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Encyclopedia > Clematis
?Clematis
Clematis hybrid
Clematis hybrid
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Clematis
Dill. ex L.
Species

See text. Clematis hybrid from http://www. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text The Ranunculales are an order of flowering plants, which belong among the basal eudicots. ... genera see text Ranunculaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Johann Jakob Dillen (Dillenius) (1687-April 2, 1747) was a German botanist. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...

Clematis is a genus of mostly vigorous climbing lianas, with attractive flowers. Some species are shrubby, and some others are herbaceous perennials. They are found throughout the temperate regions of both hemispheres, and also in mountains in the tropics. The cool temperate species are deciduous, but many of the warmer climate species are evergreen. In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... A liana is woody climber. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... This article is about the plants used in cooking and medicine. ... A Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ...

Clematis viticella v. Etiole Violette
Enlarge
Clematis viticella v. Etiole Violette

Most species are known as Clematis in English, while some are also known as traveller's joy, leather flower, vase vine and virgin's bower, the last three being names used for North American species. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 393 KB) Summary Description: Clematis - Etoile Violette Date of Creation: 15th August 2005 Source: Self-made Photographer: ryan <at> ronline. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 393 KB) Summary Description: Clematis - Etoile Violette Date of Creation: 15th August 2005 Source: Self-made Photographer: ryan <at> ronline. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...


One recent classification recognised 297 species of clematis. Unsurprisingly, therefore, modern taxonomists subdivide the genus. Magnus Johnson divided Clematis into 19 sections, several with subsections [1]; Christopher Grey-Wilson divided the genus into 9 subgenera, several with sections and subsections within them [2]. Several of the subdivisions are fairly consistent between different classifications, for example all Grey-Wilson's subgenera are used as sections by Johnson. Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... In biology, a subgenus is a taxonomic grade intermediate between genus and species. ...


Subgenera of Clematis according to Grey-Wilson:

Clematis, Cheiropsis, Flammula, Archiclematis, Campanella, Atragene, Tubulosae, Pseudanemone, Viorna

Some of these were previously classed as separate genera.


Species

Purple clematis
Purple clematis
Clematis montana
Clematis montana
Flowers of Clematis vitalba look different from most other Clematis
Flowers of Clematis vitalba look different from most other Clematis
Seed heads of Clematis vitalba growing in a hedge, showing why it is known colloquially as "Old man's beard"

A partial list of species: Download high resolution version (1825x1514, 523 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1825x1514, 523 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x1296, 352 KB) Clematis montana (en:Clematis) - growing together with a variegated ivy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (972x1296, 352 KB) Clematis montana (en:Clematis) - growing together with a variegated ivy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 152 KB) Clematis vitalba (Travellers Joy), flowers. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x864, 152 KB) Clematis vitalba (Travellers Joy), flowers. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x1024, 650 KB) Summary Seed heads of Clematis vitalba, known colloquially as Old mans beard. Taken in the UK in January. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x1024, 650 KB) Summary Seed heads of Clematis vitalba, known colloquially as Old mans beard. Taken in the UK in January. ... The word hedge is used in three quite different contexts: In gardening and agriculture, a hedge or hedgerow is a boundary formed by growing plants so that their limbs intertwine. ...

  • Clematis addisonii - Addison's Leather Flower
  • Clematis albicoma - Whitehair Leather Flower
  • Clematis alpina - Alpine Clematis, a hardy clematis flowering in August
  • Clematis armandii - one of two evergreen Clematis species (the other is C. cirrhosa); it includes the 'Apple Blossom' and 'Snowdrift' cultivars.
  • Clematis baldwinii - Pine Hyacinth
  • Clematis bigelovii - Bigelow Clematis
  • Clematis campaniflora - Portuguese Clematis
  • Clematis caracasana - Clematis
  • Clematis catesbyana - Satin curls
  • Clematis cirrhosa - one of two evergreen Clematis species (the other is C. armandii); it includes the 'Freckles,' 'Wisley Cream,' 'Jingle Bells,' and 'balearica' cultivars.
  • Clematis coactilis - Virginia Whitehair Leather Flower
  • Clematis columbiana - British Columbia Virgin's-bower
  • Clematis crispa - Curly Virginsbower
  • Clematis dioica - Cabellos de Angel
  • Clematis drummondii - Drummond Clematis
  • Clematis durandii
  • Clematis flammula - Fragrant Virgin's Bower
  • Clematis florida - Asian Clematis
  • Clematis fremontii - Fremont's Leather Flower
  • Clematis glaucophylla - Whiteleaf Leather Flower
  • Clematis hirsutissima - Hairy Clematis
  • Clematis integrifolia
  • Clematis x jackmanii - Jackman's Clematis
  • Clematis lasiantha - Pipestem Clematis
  • Clematis ligusticifolia - Virgin's Bower
  • Clematis macropetala
  • Clematis marmoraria - New Zealand Dwarf Clematis
  • Clematis montana - Anemone Clematis
  • Clematis morefieldii - Huntsville Vasevine
  • Clematis occidentalis - Western Blue Virginsbower
  • Clematis ochroleuca - Curlyheads
  • Clematis orientalis - Chinese Clematis
  • Clematis palmeri - Palmer Clematis
  • Clematis pauciflora - Ropevine Clematis
  • Clematis pitcheri - Bluebill
  • Clematis recta - Ground Clematis
  • Clematis reticulata - Netleaf Leather Flower
  • Clematis socialis - Alabama Leather Flower
  • Clematis tangutica - Golden Clematis
  • Clematis terniflora - Leatherleaf Clematis
  • Clematis texensis - Scarlet Leather Flower
  • Clematis versicolor - Manycolored Leather Flower
  • Clematis viorna - Vasevine or Traveller's joy
  • Clematis virginiana - Devil's Darning Needles, Virginia Bower
  • Clematis vitalba - Traveller's Joy or Old Man's Beard - The flowers of this species are eaten by the larvae of moths including The V-Pug and Double-striped Pug and the leaves by Willow Beauty.
  • Clematis viticaulis - Millboro Leather Flower
  • Clematis viticella - Italian Clematis

Binomial name Clematis flammula L. Clematis flammula is a temperate liana known by the common name fragrant virgins bower. ... Binomial name Clematis lasiantha Nutt. ... Binomial name Clematis lasiantha Nutt. ... Binomial name Clematis marmoraria Categories: Plant stubs | Ranunculales ... Binomial name Clematis recta L. Clematis recta, the Erect Clematis or Ground virginsbower, is a species of Clematis unusual in that it is a free-standing shrub rather than a climbing plant. ... Binomial name Clematis texensis Buckl. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Clematis vitalba L. (1753) Clematis vitalba (also known as Old mans beard and Travellers Joy) is a shrub of the Ranunculaceae family. ... A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... A moth is an insect closely related to the butterfly. ... Binomial name Chloroclystis v-ata Haworth, 1809 The V-Pug (Chloroclystis v-ata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Gymnoscelis rufifasciata Haworth, 1809 The Double-striped Pug (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Peribatodes rhomboidaria Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 The Willow Beauty (Peribatodes rhomboidaria) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ...

References

  • Grey-Wilson, Christopher Clematis: The Genus : A Comprehensive Guide for Gardeners, Horticulturists and Botanists (Timber Press, 2000)
  • Johnson, Magnus The Genus Clematis (Magnus Johnson Plantskola AB, 2001)
  • Gardeners' Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers, Christopher Brickell ed. (Dorling Kindersley, 1989)

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Clematis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (357 words)
Clematis is a genus of mostly vigorous climbing lianas, with attractive flowers.
Most species are known as Clematis in English, while some are also known as traveller's joy, leather flower, vase vine and virgin's bower, the last three being names used for North American species.
Clematis vitalba - Traveller's Joy or Old Man's Beard - The flowers of this species are eaten by the larvae of moths including The V-Pug and Double-striped Pug and the leaves by Willow Beauty.
Clematis (2054 words)
Clematis are among the most decorative and spectacular of all the flowering vines.
Clematis have a dense mat of leaves that is ideal to shade porches.
Clematis like to be grown with "their heads in the sun and their feet in the shade." Clematis need at least 6 hours of sun to flower best, but in South Carolina they will benefit from some shade during the afternoon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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