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Encyclopedia > Classism

Classism (a term formed by analogy with racism) is any form of prejudice or oppression against people who are in, or who are perceived as being like those who are in, a lower social class (especially in the form of lower or higher socioeconomic status) within a class society. It is similar to social elitism. It has been suggested that Racism in Mass Media be merged into this article or section. ... For with(out) prejudice in law, see Prejudice (law). ... Oppression is the negative outcome experienced by people targeted by the arbitrary and cruel exercise of power in a society or social group. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... A social class is, at its most basic, a group of people that have similar status. ... Elitism is a belief or attitude that an elite — a selected group of persons whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field (see below) — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who are alone...

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Individual versus structural

Like racism, classism can be divided into (at least) individual classism and structural classism. Individual classism is a matter of the prejudices held and discrimination practiced by individual people (such as making jokes or stereotypes at the expense of the poor, or treating workers in menial jobs as stupid or unworthy of respect). It has been suggested that Racism in Mass Media be merged into this article or section. ...


Structural or institutional classism is a passive form of classism that occurs when institutions or common practices are structured in such a way as to effectively exclude or marginalize people from lower classes, which can be due, in part, to widespread individual classism within the organization or the society, but does not need to be - for example, many people see the heavy influence of campaign contributions in American politics as a form of structural classism - since they argue that it effectively excludes working class people from political influence over their elected representatives - but this need not involve any claim that the campaign finance system was intentionally designed with the aim of disadvantaging the poor.


Classism and racism

Classism is also similar to racism in that it is often a matter of considerable controversy. Charges that a person, act, or institution is classist are often matters of intense disagreement. There is often intense disagreement between the parties over background facts, such as whether modern industrialized societies are economically stratified into discernible classes at all (and if so, how much); and there is also often disagreement over matters of understanding, such as whether negative treatment is due to prejudice against members of lower classes, or whether it is a rational reaction to "personal" traits of the person being so treated. Economic stratification refers to the condition within a society where social classes are separated, or stratified, along economic lines. ...


People who generally tend to find charges of classism unfounded or unreasonably harsh often diagnose the charges as expressions of class envy. Those who argue classism is especially pervasive or fundamental to the society that they live in often identify classism as the expression of systematic economic exploitation, and may connect it with an explicit notion of class warfare — but it is important to note that any particular accusation of classism does not, as such, presuppose any such claim, just as people may agree on examples of overt white supremacism, while disagreeing intensely over how widespread or deep-seated racist attitudes are in their society. Class envy is a pejorative term sometimes used to describe criticisms of the rich and powerful by the poor and less powerful. ... The term exploitation may carry two distinct meanings: The act of utilizing something for any purpose. ... Class conflict is both the friction that accompanies social relationships between members or groups of different social classes and the underlying tensions or antagonisms which exist in society. ... White supremacy is the variety of white nationalism that believes the white race should rule over other races. ...


See also

Class conflict is both the friction that accompanies social relationships between members or groups of different social classes and the underlying tensions or antagonisms which exist in society. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social structure of the United States. ... Class envy is a pejorative term sometimes used to describe criticisms of the rich and powerful by the poor and less powerful. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Social Darwinism is a term used to describe a style or trend in social theory which holds that Darwins theory of evolution of biological traits in a population by natural selection can also be applied to derive an ethic and underpin a political ideology and to critique human social... For with(out) prejudice in law, see Prejudice (law). ... Elitism is a belief or attitude that an elite — a selected group of persons whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field (see below) — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who are alone... A plutocracy is a form of government where all the states decisions are centralized in an affluent wealthy class of citizenry, and the degree of economic inequality is high while the level of social mobility is low. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A poster printed by the Industrial Workers of the World, dramatising economic inequality under capitalism and aiming to gain support for Industrial unionism. ... Materialism refers to how a person or group chooses to spend their resources, particularly money and time. ... Economic stratification refers to the condition within a society where social classes are separated, or stratified, along economic lines. ... Consumerism is a term used to describe the effects of equating personal happiness with purchasing material possessions and consumption. ... The term exploitation may carry two distinct meanings: The act of utilizing something for any purpose. ... Wage slavery is a condition in which a person is legally (de jure) voluntarily employed but practically (de facto) a slave. ... Working poor is a term used to describe individuals and families who maintain full-time jobs but remain in relative poverty due to low levels of pay and dependent expenses. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... The lumpenproletariat (German Lumpenproletariat, rabble-proletariat; raggedy proletariat) is a term originally defined by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in The German Ideology (1845), their famous second joint work, and later expounded upon in future works by Marx. ... To discriminate is to make a distinction between people on the basis of class or category without regard to individual merit. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... White trash is an American ethnic slur with a social class component. ... The only atomic weapons ever used in war - the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, effectively ending World War II. The bombs over Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki immediately killed over 120,000 people. ...

Further reading


  Results from FactBites:
 
Class Action - Class Definition (742 words)
Classism is the systematic oppression of subordinated groups (people without endowed or acquired economic power, social influence, and privilege) by the dominant groups (those who have access to control of the necessary resources by which other people make their living).
Classism is the systematic oppression of subordinated class groups to advantage and strengthen the dominant class groups.
Classism is held in place by a system of beliefs and cultural attitudes that ranks people according to economic status, family lineage, job status, level of education, and other divisions.
Classism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (197 words)
Classism (a term formed by analogy with racism) is any form of prejudice or oppression against people who are in, or who are perceived as being like those who are in, a lower social class (especially in the form of lower or higher socioeconomic status) within a class based society.
Classism is also similar to racism in that it is often a matter of considerable controversy.
People who generally tend to find charges of classism unfounded or unreasonably harsh often diagnose the charges as expressions of class envy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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