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Encyclopedia > Cleopatra VII of Egypt
Cleopatra Selene Philopator
Queen of Egypt
Bust of Cleopatra, with her hair in a Greek style bun
Reign 51 BC–August 12, 30 BC
Ptolemy XIII (51 BC–47 BC)
Ptolemy XIV (47 BC–44 BC)
Caesarion (44 BC–30 BC)
Born January 69 BC
Alexandria
Died August 12, 30 BC
Alexandria
Predecessor Ptolemy XII
Successor None (Roman province)
Consort Ptolemy XIII
Julius Caesar
Mark Antony
Issue Caesarion, Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene, Ptolemy Philadelphus
Royal House Ptolemaic
Father Ptolemy XII
Mother Cleopatra V of Egypt

Cleopatra was a co-ruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesar's assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. In all, Cleopatra had 4 children, 3 by Antony (Cleopatra Selene, Alexander Helios, Ptolemy Philadelphus) and 1 by Caesar (Caesarion). Her unions with her brothers produced no children. The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. Ptolemy, a Macedonian and one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared... Cleopatra Information about this image, please? Presumed fair use for article about Cleopatra VII of Egypt This work is copyrighted. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC... Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (lived 62 BCE/61 BCE–January 13, 47 BCE?, reigned from 51 BCE) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... Ptolemy XIV (lived 60 BC/59 BC - 44 BC, reigned 47 BC - 44 BC), a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of... Alexandria Modern Alexandria, from Qaitbays Citadel Alexandria, sphinx made of pink granite, Ptolemaic. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC... Alexandria Modern Alexandria, from Qaitbays Citadel Alexandria, sphinx made of pink granite, Ptolemaic. ... Bust of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Louvre Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (Greek:Πτολεμαίος Νέος Διόνυσος Θέος Φιλοπάτωρ Θεός Φιλάδελφος,New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BC - 51 BC) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαίος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ, lived 62 BC/61 BC – January 13, 47 BC?, reigned from 51 BC) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty (305–30 BC) of Egypt. ... Gāius JÅ«lius Caesar (IPA: ;[1]), July 12 or July 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of... Alexander Helios (25 December 40 BC – ? ) was the son of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony, and the twin brother of Cleopatra Selene. ... Cleopatra Selene Cleopatra Selene II (Her name in Greek Κλεοπατρα Σελινη) (25 December 40 BC - 6 AD) also known as Cleopatra VIII was the only daughter to the Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. ... Ptolemy Philadelphus (Autumn 36 - ? BC) was the youngest child of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. ... The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. Ptolemy, a Macedonian and one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared... Bust of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Louvre Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (Greek:Πτολεμαίος Νέος Διόνυσος Θέος Φιλοπάτωρ Θεός Φιλάδελφος,New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BC - 51 BC) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... Cleopatra V of Egypt is the mother of Cleopatra VII, by her husband Ptolemy XII, and is possibly the mother of Cleopatra VI of Egypt and Berenice IV. External link Genealogy of Ptolemaic Dynasty Categories: Stub | Pharaohs ... Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (lived 62 BCE/61 BCE–January 13, 47 BCE?, reigned from 51 BCE) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... Ptolemy XIV (lived 60 BC/59 BC - 44 BC, reigned 47 BC - 44 BC), a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... In Ancient Rome, several men of the Julii Caesares family were named Gaius (Caius) Julius (Iulius) Caesar, the most famous of which was the Dictator Julius Caesar. ... For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ... Bust of Marcus Antonius Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N¹) (c. ... Cleopatra Selene Cleopatra Selene II (Her name in Greek Κλεοπατρα Σελινη) (25 December 40 BC - 6 AD) also known as Cleopatra VIII was the only daughter to the Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. ... Alexander Helios (25 December 40 BC – ? ) was the son of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony, and the twin brother of Cleopatra Selene. ... Ptolemy Philadelphus (36 - 12 BC) was the youngest child of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. ... Caesar may refer to the following: Related to Ancient Roman times Caesar (title), a title used by Roman Emperors Julius Caesar (100 BC–44 BC), a famous politician and military leader He used the Caesar cipher in his military campaigns. ... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of...


After Antony's rival and Caesar's legal heir, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian, brought the might of Rome against Egypt, It is said that Cleopatra took her own life on August 12, 30 BC. Her legacy survives in the form of numerous dramatizations of her story, including William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and several modern films. Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Antony and Cleopatra is a historical tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1607 or 1608 and printed in the First Folio, 1623. ... Cleopatra is the name of several movies about the last Egyptian queen of the same name. ...


Cleopatra was a direct descendant of Alexander's general, Ptolemy I Soter, son of Arsinoe and Lacus, both of Macedon. A Greek by language and culture, Cleopatra is reputed to have been the first member of her family in their 300-year reign in Egypt to have learned the Egyptian language. Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC–283 BC) was a Macedonian Greek who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC - 283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ... Written records of the ancient Egyptian language have been dated from about 3200 BC. Egyptian is part of the Afro-Asiatic group of languages and is related to Berber and Semitic (languages such as Arabic, Amharic, Tigrinya and Hebrew). ...

Contents

Early years

Father's reign

"Cleopatra" is Greek for "father's glory," and her full name, Cleopatra Thea Philopator, means "the Goddess Cleopatra, the Beloved of Her Father." She was the third daughter of the king Ptolemy XII Auletes, probably born to her father's sister, making her third in line to rule after her two other sisters died. Little is known about Cleopatra's childhood, but she would have observed the disordered events and loss of public affection for the Ptolemaic dynasty under the reign of her father. It is said that her father had an attempted assasination on him when a servant found a deadly puff adder in his bed. Her eldest sister Tryphaena also tried to poison her, so she hired food tasting servants. This occurred for many reasons including physical and moral degeneration of the sovereigns, centralization of power and corruption. This led to uprising in and loss of Cyprus and of Cyrenaica, making Ptolemy's reign one of the most calamitous of the dynasty. In 58 BC Cleopatra's older sister, Berenice IV seized power from her father. With the assistance of the Roman governor of Syria, Aulus Gabinius, Ptolemy XII overturned his eldest daughter in 55 BC and had her executed. This left Cleopatra with her husband and younger brother, Ptolemy XIII, joint heirs to the throne. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. Ptolemy, a Macedonian and one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared... A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Berenice IV, daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt and probably Cleopatra V of Egypt Tryphaena, sister of Cleopatra VI of Egypt Tryphaena, the famous Cleopatra VII (loved by Julius Caesar and Mark Antony). ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Aulus Gabinius, Roman statesman and general, and supporter of Pompey, was a prominent figure in the later days of the Roman Republic. ... Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαίος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ, lived 62 BC/61 BC – January 13, 47 BC?, reigned from 51 BC) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty (305–30 BC) of Egypt. ...


The accession to the throne

Pharaoh Ptolemy XII died in March 51 BC. Making the 18 year old Cleopatra and the 12 year old Ptolemy XIII joint monarchs. The first three years of their reign were difficult due to economic difficulties, famine, deficient floods of Nile and political conflicts. Although Cleopatra was married to her young brother, she quickly showed indications that she had no intentions of sharing power. Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the pre-Christian, pre-Islamic period. ... Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... Ptolemy XIII (lived 62 BC/61 BC -January 13? 47 BC, reigned 51 BC - January 13?, 47 BC) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... The Nile (Arabic: ‎, translit: , Ancient Egyptian iteru) is a river in Africa, often regarded as the longest river on Earth, although some sources claim the Amazon in South America is longer. ...


In August 51 BC relations between the sovereigns completely broke down. Cleopatra dropped Ptolemy's name from official documents and her face appeared alone on coins, which went against Ptolemaic tradition of female rulers being subordinate to male co-rulers. This resulted in a cabal of courtiers, led by the eunuch Pothinus, removing Cleopatra from power and making Ptolemy sole ruler in circa 48 BC (possibly earlier, a decree exists with Ptolemy's name alone from 51 BC). She tried to raise a rebellion around Pelusium but she was soon forced to flee Egypt with her only surviving sister, Arsinoë.[1] A eunuch is a castrated man. ... Pothinus (early 1st Century BC - 48 or 47 BC) was regent for Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. ... Pelusium is a city in the eastern extremes of Egypts Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of Port Said. ... Arsinoe IV (c. ...


Cleopatra and Julius Caesar

The assassination of Pompey

Cleopatra bathing with Caesar (not pictured) looking on. Royal London Wax Museum, Victoria BC
Cleopatra bathing with Caesar (not pictured) looking on. Royal London Wax Museum, Victoria BC

While Cleopatra was in exile, Ptolemy became embroiled in the Roman civil war. In the autumn of 48 BC, Pompey fled from the forces of Julius Caesar to Alexandria, seeking sanctuary. Ptolemy, only fifteen years old at that time, had set up a throne for himself on the harbour from where he watched as on July 28, 48 BC Pompey was murdered by one of his former officers, now in Ptolemaic service. Ptolemy is thought to have ordered the death as a way of pleasing Julius Caesar and thus become an ally of Rome, to which Egypt was in debt. This was a catastrophic miscalculation on Ptolemy's part. When Caesar arrived in Egypt two days later, Ptolemy presented him with Pompey's severed, pickled head. Caesar was enraged. This was probably due to the fact that, although political enemies, Pompey was a Consul of Rome and the widower of Caesar's only daughter, Julia who died in childbirth with their son. Caesar seized the Egyptian capital and imposed himself as arbiter between the rival claims of Ptolemy and Cleopatra. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1728x2304, 1120 KB)i took it and i allow wikipedia to use it for wikipedia only Now released as public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1728x2304, 1120 KB)i took it and i allow wikipedia to use it for wikipedia only Now released as public domain. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and it is the provincial capital of British Columbia. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Pompey, Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir [1] (Classical Latin abbreviation: CN·POMPEIVS·CN·F·SEX·N·MAGNVS[2], Gnaeus or Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (September 29, 106 BC – September 29, 48 BC), was a distinguished military and political leader of the late Roman republic. ... Gāius Jūlius Caesar (IPA: ;[1]), July 12 or July 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... Alexandria Modern Alexandria, from Qaitbays Citadel Alexandria, sphinx made of pink granite, Ptolemaic. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC... Gāius Jūlius Caesar (IPA: ;[1]), July 12 or July 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... Pompey, Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir [1] (Classical Latin abbreviation: CN·POMPEIVS·CN·F·SEX·N·MAGNVS[2], Gnaeus or Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (September 29, 106 BC – September 29, 48 BC), was a distinguished military and political leader of the late Roman republic. ... This list of Republican Roman Consuls is based on the Varronian chronology, which intercalates four dictator years and has other peculiarities. ... Alternate uses: see widow (typesetting). ... Daughter to Gaius Julius Caesar and Cornelia Cinna, Julia Caesaris was born around 83 BC. Her mother died in childbirth in 69 BC. She was raised afterwards by her paternal grandmother Aurelia Cotta. ...


Caesar and Caesarion

In Plutarch, eager to take advantage of Julius Caesar's anger with Ptolemy, Queen Cleopatra returned to the palace in a Persian carpet and had it presented to Caesar by her servant. It was at this point Caesar abandoned his plans to annex Egypt, instead backing Cleopatra's claim to the throne. After a short civil war, Ptolemy XIII was drowned in the Nile and Caesar restored Cleopatra to her throne, with another younger brother Ptolemy XIV as new co-ruler. Mestrius Plutarchus (c. ... Gāius Jūlius Caesar (IPA: ;[1]), July 12 or July 13, 100 BC – March 15, 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader and one of the most influential men in world history. ... The Nile (Arabic: ‎, translit: , Ancient Egyptian iteru) is a river in Africa, often regarded as the longest river on Earth, although some sources claim the Amazon in South America is longer. ... Ptolemy XIV (lived 60 BC/59 BC - 44 BC, reigned 47 BC - 44 BC), a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ...


Despite the thirty year age difference, Cleopatra and Caesar became lovers during his stay in Egypt between 48 BC and 47 BC. On 23 June 47 BC Cleopatra gave birth to a child, Ptolemy Caesar (nicknamed "Caesarion" which means "little Caesar"). Cleopatra claimed Caesar was the father and wished him to name the boy his heir, but Caesar refused, choosing his grand-nephew Octavian instead. June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of... A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Nick is short for Nicholas). ... Augustus (Latin: IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS;[1] September 23, 63 BC–August 19, AD 14), known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (English Octavian; Latin: C•IVLIVS•C•F•CAESAR•OCTAVIANVS) for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, was the first and among the most important of...


Cleopatra and Caesarion visited Rome between 47 BC and 44 BC and were present when Caesar was assassinated on 15 March 44 BC. Before or just after the assassination she returned to Egypt. When Ptolemy XIV died mysteriously (possibly poisoned by Cleopatra) Cleopatra made Caesarion her co-regent and successor. March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of...


Cleopatra and Mark Antony

In 42 BC, Mark Antony, one of the triumvirs who ruled Rome in the power vacuum following Caesar's death, summoned Cleopatra to meet him in Tarsus to answer questions about her loyalty. Cleopatra arrived in great state, and so charmed Antony that he chose to spend the winter of 41 BC–40 BC with her in Alexandria. On 25 December 40 BC she gave birth to twins, who were named Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene (II). For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ... The Second Triumvirate is the name historians give to the official political alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian, later Caesar Augustus), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony formed on 26 November 43 BC. Unlike the somewhat more famous First Triumvirate, the Second Triumvirate was an official (if extraconstitutional) organisation... Tarsus is a city in present day Turkey, on the mouth of the Tarsus Cay (Cydnus) into the Mediterranean. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining for the year. ... Fraternal twin boys in the tub Twins in animal biology is a case of multiple birth in which the mother gives birth to two offspring from the same pregnancy. ... Alexander Helios (25 December 40 BC – ? ) was the son of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony, and the twin brother of Cleopatra Selene. ... Cleopatra Selene Cleopatra Selene II (Her name in Greek Κλεοπατρα Σελινη) (25 December 40 BC - 6 AD) also known as Cleopatra VIII was the only daughter to the Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. ...


Four years later, in 37 BC, Antony visited Alexandria again while on route to make war with the Parthians. He renewed his relationship with Cleopatra, and from this point on Alexandria would be his home. He married Cleopatra according to the Egyptian rite (a letter quoted in Suetonius suggests this), although he was at the time married to Octavia Minor, sister of his fellow triumvir Octavian. He and Cleopatra had another child, Ptolemy Philadelphus. At the Donations of Alexandria in late 34 BC, following Antony's conquest of Armenia, Cleopatra and Caesarion were crowned co-rulers of Egypt and Cyprus; Alexander Helios was crowned ruler of Armenia, Media, and Parthia; Cleopatra Selene (II) was crowned ruler of Cyrenaica and Libya; and Ptolemy Philadelphus was crowned ruler of Phoenicia, Syria, and Cilicia. Cleopatra also took the title of Queen of Kings. Reproduction of a Parthian warrior as depicted on Trajans Column The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Origins Bust of Parthian soldier, Esgh-abad Museum, Turkmenia. ... The Twelve Caesars is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire. ... For other Roman noble women of this name see Octavia (69 - 11 BC.) Octavia Thurina Minor was one of the most prominent women in Roman history, respected and admired by contemporaries for her loyalty, nobility and humanity and for maintaining traditional Roman feminine virtues. ... Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ... Ptolemy Philadelphus (Autumn 36 - ? BC) was the youngest child of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. ... Cleopatra Cleopatra VII Philopator (December, 70 BC or January, 69 BC–August 12?, 30 BC) was queen of ancient Egypt. ... Alexander Helios (25 December 40 BC – ? ) was the son of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Mark Antony, and the twin brother of Cleopatra Selene. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cleopatra Selene Cleopatra Selene II (Her name in Greek Κλεοπατρα Σελινη) (25 December 40 BC - 6 AD) also known as Cleopatra VIII was the only daughter to the Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. ... The Roman Empire ca. ... Ptolemy Philadelphus (Autumn 36 - ? BC) was the youngest child of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII of Egypt. ... Phoenicia was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal plains of what is now Lebanon. ... Cilicia as Roman province, 120 AD In Antiquity, Cilicia (Κιλικία) was the name of a region, now known as Çukurova, and often a political unit, on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ...


There are a number of unverifiable but famous stories about Cleopatra, of which one of the best known is that, at one of the lavish dinners she shared with Antony, she playfully bet him that she could spend ten million sesterces on a dinner. He accepted the bet. The next night, she had a conventional, unspectacular meal served; he was ridiculing this, when she ordered the second course — only a cup of strong vinegar. She then removed one of her priceless pearl earrings, dropped it into the vinegar, allowed it to dissolve, and drank the mixture. The sestertius was an ancient Roman coin. ...


Antony's behavior was considered outrageous by the Romans, and Octavian convinced the Senate to levy war against Egypt. In 31 BC Antony's forces faced the Romans in a naval action off the coast of Actium. Cleopatra was present with a fleet of her own. Popular legend tells us that when she saw that Antony's poorly equipped and manned ships were losing to the Romans' superior vessels, she took flight and that Antony abandoned the battle to follow her, but no contemporary evidence states this was the case. Combatants Octavian Mark Antony, Cleopatra VII of Egypt Commanders Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa Mark Antony Strength 260 warships, mostly liburnian vessels 220 warships, mostly quinqueremes and 60 egyptian warships Casualties Unknown Almost all of Antonys fleet The Battle of Actium was a naval battle of the Roman Civil War between...

The Death of Cleopatra by Reginald Arthur
The Death of Cleopatra by Reginald Arthur

Following the Battle of Actium, Octavian invaded Egypt. As he approached Alexandria, Antony's armies deserted to Octavian on August 12, 30 BC. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Arthur Reginald Smith was born in Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire, and grew up in Threshfield. ... Combatants Octavian Mark Antony, Cleopatra VII of Egypt Commanders Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa Mark Antony Strength 260 warships, mostly liburnian vessels 220 warships, mostly quinqueremes and 60 egyptian warships Casualties Unknown Almost all of Antonys fleet The Battle of Actium was a naval battle of the Roman Civil War between... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC 10s BC 0s 10s 20s Years: 35 BC 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC...


Suicide

Antony committed suicide, having been told Cleopatra was dead. According to the doctor Olympus (an eye-witness), he was brought to Cleopatra's tomb and died in her arms. A few days later, on November 30, Cleopatra also died by her own hand. The ancient sources generally agree that she had two asps smuggled into her tomb in a water-jug which she applied to her arm (not, contrary to popular belief, to her breast). Her two handmaidens died with her. Octavian, waiting in a building nearby, was informed of her death, and went to see for himself. .[2] - - Cleopatra's son by Caesar, Caesarion, was proclaimed pharaoh by Egyptians, but Octavian had already won. Caesarion was captured and executed, his fate reportedly sealed by Octavian's famous phrase: "Too many Caesars". Thus ended not just the Hellenistic line of Egyptian pharaohs, but the line of all Egyptian pharaohs. The three children of Cleopatra with Antony were spared and taken back to Rome where they were reared by Antony's wife, Octavia. Asp is the modern/anglicized form of aspis. ... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of...


Cleopatra in art, film, TV, and literature

Cleopatra's story has fascinated scores of writers and artists through the centuries. No doubt, much of her appeal lay in her legend as a great seductress who was able to ally herself with two of the most powerful men (Caesar and Antony) of her time. Seduction is the process of deliberately enticing another person into an act (see motivation). ...


Literature: Drama

Among the more famous works on her:

Antony and Cleopatra is a historical tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1607 or 1608 and printed in the First Folio, 1623. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... All For Love is a Korean Series dubbed in Tagalog, shown in the Philippines on GMA, the Kapuso Netwrok. ... John Dryden John Dryden (August 9, 1631 – May 12, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, and playwright who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known as the Age of Dryden. ... Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1901 play by George Bernard Shaw. ... George Bernard Shaw (George) Bernard Shaw[1] (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950) was an Irish playwright based in the United Kingdom. ... Ahmed Shawqi (1868-1932) Egyptian poet and dramatist who pioneered the modern Arab literary movement, most notably introducing the genre of poetic epics to the Arabic literary tradition. ...

Literature: Other

THE MEMOIRS OF CLEOPATRA is a novel written by Margaret George and released on May 15, 1998. ... Margaret George (born in 1943) is an American historian and historical novelist, writing historical biographies. ... Cléopâtre is an opera in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Louis Payen. ... Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (May 12, 1842 - August 13, 1912) was a French composer. ... Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902. ... The Legend of Good Women is a poem in the form of a dream vision by Geoffrey Chaucer. ... Victorien Sardou (September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French dramatist. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... H. Rider Haggard, author Sir Henry Rider Haggard (June 22, 1856 – May 14, 1925), born in Norfolk, England, was a Victorian writer of adventure novels set in locations considered exotic by readers in his native England. ... Margaret George (born in 1943) is an American historian and historical novelist, writing historical biographies. ... Asterix the Gaul Asterix (French: Astérix) is a fictional character, created in 1959 as the hero of a series of French comic books (with the same title) by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). ... Dame Elizabeth Rosamund Taylor, DBE (born February 27, 1932) is an iconic two-time Academy Award-winning British actress. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...

Films

Film poster for the 1917 Cleopatra film.
Film poster for the 1917 Cleopatra film.

The earliest Cleopatra-related motion picture was Antony and Cleopatra (1908) with Florence Lawrence as Cleopatra. The earliest film on Cleopatra as the main subject was Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, starring Helen Gardner (1912). Image File history File links Cleopatra1917. ... Image File history File links Cleopatra1917. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Florence Lawrence Florence Lawrence (January 2, 1886 – December 28, 1938) was an inventor and actress, who was referred to as The First Movie Star. ...


Among the film/TV works inspired by the Queen of the Nile:

  • (1963): Totò E Cleopatra , it is an italian comedy movie about Cleopatra and Mark Antony, played by the italian actor Totò
  • (1970): Kureopatora (Cleopatra: Queen of Sex), a bizarre animated Japanese movie by Osamu Tezuka and was became the first X-rated animated film (predating Fritz the Cat) when it came to the U.S. The English subtitled version is said to be lost, but a (dubbed!) clip is available on YouTube.

A longer discussion of Cleopatra films is at: Cleopatra (movie). The 1917 Cleopatra was directed by J. Gordon Edwards and starred Theda Bara in the title role. ... Theda Bara portrayed Cleopatra, in a costume of dubious historical accuracy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... J. Gordon Edwards, 1919-2004 Author, A Climbers Guide to Glacier National Park, emeritus professor of Biology, San Jose State University. ... Cleopatra is a 1934 film retelling the story of Cleopatra VII of Egypt. ... Claudette Colbert Claudette Colbert (September 13, 1903 - July 30, 1996) was an Academy Award-winning French-American actress for It Happened One Night. ... Warren William (2 December 1894 - 24 September 1948) was a Broadway and Hollywood actor, born Warren William Krech in Aitkin, Minnesota. ... Henry Wilcoxon (or sometimes Harry and/or Wilcoxin) (September 8, 1905 - March 6, 1984) was an actor born in Dominica, British West Indies, and best known as a leading man in many of Cecil B. DeMilles movies. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was one of the most successful filmmakers during the first half of the 20th century. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a British actress. ... Claude Rains in Casablanca (1942) Claude Rains (November 10, 1889 - May 30, 1967) was an English actor. ... Stewart Granger (May 6, 1913 – August 16, 1993) was an English film actor, mainly associated with heroic and romantic leading roles. ... Flora Robson (March 28, 1902 - July 7, 1984) was a British actress renowned as one of the great character players and one of Britains theatrical grandes dames. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Caesar and Cleopatra is a 1901 play by George Bernard Shaw. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (22 May 1907–11 July 1989) was an Academy Award winning English actor, director, and producer. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Rhonda Fleming Rhonda Fleming (born August 10, 1923), nicknamed the Queen of Technicolor, is an American actress. ... Raymond Burr Raymond William Stacey Burr (May 21, 1917 – September 12, 1993) was an actor, most known for his roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. ... This article is about the Canadian actor. ... Cleopatra is a 1963 film directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. ... Dame Elizabeth Rosamund Taylor, DBE (born February 27, 1932) is an iconic two-time Academy Award-winning British actress. ... Rex Harrison in Cleopatra (1963) Sir Reginald Carey Rex Harrison (March 5, 1908 – June 2, 1990) was a British theatre and film actor. ... Richard Burton CBE (November 10, 1925 – August 5, 1984) was a Welsh actor. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... The Carry On films were a long-running series of British popular low-budget comedy films, directed by Gerald Thomas and produced by Peter Rogers. ... Categories: Stub | 1935 births | English actors | Soap opera actors | Carry On film actors ... Sid James Sid James (8 May 1913–26 April 1976) was a film and television actor. ... Kenneth Williams Kenneth Charles Williams (22 February 1926 – 15 April 1988) was an English comic actor, star of twenty six films and notable radio comedies with Tony Hancock and Kenneth Horne, as well as a witty raconteur on a wide range of subjects. ... Osamu Tezuka and his creations commemorated on two stamps Dr. Osamu Tezuka (手塚 治虫 Tezuka Osamu, November 3, 1928 - February 9, 1989) was a Japanese manga artist and animator born in Osaka Prefecture. ... X-rated, X certificate, X classification or similar terms are labels for movies implying strong adult content, typically pornography or violence. ... Robert Crumbs Fritz the Cat Fritz the Cat is a comic book fictional character created by Robert Crumb. ... Antony and Cleopatra is an historical tragedy by William Shakespeare, first performed in 1607 or 1608 and printed in the First Folio, 1623. ... Janet Suzman (born February 9, 1939) is a South African actress. ... Richard Johnson (born July 30, 1927) is a British actor, writer and producer, who starred in several British films of the 1960s and has also had a distinguished stage career. ... Patrick Stewart, OBE, (born July 13, 1940) is an English film, television, and stage actor and Vice-Chancellor of Huddersfield University. ... The 1999 film Cleopatra (produced by Hallmark Entertainment) starred Leonor Varela (Cleopatra), Timothy Dalton (Caesar), Rupert Graves (Octavius) and Billy Zane (Antony). ... Leonor Varela Leonor Varela (born December 9, 1972) is an actress from Chile. ... Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946) is a Welsh-born English actor of stage and screen, famous for being chosen as the fourth official James Bond. ... William George Zane, Jr. ... Margaret George (born in 1943) is an American historian and historical novelist, writing historical biographies. ... Cleopatra is the name of several movies about the last Egyptian queen of the same name. ...


TV

  • (1998): Histeria! frequently featured Cleopatra, usually portrayed by a tanned World's Oldest Woman or, if she were being portrayed as attractive, Pepper Mills.
  • (2005): Rome (TV series), episode 8 of season 1 features Cleopatra extensively, along with her brother Ptolemy XIII. The episode begins with Pompey's assassination and ends with the birth of Caesarion.

Histeria! was a short-lived animated television series made by Warner Bros. ... The Worlds Oldest Woman is a fictional character featured on the Warner Bros. ... Pepper Mills is a fictional character created for the Warner Bros. ... Rome is a historical drama, produced in Italy for television by HBO (USA), BBC (UK) and RAI (Italy). ...

Opera

  • Antony and Cleopatra by Samuel Barber opened the new Metropolitan Opera House in 1966.

HANDEL was the code-name for the UKs National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. ... Carl Heinrich Graun (ca. ... Johann Adolph Hasse. ... Jules (Émile Frédéric) Massenet (May 12, 1842 - August 13, 1912) was a French composer. ... Johann Mattheson (September 28, 1681 – April 17, 1764) was a German composer, writer, lexicographer, and music theorist. ...

Ancient art - triumph painting, sculpture

The most famous painting of Cleopatra is one that almost certainly no longer exists now. Because the queen died in Egypt well before Augustus' triumph could be put on in Rome, in which she would have walked in chains, Augustus commissioned a large painting of her, which was carried in his triumphal procession, and which may have represented her being poisoned by an asp. The sources for the story are Plut. Ant. 86 and App. Civ. II.102, although the latter may well refer to a statue, and Cass. Dio LI.21.3 reports that the "image" was of gold, and thus not a painting at all. The purported painting was seen and engraved in the early 19th century: it was in a private collection near Sorrento. Since then, this painting is said to have formed part of a collection in Cortona, but there no longer appears to be any trace of it; its quiet disappearance is almost certainly due to its being a fake. For comprehensive details on the entire question, see the external links at the end of this article. Sorrento is the name of many cities and towns: Sorrento,_Italy Sorrento,_Florida, United States of America Sorrento, suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Sorrento, suburb of Perth, Western Australia, Australia Sorrento, Hong Kong, the largest residential development on Kowloon Station This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... André Rieu Concert in Piazza Della Republica, Cortona Cortona is a small town in Tuscany, Italy. ...


Paintings, Renaissance onwards

Cleopatra and her death have inspired hundreds of paintings from the Renaissance to our own time, none of them of any historical value of course; the subject appealing in particular to French academic painters. Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ...

  • Sir Thomas Browne: Of the Picture describing the death of Cleopatra (1672)
  • John Sartain: On the Antique Portrait of Cleopatra (1818)

The suicide

  • Suicide of Cleopatra. Oil on canvas. 46 x 36-3/4 in. (116.8 x 93.3 cm) painted by Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, also called Guercino. Painted in 1621 and which hangs in the collection in the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California. It shows Cleopatra and in her hand a snake that she prepares to use in her suicide.
  • The Death of Cleopatra, painted by Jean André Rixens, painted in 1874 and that hangs in the Musée des Augustins in Toulouse, France.
The Death of Cleopatra, Guido Cagnacci, 1658
The Death of Cleopatra, Guido Cagnacci, 1658
  • The Death of Cleopatra, painted by Guido Cagnacci, painted in 1658. Oil on canvas. Hanging in the Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum.

The Italian painter Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (1591—1666) known as Guercino, was born at Cento, a village not far from Bologna. ... The Norton Simon Museum is an art museum located in Pasadena, California, originally known by several other names. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Musée des Augustins in Toulouse The Musée des Augustins de Toulouse, sited in a Gothic convent in Toulouse, France, conserves a collection of sculpture and paintings from the Middle Ages to the early twentieth century. ... The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, and in local Toulouse accent) (Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (997x892, 122 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Cleopatra VII of Egypt ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (997x892, 122 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Cleopatra VII of Egypt ... Guido Cagnacci ( 1601-1663) was a late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School. ... Guido Cagnacci ( 1601-1663) was a late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School. ...

Other

  • The Banquet of Cleopatra (1743–5). Oil on Canvas, 248.2 x 357.8cm. Painted by Giambattista Tiepolo (1696–1770), which hangs in the National Gallery of Victoria, Australia, depicting the banquet in which Cleopatra dissolves her pearl earring in a glass of vinegar.
  • Cleopatra and Caesar (Cléopâtre et César) (1866). Oil on canvas. Painted by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904). The original painting has been lost, and only copies remain. The work depicts Cleopatra standing before a seated Caesar, painted in the Orientalist style.

Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other functions where sturdiness is required. ... The Death of Hyacinth Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 - March 27, 1770) was a Venetian painter. ... White pearls strung on a necklace. ... Vinegar is often infused with spices or herbs—as here, with oregano. ... Jean-Léon Gérôme (May 11, 1824 - 1904) was a French painter and sculptor who produced many works in a historical, Orientalist style. ... Orientalism is the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages and peoples by Western scholars. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Peter Green (1990). Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 661-664. ISBN 0-520-05611-6.
  2. ^ Smith, William (ed.) (1867). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 802.

Peter Green (born 1924) is a British classical scholar noted for his Alexander to Actium, a general account of the Hellenistic Age, and other works. ... Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ... Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology is a encyclopedia/biographical dictionary. ...

External links

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

General

Jacob Abbott (November 14, 1803 – October 31, 1879) was an American writer of childrens books. ... Project Gutenberg (often abbreviated as PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ...

Paintings of Cleopatra

  • Sir Thomas Browne: Of the Picture describing the death of Cleopatra (1672)
  • John Sartain: On the Antique Portrait of Cleopatra (1818)
Preceded by:
Ptolemy XII
Ptolemaic Queen of Egypt
with Ptolemy XII, Ptolemy XIII, Ptolemy XIV, and Ptolemy XV
Succeeded by:
Roman province

Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... The Ptolemaic dynasty was a Hellenistic royal family which ruled over Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. Ptolemy, a Macedonian and one of Alexander the Greats generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexanders death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared... Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BCE - 51 BCE) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. His mother is unknown. ... Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (lived 62 BCE/61 BCE–January 13, 47 BCE?, reigned from 51 BCE) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... Ptolemy XIV (lived 60 BC/59 BC - 44 BC, reigned 47 BC - 44 BC), a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. ... Cleopatra and Caesarion at the temple of Dendera, Egypt Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar, nicknamed Caesarion (little Caesar) (lived June 23, 47 BC to August, 30 BC; reigned September 2, 44 BC to August, 30 BC), the last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, was the eldest son of... The Roman Empire ca. ... The following is a list of Ancient Egyptian people. ... The Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is taken to include the First and Second Dynasties, lasting from 2920 BC, following the Protodynastic Period of Egypt, until 2575 BC, or the beginning of the Old Kingdom. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hor-Aha was the 2nd Pharaoh of the 1st dynasty of Ancient Egypt. ... The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement - this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley (the... Step pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara, Egypt Netjerikhet Djoser (Turin King List Dsr-it; Manetho Tosarthros) is the best-known pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt, for commissioning his vizier Imhotep to build his Step Pyramid at Saqqara. ... Sneferu, Egyptian Museum The Red Pyramid of Sneferu Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek known as Soris), was the founder of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt, reigning from around 2613 BC to 2589 BC. His name, Snefer, means To make beautiful in Egyptian. ... Cheops redirects here, for other usages see Cheops (disambiguation). ... Khafre also refers to a block cipher. ... Sketch of a statue of Menkaura and his queen The Pyramid of Menkaure, Giza Menkaura (or Men-Kau-Re; Mycerinus in Latin; Mykerinos in Greek) was a pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt (ca. ... nomen or birth name Pepi II (c. ... The Middle Kingdom is a period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Fourteenth Dynasty, roughly between 1991 BC and 1648 BC. The Eleventh Dynasty Information needed. ... nomen or birth name Nebhotepre Mentuhotep II (2046-1995 BCE) was a Pharaoh of the 11th dynasty, the son of Intef III of Egypt and a minor queen called Iah. ... nomen or birth name Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV was the last king of the 11th Dynasty. ... nomen or birth name Senusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat III (ca. ... nomen or birth name Queen Sobekneferu (sometimes written as Nefrusobek) was the Egyptian queen of the Twelfth dynasty, who ruled without a king. ... The New Kingdom is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BCE and the 11th century BC, covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth Dynasties of Egypt. ... Maat-ka-re[1] Truth is the Soul of Re Nomen Hatshepsut[1] Who Loved Amun, Foremost of Noble Ladies Horus name Wesetkau [1] Nebty name Wadjrenput[1] Golden Horus Netjeretkhau [1] Consort(s) Thutmose II Issues Neferure Father Thutmose I Mother Queen Ahmose Died 1458 BC Burial KV20 Major... Menkheperre Lasting is the Manifestation of Re Nomen Thutmose Neferkheperu Son of Ra, Thutmose, beautiful of forms Horus name Kanakht Khaemwaset Horus Mighty Bull, Arising in Thebes Nebty name Wahnesytmireempet He of the Two Ladies, Enduring in kingship like Re in heaven Golden Horus Sekhempahtydsejerkhaw Horus of Gold Powerful of... nomen or birth name Nebmaatre Amenhotep III (called Nibmu(`w)areya in the Amarna letters) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty. ... For other uses, see Akhenaten (disambiguation). ... Nebkheperure Lord of the forms of Re Nomen Tutankhaten Living Image of the Aten Tutankhamun Hekaiunushema Living Image of Amun, ruler of Upper Heliopolis Horus name Kanakht Tutmesut The strong bull, pleasing of birth Nebty name Neferhepusegerehtawy One of perfect laws, who pacifies the two lands [1] Golden Horus Wetjeskhausehetepnetjeru... nomen or birth name Menpehtyre Ramesses I (also written Ramses and Rameses) was the founding Pharaoh of Ancient Egypts 19th dynasty. ... nomen or birth name Menmaatre, or Seti I was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt), the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. According to some historians, he reigned between either 1294 BC or 1290 BC to 1279 BC or 1305... Usermaatre-setepenre The Justice of Re is Powerful, Chosen of Re Nomen Ramesses (meryamun) Born of Re, (Beloved of Amun) Horus name Kanakht Merymaa Nebty name Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Horus Userrenput-aanehktu Consort(s) Isetnofret, Nefertari Maathorneferure Issues Bintanath, Khaemweset, Merneptah, Amun-her-khepsef Meritamen Father Seti I Mother Queen Tuya... nomen or birth name Hedjkheperre Setepenre Shoshenq I (Egyptian ššnq), also known as Sheshonk or Sheshonq I (for discussion of the spelling, see Shoshenq), was a Meshwesh Libyan king of Egypt and founder of the Twenty-second Dynasty. ... Piye, whose name was once transliterated as Pi(ankh)y. ... Taharqa (also spelled Tirhakah, Taharka, Manethos Tarakos) was king of Egypt, and a member of the Nubian or Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt, whose reign is usually dated 690 BC to 664 BC. He was also the son of Piye, the Nubian king of Napata who had first conquered... praenomen or throne name nomen or birth name Psammetichus, or Psamtik I, was the first of three kings of the Saite, or Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt. ... Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC–283 BC) was a Macedonian Greek who became the ruler of Egypt (323 BC - 283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. ... Tetisheri was the matriarch of the Egyptian royal family of the late 17th Dynasty and early 18th Dynasty. ... Queen Ahmose-Nefertari of Egypt was the sister-wife of Egypts Pharaoh King Ahmose I. She had two children-Amenhotep I and Aahhotep II, who wed each other and had the Princess Aahmes. ... Queen Ahmose was the mother of Hatshepsut of Egypt. ... Tiye (c. ... Bust of Nefertiti from Berlins Altes Museum. ... Ankhesenpaaten, also known as Ankhesenamun, was the third of six known daughters of the Pharaoh Akhenaten by his wife Nefertiti. ... A picture of Nefertari taken in her Abu Simbel temple. ... For his relatives, see Marcus Antonius (disambiguation). ... Statuette of Imhotep in the Louvre Imhotep (sometimes spelled Immutef, Im-hotep, or Ii-em-Hotep, Egyptian ) is the first architect and physician known by name in written history. ... Weni was a court official of the 6th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. ... Ahmose, son of Ebana served in the Egyptian military under the pharaohs Tao II Seqenenre, Ahmose, Amenhotep I, and Thutmose I. His autobiography has survived intact on the wall of his tomb and has proven a valuable source of information on the late 17th Dynasty and the early 18th Dynasty... Ineofficial of the 18th Dynasty, responsible for major constructions un Egypt| Thutmose II]], Hatshepsut, and Thutmose III. Ineni came from an aristocratic family and likely began his career as an architect under Amenhotep I. Amenhotep I commissioned Ineni to expand the Temple of Karnak. ... Senemut was an 18th dynasty Ancient Egyptian architect and government official. ... Rekhmire was chief advisor to Djehutymes III[1] and Amenhotep II[2]. He was also High Priest of Annu. ... Yuya (left), suspected of being foreign, compared with his Egyptian wife Tuya (right). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Maya (Egyptian official). ... Yuny was an official through the reign of Ramesses II, in the 19th Dynasty, serving as chief scribe of the court, the overseer of priests, and royal steward. ... Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... Pothinus (early 1st Century BC - 48 or 47 BC) was regent for Pharaoh Ptolemy XIII of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cleopatra VII of Egypt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2170 words)
Cleopatra VII Philopator (January 69 BC – August 12, 30 BC,Greek:Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ), later Cleopatra Thea Neotera Philopator kai Philopatris, was queen of ancient Egypt, the last member of the Ptolemaic dynasty and hence the last Hellenistic ruler of Egypt.
Cleopatra was a co-ruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV and later her son Caesarion.
"Cleopatra" is Greek for "father's glory," and her full name, "Cleopatra Thea Philopator" means "the Goddess Cleopatra, the Beloved of Her Father." She was the third daughter of the king Ptolemy XII Auletes, with whom she was first made to rule.When Cleopatra VII ascended the Egyptian throne, she was only seventeen.
Cleopatra VII of Egypt - definition of Cleopatra VII of Egypt in Encyclopedia (1388 words)
Cleopatra VII Philopator (December, 70 BC or January, 69 BC–August 12?, 30 BC) was queen of ancient Egypt.
Cleopatra VII took the throne alone at the death of her father in Spring 51 BC.
Cleopatra arrived in great state, and so charmed Antony that he chose to spend the winter of 42 BC–41 BC with her in Alexandria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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