Claude Lefort was born in 1924 and was politically active by 1942 under the influence of his tutor, the phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty (whose posthumous publications Lefort later edited). By 1943 he was organising a faction of the Trotskyist Parti Communiste Internationaliste at the Lycée Henry IV in Paris. Lefort was impressed by Cornelius Castoriadis when he first met him. From 1946 he collaborated with him in the Chaulieu-Montal Tendency, from their noms-de guerre Pierre Chaulieu(Castoriadis) and Claude Montal (Lefort), publishing 0n the Regime and Against the Defence of the USSR, a critique of both the Soviet Union and its Trotskyist supporters. They suggested that the USSR was dominated by a social layer of bureaucrats, and that it consisted of a new kind of society as aggressive as Western European societies. By 1948 having tried to persuade the other trotskyists of their viewpoint they broke away with about a dozen others and founded the libertarian socialist group Socialisme ou Barbarie. 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... In philosophy and sociology a phenomenologist applies the method termed phenomenology by Edmund Husserl to analyze nature, reality or social interactions. ... Maurice Merleau-Ponty (March 14, 1908 â May 4, 1961) was a French phenomenologist philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl, and often somewhat mistakenly classified as an existentialist thinker because of his close association with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, and his distinctly Heideggerian conception of Being. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Cornelius Castoriadis (March 11, 1922-December 26, 1997) was born in Constantinople (Istanbul) and his family moved soon after to Athens. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Libertarian socialism is a political philosophy dedicated to opposing coercive forms of authority and social hierarchy, in particular the institutions of capitalism and the state. ... Socialisme ou Barbarie (Socialism or Barbarism) was a French-based radical leftist group of the post-World War II period. ...
For a time Lefort wrote for both the Socialisme ou Barbarie journal and for Les Temps Modernes. Les Temps Modernes was a political, literary and philosophical French magazine founded in 1945 by Simone de Beauvoir, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Raymond Aron. ...
Lefort was for a long-time uncomfortable with the group's "organisationalist" tendencies. In 1958 he, Henri Simon and others left Socialisme ou Barbarie and formed Informations et Liaison Ouvrières. 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...
Categories: 1924 births | French philosophers | 20th century philosophers | Marxist theorists
ClaudeLefort is one of the most innovative and insightful philosophers and political thinkers of the last half century -- but a thinker largely ignored or sidelined in America.
Lefort accepts Alexis de Tocqueville's notion of "the democratic revolution" whose significance resided in the fact that it "snapped the foundations of the distinctions between men in society," distinctions which in earlier times had been "anchored in nature" and/or "sanctified by myth or religion" (p.
Lefort is fond in this context of invoking psychoanalytic terminology.
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