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Encyclopedia > Cliff Edwards

Cliff Edwards (14 June 189517 July 1971), also known as "Ukelele Ike", was an American singer and musician who enjoyed considerable popularity in the 1920s and early 1930s, and also did voices for animated cartoons later in his career. June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... LeAnn Rimes singing in concert A singer is a type of musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) moving picture for the cinema, TV or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ...


Clifton A. Edwards was born in Hannibal, Missouri. He left school at age 14 and soon after moved to St. Louis, Missouri where he entertained as a singer in saloons. As many places had pianos in bad shape or none at all, Edwards taught himself to play ukulele (then often spelled "ukelele") to serve as his own accompanist (selecting that instrument as it was the cheapest in the music store). He got the nickname "Ukelele Ike" from a club owner who couldn't remember his name. Hannibal (Americas Hometown) is a city located in Marion and Ralls County, Missouri. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Location Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates , Government Country State County United States Missouri Independent City Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 66. ... Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A bar in Switzerland. ... A baby grand piano, with the lid up. ... Ukulele The ukulele (pronounced , or the Anglicised ), or uke, is a fretted string instrument which is, in its construction, essentially a smaller, four-stringed version of the guitar. ...


Edwards played on Vaudeville circuits. He made his first big hit in 1918 at the Arsonia Cafe in Chicago, Illinois where he introduced a tune by the club's pianist, Bob Carleton, "Ja Da". The tune, Edwards, and Carleton made a hit. Vaudeville headliner Joe Frisco hired Edwards as part of his act, which played at The Palace in New York City, the most prestigious theater in Vaudeville, and then in the Ziegfeld Follies. Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Pianist Glenn Gould, Toronto, 1974 A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Big Apple, The Capital of the World[1], Gotham [2], Metropolis Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The Ziegfeld Follies were a series of elaborate theatrical productions on Broadway in New York City from 1907 through 1931. ...


Edwards made his first phonograph records in 1919. He recorded early examples of jazz scat singing in 1922. The following year he was signed to a contract with Pathé Records. He became one of the most popular singers of the decade, during which he also appeared in several Broadway shows. 33â…“ LP vinyl record album from the 1960s A gramophone record (also phonograph record, or simply record) is an analogue sound recording medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed modulated spiral groove. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Scat singing is vocalizing either wordlessly or with nonsense words and syllables as employed by jazz singers who create the equivalent of an instrumental solo using only the voice. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Pathé Records was a France based international record label active from the 1890s through the 1930s. ... Broadway theatre is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ...


More than any other performer, Edwards was responsible for the pop culture popularity of the ukulele in the 1920s. Millions of ukes were sold in the decade, and Tin Pan Alley publishers added ukulele chords to standard sheet music. Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ... Tin Pan Alley was the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century. ... Sheet music is written representation of music. ...


In 1929 Cliff Edwards was playing at the Orpheum Theater in Los Angeles, California, where he caught the attention of movie producer/director Irving Thalberg who had Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer hire Edwards to appear in early sound movies. After performing in some short films, Edwards was one of the stars in the feature Hollywood Revue of 1929, doing some comic bits and singing some numbers, including giving the film debut of his hit "Singin' in the Rain". He would make a total of 33 films for MGM through 1933. 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... Irving Grant Thalberg (May 30, 1899 - September 14, 1936) was an American film producer during the early years of motion pictures. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... A sound film (or talkie) is a motion picture with synchronized sound, as opposed to a silent movie. ... The Hollywood Revue of 1929: One of the earliest ventures into the new talkie format of motion pictures, this film, directed by Charles Riesner for MGM, brought together some top acts in a two-hour vaudeville show hosted by Jack Benny. ... Gene Kelly performing in Singin in the Rain For other meanings, see Singin in the Rain. ...


Edwards was careless with the money he got in the boom years of the 1920s, and while he continued working in the Great Depression he would never again enjoy his former prosperity. Most of his salaries went to alimony for multiple former wives and paying other debts. He declared bankruptcy four times during the 1930s and early 1940s. The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... In many countries alimony, maintenance or spousal support is an obligation established by law that is based on the premise that both spouses have an absolute obligation to support each other during the marriage (or civil union) unless they are legally separated, though in some instances the obligation to support... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ...


In 1932 Cliff Edwards got his first national radio show on CBS. Edwards would continue having network radio shows off and on through 1946. However, with the start of the Great Depression Edwards' popularity faded as public taste shifted to sweeter style crooners like Bing Crosby, Russ Columbo, and Rudy Vallee. 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... CBS (formerly an acronym for Columbia Broadcasting System, the former legal name of the network) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes radio programming to multiple radio stations. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Crooner is an epithet given to a male singer of a certain style of popular songs, dubbed Pop standards. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Ruggiero Eugenio di Rodolpho Colombo (January 14, 1908–September 1, 1934), better known by the name Russ Columbo, was an American singer, violinist and actor, most famous for his signature tune, Some Call It Madness, But I Call It Love, and the legend surrounding his early death. ... Rudy Vallee (July 28, 1901 - July 3, 1986) was a popular United States singer, actor, bandleader, and entertainer. ...


In 1939 Edwards played the character "Edicott" in the screwball comedy film His Girl Friday. Edwards voice was also featured in two other films that year; he voiced the dying Confederate soldier in Gone with the Wind, and, most famously, the character Jiminy Cricket in Walt Disney's Pinocchio. In 1941, he voiced the head crow in Disney's Dumbo. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The screwball comedy has proven to be one of the most elusive of the film genres. ... His Girl Friday is a 1940 screwball comedy, a remake of the 1931 film The Front Page, itself an adaption by Charles Lederer, Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur of their play of the same name. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jiminy Cricket is an animated cartoon character who first appeared in the 1940 Walt Disney animated film Pinocchio. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Pinocchio is the second animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... Dumbo is the fourth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ...


For the 1949 season, Edwards starred in The Cliff Edwards Show, a three day a week (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evenings) television show on the CBS television network. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... CBS (formerly an acronym for Columbia Broadcasting System, the former legal name of the network) is one of the largest television networks, and formerly one of the largest radio networks, in the United States. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ...


In the 1950s and early 1960s he made a number of appearances on the Mickey Mouse Club television show, in addition to reprising his Jiminy Cricket voice for various Disney shorts. The 1950s were the decade that spanned the years 1950 through 1959, although some sources say from 1951 through 1960. ... The outrageously crowded Woodstock festival epitomized the popular antiwar movement of the 60s. ... The Mickey Mouse Club was a long-running American variety television series in the 1950s, produced and televised by Walt Disney Productions, featuring a regular but ever-changing cast of teenage performers. ...


Edwards was broke in his later years, living in a home for indigent actors, often spending his days hanging around the Walt Disney Studios to be available any time he could get voice work and being taken to lunch by animators to whom he told stories of his days in Vaudeville. ...


Sadly, he had disappeared from the public eye at the time of his death as a charity patient at the Virgil Convalescent Hospital in Hollywood, California. His body was initially unclaimed and donated to the University of California, Los Angeles medical school, but when Walt Disney Productions found out about this, they purchased the corpse and paid for burial. Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the city of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that extends from Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to south boundary east of La Brea Avenue... The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university located in the residential area of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ... The Walt Disney Company (most commonly known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ...


Further reading

  • The Cliff Edwards Discography by Larry F. Kiner, Greenwood Press, New York, 1987. ISBN 0-313-25719-1 Contains a short biography, an extensive discography, and listing of his film, radio, and television appearances.

Sir Thomas Malory wrote the most famous fictional biography of the Middle Ages with Le Morte dArthur about the life of King Arthur. ... Discography is the study and listing of sound recordings. ...

External links

  • Cliff Edwards at the Internet Movie Database
  • Cliff Edwards extensive fan site by David Garrick
  • Cliff Edwards "Ukulele Ike" on RedHotJazz.com, with .ram files of his vintage recordings

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Clifton A. Edwards was born in Hannibal, Missouri.
Edwards was careless with the money he got in the boom years of the 1920s, and while he continued working in the Great Depression he would never again enjoy his former prosperity.
Edwards was broke in his later years, living in a home for indigent actors, often spending his days hanging around the Walt Disney Studios to be available any time he could get voice work and being taken to lunch by animators to whom he told stories of his days in Vaudeville.
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