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Encyclopedia > Clear Channel

A clear channel, in the general sense, is a communications channel (such as a radio frequency) on which only one transmitter operates at a time. In North America, the term also refers to a regulatory category for mediumwave radio stations. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions serves as the most common band for broadcasting. ...

Contents

Clear-channel stations

Certain mediumwave frequencies were set aside under the North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA for short) for nighttime use by only one or two specific AM stations, covering a wide area via skywave propagation; these frequencies were known as the clear channels, and the stations on them are thus clear-channel stations. Where only one station was assigned to a clear channel, the treaty provides that it must operate with a nominal power of 50 kilowatts or more; stations on the other clear channels, with two or more stations, must use between 10 and 50 kW, and most often use a directional antenna so as not to interfere with each other. In addition to the frequencies, the treaty also specified the specific locations where stations on this second kind of channel (known as class I-B) could be built. Mediumwave radio transmissions serves as the most common band for broadcasting. ... The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement, usually referred to as NARBA, is a treaty made in 1941 between the United States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti relating to the allocation of frequencies for AM radio stations in these countries. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ionosphere. ... Radio propagation is a term used to explain how radio waves behave when they are transmitted, or are propagated from one point on the Earth to another. ... Nominal power is a measurement of a mediumwave radio stations output used in the United States. ... The kilowatt (symbol: kW) is a unit for measuring power, equal to one thousand watts. ... Log-periodic dipole array A directional antenna is an antenna which transmits or receives maximum power in a particular direction. ...


Some of the original NARBA signatories, including the United States, Canada, and Mexico, have implemented bilateral agreements that supersede its terms, eliminating among other things the distinction between the two kinds of clear channel: the original "I-A", "I-B", and "I-N" station classes are now all included in class A. This is the list of broadcast station classes. ...


Clear-channel stations, unlike all other AM stations in North America, have a secondary service area—that is, they are entitled to protection from interference to their nighttime skywave signals. Other stations are entitled, at most, to protection from nighttime interference in their primary service area—that which is covered by their groundwave signal.


Many stations beyond those listed in the treaty have been assigned to operate on a clear channel (and some had been long before NARBA came into effect in 1941). In most cases, those stations operate during the daytime only, so as not to interfere with the primary stations on those channels. Since the early 1980s, many such stations have been permitted to operate at night with such low power as to be deemed not to interfere; these stations are still considered "daytimers" and are not entitled to any protection from interference to their nighttime signals. Another group of stations, formerly known as class II stations, were licensed to operate on the former "I-B" clear channels with significant power at night, provided that they use directional antenna systems to minimize radiation towards the primary stations.


Clear Channel Communications, a San Antonio, Texas-based company which owns over 1200 U.S. radio stations, was originally formed to purchase one clear-channel station, WOAI. The company now owns more than a dozen such stations. Not to be confused with clear channel radio stations, which are AM radio stations with certain technical parameters. ... “San Antonio” redirects here. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... WOAI is a San Antonio, Texas news/talk radio station operating on 1200 kHz AM with 50,000 Watts non-directional day and night from a transmitter site near Marion, Texas. ...


History

For the U.S., clear channels first appeared in 1922 when the Commerce Department moved stations which had all used two frequencies (one for entertainment stations, one for news) onto 52 frequencies. Two were used for all low-power stations and the large stations each got their own frequency. A few frequencies were used on both the East and West Coast, which were considered far enough apart to limit interference. At this time large stations were limited to 1000 watts. Later in 1928, the AM band was reorganized with local, regional and clear channels (and a few reserved for Canada) by the new Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40. Gradually maximum power was increased to 50,000 watts (with some short lived experiments with 500,000 watt "super-power" operation). This system was continued in the 1941 NARBA system although almost all stations shifted broadcast frequencies. The United States Department of Commerce is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. ... Federal Radio Commission Seal The Federal Radio Commission (FRC) was a government body that regulated radio use in the United States from its creation in 1927 until its replacement by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1934. ... General Order 40 was an order issued on August 30, 1928 by the new Federal Radio Commission under the Radio Act of 1927 which provided for a reallocation of the commercial broadcast radio spectrum. ...


As early as the 1950s, debate raged in Washington, D.C., and in the U.S. broadcasting industry over whether continuation of the clear-channel system was justifiable. The licensees of clear-channel stations argued that, without their special status, many rural areas would receive no radio service at all. They requested that the power limit on the "I-A" channels in the U.S. be increased from 50 kW to 750 kW, pointing to WLW's successful experiments before the war, and in later years successful implementation by state broadcasters in Europe and the Middle East, as evidence that this would work and improve the service received by most Americans. Other broadcasters, particularly in the western states, argued to the contrary—that if the special status of the clear-channel stations were eliminated, they would be able to build new stations to provide local service to those rural "dark areas". For the California airport with this IATA airport code, see Willows-Glenn County Airport. ...


One station, KOB in Albuquerque, New Mexico, fought a long legal battle against the FCC and New York's WABC for the right to move from a regional channel to a clear channel, 770 kHz, arguing that the New York signal was so weak in the mountain west that it served no one. KOB eventually won the argument in the late 1960s; it and several other western stations were allowed to move to eastern clear channels. (Western clear channels, like 680 in San Francisco, had been "duplicated" in the eastern states for many years.) These new class II-A assignments (in places like Window Rock, Arizona; Boise, Idaho; Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada; Lexington, Nebraska; Casper, Wyoming; Kalispell, Montana; and others) began what would later be called "the breakdown of the clear channels". The class I-A station owners' proposal to increase power fifteen-fold was not immediately quashed, but the new II-A stations would make it effectively impossible for stations on the duplicated channels to do so, and the owners eventually lost interest. That proposal was finally taken off the FCC's docket in the late 1970s. KKOB-AM Logo KKOB-AM is an AM radio station operating out of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the oldest in the state. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Bernalillo Founded 1706 Government  - Mayor Martin Chavez Area  - City  181. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WABC (770 kHz), known as NewsTalkRadio 77, is a radio station in New York City. ... Window Rock (Navajo: Tségháhoodzání) is a census-designated place located in Apache County, Arizona, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 3,059. ... “Boise” redirects here. ... Vegas redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Downtown Lexington, looking north Lexington is a city in Dawson County, Nebraska, United States. ... Downtown Casper Casper is a city located in Natrona County, Wyoming. ... Kalispell is a city in Flathead County, Montana, USA. The population was 14,223 at the 2000 census. ...


On May 29, 1980, the FCC voted to limit the protection for the twenty-five clear channel stations to a 750 mile radius around the transmitter. Those stations outside the area of protection were no longer required to sign off or power down after sundown.[1] is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1987 the FCC changed its rules to prohibit applications for new "class-D" stations. (Class-D stations have night power between zero and 250 watts, and frequently operate on clear channels.) However, any existing station could voluntarily relinquish nighttime authority, thereby becoming a class-D, and several have done so since the rule change.


List of all clear-channel stations

The following two tables show all of the class-A stations in North America. Stations in Alaska (the former class I-Ns) are shown separately.

Class A stations (except Alaska)
Freq. Callsign Community
540 CBK Regina, Saskatchewan
540 CBT Grand Falls, Newfoundland and Labrador
540 XEWA San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí
640 CBN St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
640 KFI Los Angeles, California
650 WSM Nashville, Tennessee
660 WFAN New York, New York
670 WSCR Chicago, Illinois
680 KNBR San Francisco, California
690 CINF Montreal, Quebec
690 XETRA Tijuana, Baja California
700 WLW Cincinnati, Ohio
710 KIRO Seattle, Washington
710 WOR New York, New York
720 KDWN Las Vegas
720 WGN Chicago, Illinois
730 CKAC Montreal, Quebec
730 XEX Mexico City
740 CHWO Toronto, Ontario
750 WSB Atlanta, Georgia
760 WJR Detroit, Michigan
770 WABC New York, New York
780 WBBM Chicago, Illinois
800 XEROK Ciudad Juárez
810 KGO San Francisco, California
810 WGY Schenectady, New York
820 WBAP Fort Worth, Texas
830 WCCO Minneapolis, Minnesota
840 WHAS Louisville, Kentucky
850 KOA Denver, Colorado
860 CJBC Toronto, Ontario
870 WWL New Orleans, Louisiana
880 WCBS New York, New York
890 WLS Chicago, Illinois
900 XEW Mexico City 900 CHML Hamilton Ont Canada
940 CINW Montreal, Quebec
940 XEQ Mexico City
990 CBW Winnipeg, Manitoba
990 CBY Corner Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador
1000 KOMO Seattle, Washington
1000 WMVP Chicago, Illinois
1010 CBR Calgary, Alberta
1010 CFRB Toronto, Ontario
1020 KDKA Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1030 WBZ Boston, Massachusetts
1030 KTWO Casper, Wyoming
1040 WHO Des Moines, Iowa
1050 XEG Monterrey
1060 KYW Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1060 XEEP Ejercito de Oriente
1070 CBA Moncton, New Brunswick
1070 KNX Los Angeles, California
1080 WTIC Hartford, Connecticut
1080 KRLD Dallas, Texas
1090 KAAY Little Rock, Arkansas
1090 WBAL Baltimore, Maryland
1100 WTAM Cleveland, Ohio
1110 KFAB Omaha, Nebraska
1110 WBT Charlotte, North Carolina
1120 KMOX St. Louis, Missouri
1130 CKWX Vancouver, British Columbia
1130 KWKH Shreveport, Louisiana
1130 WBBR New York, New York
1140 WRVA Richmond, Virginia
1140 XEMR Monterrey
1160 KSL Salt Lake City, Utah
1170 KFAQ Tulsa, Oklahoma
1170 WWVA Wheeling, West Virginia
1180 WHAM Rochester, New York
1190 KEX Portland, Oregon
1190 WOWO[2] Fort Wayne, Indiana
1190 XEWK Guadalajara
1200 WOAI San Antonio, Texas
1210 WPHT Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1220 XEB San Lorenzo Tezonco
1500 KSTP Saint Paul, Minnesota
1500 WTWP Washington, D.C.
1510 KGA Spokane, Washington
1510 WLAC Nashville, Tennessee
1520 KOKC Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
1520 WWKB Buffalo, New York
1530 KFBK Sacramento, California
1530 WCKY Cincinnati, Ohio
1540 KXEL Waterloo, Iowa
1540 ZNS-1 Nassau, Bahamas
1550 CBE Windsor, Ontario
1550 XERUV Xalapa, Veracruz
1560 KNZR Bakersfield, California
1560 WQEW New York, New York
1570 XERF Ciudad Acuña
1580 CKDO [3] Oshawa, Ontario
Class A (former class I-N) stations in Alaska
Freq. Callsign Community
640 KYUK Bethel
650 KENI Anchorage
660 KFAR Fairbanks
670 KDLG Dillingham
680 KBRW Barrow
700 KBYR Anchorage
720 KOTZ Kotzebue
750 KFQD Anchorage
770 KCHU Valdez
780 KNOM Nome
820 KCBF Fairbanks
850 KICY Nome
890 KBBI Homer
1020 KAXX Eagle River
1080 KUDO Anchorage
1170 KJNP (AM) North Pole

In broadcasting and radio communication, a callsign or call sign (also call letters) is a unique designation for a transmitting station. ... CBK is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting the CBC Radio One network at 540 AM in Saskatchewan. ... Nickname: The Queen City Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Location of Regina in the SE quadrant of Saskatchewan Coordinates: Country Canada Province Saskatchewan District Assiniboia Established 1882 Government  - City Mayor Pat Fiacco  - Governing body Regina City Council  - MPs Dave Batters Ralph Goodale Tom Lukiwski Andrew Scheer  - MLAs Joanne Crofford... CBT is a radio station broadcasting at 540 kHz (AM) from Grand Falls-Windsor, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and is the local Radio One station of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... This article is about a city in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Nickname: Location of San Luis Potosí in central-north Mexico Country Mexico State San Luis Potosí Founded 3 November 1592 Government  - Mayor Jorge Lozano Armengol ( PAN) Area  - City 385 km²  (148. ... CBN is a radio station broadcasting at 640 kHz (AM) from St. ... Nickname: Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... KFI is an AM radio station that began operating on March 31, 1922 as one of the United States first high-powered, clear channel stations. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... WSM is the callsign of a 50,000 watt AM radio station located in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: , Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... Sportsradio 66 WFAN AM 660 kHz, often referred to as The FAN, is a radio station in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WSCR is a sports radio station in the Chicago, Illinois radio market. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... KNBR, The Sports Leader, are the call letters associated with 680 AM in San Francisco and KTCT 1050 AM in San Mateo, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... CINF is a French language Canadian radio station located in Montreal, Quebec. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... XETRA-AM are the call letters of a border-blaster radio station licensed to the Tijuana / Rosarito area of Baja California, Mexico, with additional studio facilities in Burbank, California. ... Tijuana (Spanish [tixwana], English usually [ËŒtiːəˈwÉ‘nÉ™]), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... For the California airport with this IATA airport code, see Willows-Glenn County Airport. ... “Cincinnati” redirects here. ... KIRO is a radio station based in Seattle, Washington, broadcasting on 710 kHz in the AM radio spectrum. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... WOR-AM is a class A (nighttime clear channel), AM radio station located in New York, New York, USA, operating on 710kHz. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... KDWN-AM 720 (News, Traffic, and Weather for Vegas) is an AM radio station owned by Beasley Broadcast Group based out of Las Vegas, Nevada. ... Vegas redirects here. ... WGN-AM is a radio station on 720 kHz in Chicago, co-owned with WGN-TV. WGN-AMs transmitter is located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... CKAC is a French-language Canadian radio station located in Montreal, Quebec. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... CHWO is a Canadian radio station, which airs at AM 740 in Oakville, Ontario. ... WSB AM (NewsTalk 750) is a clear channel AM radio station located in Atlanta, Georgia with a frequency of 750 kHz. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... The current logo for WJR-AM. WJR is a radio station in Detroit, Michigan, United States. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... WABC (770 kHz), known as NewsTalkRadio 77, is a radio station in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WBBM (AM), also known on-air as Newsradio 780, is an all-news radio station in Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... XEROK-AM is an AM (mediumwave) radio station that is a Mexican border-blaster licensed to operate at a power of 150 kW (150,000 watts) on a carrier frequency of 800 kilohertz from Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. ... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... KGO 810 kHz on the AM band, is a news-talk format radio station based in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... WGY is 50,000 watt radio station licenced to Schenectady, New York) and is one of the countrys oldest radio stations as well as a the oldest in New Yorks Capital Region. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... WBAP is an AM radio station in the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex following a talk format. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant and Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City  298. ... WCCO is a radio station with a storied history spanning more than 80 years that serves the Minneapolis-St. ... “Minneapolis” redirects here. ... WHAS, Kentuckianas 24 Hour News, Weather and Traffic Station, is an AM radio station broadcasting in Louisville, Kentucky. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... KOA (850 AM), (NewsRadio 850 KOA) is a clear channel news/talk radio station serving the Denver, Colorado market. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... CJBC is the callsign of two Canadian radio stations, which broadcast the CBCs French language radio networks in Toronto, Ontario. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... WWL is a U.S. radio station in New Orleans, Louisiana broadcasting at 870 kHz, a clear channel frequency on which it reaches large parts of the Gulf Coast in the daytime, and much of the United States at night. ... NOLA redirects here. ... WCBS (880 kHz. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... WLS is a pioneer Chicago radio station. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... XEW-AM is a radio station in Mexico City, Mexico that calls itself La voz de la América latina desde México or The voice of Latin America from Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... CINW is an English language Canadian radio station located in Montreal, Quebec. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... XEQ-AM is a radio station in Mexico City, Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... CBW is the callsign of the CBC Radio One station in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... CBY is a radio station broadcasting at 990 kHz (AM) from Corner Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and is the local Radio One station of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Overlooking City of Corner Brook from James Cook Park Corner Brook is a city located in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on the Humber River. ... KOMO is a radio station based in Seattle, Washington, broadcasting on 1000 in the AM radio spectrum. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... WMVP (1000 AM) is the callsign of a commercial radio station in Chicago. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... CFRB, or CFRB 1010 as it is often referred to, is an AM radio station in Toronto, Canada, broadcasting on 1010 kHz, with a shortwave radio simulcast by CFRX on 6070 kHz. ... KDKA is a U.S. class A clear channel AM radio station located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that operates on 1020 kHz. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ... WBZ (AM) is the callsign for an AM radio station in Boston, Massachusetts which is owned by CBS Radio (formerly Infinity Broadcasting), which itself is owned by the CBS Corporation. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... Downtown Casper Casper is a city located in Natrona County, Wyoming. ... WHO is a clear channel radio station broadcasting 50,000 watts on 1040 AM with a news/talk format. ... “Des Moines” redirects here. ... XEG-AM are the call letters of a famous border-blaster radio station licensed to Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico. ... Nickname: Motto: El Trabajo templa el Espíritu Location of Monterrey in northern Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico State Nuevo León Founded 20 September 1596 Government  - Mayor Adalberto Madero ( PAN) Area  - City 572 km²  (220. ... KYW is a class A AM radio station on 1060 kHz licensed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... CBA is an English-language Canadian radio station located in Moncton, New Brunswick. ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... WTIC is a 50,000-watt AM radio station operating out of Hartford, Connecticut, broadcasting news and talk radio. ... Nickname: Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: , Country State NECTA Hartford Region Capitol Region Named 1637 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Eddie Perez Area  - City  18. ... KRLD NewsRadio 1080 is a dual format news and talk radio station located in Dallas, Texas. ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... KAAY is a 50,000 watt, class 1C AM radio station in Little Rock, Arkansas licensed on 1090 KHz. ... Location in Pulaski County, Arkansas Coordinates: , Country State County Pulaski Founded 1821 Incorporated 1831 Government  - Mayor Mark Stodola Area  - City  116. ... WBAL is a news/talk radio station located in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... WTAM is an AM radio station in Cleveland, Ohio broadcasting on 1100 kHz with 50,000 watts. ... Nickname: Motto: Progress & Prosperity Location in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State County Cuyahoga Founded 1796 Incorporated 1814 (village)   1836 (city) Government  - Mayor Frank G. Jackson (D) Area [1]  - City  82. ... KFAB 1110 AM of Omaha Nebraska is a talk radio station that plays such national shows as Michael Savage and Glenn Beck and Matt Drudge and Rush Limbaugh and local radio show hosts Gary Sadlemyer andTom Becka and a local weekly christian show by Dr. Bill Bowers who is pastor... “Omaha” redirects here. ... WBT (known on air as News Talk 1110) is a 50,000 watt clear-channel radio station in Charlotte, North Carolina, broadcasting at 1110 kHz. ... “Charlotte” redirects here. ... KMOX is an AM radio station broadcasting from St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... CKWX News1130 is a 24-hour all-news station broadcasting to residents of Vancouver and the Lower Mainland, British Columbia. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... KWKH is a classic country music radio station serving Shreveport, Louisiana. ... : Port City , River City , Rachet City : The Next Great City of the South United States Louisiana Caddo 117. ... WBBR is a radio station, broadcasting at 1130 AM in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Newsradio 1140 WRVA is an AM radio station in Richmond, Virginia in the United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic dic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... Nickname: Motto: El Trabajo templa el Espíritu Location of Monterrey in northern Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico State Nuevo León Founded 20 September 1596 Government  - Mayor Adalberto Madero ( PAN) Area  - City 572 km²  (220. ... KSL is a radio station in Salt Lake City, Utah. ... Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. ... KFAQ 1170 AM is a Tulsa, Oklahoma area talk radio station airs national talk shows such as Glenn Beck, Bill OReilly, Mike Gallagher, Laura Ingraham, Michael Savage and Jim Cramer. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Oklahoma Coordinates: , Country United States State Oklahoma Counties Tulsa, Osage, Wagoner, Rogers Government  - Mayor Kathy Taylor (D) Area  - City  186. ... WWVA is an AM radio station that broadcasts on a frequency of 1170 khz with studios in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA and owned by Clear Channel Communications. ... Nickname: The Friendly City Location in Ohio County in the State of West Virginia Coordinates: Settled 1769 Established 1806 Incorporated 1836  - Mayor Nick Sparachane  - City Manager Robert Herron  - Chief of Police Kevin Gessler, Sr. ... WHAM is a talk radio station in Rochester, New York, owned by Clear Channel Communications. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country State County Monroe Government [1]  - Mayor Robert Duffy (D) Area  - City  37. ... NewsRadio 1190 KEX is a clear channel AM radio station broadcasting on 1190 kHz from Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City 376. ... Located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, WOWO is an independent news/talk radio station transmitting on 1190 kHz at 50,000 watts during the daylight hours and 9,800 watts during the nighttime hours. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Indiana, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Indiana County Allen Founded October 22, 1794 Incorporated February 22, 1840 Government  - Mayor Graham Richard (D)  - City Clerk Sandra Kennedy (D)  - City Council John N. Crawford (R) Samuel J. Talarico, Jr (R) John Shoaff (D) Tom Smith... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... WOAI is a San Antonio, Texas news/talk radio station operating on 1200 kHz AM with 50,000 Watts non-directional day and night from a transmitter site near Marion, Texas. ... “San Antonio” redirects here. ... WPHT is a CBS Radio station located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania broadcasting on 1210 kHz. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Entrance to the KSTP studios on University Avenue in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... WTWP/WTWP-FM a radio station in Washington, D.C., began operation on March 30, 2006 as Washington Post Radio. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... KGA, also known as 1510 KGA The Big Talker, is an all-talk station based in Spokane, Washington. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... WLAC is a clear channel radio station based in Nashville, Tennessee, operating at 1510 kHz on the AM dial. ... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: , Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... KOKC (1520 kHz AM) is a talk radio station located in Oklahoma City. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... WWKB (formerly WKBW) is an AM radio station in Buffalo, New York that operates on a frequency of 1520 kHz. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State County Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... KFBK AM (NewsTalk 1530) is an AM radio station in Sacramento, California broadcasting on a frequency of 1530 kHz. ... “Sacramento” redirects here. ... WCKY is an AM radio station in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, broadcasting at 1530 kHz with 50,000 watts, and its transmitter is located in nearby Covington, Kentucky. ... “Cincinnati” redirects here. ... KXEL (branded as News/Talk 1540) is a Class A (clear channel) AM radio station serving the Waterloo/Cedar Rapids metropolitan area with a News/Talk format. ... Waterloo is the county seat of Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States. ... For other uses of Nassau, see Nassau (disambiguation). ... CBE is the callsign of the CBC Radio One station in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... Xalapa, sometimes spelled Jalapa, is the capital city of the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... KNZR 1560AM is a talk radio station based in Bakersfield, California, USA. The station broadcasts at 25,000 watts of effective radiated power and can be held in most of California and several other Western states every night. ... Nickname: Location of Bakersfield, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Kern County Founded 1869 Government  - Mayor Harvey Hall Area  - City  131 sq mi (339. ... WQEW 1560 AM is a Radio Disney affiliate. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The call letters XERF-AM are assigned to a licensed border-blaster radio station that was located in Villa Acuña (later renamed Ciudad Acuña) and that was operated under the laws of Mexico. ... Ciudad Acuña, also known simply as Acuña, (originally Garza Galán, later Villa Acuña) is a city located in the Mexican state of Coahuila, at and a mean height above sea level of 280 metres. ... CKDO is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 1350 AM in Oshawa, Ontario. ... Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... AlaskaOne (or Alaska One) operates several PBS television stations in Alaska: KTOO-TV channel 3 (Juneau), KUAC-TV channel 9 (Fairbanks), KYUK-TV channel 4 (Bethel), KMXT-LP channel 9 (Kodiak), and translator stations throughout Alaska. ... Bethel (Mamterilleq in Central Alaskan Yupik) is a city located in Bethel Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska, 340 miles (540 km) west of Anchorage. ... KENI is a commercial radio station programming news/talk in Anchorage, Alaska, broadcasting on 650 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KENI News/Talk Radio 650s Website Anchorage, Alaska AM radio stations (Arbitron #171) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Anchorage (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio... Nickname: Motto: Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: , Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - Municipality  1,961. ... KFAR is a commercial radio station programming news/talk in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 660 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KFAR KFARs Website Fairbanks, Alaska AM radio stations (Arbitron #unranked) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Fairbanks (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio Markets Anchorage (AM... For other uses, see Fairbanks (disambiguation). ... KDLG is a non-commercial, public and community radio station in Dillingham, Alaska, broadcasting on 670 AM. Station programming includes a mix of nationally available NPR shows, Alaska Public Radio Network and local news, and music. ... Dillingham is a city located in Dillingham Census Area, Alaska. ... KBRW is a non-commercial radio station in Barrow, Alaska, broadcasting at 680 AM and 91. ... Barrow is a city in North Slope Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... KBYR is a commercial radio station programming talk in Anchorage, Alaska, broadcasting on 700 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KBYR Smart Radio 700s Website Anchorage, Alaska AM radio stations (Arbitron #171) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Anchorage (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio Markets Anchorage... Nickname: Motto: Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: , Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - Municipality  1,961. ... KOTZ is a non-commercial radio station in Kotzebue, Alaska, broadcasting on 720 AM. Query the FCCs AM station database for KOTZ KOTZs Website Alaska Bush AM radio stations (Arbitron #unranked) By frequency: By call sign: See also: Alaska Bush (FM) (AM) Alaska Radio Markets Anchorage (AM) (FM... Kotzebue is a city located in Northwest Arctic Borough, Alaska. ... KFQD is a class A (clear channel), AM radio station in Anchorage, Alaska operating on 750 kHz. ... Nickname: Motto: Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: , Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - Municipality  1,961. ... KCHU is a non-commercial radio station in Anchorage, Alaska, broadcasting on 770 AM. The station airs public radio programming from the National Public Radio network. ... Valdez (IPA: ) is a city in Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... KNOM is a non-commercial radio station in Nome, Alaska, broadcasting at 780 AM and 96. ... Aerial view of the harbor in Nome Nome is a city located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast of Norton Sound in the Nome Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... KCBF is a commercial radio station airing sports programming in Fairbanks, Alaska, broadcasting on 820 AM. KCBF obtains its programming from ESPN Sports Radio. ... For other uses, see Fairbanks (disambiguation). ... KICY is religious station in Nome, Alaska broadcasting at 850 AM and 100. ... Aerial view of the harbor in Nome Nome is a city located on the southern Seward Peninsula coast of Norton Sound in the Nome Census Area of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Homer is a town located in Kenai Peninsula Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... KAAX is a commercial classical music radio station in Eagle River, Alaska, broadcasting to the Anchorage, Alaska area on 1020 AM. KAAX is a simulcast of KLEF 98. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Kudō (工藤) is a Japanese family name. ... Nickname: Motto: Big Wild Life Location in the state of Alaska Coordinates: , Borough Municipality of Anchorage Government  - Mayor Mark Begich (D) Area  - Municipality  1,961. ... KJNP(King Jesus North Pole) is a commercial radio station airing religious programming in North Pole, Alaska, broadcasting on 1170 AM. KJNP is also simulcast on KJHA (King Jesus Houston Alaska) in Houston, Alaska and on translators in Barrow, Fort Yukon, Dot Lake, Delta Junction, and Tok, Alaska KJNP-TV... North Pole is a city located in Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Facts on File 1980 Yearbook, p519
  2. ^ WOWO was previously a class-A station and is called out in the treaties as such. However, in the 1990s WOWO was downgraded to a class B allotment by reducing its night power to 9.8 kW, and thus no longer has a secondary service area.
  3. ^ The 1580 kHz frequency was originally allocated to CBJ in Chicoutimi, Quebec. After that station moved to FM in 1999, CHUC applied for and was granted 1580 kHz in Cobourg, Ontario with 10 kW, but chose instead to move to FM itself (despite being notified to the U.S. as an existing station on 1580). CKDO moved from 1350 to 1580 kHz on August 13, 2006 and became that day a class A station using 10 kW. [1]

Located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, WOWO is an independent news/talk radio station transmitting on 1190 kHz at 50,000 watts during the daylight hours and 9,800 watts during the nighttime hours. ... The kilowatt (symbol: kW) is a unit for measuring power, equal to one thousand watts. ... CBJ-FM is a French-language Canadian radio station located in Saguenay, Quebec (originally Chicoutimi before forced municipal mergers). ... Chicoutimi is one of the three boroughs (arrondissement in French) of the city of Saguenay, Quebec, Canada. ... In most of the world, the FM broadcast band, used for broadcasting FM radio stations, goes from 87. ... CHUC-FM is a classic hits radio station broadcasting at 107. ... Cobourg (2001 population 17,172) is a town some 75 km east of Toronto. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... CKDO is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 1350 AM in Oshawa, Ontario. ...

See also

The North American Radio Broadcasting Agreement took effect on March 29, 1941, requiring nearly all radio stations in North America to change frequency. ...

External links


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