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Encyclopedia > Clear Channel Communications
Clear Channel Communications
Type Public (NYSE: CCU)
Founded 1972
Headquarters San Antonio, TX
Key people Mark Mays, CEO & President
Industry Entertainment, Advertising
Products radio, billboards, television
Revenue $2.7 billion USD (Third quarter, 2005)
Employees 35,200 full-time, 60,000 total
Slogan various
Website www.clearchannel.com

Clear Channel Communications (NYSECCU) is a media conglomerate company based in the United States. Clear Channel, founded in 1972 by Lowry Mays and Red McCombs, wields considerable influence in radio broadcasting, concert promotion and hosting, and fixed advertising in the United States through its subsidiaries. Clear Channel is the largest owner of full-power AM, FM, and shortwave radio stations and twelve radio channels on XM Satellite Radio, and is also the largest media company that focuses only on radio. The station previously was in the television business until it sold all of its TV stations to Newport Television in 2007. The present head of the company is Mark Mays, and its headquarters is located in San Antonio, Texas. Clear Channel logo, claiming fair use This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alamo in San Antonio San Antonio is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. ... Mark Mays is the president and CEO of Clear Channel Communications, Inc. ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... // Advert redirects here. ... Roadside billboards frequently encourage passersby to visit local businesses. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... USD redirects here. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about work. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... A Conglomerate is the term used to describe a large corporation that consists of diverse divisions. ... L. Lowry Mays is the founder and current chairman of Clear Channel Communications. ... Billy Joe Red McCombs (born 1927 in Spur, Texas) is the founder of the Red McCombs Automotive Group, a co-founder of Clear Channel Communications, a former owner of the San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, and the Minnesota Vikings, and is the namesake of the McCombs School of Business at... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... A solid-state, analog shortwave receiver Shortwave radio operates between the frequencies of 3 MHz (3,000 kHz) and 30 MHz (30,000 kHz) [1] and came to be referred to as such in the early days of radio because the wavelengths associated with this frequency range were shorter than... A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... “XM” redirects here. ... This article is about a television transmitting location or company. ... Newport Television, LLC is a television station holding company founded in 2007 by the purchase of all television stations previously owned by Clear Channel Communications by Providence Equity Partners on April 20, 2007. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Mark Mays is the president and CEO of Clear Channel Communications, Inc. ... San Antonio redirects here. ...


The term "clear channel" comes from AM broadcasting, referring to a channel (frequency) on which only one station transmits. In U.S. and Canadian broadcasting history, "clear channel" (or class I-A) stations had exclusive rights to their frequencies throughout most of the continent at night, when AM stations travel very far due to skywave. WOAI in San Antonio, Clear Channel's flagship station, was such a station. A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. ... This is the list of broadcast station classes. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ionosphere. ... WOAI-TV is the San Antonio, Texas local NBC television station affiliate. ...

Contents

History

Clear Channel Communications purchased its first FM station in San Antonio in 1972. The company purchased the second "clear channel" AM station WOAI in 1975. In 1976, the company purchased its first stations outside of San Antonio. KXXO AM and KMOD FM in Tulsa were acquired under the name "San Antonio Broadcasting" (same as KEEZ). Stations were also added in Port Arthur, TX (KPAC-AM-FM from Port Arthur College) and El Paso, TX (KELP AM (now KQBU AM) from John Walton, Jr.). In 1992, the U.S. Congress relaxed radio ownership rules slightly, allowing the company to acquire more than 2 stations per market. By 1995, Clear Channel owned 43 radio stations and 16 television stations. In 1996, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 became law. This act deregulated media ownership, allowing a company to own more stations than previously. Clear Channel went on a buying spree, purchasing more than 70 other media companies, plus individual stations. Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... The Telecommunications Act of 1996[1] was the first major overhaul of United States telecommunications law in nearly 62 years, amending the Communications Act of 1934, and leading to media consolidation. ...


In a few cases, following purchase of a competitor, Clear Channel was forced to divest some of its stations, as it were above the legal thresholds in some cities. In 2005, the courts ruled that Clear Channel must also divest itself of some "border blaster" radio stations in international border cities. One such instance was that of the nation's first alternative rock radio station, 91X in Tijuana, Baja California/San Diego. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A border blaster, unlike an international broadcasting station, is a term that has been specifically used to describe licensed commercial radio stations that have transmited at very high power to the United States of America from various points along the Mexican side of the border. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... XETRA-FM (or 91X) (sometimes identified as XTRA-FM) is an english language, mexican-owned (border blaster) alternative rock music station broadcasting from Tijuana, Baja California on 91. ... CECUT, Tijuanas cultural center Avenida Revolución has many open bars, pharamacies, and curio shops, that attract many tourists. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin...


In 1997 Clear Channel moved out of pure broadcasting when it purchased billboard firm Eller Media [1] which was led by Karl Eller. For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Karl Eller is an Arizona business leader and nationally recognized entrepreneur. ...


In 1998 it made its first move outside of the United States when it acquired the leading UK outdoor advertising company More Group plc which was led by Roger Parry; Clear Channel went on to buy many other outdoor advertising, radio broadcasting, and live events companies around the world, which were then re-branded Clear Channel International. These included a 51% stake in Clear Media Ltd. in China [2]. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Roger Parry(born 1953) is a media entrepreneur based in the UK. He was born in London and educated at the Universities of Bristol and Oxford. ...


In 2005 Clear Channel Communications split into three separate companies. Clear Channel Communications was a radio broadcaster; Clear Channel Outdoor was out-of-home advertising; and Live Nation was live events. The Mays family remained in effective control of all three, and held key executive roles in each (with Mark Mays as CEO of both radio and outdoor and Randall Mays as Chairman of Live Nation). Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... Mark Mays is the president and CEO of Clear Channel Communications, Inc. ...


On November 16, 2006, Clear Channel announced plans to go private, being bought out by two private-equity firms, Thomas H. Lee Partners and Bain Capital Partners for $18.7 billion, which is just under a 10 percent premium above its closing price of $35.36 a share on November 16 (the deal values Clear Channel at $37.60 per share).[1][2] The new ownership of Clear Channel has also announced that all of its TV stations were for sale, as well as 448 radio stations that were outside of the top 100 markets.[3] All of the TV stations and 161 of the radio stations were sold to a Providence Equity Partners, a private-equity firm, on April 23, 2007, pending FCC approval.[4] is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... Thomas H. Lee Partners is a private equity firm based in Boston, Massachusetts specializing in management-led buyouts, growth capital, special situations, industry consolidations, and recapitalizations. ... Bain Capital LLC is a Boston, Massachusetts-based private equity firm founded in 1984 by Mitt Romney, the late Governor of Massachusetts, and two other partners from the consulting firm Bain & Company: T. Coleman Andrews III and Eric Kriss. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... FCC redirects here. ...


Businesses

Clear Channel has purchased interest in, or outright acquired, companies in a number of media or advertising related industries. This is not an exhaustive list.


Radio

With 1,200 stations, Clear Channel is the largest radio station group owner in the United States, both by number of stations and by revenue. According to BIA Financial Network, Clear Channel Radio recorded more than $3.5 billion in revenues in 2005, more than $1 billion more than the number-two group owner, CBS Radio.[5] Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... This biography does not cite any references or sources. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBS Radio Inc. ...


Clear Channel has purchased stations from or acquired the following radio companies:

  • The Ackerley Group
  • AMFM
  • Apex
  • Capstar (also operating under Gulfstar, Southern Star, and Atlantic Star)
  • Chancellor
  • Clark Broadcasting
  • Dame Media
  • Eastern Radio Assets
  • Jacor
  • Quad City
  • Roberts
  • Paxson Communications
  • Taylor Broadcasting
  • Trumper Communications
  • SFX Radio
  • Mondosphere Broadcasting

The Ackerley Group was an American media company that owned several television stations (mainly in New York State, California, as well as one in Fairbanks) that was taken over by Clear Channel Communications in 2001. ... Jacor Communications, Inc. ... The I-74 Bridge, connecting Bettendorf, Iowa and Moline, Illinois is located near the geographic center of the Quad Cities. ... ION Media Networks (formerly known as Paxson Communications) is an American television broadcasting company that owns and operates over 60 television stations in most major American markets. ...

Outdoor advertising

Billboards at Dundas Square in Toronto, owned by Clear Channel.
Billboards at Dundas Square in Toronto, owned by Clear Channel.
  • Bought Eller Media, Universal Outdoor, and More Group Plc, giving Clear Channel outdoor advertising space in 25 countries.
  • Owns part of Italian street furniture company, Jolly Pubblicita S.p.A.
  • Owns BBH Exhibits, Yellow Checker Star Cab Displays, Dauphin, Taxi Tops, Donrey Media, and Ackerley Media. Also owns an outdoor advertising company in Switzerland and Poland and a major outdoor advertising firm in Chile.
  • Of all their Outdoor formats internationally, Clear Chanel is most excited about their partnership with APN Outdoor in Australia, which has resulted in a 49% share in Adshel, a street furniture advertising company. While APN Outdoor are the majority shareholders (owning 51% of the Adshel), Clear Chanel nonetheless regard this medium to one of their most exciting international ventures.

Image File history File links Billboards_at_dundas_square. ... Image File history File links Billboards_at_dundas_square. ... Dundas Square. ...

Television

The first television station Clear Channel purchased was WPMI in Mobile, Alabama in 1988. It owned more than 40 additional stations, a few of which are independent (non-network affiliates). The company sold all its television stations to Providence Equity Partners for $1.2 billion. All former Clear Channel television stations are now owned by Newport Television. WPMI is the NBC television affiliate for Mobile, Alabama. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... Providence Equity Partners is a private equity firm headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island that focuses on investments in media and telecommunications. ... Newport Television, LLC is a television station holding company founded in 2007 by the purchase of all television stations previously owned by Clear Channel Communications by Providence Equity Partners on April 20, 2007. ...


Live events

On December 21, 2005, Clear Channel completed the spin-off of Live Nation, formerly known as Clear Channel Entertainment. Live Nation is an independent company (NYSE: LYV) and is no longer owned by Clear Channel. Live Nation UK was also included in the spin off. Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... Live Nation UK is the United Kingdom subsidiary of Live Nation International, formerly the entertainment division of Clear Channel, a major US media conglomerate but now a separate and independent corporation world-wide. ...


Note that post-spinoff, there is overlap in directors between Clear Channel and Live Nation, specifically: L. Lowry Mays (Director of Live Nation), Mark P. Mays (Vice Chairman of Live Nation), and Randall T. Mays (Chairman of Live Nation).[6]


News and information

Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ... ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... KFAN (1130 AM) is a sports talk radio station in the Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... MN may stand for: Mongolia Minnesota, USA This page expands and disambiguates a two-letter combination which might be an abbreviation, an English word, a word in another language, any or all of these. ...

Worldwide

Clear Channel UK is the UK division of Clear Channel Communications, the global media conglomerate based in the United States. ...

Vertical Real Estate

In 2003, Clear Channel created the Vertical Real Estate division and hired Scott Quitadamo to promote its tower portfolio. Clear Channel owns and operates approximately 1,500 broadcast transmission towers across the US. many of which are available for co-location by third parties such as cellular and PCS companies, wireless internet, fixed wireless, and other broadcasters.


Corporate governance

Current members of the board of directors of Clear Channel Communications are: Alan Feld, Perry Lewis, Lowry Mays, B.J.(Red) McCombs, Phyllis Riggins, Theodore Strauss, J.C. Watts, and John H. Williams. Chairman of the Board redirects here. ... L. Lowry Mays is the founder and current chairman of Clear Channel Communications. ... Billy Joe Red McCombs (born 1927 in Spur, Texas) is the founder of the Red McCombs Automotive Group, a co-founder of Clear Channel Communications, a former owner of the San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, and the Minnesota Vikings, and is the namesake of the McCombs School of Business at... Julius Caesar J.C. Watts (born November 18, 1957) is an American conservative Republican politician and former Representative from Oklahoma in the U.S. Congress. ... Movie producer and CEO of Vanguard Animation studio. ...


Tom Hicks and Vernon Jordan were formerly members of Clear Channel's board of directors. Jordan was a close friend and advisor to President Bill Clinton and was accused of lying to investigators during the investigations into perjury and obstruction of justice charges against Clinton. Hicks, Clear Channel's former vice-chairman, is a past donor to George W. Bush's political campaigns and a close associate of the Bush family. Hicks is the founder of Hicks, Muse, Tate & Furst, the private-equity firm which funded many of Clear Channel's antecedent companies, including most significantly CapStar and Chancellor Media. For the English cricketer, see Tom Hicks (cricketer). ... ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The son of a Texas radio station owner, Thomas Hicks became interested in leveraged buyouts as a member of First National Banks venture capital group. ... Private equity is a broad term that refers to any type of equity investment in an asset in which the equity is not freely tradable on a public stock market. ...


Top executives

Lowry Mays
company founder, chairman; also a director of Live Nation
Mark Mays
son of Lowry Mays, chief executive officer, president and chief operating officer; also vice chairman of Live Nation
Randall Mays
son of Lowry Mays, executive vice president and chief financial officer; also chairman of Live Nation
John Hogan
chief executive officer of Clear Channel radio

Sources: [8], [9] L. Lowry Mays is the founder and current chairman of Clear Channel Communications. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... Mark Mays is the president and CEO of Clear Channel Communications, Inc. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... CFO redirects here. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... This biography does not cite any references or sources. ...


Programming on Clear Channel radio stations

Clear Channel operates two separate syndication services, the major network Premiere Radio Networks and the smaller, less centralized "Clear Channel Syndication." Both networks carry many program hosts of various political ideologies and distribute a variety of programs to both Clear Channel-owned and non-Clear Channel-owned stations. Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ...

Not all programming heard on Clear Channel's radio stations are produced in house; however, most of Clear Channel's stations share many similarities to each other in branding and programming. Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ...


Format Lab and HD2 Formats

Main article: Format Lab

The Format Lab is a think tank run by Clear Channel that produces over eighty channels of programming, varying from mainstream formats to the highly experimental. These channels are heard on most of Clear Channel's HD Radio subchannels on its stations across the country in a commercial-free format. Format Lab is a think tank run by Clear Channel Communications charged with creating original content for to HD Radio, Internet, and wireless media. ... HD Radio is an in-band on-channel (IBOC) digital radio system created by iBiquity for broadcasting via existing FM and AM radio stations. ...


Only a few Clear Channel stations (such as KGB-FM and KLOU) produce locally originated HD2 channels, usually tape loops of programming heard on their regular channel. KGB-FM (also 101. ... KLOU is a radio station with an oldies format in St. ...


Urban stations

Stations that carry programming catering to black Americans are a big part of many Clear Channel clusters, particularly Philadelphia, Chicago, and Detroit. In many clusters Clear Channel has two or more such stations. About half the Urban stations focus on Rap and Hip Hop along with younger R & B sounds. The other half blend some younger R & B along with some Soul from the 70's 80's, and 90's along with some current product. Some of the Hip Hop based Urban stations report as Rhythmic Top 40 stations rather than Urban stations because these stations also have some appeal to white and Hispanic listeners. In a cluster with multiple urban stations owned by Clear Channel, one is focused on Rap while the other is focused on Soul. Examples include Philadelphia, with WUSL's focus on hip hop while WDAS-FM focuses on Soul, and Chicago, where WGCI focuses on rap while WVAZ is focused on Soul. WUSL, known as Power 99 FM, is a mainstream urban radio station, owned by Clear Channel Communications and licensed to Philadelphia. ... WDAS-FM is an Urban Adult Contemporary radio station that features R&B, Classic Soul, and is licensed to the city of Philadelphia. ... 107. ... WVAZ, known locally as V-103, is an urban adult contemporary that is licensed to Oak Park. ...


News talk stations

News talk stations owned by Clear Channel usually have a standard slate of hosts. The morning show is usually local, with other timeslots filled by local and syndicated hosts. Programs that appear on many Clear Channel talk stations include Glenn Beck Program, The Rush Limbaugh Show, Dr. Laura, and Coast to Coast AM, all of which are affiliated with Premiere Radio Networks in some fashion. The Sean Hannity Show, The Savage Nation, The Mark Levin Show and Dave Ramsey are non-Premiere shows that air on many (if not most) Clear Channel stations. Limbaugh is almost universally carried on Clear Channel stations in markets where the company has a news talk station, with the exception of markets such as Washington, DC and San Francisco, CA, where ABC Radio (which previously was Limbaugh's home network) has a news talk station in the market. It has been suggested that Glenn Beck: On Ice be merged into this article or section. ... The Rush Limbaugh Show is an American radio program broadcast live Monday through Friday. ... Laura Schlessinger, Ph. ... Coast to Coast AM is a late-night syndicated radio talk show in the United States which deals with a variety of topics, but most frequently ones that relate either to the paranormal, or to alleged conspiracies. ... Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ... The Sean Hannity Show logo The Sean Hannity Show is a nationally syndicated talk radio program featuring the conservative host Sean Hannity along with a mix of listener call-in and guest segments. ... The Savage Nation is the name of Michael Savages talk radio show, airing five nights a week on over 370 radio stations in the United States. ... Mark Reed Levin (b. ... Dave Ramsey (b. ... For other uses, see ABC Radio (disambiguation). ...


While most of Clear Channel's news/talk stations carry some combination of Beck, Limbaugh, Hannity, Savage and Noory, this is not always the case. Many stations (particularly in the larger markets) like KFI, KOA and WLW broadcast a lineup with significant local programming. KFI is an AM radio station that began operating on March 31, 1922 as one of the United States first high-powered, clear channel stations. ... KOA (850 AM), (NewsRadio 850 KOA) is a clear channel news/talk radio station serving the Denver, Colorado market. ... For the California airport with this IATA airport code, see Willows-Glenn County Airport. ...


Clear Channel owns no all-news radio stations. Almost all of Clear Channel's primary talk stations are affiliated with Fox News Radio for national news All-news radio is a radio format devoted entirely to discussion and broadcast of news. ... The Fox News Channel is a top-rated U.S. conservative cable and satellite news channel, who claims to provide fair & balanced news. ...


Liberal talk radio is heard on a few of Clear Channel's stations, primarily secondary to its main news talk stations, and usually feature at least one local host with a combination of Air America Radio and Jones Radio Networks programming. Progressive Talk (or Liberal Talk) is a talk radio format devoted to expressive progressive/liberal viewpoints of issues. ... Former Air America logo, 2004-2007 Air America Radio is a talk radio network and program syndication service in the United States. ... Jones Radio Networks & Jones Media Networks are branchs of the Jones International. ...


Sports talk stations

Most sports talk stations owned by Clear Channel are affiliated with Fox Sports Radio and carry The Jim Rome Show; several have recently picked up The Dan Patrick Show. They are usually branded either Fox Sports or The Sports Animal. Fox Sports Radio, abbreviated FSR, is an international radio network consisting of sports talk programming all day, every day. ... The Jim Rome Show is a sports radio talk show hosted by Jim Rome. ... The Dan Patrick Show is a syndicated sports talk show that is hosted by SportsCenter personality Dan Patrick and broadcast on ESPN Radio in Bristol, Connecticut during most of the year and New York, New York during the NBA season. ...


Adult Standards

Most of Clear Channel's adult standards stations are turnkey operations, running a direct feed of the Music of Your Life network. Most of these stations have no local jocks or Web sites. Music of Your Life is a satellite network featuring the Adult Standards radio format. ...


Adult Contemporary

Clear Channel's soft adult contemporary stations are usually branded as either "Lite FM" or "Sunny." Evenings are usually filled with Delilah, unless that show is already aired by another station, in which case the John Tesh Radio Show is often substituted. Delilah Rene Luke, almost always simply known as Delilah, is the host of a nationally syndicated nightly U.S. radio song request and dedication program, with an estimated 7 million listeners. ... The John Tesh Radio Show is a nationally syndicated radio show hosted by John Tesh. ...


Hot adult contemporary stations are usually branded as "Mix." Some Hot AC stations lean modern rock while others lean toward adult rock. A few lean rhythmic and these hot adult contemporary stations often carry Wake Up With Whoopi in morning drive. Wake Up With Whoopi is a morning radio show aired on various stations in the United States. ...


Contemporary hit radio

Clear Channel's CHR stations are usually branded as KISS FM or The Fox.Some have other branding, however, if the name to the format is owned by another company. Many run in-house syndicated morning shows, especially in smaller markets. KISS-FM (99. ... The Fox is a brand name used for a variety of radio stations in numerous broadcast markets in the United States, many of which are owned by Clear Channel Communications, though there are several that are not owned by Clear Channel. ...


Country music

Country music stations owned by Clear Channel usually carry Blair Garner in overnights (and occasionally evenings), and many (although not all) carry Big D and Bubba in morning drive. There is no unified branding of Clear Channel's country stations. Blair Garner is the host of the syndicated radio program After MidNite with Blair Garner. ...


Oldies and Classic Hits

Clear Channel's Oldies station consists largely of FM stations with some AM stations. Nearly all of the FM stations play oldies spanning from 1964 to 1975, with a 500 song active playlist split nearly half 1960's and half 1970's. The playlist also includes approximately a dozen pre 1964 tracks and around 50 songs from the late 70's and early 80's. These stations generally have a few local live announcers; much of the time these stations are voicetracked either locally or from another market. Most run syndicated programming on weekends, such as Dick Bartley or Mike Harvey on Saturday nights, Steve Goddard's programs (Goddard's Gold and/or The 70s), and recently, Casey Kasem's American Top 40: The 70s. A handful of Clear Channel's outlets have picked up syndicated weeknight fare, such as Mike Harvey. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mikey Harvey (VIII) was a star in Gladiators in 1993. ... Steve Goddard is the afternoon disc jockey at KNIX, a Clear Channel Communications owned country music radio station based in Phoenix, Arizona. ... Casey Kasem in 1989 Casey Kasem (born Kemal Amin Kasem on April 27, 1932, in Detroit, Michigan, USA, of Palestinian and Lebanese heritage) is an American radio personality and voice actor. ... The American Top 40 logo American Top 40 (commonly abbreviated to AT40) is an internationally-syndicated, independent radio program created by Casey Kasem and Don Bustany. ...


The AM oldies stations' playlists skew somewhat older and span from 1955 to about 1975. About 60 percent of the time they play 1964 to 1969 oldies, 20 percent pre 1964 oldies, and 20 percent music from the 1970s. Some of these also run Dick Bartley or Mike Harvey on Saturday nights. Some of the AM stations also run adult standards several hours on the weekend as well as limited specialized programming focusing on the pre 1964 era. Most of the AM stations are in smaller markets.


Rock

These stations tend to play a blend of new rock and harder classic rock. Some carry Nights with Alice Cooper in the evenings. These stations tend to be live during the day and voicetracked at night. Some stations run Rock Line with Bob Coburn and/or Little Steven's Underground Garage as well. Nights with Alice Cooper is a radio show hosted by rock and roll artist and shock rock pioneer Alice Cooper. ... Little Stevens Underground Garage is a syndicated weekly rock and roll radio show hosted by Little Steven Van Zandt, which airs in over 200 U.S. and Canadian radio markets and also in selected overseas markets. ...


Clear Channel classic rock stations are usually branded as "The Fox." Often, they will carry Bob and Tom in morning drive. The Fox is a brand name used for a variety of radio stations in numerous broadcast markets in the United States, many of which are owned by Clear Channel Communications, though there are several that are not owned by Clear Channel. ... The Bob & Tom Show is a radioshow established by Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold at radio station WFBQ in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1983. ...


Spanish

In a few markets Clear Channel has an FM station carrying Hispanic programming full-time. In some markets the format is a Contemporary Tropical format while in others the format carried is more of a Mexican format. In a few markets a Clear Channel FM station carries a rap based Spanish format known as Hurban, which blends Spanish dance music with R & B hits as well as some Hip Hop. The division is run by Spanish radio executive Alfredo Alonso, who joined Clear Channel in September 2004 as Senior Vice President Hispanic Radio.[10] Hurban is a relatively new radio programming format from radio chain giant Clear Channel Communications. ...


Religious

In a few markets, Clear Channel has a religious station on the AM band. Some of these sell blocks of time to outside organizations and have no local shows at all except where local churches buy time. These are formatted similarly to Salem Media stations. Salem Communications (NASDAQ: SALM) is a media company operating in the United States, with 99 U.S. radio stations (pending acquisitions) that are primarily concentrated in the nations biggest markets, including 65 stations in 23 of the top 25 markets. ...


The other type of religious format Clear Channel uses on AM in a few markets is a Gospel music based format. On these stations Gospel Music appealing to black Americans airs most of the time along with some block programming sold to religious groups. These stations are often programmed as urban stations that happen to be religious.


Clear Channel syndicated programs

Also see Premiere Radio Networks

The majority of Clear Channel's syndicated talk and music shows are done through its subsidiary, Premiere Radio Networks. Premiere is a dedicated syndication company that houses dozens of talents, with a marketing division that aggressively sells these shows to stations across the United States, and occasionally Canada. However, several Clear Channel radio shows are syndicated by their flagship stations and regional managers, without the aid of Premiere Radio. Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ... Premiere Radio Networks is a radio syndication and preparation company based in the United States. ...

  • America's Trucking Network with Steve Sommers - Show is syndicated by WLW in Cincinnati to two other stations.
  • Elvis Duran and the Morning Zoo - Syndicated by WHTZ in New York City to two other stations.
  • Lex and Terry - Clear Channel signed this already syndicated show from former employer Cox Radio, and continues to syndicate them to over 20 stations, and Extreme 152 on XM Radio. The show is syndicated by KEGL in Dallas, and is distributed by Envision Radio.
  • MJ Morning Show - Syndicated by WFLZ-FM in Tampa Bay to five other stations.
  • Paul and Young Ron - WBGG-FM in Miami, Florida began syndicating the show in October, starting with West Palm Beach.
  • Ramsey Lewis Morning Show - Syndicated by WNUA in Chicago to various affiliates.
  • The Schnitt Show - Syndicated by WFLA in Tampa Bay to five other stations, and Extreme 152 on XM Radio. This show was recently picked up by Jones Radio Networks.
  • Dan Sileo - Syndicated by WFLF in Orlando to three other stations in Florida.
  • Sean Valentine in the Morning - Syndicated by KBIG in Los Angeles to at least seven stations.
  • The War Room with Quinn and Rose - Show is syndicated by WPGB in Pittsburgh to mostly northeast U.S. stations, and America's Talk on XM Radio.

None of these shows have immense affiliate bases, with the largest being over 40 stations. In many cases, these shows were syndicated to other stations as a cost-cutting measure within the company. In others, the talent requested they be syndicated to a certain number of stations as a condition to work for, or continue working with, Clear Channel. It is rare that these shows get syndicated to large markets besides the one they're based out of, instead being syndicated to smaller market stations. Also, unlike Premiere, these shows do not carry required network advertisements, instead leaving all advertising open for the local stations to sell. The one exception is Lex and Terry, as their distribution is not handled by Clear Channel. Americas Trucking Network is a syndicated nightly radio broadcast heard across the United States. ... For the California airport with this IATA airport code, see Willows-Glenn County Airport. ... Elvis Duran is a radio personality who hosts the Elvis Duran and the Morning Zoo radio morning show in New York on Z-100. ... WHTZ, also known as Z100, is a radio station that serves New York City and the neighboring Northern New Jersey region, broadcasting on the FM band at a frequency of 100. ... Lex (left) and Terry (right) Lex (Lex Staley) and Terry (Terry Jaymes) are two syndicated morning drive radio hosts broadcasting from Dallas, Texas on KEGL 97. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ... EXTREME XM, branded on air as Extreme 152, or Extreme Talk during news breaks, is a talk radio channel on XM Satellite Radio featuring terrestrial show simulcasts from across the United States. ... XM Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: XMSR) is a satellite radio service in the United States based in Washington, DC and controlled by News Corporations DirecTV, General Motors, American Honda, Hughes Electronics, and several private investment groups. ... KEGL is a radio station transmitting on 97. ... Mj morning show - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... WFLZ-FM is a Contemporary Hit Radio/Pop music (Top 40) station broadcasting in the Tampa Bay area, Florida, USA. Before the 90s, the station played the Oldies format before switching to Top 40 to compete against local CHR Q105. ... WBGG-FM is Big 105. ... Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis, Jr. ... WNUA (95. ... The Schnitt Show is a talk radio show hosted by Todd Schnitt. ... Newsradio 970 AM WFLA Mobile News Unit SUV (with the previous 970 WFLA logo on the side of vehicle). ... EXTREME XM, branded on air as Extreme 152, or Extreme Talk during news breaks, is a talk radio channel on XM Satellite Radio featuring terrestrial show simulcasts from across the United States. ... XM Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: XMSR) is a satellite radio service in the United States based in Washington, DC and controlled by News Corporations DirecTV, General Motors, American Honda, Hughes Electronics, and several private investment groups. ... Jones Radio Networks & Jones Media Networks are branchs of the Jones International. ... Dan Sileo (born March 1, 1966 in Stamford, Connecticut) is a sports radio personality. ... WFLF is the callsign for NewsRadio 540 WFLA, an AM talk radio station in Orlando, Florida, United States. ... KBIG is an FM radio station in Los Angeles, California. ... Quinn and Rose is a conservative and libertarian political talk show. ... Jim Quinn (b. ... WPGB is a talk radio station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Americas Talk is a news and talk radio channel on XM Satellite Radio that launched on 2007-11-19 on channel 158. ... XM Satellite Radio (NASDAQ: XMSR) is a satellite radio service in the United States based in Washington, DC and controlled by News Corporations DirecTV, General Motors, American Honda, Hughes Electronics, and several private investment groups. ...


Clear Channel Sale

On Friday, November 17, 2006, Clear Channel announced that it was going private and selling off almost one-third of its radio assets, according to the Washington Post and DHM. The buyers, led by Bain Capital Partners and Thomas H. Lee Partners, agreed to pay $26.7 billion for the company. In a separate transaction also announced on November 16, 2006, Clear Channel said it would seek buyers for all of its television stations and 539 of its smaller radio stations, presumably because the private-equity buyers are not interested in owning television or small-market radio. Over a hundred stations have already been assigned to Aloha Station Trust, LLC upon the consummation of the merger. The television stations were ultimately sold to Newport Television. A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... ... Newport Television, LLC is a television station holding company founded in 2007 by the purchase of all television stations previously owned by Clear Channel Communications by Providence Equity Partners on April 20, 2007. ...


On September 25, 2007, the shareholders approved of the buyout, allowing Clear Channel to proceed with being taken private. All of Clear Channel's assets that won't be spun off will be part of a new company called CC Media Holdings, Inc.


Setbacks

Due to the recent credit market crunch of 2007, Clear Channel has ended up with rejected sales of its radio stations. Clear Channel's attempt to sell off over 100 stations to GoodRadio.TV, LLC was rejected by the equity firm backing the deal. The deal has since shifted to Frequency License LLC, but has yet to resolve itself as the two parties are engaged in lawsuits. On top of that, the sale of Clear Channel's television portfolio to Newport Television had also turned uncertain, as parent company Providence Equity Partners considered other options, although this transaction was ultimately completed.[11]. GoodRadio. ... Newport Television, LLC is a television station holding company founded in 2007 by the purchase of all television stations previously owned by Clear Channel Communications by Providence Equity Partners on April 20, 2007. ... Providence Equity Partners is a private equity firm headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island that focuses on investments in media and telecommunications. ...


On December 4, 2007, Clear Channel announced that they had extended the termination date of the merger from December 12, 2007, to June 12, 2008.[12] The company does not expect to go private until early 2008.


Criticism of Clear Channel

Market share

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the company became an object of persistent criticism. Critics claim that it has abused its market position and has operated in an unethical manner. FCC regulations were relaxed following the Telecommunications Act of 1996, allowing companies to own far more radio signals than before. After spending about $30 billion, Clear Channel owned over 1,200 stations nationwide, including as many as seven stations in certain markets. Competitors and listeners complained, but so far the company has been able to hold on to all of its stations after divesting a few following the acquisition of AMFM, although over 500 stations have since been sold or are in the process of being sold since the company announced plans to become privately held. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... The Telecommunications Act of 1996[1] was the first major overhaul of United States telecommunications law in nearly 62 years, amending the Communications Act of 1934, and leading to media consolidation. ...


Other controversies have included changing many syndicated shows, most notably Rush Limbaugh, from syndication to "network" status by flipping from well-known stronger news-talk stations to much weaker stations which are owned by Clear Channel, thereby making the show a "network" show instead of being syndicated. For other uses, see Limbaugh. ...


Repeat songs and commercials

The company has been criticized for the multiple commercial breaks on its stations, and in response, it began its "Less Is More" campaign in November 2004. In contrast, however, the company recently won in an arbitration dispute with XM Satellite Radio over the right to air commercials on its XM music channels. “XM” redirects here. ...


September 11, 2001

Further information: List of songs deemed inappropriate by Clear Channel following the September 11, 2001 attacks

Following the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and The Pentagon, radio stations circulated a list of songs that were deemed inappropriate for broadcast during the time of national mourning following the attacks. A small list was initially generated by the Clear Channel office, though individual program directors added many of their own songs. A list containing about 150 songs was soon published on the Internet. The list was criticized and lampooned as an inept attempt at censorship, especially as some of the songs, such as "Imagine" by John Lennon, seemed wholly appropriate for mourning. Some critics suggested that Clear Channel's political preferences played a part in the list.[13] A number of songs were apparently placed on the list because they had specific words such as "plane", "fly", "burn," and "falling" in their titles. Clear Channel denies that this was a list of banned songs, claiming it was a list of titles that should be played only after great thought. Songs that were played included Tom Petty's "Free Fallin'" and Louis Armstrong's "What a Wonderful World". This is a list of songs purportedly deemed inappropriate by Clear Channel following the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... This article is about the United States military building. ... The program director (spelt programme director in many countries) is the person who decides what will be aired on a television or radio station. ... Thomas Earl Tom Petty (born October 20, 1950) is a singer and guitarist. ... Free Fallin is the opening track from Tom Pettys 1989 solo album, Full Moon Fever. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ... What a Wonderful World was written by songwriters Bob Thiele and George David Weiss, first performed by Louis Armstrong, and released as a single in early fall 1967. ...


Banning music and political ramifications

In March of 2003, Natalie Maines, the lead singer of the Dixie Chicks said to a British concert audience, "Just so you know, we're ashamed the President of the United States is from Texas," upsetting many music fans and politicians in the United States. Thinking the Dixie Chicks were now a pariah and thus unmarketable, all of the country music stations owned by two Atlanta-based companies, Cumulus Media and Cox Radio were told to stop playing their music. There was some speculation that Clear Channel also may have directed their stations to do so, but in fact Clear Channel never formally blacklisted the band.[14] Natalie Louise Maines Pasdar (born October 14, 1974) is an American singer and songwriter who achieved success as the lead vocalist for the female country music band Dixie Chicks. ... The Dixie Chicks are a country/rock music trio from the United States comprising Emily Robison, Martie Maguire and Natalie Maines. ... Look up Pariah in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cumulus Media, Inc. ... Cox Enterprises is the successor to the publishing company founded at Dayton, Ohio, by James Middleton Cox, who began with the Dayton Daily News. ...


Live music recordings

In 2004, Clear Channel acquired a key patent in the process of producing Instant Live recordings, in which a live performance is recorded directly from the sound engineer's console during the show, and then rapidly burned on CD so that audience members can buy copies of the show as they are leaving the venue. This had been intended to provide additional revenue to the artist, venue, and promoter, as well as stifle the demand for unauthorized bootleg concert recordings made by audience members for profit. However, some media critics, as well as smaller business rivals, believed that Clear Channel is using the patent (on the process of adding cues to the beginning and ending of tracks during recording, so that the concert is not burned as a single enormous track) to drive competitors out of business or force them to pay licensing fees, even if they do not use precisely the same process. The patent was transferred to Live Nation when Clear Channel Entertainment was spun off, but the patent was revoked on March 13, 2007[15], after it was found that this patent infringed on a prior patent granted for Telex. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Instant Live is a service by Clear Channel which provides for the distribution of high quality live recordings of concerts and music events. ... CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit České Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... For other uses, see Bootleg. ... Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ... Clear Channel Communications is a media company based in the United States of America. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Telex Communications is a Burnsville, Minnesota-based manufacturer of hearing aids and audio equipment. ...


Indecency zero tolerance

During the nationwide crackdown on indecent material following the 2004 Super Bowl, Clear Channel launched a "self-policing" effort, and declared that there would be no "indecent" material allowed on the air. This led to the company's dismissal of several of their own employees, including popular and high-profile hosts in a number of cities. Free-speech advocates cried foul. During this same period, Howard Stern was dropped from six Clear Channel owned stations in Florida, California, Pennsylvania, New York and Kentucky. By mid-year, rival Viacom (through radio division Infinity Broadcasting) brought Stern's show back to those six markets. In June, 2004, Viacom/Infinity Broadcasting Inc./One Twelve Inc. filed a $10 million lawsuit against Clear Channel for breaking of contracts and non-payment of licensing fees due to the dropping of Stern's show. (Viacom was Howard Stern's employer at the time, though he has since moved to Sirius Satellite Radio). The following July, Clear Channel filed a countersuit of $3 million. Meanwhile, Clear Channel has continued to battle salacious content on the airwaves. Every Programming employee is required to take online training and testing to ensure they understand the difference between indecency and obscenity. Janet Jackson covers her exposed breast immediately after Justin Timberlake tears off part of her wardrobe to expose it Super Bowl XXXVIII, which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004 from Houston, Texas, was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jacksons bare breast was exposed by... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... CBS Radio Inc. ... Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is one of two satellite radio (SDARS) services operating in the United States and Canada, along with XM Satellite Radio. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ...


Concerts

During the time that Clear Channel owned a live music division (then called SFX and later Clear Channel Entertainment, spun off in 2005 into a completely independent company, Live Nation), Clear Channel was involved in numerous controversies in live entertainment and promotions. Live Nation NYSE: LYV is a concert company based in the United States of America. ...


In the early 2000s, Clear Channel settled a lawsuit with a Denver, Colorado concert promoter, Nobody In Particular Presents (NIPP). In the lawsuit, NIPP alleged that Clear Channel halted airplay on its local stations for (NIPP) clients, and that Clear Channel would not allow NIPP to publicize its concerts on the air. The lawsuit was settled in 2004 with no monetary consideration, but Clear Channel has new rules regarding local concert promotion in Denver. Denver redirects here. ...


In 2002, Clear Channel was sued by the US Justice Department for not allowing people with diabetes to bring medically necessary supplies, including syringes used for insulin, into concert venues. Clear Channel changed their policy shortly afterward. The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... A syringe nowadays nearly always means a medical syringe, but it can mean any of these: A simple hand-powered piston pump consisting of a plunger that can be pulled and pushed along inside a cylindrical tube (the barrel), which has a small hole on one end, so it can... Not to be confused with inulin. ...


In 2004, Clear Channel was sued by a San Francisco, California man for charging a mandatory parking fee on every ticket sold for a venue, whether the person purchasing the ticket was driving alone, car-pooling, or using public transportation. This has not been resolved by Clear Channel or Live Nation, its successor. San Francisco redirects here. ...


Promotions

Women's health advocates heavily criticized a contest ("Breast Christmas Ever") conducted by The MJ Morning Show that went to air on Clear Channel's stations in Tampa, Jacksonville, St. Louis, and Detroit during late 2004. Contest prizes included breast enlargement surgery but provided for no legal recourse in the event of malpractice. The contest, now known as "Jingle Jugs," continues on the program to this day. The MJ Morning Show is a morning radio show that broadcasts out of 93. ... Breast implant diagram Saline-filled breast implants Silicone gel-filled breast implants Breast implants A breast implant is a prosthesis used in cosmetic surgery to enlarge the size of a womans breasts (known as breast augmentation) or to reconstruct the breast (for example, after a mastectomy, or during male...


Clear Channel distanced itself from the contest, with spokesperson Jennifer Gery stating, "It's not a Clear Channel-sponsored contest; we empower our local manager to make programming decisions." This statement was met with some skepticism. Editor of 'The Radio Wave', Ian MacRae's responded, "Sure, but the concept was obviously floated to stations by the network [Clear Channel] in the first place. Either that or it's a hell of a coincidence that four Clear Channels thought of it at the same time."[citation needed]


Use of Non-Local DJs

Clear Channel, like other broadcasters both large and small, utilizes technology (known as Prophet) that allows a DJ from anywhere in the country to sound as if he or she is broadcasting from anywhere else in the country, on any other station. A technological outgrowth of earlier, tape-based automation systems dating back to the 1960s, this is called voice-tracking, and some smaller market stations are partially or completely staffed by these "cyber-jocks" who may have never visited the town they are broadcasting in. In some instances this allows the corporation to eliminate or reduce on-air staff positions. It's been stated that Clear Channel maintains a majority of its staff in hourly-paid, part-time positions. They may also voice track several other cities. Not all radio stations use Prophet; there are other systems available for broadcasters, especially when satellite-based programming is used. Prophet is a digital automation system developed by Prophet Systems, Inc. ... Voice tracking, also called cyber jocking, is a technique employed by some radio stations. ...


Ed McMann is among Clear Channel's most prolific voice-track announcers and can be heard on no less than six Clear Channel stations.


Rejection of anti-war billboard

In 2004, Project Billboard, a non-profit Democratic political advocacy group, filed a breach of contract suit against Clear Channel for the rejection by its outdoor advertising division of a billboard ad against the war in Iraq. The ad, intended for a 40-foot billboard in Times Square managed by Clear Channel, was to have the slogan, "Democracy is best taught by example, not by war," along with a red, white, and blue cartoon image of a bomb. Clear Channel's contract with Project Billboard only allowed the company to reject ads that were illegal or contrary to public morals; Clear Channel claimed that the image of the bomb was insensitive in New York City, the site of the most devastating of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Project Billboard claimed that Clear Channel's rejection was instead for purely political reasons. Clear Channel settled the suit by agreeing to an alternative featuring an image of a peace dove instead of a bomb. In 2004, Project Billboard, a non-profit Democratic political advocacy group, filed a breach of contract suit against Clear Channel for the rejection by its outdoor advertising division of a billboard ad against the war in Iraq. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


Censorship

Clear Channel has been criticized for censoring opinions critical of George W. Bush and other Republicans. Clear Channel-owned KTVX was the only local television station which refused to air the paid political message of Cindy Sheehan against the war in Iraq.[16] Some Utahans consider this to be another act of censorship of grass-roots free speech, a charge which appears to be countered by the fact that Clear Channel changed many of its AM talk/music stations to the progressive talk format (featuring the Air America Radio network) which is highly critical of President Bush. However, Clear Channel has begun flipping some of their progressive stations to other formats. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... GOP redirects here. ... KTVX (ABC4) is the ABC affiliate in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... Cindy Sheehan gives the peace sign in front of the White House in 2006. ... Progressive Talk (or Liberal Talk) is a talk radio format devoted to expressive progressive/liberal viewpoints of issues. ... Former Air America logo, 2004-2007 Air America Radio is a talk radio network and program syndication service in the United States. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously, or slightly delayed, for the purpose of extending total coverage beyond the limits of a single broadcast signal. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Official response to controversy

Clear Channel officially denies most of these allegations. An article titled Know the Facts on its corporate website addresses many of these concerns. It also mentions a radio company once owned by Viacom. In its previous corporate structure, Viacom had purchased the broadcast interests of Westinghouse, another major defense contractor. However, Viacom has split up, and today the company, called CBS Radio, is part of CBS Corporation. Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ... Group W, also known as the Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, was a division of Westinghouse Electric Corporation. ... CBS Radio Inc. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ...


Foreign Subsidiaries

Australia

The Australian Radio Network (ARN) is a network of commercial radio stations. ... APN News And Media (ASX: APN, NZX: APN) is an Australian media company. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... MIX 106. ... WSFM 101. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... The term 3DB may refer to In signal processing applications, the cutoff frequency in filters, above or below which the output signal is attenuated by more than 3dB A commercial radio station called Mix 101. ... Welcome at dead of night. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... 4KQ is a radio station in Brisbane available on 693AM and is a rock n roll station branching into easy listening Australian hits and modern hits. ... 97. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Mix 102. ... Radio 5DN, now broadcasting as Cruise 1323, is one of Adelaides longest running radio stations. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Austereo is a national commercial radio network in Australia. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Nova 93. ... DMG Radio Australia operates commercial radio networks in metropolitan and regional areas of Australia. ...

New Zealand

The Radio Network (TRN) was created in 1996 when the commercial activities of Radio New Zealand were divested by the New Zealand government. ...

See also

This is a list of songs purportedly deemed inappropriate by Clear Channel following the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... The following is a list of radio and television stations currently owned by Clear Channel Communications. ... Clear Channel UK is the UK division of Clear Channel Communications, the global media conglomerate based in the United States. ... Format Lab is a think tank run by Clear Channel Communications charged with creating original content for to HD Radio, Internet, and wireless media. ...

References

  1. ^ Clear Channel Communications (2006-11-16). "Clear Channel Communications, Inc. Enters into Merger Agreement with Private Equity Group Co-Led By Bain Capital Partners, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P.". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  2. ^ Frank Ahrens. "Clear Channel Sale to End Era", The Washington Post, 2006-11-17, p. D1. Retrieved on 2007-05-03. 
  3. ^ Clear Channel Communications (2006-11-16). "Clear Channel Announces Plan to Sell Radio Stations Outside the Top 100 Markets and Entire Television Station Group". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-05-03.
  4. ^ Wall Street Journal newswire. "Clear Channel sells TV assets to Providence Equity", The Boston Globe, 2007-04-23. Retrieved on 2007-05-03. 
  5. ^ "The Top 25 Radio Groups By Revenue", Radio World, July 19, 2006, p. 28. 
  6. ^ Corporate Governance – Board of Directors. Live Nation. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  7. ^ GPS For Avoiding Traffic Jams - Reviews by PC Magazine
  8. ^ Executives. Clear Channel Communications. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  9. ^ Clear Channel Radio Fact Sheet. Clear Channel Communications. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  10. ^ www.bizjournals.com/seattle/stories/2004/09/13/daily25.html?jst=s_cn_hl - 100k -
  11. ^ The Florida Times-Union, Sale of Clear Channel TV stations uncertain. 2007-11-09
  12. ^ Radio-Info.com. Clear Channel now says it won't close the going-private deal this year, 2007-12-04
  13. ^ LiP | Music Review | Bad Transmission: Clear Channel's Hit List
  14. ^ Rossman, Gabriel (2004). "Elites, Masses, and Media Blacklists". Social Forces 83: 61-78. 
  15. ^ Electronic Frontier Foundation (2007-03-13). "EFF Kills Bogus Clear Channel Patent". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  16. ^ "TV station refuses to air anti-war ad days before Bush visit", USA Today, 2005-08-20. Retrieved on 2007-01-13. 
  1. Eric Boehlert, Radio's big bully, salon.com, April 30, 2001
  2. Eric Boehlert, Tough company, salon.com, May 30, 2001
  3. Group sues over anti-war billboard, CNN, July 12, 2004
  4. Salon.com article on Clear Channel

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ... The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... EFF Logo The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit advocacy and legal organization based in the United States with the stated purpose of being dedicated to preserving free speech rights such as those protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution in the context of... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

San Antonio redirects here. ... The Alamo (San Antonio de Valero Mission) is a former mission and fortress compound, now a museum, in San Antonio, Texas. ... The Arneson River theater routinely features local acts that draw large crowds throughout the year. ... Aztec On The River Theater Aztec Theater in 1959 Special Effects Show in the Grand Lobby 104 N. St. ... This Roman Catholic church, located in San Antonio, Texas, USA, is dedicated to Ste. ... The Cathedral of San Fernando is a cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church located in San Antonio, Texas, in the United States. ... Fiesta San Antonio (or simply Fiesta) is an annual event in which the citizens of San Antonio, Texas, celebrate their citys diverse history, heritage, and culture for 10 days in April. ... The Tower of the Americas, the theme structure for HemisFair 68 HemisFair 68 was the first officially designated worlds fair (or international exposition) held in the southwestern United States. ... The Institute of Texan Cultures is a museum and library located in HemisFair Park in central San Antonio, Texas. ... The San Antonio Japanese Tea Gardens (also known as the Sunken Gardens) is a registered Texas historical landmark in San Antonio, Texas. ... San Antonio Missions National Historical Park preserves four of the five Spanish frontier missions in San Antonio, Texas. ... The Majestic Theatre is San Antonios oldest and largest atmospheric theatre. ... The River Walk at St. ... The San Antonio Zoological Gardens and Aquarium is an Association of Zoos and Aquariums-accredited zoo in San Antonio, Texas, United States. ... , Texas Transportation Museum is an all volunteer organization located near San Antonio, Texas that collects, preserves and displays transportation equipment and related items. ... Downtown San Antonio features the historic San Fernando Cathedral, the Tower Life Building and the Tower of The Americas. ... The San Antonio Botanical Garden (33 acres) is a non-profit botanical garden located at 555 Funston Place, San Antonio, Texas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Antonio,_Texas. ... The Alamodome is a multi-purpose facility that is primarily used as a football/basketball stadium and convention center in San Antonio, Texas, USA. The facility opened on May 15, 1993, at a cost of $186 million. ... The AT&T Center is an indoor arena located in San Antonio, Texas, USA. It was completed in 2002 as the SBC Center at a cost of $175 million, financed by county issued bonds which were supported by a hotel-occupancy and car rental tax increase and an additional contribution... The 2007 season Fiesta Noche del Rio is a seasonal outdoor performance which features the songs and dances of Mexico, Spain, Argentina, and Texas. ... The Joe and Harry Freeman Coliseum, built in 1949, has been host to thousands of events including the San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, concerts, trade shows, motor sports, circus, professional sports including professional bull riding, basketball, hockey, boxing and wrestling. ... Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium is a stadium in San Antonio, Texas. ... Class-Level AA Minor League affiliations Texas League South Division Major League affiliations San Diego Padres Los Angeles Dodgers (1968-2000) Seattle Mariners (2001-2006) Name San Antonio Missions (1968-1976), (1988-present) San Antonio Dodgers (1977-1987) Ballpark Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium Minor League titles League titles 1897... The San Antonio Rampage are an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo in San Antonio, Texas, USA is one of the largest Livestock Shows & Rodeos in the country. ... The San Antonio Spurs are an American professional basketball team based in San Antonio, Texas. ... The San Antonio Symphony orchestra, Sep 2007. ... SeaWorld San Antonio is a 250-acre marine-life theme park located in the Westover Hills area of San Antonio, Texas. ... Six Flags Fiesta Texas is a 200-acre theme park located at 29. ... Splashtown San Antonio is a water park located in San Antonio, Texas. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... Frost National Bank (DBA Frost Bank) is a nationally chartered bank founded in 1869 that is based in San Antonio. ... H.E. Butt Grocery Company (abbreviated H-E-B) is a privately held San Antonio, Texas-based supermarket chain with over 300 stores throughout Texas and northern Mexico. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The San Antonio Express-News is the daily newspaper of San Antonio, Texas. ... Tesoro Corporation NYSE: TSO is a FORTUNE 500 company headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, with 2004 annual revenues of $12. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Valero Energy Corporation (NYSE: VLO) is a Fortune 500 company based in San Antonio, Texas, with 21,836 employees and annual revenue of more than US$90 billion. ... Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas is a truck factory near San Antonio, Texas. ... Being a Catholic institution, CSRHC is affiliated with the University of the Incarnate Word at San Antonio. ... Founded in 1985 in Kansas, USA, by Tim Jenison, NewTek produces video post-production and imaging tools for personal computers. ... Taco Cabana is a US-based fast food restaurant chain specializing in Mexican food. ... Brooks City-Base is a former United States Air Force base in San Antonio, Texas, that was established in 1918. ... Brooke Army Medical Center is a University of Texas Health Science Center teaching hospital in Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio. ... Fort Sam Houston is a U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas. ... Lackland Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force located in the western area of San Antonio, Texas, USA. Lackland AFB is the only entry processing station for Air Force Basic Military Training (BMT). ... Randolph Air Force Base (Randolph AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in Bexar County, Texas near San Antonio. ... The San Antonio Public Library is a collection of a Central Library and 24 branch libraries (as of the fall of 2007) that serve the City of San Antonio. ... The South Texas Medical Center is a conglomerate of numerous major hospitals, clinics, and research and higher educational institutions, located in San Antonio, Texas. ... St. ... Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research (SFBR) is a large private research institute located in San Antonio Texas. ... Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is an independent, nonprofit applied research and development organization. ... Trinity University is an independent, primarily undergraduate, liberal arts and sciences university in San Antonio, Texas. ... UTSA is San Antonios largest university. ... The UT Health Science Centers administration building. ... The University of the Incarnate Word (UIW) is located in San Antonio, Texas. ... Our Lady of the Lake University was founded in 1895 by the Sisters of the Congregation of Divine Providence, a religious order begun in 18th century Lorraine, France. ... The Alamo Community College District is a system residing in San Antonio which currently governs over 5 Community Colleges. ... Located in San Antonio, Texas, the Cancer Therapy & Research Center (CTRC) is one of the nation’s leading academic research and treatment centers. ... Texas A&M University–San Antonio is a public university in San Antonio, Texas, USA that is expected to open in the fall of 2009. ... CCRI is a part of the UTHSCSA. The Childrens Cancer Research Institute is a research center in San Antonio, Texas. ... CCRI is a part of the UTHSCSA. The Texas Neuroscience Institute is a research and neurological clinical center in San Antonio, Texas. ... University Hospital is one of the nations top ranking hospitals. ... Facade view from west Another view The Bexar County Courthouse is an historic building in downtown San Antonio, Texas. ... A pair of Texas-sized cowboy boots near the Saks Fifth Avenue greets drivers along Loop 410. ... The Pearl Brewing Company also known as the Pearl Brewery (Pearl) was an American brewery, established in 1883 in San Antonio, Texas. ... Rivercenter is a shopping mall located in downtown San Antonio, Texas along the River Walk. ... The Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center and Lila Cockrell Theater along the San Antonio River Walk. ... San Antonio International Airport (IATA: SAT, ICAO: KSAT) is a commercial airport in San Antonio, Texas. ... San Antonio Springs is the name of a cluster of springs in Bexar County, Texas. ... The Shops at La Cantera is an upscale open-air regional shopping mall located in northwest San Antonio near the Loop 1604 and I-10 Interchange. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

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Clear Channel Communications Inc. profile and media properties - American media companies at MediaOwners.com (315 words)
Clear Channel Communications is a public company (NYSE: CCU) founded in 1972 by Lowry Mays and Red McCombs.
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Clear Channel Communications - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3400 words)
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Clear Channel's contract with Project Billboard only allowed the company to reject ads that were illegal or contrary to public morals; Clear Channel claimed that the image of the bomb was insensitive in New York City, the site of the most devastating of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
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