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Encyclopedia > Claudio Monteverdi
Claudio Monteverdi in 1640 by Bernardo Strozzi
Claudio Monteverdi in 1640 by Bernardo Strozzi

Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (May 15, 1567 (baptized) РNovember 29, 1643), was an Italian composer, gambist, and singer. Image File history File links Acap. ... Download high resolution version (514x636, 89 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (514x636, 89 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and Jọo IV of Portugal becomes king. ... The Viola Player (c. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Various sizes of viol, from Michael Praetorius Syntagma musicum (1618) Early Italian tenor viola da gamba, detail from the painting , by Raphael Sanzio, c. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ...


Monteverdi's work, often regarded as revolutionary, marked the transition from the music of the Renaissance to that of the Baroque. Enjoying fame in his lifetime, he wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is still regularly performed. Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... LOrfeo (LOrfeo, favola in musica, SV 318, or La Favola dOrfeo, or The Legend of Orpheus) is one of the earliest works recognised as an opera, composed by Claudio Monteverdi with text by Alessandro Striggio for the annual carnival of Mantua. ...

Contents

Life

Claudio Monteverdi, circa 1597, by an anonymous artist, (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford). Thought to be the earliest known image of Monteverdi, at about age 30, painted when he was still at the Gonzaga Court in Mantua.
Claudio Monteverdi, circa 1597, by an anonymous artist, (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford). Thought to be the earliest known image of Monteverdi, at about age 30, painted when he was still at the Gonzaga Court in Mantua.

Claudio Monteverdi was born in 1567 in Cremona, in Northern Italy. During his childhood, he was taught by Marc'Antonio Ingegneri, the maestro di cappella or singing master, at the Cathedral of Cremona. He wrote his first music for publication, some motets, and sacred madrigals, in 1582 and 1583. By 1587, he had produced his first book of secular madrigals. Between 1590 and 1611,[1] Monteverdi worked at the court of Vincenzo I of Gonzaga in Mantua as a vocalist and viol player. In 1602, he was working as the court conductor. Ashmolean Museum main entrance. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Cremona is a city in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left shore of the Po river in the middle of the Pianura padana (Po valley). ... MarcAntonio Ingegneri (also spelled Ingegnieri, Ingignieri, Ingignero, Inzegneri; c. ... External view of the Duomo of Cremona. ... In Western music, motet is a word that is applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions. ... A madrigal is a setting for two or more voices of a secular text, often in Italian. ... Gregorian Calendar switch: Year 1582 involved conversion to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Vincenzo I of Gonzaga (1562-1612), son of Guglielmo I, was ruler of the Duchy of Mantua from 1587 to 1612. ... For other uses, see Mantua (disambiguation). ... Various sizes of viol, from Michael Praetorius Syntagma musicum (1618) Early Italian tenor viola da gamba, detail from the painting , by Raphael Sanzio, c. ... This page is about the year. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ...


By 1613, Monteverdi had moved to the San Marco in Venice where, as conductor, he quickly restored the musical standard of both the choir and the instrumentalists, which had declined due to the financial mismanagement of his predecessor, Giulio Cesare Martinengo. The managers of the basilica were relieved to have such a distinguished musician in charge, as the music had been in decline since the death of Giovanni Croce in 1609. Events January - Galileo observes Neptune, but mistakes it for a star and so is not credited with its discovery. ... San Marco di Venezia, as seen from the Piazza San Marco St Marks Basilica (Italian: Basilica di San Marco) is the most famous of the churches of Venice and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... Look up conductor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Giulio Cesare Martinengo (1564 or c. ... Giovanni Croce (also Ioanne a Cruce Clodiensis) (1557 – May 15, 1609) was an Italian composer of the late Renaissance, of the Venetian School. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ...


Monteverdi was ordained a Catholic priest [2] in 1632.[3] and during the last years of his life, when he was often ill, he composed his two last masterpieces; both were operas. Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses, 1641), and the historic opera L'incoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea, 1642), based on the life of the Roman emperor Nero. L'incoronazione especially is considered a culminating point of Monteverdi's work; it contains tragic, romantic, and comedic scenes (a new development in opera), as well as a more realisti portrayal of the characters, and warmer melodies than had previously been heard. It requires a smaller orchestra, and has a less prominent role for the choir. Il ritorno dUlisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses to His Country) is an opera (dramma per musica) in a prologue and three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giacomo Badoaro, based on the final portion of Homers Odyssey. ... Lincoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea) is an opera seria in three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello, based on historical incidents described in the Annals of Tacitus. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Monteverdi died in Venice on November 29, 1643 and is buried in the church of the Frari. For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... The Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, usually just called the Frari, is one of the greatest churches of Venice and has the status of a minor basilica. ...


Works

Madrigals

Until the age of forty, Monteverdi worked primarily on madrigals, composing a total of nine books. As a whole, the first eight books of madrigals show the enormous development from Renaissance polyphonic music to the monodic style typical of Baroque music. A madrigal is a setting for two or more voices of a secular text, often in Italian. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... Caccini, Le Nuove musiche, 1601, title page In poetry, monody is a poem in which one person laments anothers death. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ...


The titles of his Madrigal books are:

  • Book 1, 1587: Madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 2, 1590: Il secondo libro de madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 3, 1592: Il terzo libro de madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 4, 1603: Il quatro libro de madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 5, 1605: Il quinto libro de madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 6, 1614: Il sesto libro de madrigali a cinque voci
  • Book 7, 1619: Concerto. Settimo libro di madrigali
  • Book 8, 1638: Madrigali guerrieri, et amorosi con alcuni opuscoli in genere rappresentativo, che saranno per brevi Episodij fra i canti senza gesto.
  • Book 9, 1651: Madrigali e canzonette a due e tre voci

1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Bold text{| align=right cellpadding=3 id=toc style=margin-left: 15px; |- | align=center colspan=2 | Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 |-vdsf gno[gldw[pvkijxaiamknn csogfhbvdowkhbfkqhjkhrjkhwgfhbjkpnkfokfgok3pkpk9pjhkt9erktyujkip9kijker9thhrkg9hkitr9gtkih9t0ykltk[u0jo0iey9uhyit90ertyhige9rity9riyh9ujirtyuhjnh-4e9tyigh9thiuy0h8tyh34tu8uy8u8u8u8rtu5y8ru8thu0tru0ut0rhutuh0trhu0hseogtrhr8uyhju8t89er9te9r8fy8shit ass dick bitch fuck | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s |- | align=center | Centuries... Year 1592 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ...

The Fifth Madrigal Book

The Quinto Libro (Fifth Book), published in 1605, was at the heart of the controversy between Monteverdi and Giovanni Artusi. The latter attacked the "crudities" and "license" of the modern style of composing, centering his attacks on madrigals (including Cruda Amarilli from the Quinto Libro (See Fabbri, Monteverdi, p. 60) see Media, below) from the fourth book. Monteverdi made his reply in the introduction to the fifth book, with a proposal of the division of musical practice into two streams, which he called prima pratica, and seconda pratica. Prima pratica was described as the previous polyphonic ideal of the sixteenth century, with flowing strict counterpoint, prepared dissonance, and equality of voices; seconda pratica used much freer counterpoint with an increasing hierarchy of voices, emphasising soprano and bass. This represented a move towards the new style of monody. The introduction of a continuo instrumental part in many of the madrigals of the book was a further self-consciously modern feature. In addition, the fifth book showed the beginnings of conscious functional tonality. 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Giovanni Artusi Giovanni Maria Artusi (c. ... Prima pratica, literally first practice, refers to early Baroque music which looks more to the style of Palestrina, or the style codified by Gioseffo Zarlino, than to more modern styles. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ... In music, a consonance (Latin consonare, sounding together) is a harmony, chord, or interval considered stable, as opposed to a dissonance, which is considered unstable. ... This article is about the voice-type. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... Caccini, Le Nuove musiche, 1601, title page In poetry, monody is a poem in which one person laments anothers death. ... Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervals, chords, and nonchord tones, in relation to a bass note. ... Tonality is a system of writing music according to certain hierarchical pitch relationships around a key center or tonic. ...


The Eighth Madrigal Book

The Ottavo Libro, published in 1638, includes the so-called Madrigali dei guerrieri ed amorosi which many consider to be the perfection of the madrigal form.


While in Venice, Monteverdi also finished his sixth, seventh and eighth books of madrigals. The eighth is the largest, containing works written over a thirty-year period, including the dramatic scene Tancredi e Clorinda (1624), in which the orchestra and voices form two separate entities; they act as counterparts. Most likely Monteverdi was inspired to try this arrangement because of the two opposite balconies in San Marco, which had inspired much similar music from composers there, such as Gabrieli. What made this composition also stand out is the first-time use of string tremolo (fast repetition of the same tone) and pizzicato (plucking strings with fingers) for special effect in dramatic scenes. Giovanni Gabrieli Giovanni Gabrieli (c. ... Tremolo is a musical term with two meanings: A rapid repetition of the same note, a rapid variation in the amplitude of a single note, or an alternation between two or more notes. ... Jazz bass is played almost exclusively in pizzicato. ...


The Ninth Madrigal Book

The ninth book of madrigals, published posthumously in [[[1651]], contains lighter pieces such as canzonettas which were probably composed throughout Monteverdi's lifetime represent both styles. In music, a canzonetta (pl. ...


Operas

Frontispiece of Monteverdi's opera L'Orfeo, Venice edition, 1609.
Frontispiece of Monteverdi's opera L'Orfeo, Venice edition, 1609.

Monteverdi composed at least eighteen operas, but only L'Orfeo, L'incoronazione di Poppea, Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria and the famous aria, Lamento, from his second opera L'Arianna have survived. From monody (with melodic lines, intelligible text and placid accompanying music), it was a logical step for Monteverdi to begin composing opera, especially for a dramatically inclined composer who loved grand effect. In 1607, the premiere of his first opera, L'Orfeo, took place in Mantua. It was normal at that time for composers to create works on demand for special occasions, and this piece was part of the ducal celebrations of carnival. (Monteverdi was later to write for the first opera houses supported by ticket sales which opened in Venice). L'Orfeo has dramatic power and lively orchestration and is arguably the first example of a composer assigning specific instruments to parts. It is also one of the first large compositions in which the exact instrumentation of the premiere has come down to us. The plot is described in vivid musical pictures and the melodies are linear and clear. With this opera, Monteverdi created an entirely new style of music, the dramma per musica (musical drama) as it was called. L'Arianna was the second opera written by Claudio Monteverdi, and one of the most influential and famous specimens of early baroque opera. It was first performed in Mantua in 1608. Its subject matter was the ancient Greek legend of Ariadne and Theseus. During the last years of his life, when Monteverdi was often ill, he composed his two last masterpieces, both operas: Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses, 1641), and the historic opera, L'incoronazione di Poppea, (The Coronation of Poppea, 1642), based on the life of the Roman emperor Nero. L'incoronazione especially is considered a culminating point of Monteverdi's work. It contains tragic, romantic, as well as comic scenes (a new development in opera), more realistic portrayal of the characters, and warmer melodies than had previously been heard. It requires a smaller orchestra, and has a less prominent role for the choir. LOrfeo (LOrfeo, favola in musica, SV 318, or La Favola dOrfeo, or The Legend of Orpheus) is one of the earliest works recognised as an opera, composed by Claudio Monteverdi with text by Alessandro Striggio for the annual carnival of Mantua. ... LArianna was the second opera written by Claudio Monteverdi, and one of the most influential and famous specimens of early baroque opera. ... Il ritorno dUlisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses to His Country) is an opera (dramma per musica) in a prologue and three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giacomo Badoaro, based on the final portion of Homers Odyssey. ... Lincoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea) is an opera seria in three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello, based on historical incidents described in the Annals of Tacitus. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An aria (Italian for air; plural: arie or arias in common usage) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer. ... Caccini, Le Nuove musiche, 1601, title page In poetry, monody is a poem in which one person laments anothers death. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... This article describes the festival season. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... Il ritorno dUlisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses to His Country) is an opera (dramma per musica) in a prologue and three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giacomo Badoaro, based on the final portion of Homers Odyssey. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Other Works

The Vespers of 1610 are also one of the best examples of early repetition and contrast, with many of the parts having a clear ritornello. Monteverdi's next large-scale work was the Vespro della Beata Vergine 1610 (The Vespers of the Blessed Virgin 1610). The published work is on a very grand scale and there has been some controversy as to whether all the movements were intended to be performed in a single service. However, there are various indications of internal unity. In its scope it foreshadows such summits of Baroque music as Handel's Messiah, and J.S. Bach's St Matthew Passion. Each part (there are twenty-five in total) is fully developed in both a musical and dramatic sense - the instrumental textures are used to precise dramatic and emotional effect, in a way that had not been seen before. Il Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda is an operatic scena for three voices by Claudio Monteverdi. ... Vespro della Beata Vergine 1610 (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin, 1610), or simply the Vespers of 1610, as it is commonly called, is a musical composition by Claudio Monteverdi. ... In Baroque music, ritornello was the word for a recurring passage for orchestra in the first or final movement of a solo concerto or aria (also in works for chorus). ... Vespro della Beata Vergine 1610 (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin, 1610), or simply the Vespers of 1610, as it is commonly called, is a musical composition by Claudio Monteverdi. ... Vespers is the evening prayer service in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox liturgies of the canonical hours. ... Our Lady redirects here. ... “Handel” redirects here. ... Messiah (HWV 56) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel based on a libretto by Charles Jennens. ... “Bach” redirects here. ... This aritcle does not cite any references or sources. ...

Posthumous portrait medallion of Monteverdi, etching by Barberis, (Associazione Amici della Raccolta Bertarelli, Milan).
Posthumous portrait medallion of Monteverdi, etching by Barberis, (Associazione Amici della Raccolta Bertarelli, Milan).

Collection of sacred music by the great Italian composer, Claudio Monteverdi. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN...

Media

  • Cor Mio Mentre Vi Miro
    Cruda Amarilli
    Non Si Levav'ancor
    Lamento della Ninfa from Madrigali Guerrieri et Amorosi
    Live recording
    Monteverdi - Lamento d'Arianna -
    (10.4 Mb)
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Monteverdi-cor mio mentre vi miro. ... Monteverdi - cruda amarilli. ... Monteverdi - non si levavancor. ... Image File history File links Monteverdi_-_Lamento_della_Ninfa. ...

See also

  • Category:Compositions by Claudio Monteverdi
  • Category:Operas by Claudio Monteverdi

References

  1. ^ An Appreciation of Music Fourth Edition
  2. ^ Claudio Monteverde, at The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910.
  3. ^ Tim Carter. "Claudio Monteverdi, section 3", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed March 26, 2007), grovemusic.com (subscription access). Called "Reverendo" in the dedication of Scherzi musicali of 1632

The Catholic Encyclopedia is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by the Roman Catholic Church, designed to give authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic interests, action and doctrine. Starting in 1993, the encyclopedia (now in the public domain) was placed on the Internet through a world-wide... Second Edition, shelved The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians and is regarded as the most authoritative reference source on the subject in the English language. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Further reading

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
  • Denis Arnold, Monteverdi. London, J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd, 1975. ISBN 0-460-03155-4
  • Manfred Bukofzer, Music in the Baroque Era. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1947. ISBN 0-393-09745-5
  • Tim Carter, Music in Late Renaissance and Early Baroque Italy. Amadeus Press, 1992. ISBN 0-931340-53-5
  • Fabbri, Paolo [1985] (2006-12-28). Monteverdi, trans. from Italian by Tim Carter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-52-103335-7. 
  • Monteverdi, Claudio (1980). The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi, ed. Denis Stevens. ISBN 0-52-123591-4. 
  • Leo Schrade, Monteverdi. London, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-575-01472-5
  • Leopold, Silke [1982] (1991). Monteverdi (Music in Transition), trans. from German by Anne Smith, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-315248-7. 
  • The Cambridge Companion to Monteverdi (Cambridge Companions to Music) John Whenham ISBN-10: 0521697980 Cambridge University Press 2008

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Manfred Bukofzer (March 27, 1910–December 7, 1955) was a German-American musicologist and humanist. ... Denis William Stevens, CBE, (born 2 March 1922, died 1 April 2004), was a British musicologist specialising in early music, conductor, professor of music and radio producer. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Werner Icking Music Archive, often abbreviated WIMA, is a web archive of public domain sheet music. ... The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) is a project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores, based on the wiki principle. ... The concerto delle donne ( consort of ladies) was a group of professional female singers in the late Renaissance court of Ferrara, Italy, renowned for their technical and artistic virtuosity. ... Lucrezia Bendidio (Signora or Contessa Machiavella) (April 8, 1547–after 1584) was an Italian singer and noblewoman from Ferrara. ... Isabella Bendidio (Marchesa Bentivoglio) (September 13, 1546 – after 1610) was a Ferrarese noblewoman who, along with her sister Lucrezia Bendidio, sang in the first incarnation of the concerto delle donne as part of the courts musica secreta. ... Leonora Sanvitale (Contessa di Scandiano) (ca. ... Vittoria Bentivoglio was a singer in the 16th century Ferrarese court of Alfonso II dEste and a member of the first period of the courts concerto delle donne. ... Giulio Cesare Brancaccio (born ca. ... Laura Peverara (ca. ... Anna Guarini, Contessa Trotti, (1563 – May 3, 1598) was an Italian virtuoso singer of the late Renaissance. ... Livia dArco (c. ... Tarquinia Molza (November 1, 1542—August 8, 1617) was an Italian singer and poet. ... Giulio Cesare Brancaccio (born ca. ... Alfonso II dEste. ... Margherita Gonzaga dEste, Duchess of Ferrara (May 27, 1564 - January 6, 1618) was the daughter of William I, Duke of Mantua (Guglielmo Gonzaga) and Eleanora of Austria, and the sister of Vincent I, Duke of Mantua and Anna Caterina Gonzaga. ... Luzzasco Luzzaschi (c. ... Ippolito Fiorini (c 1549—1621) was a composer and lutenist, and the maestro di capella at the court of Alfonso II dEste in Ferrara during its entire existence (1568–1597). ... Giaches de Wert (1535 – May 6, 1596) was a Franco-Flemish composer active in Italy. ... Vittorio Baldini (d. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
HOASM: Claudio Monteverdi (706 words)
Monteverdi accompanied the duke on a foray against the Turks in Austria and Hungary in 1595, and to Flanders in 1599, where the duke went for a cure.
In 1630 Monteverdi set Strozzi's drama Proserpina rapita; an attack of plague in Venice in 1630-31 and the cessation of commissions from Mantua led to the slackening of his compositional activities.
Monteverdi died at the age of 76, shortly after returning to Venice from a trip to Cremona, and was buried in the Church of the Frari.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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