronic music duo, consisting of Neil Tennant who provides main vocals, keyboards and very occasionally guitar, and Chris Lowe on keyboards and occasionally on vocals. ... Always on My Mind is a song originally recorded by Brenda Lee and released on June 12, 1972, with music and lyrics by Johnny Christopher, Mark James and Wayne Carson Thompson. ... Each year, record companies compete for the Christmas number one single spot on the British charts. ... Mistletoe and Wine is a popular single by Cliff Richard. ... Cover art for the original Do They Know Its Christmas? release – artist Peter Blake Band Aid is a British and Irish charity supergroup founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia by releasing a record Do They... Cover art for the original Do They Know Its Christmas? release – artist Peter Blake This article is about the song. ... Cover art for the original Do They Know Its Christmas? release – artist Peter Blake Band Aid is a British and Irish charity supergroup founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia by releasing a record Do They... Cover art for the original Do They Know Its Christmas? release – artist Peter Blake This article is about the song. ... Each year, record companies compete for the Christmas number one single spot on the British charts. ... Saviours Day is a popular song by Cliff Richard. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... The term Eurovision has several meanings: technically, the Eurovision Network created by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). ... Katrina Leskanich and Renars Kaupers (before the contest) On October 22, 2005, the EBU held a celebration contest to commemorate 50 years of the Eurovision Song Contest called Congratulations. ... Abba redirects here. ... Brotherhood of Man was a 1970s British pop vocal group, which won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1976, with the country-pop-esque Save Your Kisses for Me. // The group was formed by record producer / composer, Tony Hiller, and originally featured the well-travelled vocalist, Tony Burrows and two female... Céline Marie Claudette Dion OC, OQ, (born March 30, 1968) is a Canadian singer and occasional songwriter and actress. ... Sertab Erener (born December 4, 1964) is a Turkish pop star. ... France Gall (born Isabelle Genevieve Marie Anne Gall on October 9, 1947 in Paris) is a popular French singer. ... Dana International (Hebrew: דנה אינטרנשיונל; stage name of Sharon Cohen, born Yaron Cohen (male) in Tel Aviv, Israel on February 2, 1972) is an Israeli transsexual pop singer of Yemenite origin, who won the 1998 Eurovision Song Contest for her song Diva. Next to original songs, Dana International is known for her... Johnny Logan Johnny Logan (real name Seán Patrick Michael Sherrard) was born in Frankston near Melbourne, Australia, on 13 May 1954 but lives in Ashbourne, County Meath, Ireland. ... Domenico Modugno (January 9, 1928 - Lampedusa August 6, 1994) was a twice Grammy Award-winning Italian singer, songwriter, and later in life, a member of the Italian Parliament. ... Mocedades performing at the Eurovision Song Contest 1973 Mocedades are a Spanish Basque singing group, probably best known for representing Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1973 with the song Eres Tú. // In the year 1967 in the Spanish city of Bilbao, eight Basque students decided to form a... Nicole (Nicole Seibert, née Hohloch; born October 25, 1964, Saarbrücken, Germany) is a successful German singer. ... Niels and Jørgen Olsen The Olsen Brothers are a Danish rock/pop music duo, and are brothers Jørgen (born March 15, 1950) and Noller (Niels, born April 13, 1954) Olsen. ... Elena Paparizou (Greek: ; born January 31, 1982) is a Greek singer, born and raised in Sweden. ...

See also

This is the list of best selling music artists (including groups) worldwide, alltime. ...

References

  1. ^ Record sales from CliffRichard.org
  2. ^ Top Hits from EveryHit
  3. ^ Stark, Herbert Alick. Hostages To India: OR The Life Story of the Anglo Indian Race. Third Edition. London: The Simon Wallenberg Press: Vol 2: Anglo Indian Heritage Books
  4. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  5. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  6. ^ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/imagelibrary/popup/j18_474cliffrichard.htm UK National Archives]
  7. ^ ContactMusic.com
  8. ^ Daily Mail
  9. ^ BBC
  10. ^ BBC

Notes

  1. ^ Record sales from CliffRichard.org
  2. ^ Top Hits from EveryHit
  3. ^ Stark, Herbert Alick. Hostages To India: OR The Life Story of the Anglo Indian Race. Third Edition. London: The Simon Wallenberg Press: Vol 2: Anglo Indian Heritage Books
  4. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  5. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007. ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  6. ^ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/imagelibrary/popup/j18_474cliffrichard.htm UK National Archives]
  7. ^ ContactMusic.com
  8. ^ Daily Mail
  9. ^ BBC
  10. ^ BBC

Bibliography

Hodder & Stoughton is a British publishing house, now an imprint of Hodder Headline. ... Hodder & Stoughton is a British publishing house, now an imprint of Hodder Headline. ...

External links


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Cliff Richard Tickets – Buy Concert Tickets To Watch Sir Cliff Richard Here! | Soldoutentertainments (452 words)
Sir Cliff Richard OBE, was born as Harry Rodger Webb on the 14th October 1940 in Lucknow, India.
Sir Cliff is one of the most famous singers and biggest pop stars England has produced.
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