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Encyclopedia > Client (ancient Rome)

In ancient Roman society, a client (Latin, cliens) was a plebeian who was sponsored by a patron benefactor (patronus, a predecessor to the Italian padrino, godfather). The patron assisted his client with his protection and regular gifts; the client dedicated his vote whenever the patron or his associate was up for election. History - Ancient history - Ancient Rome This is a List of Ancient Rome-related topics, that aims to include aspects of both the Ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Cliens (plural clientes) was the term used to refer to the lesser - or obligated - role in the Ancient Roman law/social convention of clientela. ... In Ancient Rome, the plebs was the general body of Roman citizens, distinct from the privileged class of the patricians. ... Generally, patronage is the act of supporting or favoring some person, group, or institution. ... For the fictional charm which is mentioned in the Harry Potter series of novels, see Patronus Charm Patronus (plural patroni) was the term used to refer to a Patrician benefactor in the Patrician/Plebian relationship called clientela, which was part of the social customs of Ancient Rome, extending back as... A godparent, in many denominations of Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ...


This right of patronage was established by Romulus, to unite the plebians and the patricians together, in such a manner that one might live without envy, and the other without contempt. However, the condition of a client, over the course of time, became little else but a moderate kind of slavery. Romulus may refer to any of these articles: Romulus is a mythical founder of Rome, brother of Remus. ... This article is about the social and political class in ancient Rome. ... Slave redirects here. ...


By degrees, the custom extended itself beyond Rome; and not only families, but cities, and entire provinces, even out of the Italian Peninsula, followed the example. Thus, Sicily, for example, put itself under the clientela, or protection of Marcus Claudius Marcellus. Satellite view of the Peninsula in spring The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola italiana or Penisola appenninica) is one of the greatest peninsulas of Europe, spanning 1,000 km from the Alps in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Clientela was a Roman law, or social convention that linked Plebians with the legal, social, and sometimes economic protection of Patrician families. ... Marcus Claudius Marcellus (c. ...


Lazius and Budaeus refer the origin of fiefs and tenures to the patrons and clients of Ancient Rome; however, the difference between the relation of vassals and their lords, and that of clients and their patrons, is fairly considerable. In addition to the respect a client showed his patron, and the vote he gave him, a vassal was also obliged to assist his lord in all affairs; and even pay his ransom, if he should be taken prisoner of war, in the case that the lord was not able to provide it himself. Wolfgang Laz, better known by his Latinized name Wolfgang Lazius (October 31, 1514 – June 19, 1565), was an Austrian humanist who worked as a cartographer, historian, and physician. ... Guillaume Budé (Latin: Guglielmus Budaeus) (January 26, 1467 – August 23, 1540) was a French scholar. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... Look up tenure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Lord (disambiguation). ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


The Latin word cliens is formed of the earlier cluens, "hearing", in the sense that such an individual is at the call of his patron.


References

  • This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain.
  • "Client". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd edition. 1989.

 
 

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