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Encyclopedia > Cleft palate

Cleft palate is a condition in which the two plates of the skull that form the hard palate (roof of the mouth) are not completely joined. In some cases, cleft lip is present as well. A Hippopotamuss skull A skull, or cranium, is a bony structure of vertebrates which serves as the general framework for a head. ... The hard palate is a thin horizontal bony plate of the skull, located in the roof of the mouth. ...

Contents


Complications

Cleft palate may cause problems with feeding, ear disease, and speech. Some of the primary and permanent teeth may also be missing. When the lip is cleft as well, the person may face social stigma.


Causes

A cleft in the palate is normally present in early embryos; usually these clefts close five or six weeks after conception. The causes of the cleft remaining open are poorly understood. Possibilities include genetics, drugs, infections, maternal illness, maternal smoking and alcohol use, and deficiency of folic acid. In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic al-khwl الكحول, or al-ghawl الغول) refers almost always to ethanol, also known as grain alcohol, and often to any beverage that contains ethanol (see alcoholic beverage). ... Folic acid (the anion form is called folate) is a B-complex vitamin (once called vitamin M) that is important in preventing neural tube defects (NTDs) in the developing human fetus. ...


In some cases, cleft palate is caused by syndromes which also cause other problems.


Treatment

Cleft palate can be corrected by surgery, usually performed between 9 and 18 months. Repeated surgeries are often necessary as the child grows. A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cleft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (794 words)
Cleft lip is formed in the upper lip as either a small gap or dent in the lip (partial or incomplete cleft) or continues into the nose (complete cleft).
Cleft palate is a condition in which the two plates of the skull that form the hard palate (roof of the mouth) are not completely joined.
In some countries cleft lip or palate deformity are either tolerated or officially sanctioned reasons to perform abortion beyond the legal fetal age limit, even though the fetus is not in jeopardy of life or limb.
Dental Health: Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate (1615 words)
Cleft lip and cleft palate are facial and oral malformations that occur very early in pregnancy, while the baby is developing inside its mother.
A cleft lip is a physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or gap in the skin of the upper lip.
Cleft lip and cleft palate may also occur as a result of exposure to viruses or chemicals while the fetus is developing in the womb.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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