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Encyclopedia > Claymation

The term "Claymation" is a registered trademark created by Will Vinton Studios to describe their clay animated movies; the more generic term is "clay animation", but the portmanteau "claymation" has entered the English language as a genericized trademark. Clay animation is but one form of stop motion animation; specifically, it is the form where each animated piece, either character or background, is "deformable". The Bass Red Triangle, was the first trademark registered in Britain in 1876. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Look up Portmanteau word in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A genericized trademark (Commonwealth English genericised trade mark), sometimes known as a generic trade mark, generic descriptor or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which is often used as the colloquial description for a particular type of product or service as a result of widespread popular or cultural... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ...


All animation is produced in a similar fashion, whether done through traditional cel animation, stop-motion, or CGI. Each frame, or still picture, is recorded on film or digital media and then played back in rapid succession. When played back at a frame rate greater than 16 frames per second, a fairly convincing illusion of continuous motion is achieved. 12 frames per second is the typical rate for an animated cartoon. ... Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes static objects appear to move. ... The pseudopod in The Abyss marked CGIs acceptance in the visual effects industry. ... Frame rate, or frame frequency, is the measurement of how quickly an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames. ...

A clay animation scene from a Finnish TV commercial. Watch it in QuickTime format here.
A clay animation scene from a Finnish TV commercial. Watch it in QuickTime format here.

Contents

Image File history File links Claychick. ... Image File history File links Claychick. ... QuickTime is a multimedia technology developed by Apple Computer, capable of handling various formats of digital video, sound, text, animation, music, and immersive panoramic (and sphere panoramic) images. ...


Technical explanation

In clay animation, each object is sculpted in clay or a similarly pliable material such as Plasticine, usually around an armature. As in other forms of object animation, the object is arranged on the set, a shot is taken and the object or character is then moved very slightly by hand. Another shot is taken and the object moved slightly again. To achieve the best results, a consistent shooting environment is needed to maintain the illusion of continuity. This means paying special attention to maintaining consistent lighting and object placement. Plasticine is a putty-like modelling material made from calcium salts, petroleum jelly and aliphatic acids. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Intensity

Producing a stop motion animation using clay is extremely laborious. Normal film runs at 24 frames per second. With the standard practice of "doubles" (double-framing — exposing 2 frames for each shot), 12 changes are usually made for one second of film. For a 30-minute movie, there would be approximately 21,600 stops to change the figures for the frames. For a full length (90 min) movie, there would be approximately 64,800 stops, and possibly far more if parts were shot with "singles" or "ones" (one frame exposed for each shot). Great care must be taken to ensure the object is not altered by accident, by even slight smudges or dirt. For feature-length productions, the use of clay has generally been supplanted by silicone and resin-cast components. However, clay remains a viable animation material where a particular aesthetic is desired. Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ...


Some of the best known clay animated works include the Gumby series of television shows created by Art Clokey and the advertisements made for the California Raisin Advisory Board by Will Vinton. However, clay animation has also been used in Academy Award winning short films such as Closed Mondays (1974), The Sand Castle (1977), Creature Comforts (1989), Mona Lisa Descending a Stairase (1992), Wallace & Gromit: A Grand Day Out (1989), Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong Trousers (1993) and Wallace & Gromit: A Close Shave (1995). Creature Comforts and the Wallace & Gromit short films were created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. Also, the Presentators showed on Nicktoons, was also made by Aardman Animations. Gumby and Pokey Gumby is a green clay humanoid figure who was the subject of a series of television shows totaling 223 episodes over a three-and-a-half decade period, animated using stop motion photography, known as claymation. ... Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... The California Raisin Advisory Board (or CALRAB) is most notable for the use of The California Raisins to market their namesake product, raisins. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Creature Comforts is a 1989 animated short film about how animals feel about living in a zoo, a series of commercials for Heat Electric, and a 2003 television series in the same style. ... A Grand Day Out is a 1989 animated film directed and animated by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... The Wrong Trousers is a 1993 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... A Close Shave is a 1995 animated film directed by Nick Park at Aardman Animations in Bristol, featuring his characters Wallace and Gromit. ... Wallace & Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... Nick Park holding a model of Wallace from Wallace and Gromit on the red carpet at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. ... Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. ...


Other films or television shows produced with clay animation

Several computer games have also been produced using clay animation, including The Neverhood and Platypus. Television commericals have also utilized the claymation technique, such as the Chevron Cars ads. Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Baby Snakes is the live soundtrack to the 1979 Frank Zappa movie of the same name. ... Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, guitarist, singer, film director, and satirist. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... The Trap Door is a childrens claymation-style animated series, shown in the United Kingdom in 1984. ... Superb example of claymation. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Cover from the 1990 Atlantic Records soundtrack, currently out of print Will Vintons A Claymation Christmas Celebration is a 1987 Christmas television special featuring stop motion animation known as Claymation. ... Tim Burtons The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) is a stop motion animated musical film about the inhabitants of Halloween Town who take over Christmas one year, directed by stop-motion animator Henry Selick. ... Henry Selick, stop motion animation director, directed both The Nightmare Before Christmas, and James and the Giant Peach. ... James and the Giant Peach is a film based on the Roald Dahl book of the same name. ... A chicken run is an enclosed yard for keeping poultry. ... Nick Park holding a model of Wallace from Wallace and Gromit on the red carpet at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... Nick Park holding a model of Wallace from Wallace and Gromit on the red carpet at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. ... Wallace & Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... Tim Burtons Corpse Bride is a 2005 stop-motion-animation film based loosely on a 19th century Russian-Jewish folktale version of an older Jewish story and set in a fictional Victorian era England. ... Timothy William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an American film director, poet and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... The Neverhood is a 1996 PC CD-ROM claymation video game created by animator Doug TenNapel and released by Dreamworks Studios. ... Playpus is the name of a shooting game featured on Miniclip, a popular game website. ... Tony Turbo The Chevron Cars are part of an advertising campaign of the Chevron Corporation consisting of television spots, print ads, billboards, and toy cars available at Chevron retail locations. ...


See also

Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... Gumby and Pokey Gumby is a green clay humanoid figure who was the subject of a series of television shows totaling 223 episodes over a three-and-a-half decade period, animated using stop motion photography, known as claymation. ... Nick Park holding a model of Wallace from Wallace and Gromit on the red carpet at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. ... Wallace & Gromit Wallace and Gromit are the main characters in a series of three British animated short films and a feature-length film by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. ... Will Vinton (born 1948) is a director and producer of animated films. ... The Neverhood is a 1996 PC CD-ROM claymation video game created by animator Doug TenNapel and released by Dreamworks Studios. ... Timothy William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an American film director, poet and designer known for his off-beat and quirky style. ... Celebrity Deathmatch is a claymation parody television show spoofing professional wrestling that pitted celebrities against each other in the ring, almost always ending in a gruesome death of the celebrity who lost the match. ...

External links

References

  • Tayler, Richard. The Encyclopedia of Animation Techniques. Running Press, Philadelphia, 1996. ISBN 156138531X
  • Lord, Peter and Brian Sibley. Creating 3-D Animation. Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1998. ISBN 0810919966

  Results from FactBites:
 
Claymation Station (413 words)
For those of you out there who would like to try a little claymation of your own,this site gives you some beginner tips and information on how to get started.
If you are really and truly interested in claymation (and have enough patience) we can show you some expert tips to improve your movie.
We all agree that claymation is continually growing and is going to.
ClayMation Digital Video and Film Production Services (170 words)
Whether you need assistance with the "script to screen" concept or dissecting any part of the production process, ClayMation is here to help complete your production needs in a timely, concise, ethical and professional manner.
ClayMation now has the entire 26 volume library of Digital Juice animations, namebars and backgrounds.
Claymation, Inc. • 6926 Crystal Lane • N. Richland Hills, TX 76180 • (817) 498-9790 Metro • (817) 428-5220 Fax
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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