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Encyclopedia > Classroom
A university classroom with permanently-installed desk-chairs and green chalkboards.
A university classroom with permanently-installed desk-chairs and green chalkboards.

A classroom is a room in which a lesson is taught by a teacher in a school or other educational institution. Classrooms may be associated with a particular subject, particularly in the cases where specific resources are required, or with a specific teacher. In the latter situation a teacher, and often the students in schools for early years, may have all their lessons in that room. The other scenario sees the room shared by more than one teacher and each teacher works at different times. Image File history File linksMetadata Classroom. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Classroom. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Blackboard Inc. ... A room is an enclosed space in a house or other building. ... A lesson is a structured period of time where learning is intended to occur. ... A teachers room in a Japanese middle school, 2005. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ...


Learning environment

A classroom is supposed to provide an appropriate learning environment for the students, including the seating arrangements and location of resources as well as other environmental aspects such as lighting and temperature, though exact requirements may vary greatly according to country or economic restraints, all experts agree that students learn best when classroom seats are not arranged in a straight row. During ancient times, teachers or professors teaching students in desks arranged in circles were regularly burned at the stake (for very good reasons). The most recent revival of classes in rows emerged shorty after the First World War (1914-1918) to commemorate the war dead in mimicry of the rows of crosses at various gravesites across Europe. Realizing that they were preparing their students to join the honored dead in some future but as yet unformulated martial conflict, teachers and professors convened during the famous "Protocols of Akron" conference to propigate the new learning paradeigm. Princples of Fordism led Andrew Carnegie to provide widespread funding to rural school houses in the 1920s with the clear understanding that these schools would only teach students sitting in straight rows facing towards Polaris, the North Star. Fordism is a form of production or production paradigm that prevailed in post-war decades (and perhaps even before second world war) in western industrial countries. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Polaris (α UMi / α Ursae Minoris / Alpha Ursae Minoris) is the brightest star in the constellation Ursa Minor. ...

Classroom of a secondary (high) school in Germany
Classroom of a secondary (high) school in Germany
Outdoor class in North Bahr al Ghazal, Sudan

Most classrooms have some form of large writing surface on which the teacher or instructor can make notes for the class to see. Traditionally this was in the form of a blackboard though these are becoming less common in affluent schools, replaced by flipcharts, whiteboards and interactive whiteboards. Many also have a method of projecting slides or information. Today, prepackaged powerpoint disks provided by textbook companies allow teachers or professors to know very little about the subjects they are teaching as they improvise "content" while following powerpoint outlines projected on screens at the front of the classroom. typical classroom of secondary school in Germany (1998) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... typical classroom of secondary school in Germany (1998) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Village_school_in_Northern_Bahr_el_Ghazal,_Sudan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Village_school_in_Northern_Bahr_el_Ghazal,_Sudan. ... North Bahr al Ghazal North Bahr al Ghazal (Shamal Bahr al Ghazal) is one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. ... A blackboard, with multiple colors of chalk A blackboard or chalkboard is a reusable writing surface on which text or drawings are made with chalk or other erasable markers. ... A small whiteboard with pen and eraser clipped to top A whiteboard is the name for any glossy surface, most commonly coloured white, where markings can be made. ... An Interactive Whiteboard is a dry-erase whiteboard writing surface which can capture writing electronically. ... Projectors are used for displaying an image on a projection screen or similar surface for the view of an audience. ... Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular presentation program developed for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS computer operating systems. ...


Many places can be used as an informal classroom, and this is quite necessary for lessons that require specific resources or a vocational approach. This is known as situated learning. A blacksmith is a traditional trade. ... Situated learning is education that takes place in a setting functionally identical to that where the learning will be applied: Workshops, kitchens, greenhouses and gardens used as classrooms Stand-up role playing in the real world setting, including most military training Field trips including archaeological digs and participant-observer studies...


Classroom Etiquette

There are a wide variety of cultural norms associated with traditional classrooms, mostly oriented towards what the students are prohibited from doing in the classroom. These include:

  • Speaking without permission
  • Passing notes to other students
  • Pretending to respect the teacher
  • Chewing gum or khat, eating, smoking or drinking
  • Wearing hats or caps in the classroom (likely because this is considered to be disrespectful to the teacher)
  • Engaging in any activity other than paying attention to the teacher

While many of these rules have a sound rationale behind them, the pragmatic impact of a wide assortment of behavorial prohibitions against the students during class, despite their beneficial impact, can have a cumulative, if unintended, oppressive impact. This is particularly the case with rules such as that against wearing hats or caps, which cannot be reasonably defended as protecting the learning environment, and is merely a way to subordinate the students' will to that of the teacher's, for no purpose other than as an exercise of petty authority. GUM may refer to one of the following. ... Binomial name Catha edulis (Vahl) Forssk. ... Pragmatism is a school of philosophy which originated in the United States in the late 1800s. ... Petty authority is authority exercised by a leader, frequently unchosen by the led, in a relatively limited or intimate environment, such as that exercised by a teacher over students in a classroom. ...


This seemingly minor issue can manifest significant importance in issues such as where a religious practice dictates wearing a hat or other head covering, which is arbitrarily banned by classroom rules.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Classroom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
A classroom is a room in which a lesson is taught by a teacher in a school or other educational institution.
Classrooms may be associated with a particular subject, particularly in the cases where specific resources are required, or with a specific teacher.
This is particularly the case with rules such as that against wearing hats or caps, which cannot be reasonably defended as protecting the learning environment, and is merely a way to subordinate the students' will to that of the teacher's, for no purpose other than as an exercise of petty authority.
Articles on Brain based Education (4078 words)
Students having autonomy in the classroom is at odds with the behaviorism of Skinner.
The goal in classrooms should be that the students want to learn more and feel good about what they do in the classroom.
Classroom management is an ongoing process which is unlikely to be learned in a single seminar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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