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Encyclopedia > Classification society

In the shipping industry, classification societies are non-governmental organizations or groups of professionals, ship surveyors and representatives of offices that promote the safety and protection of the environment of ships and offshore structures. Damaged package The Panama canal. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a private institution that is independent of the government although many NGOs, particular in the global South, are funded by Northern governments. ... A marine surveyor is usually a professional mariner, such as a qualified shipmaster, engineer, naval architect or radio officer. ... Look up Structure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Responsibilities

Classification societies set technical rules, confirm that designs and calculations meet these rules, survey ships and structures during the process of construction and commissioning, and periodically survey vessels to ensure that they continue to meet the rules. Classification societies are also responsible for classing oil platforms, other offshore structures, and submarines. Included in the survey process is the survey and certification of diesel engines, large or critical pumps such as fire or main bilge pumps, and other machinery vital to the function of the ship. This is frequently done at the manufacturer's plant, which may be hundreds of miles from the shipyard or drydock. Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... The Hibernia platform is the worlds largest oil platform. ... USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ...


History

In the second half of the 18 century, merchants, marine underwriters, and others, all connected with shipping often gathered at Edward Lloyd's coffee house in London. In 1760, customers of that coffee house formed the Register Society, the first authentic classification society and which would subsequently become Lloyd's Register. Their purpose was to develop a system for the independent inspection of the hull and equipment of ships presented to them to be insured. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


At that time, an attempt was made to 'classify' the condition of each ship on an annual basis. The condition of the hull was classified A, E, I, O or U, according to the excellence of its construction and its adjudged continuing soundness (or lack therof). Equipment was G, M, or B: simply, good, middling or bad. In time, G, M and B were replaced by 1, 2 and 3, which is the origin of the well-known expression 'A1', meaning 'first or highest class'.


The first edition of the Regsiter of Ships was published by Lloyd's Register in 1764 and was for use in the years 1764 to 1766.


Bureau Veritas (BV) was founded in Antwerp in 1828, moving to Paris in 1832. Lloyd's Register reconstituted in 1834 to become 'Lloyd's Register of British and Foreign Shipping'. Where previously surveys had been undertaken by retired sea captains, from this time surveyors started to be employed and Lloyd's Register formed a General Committee for the running fo the Society and for the Rules regarding ship construction and maintenance, which began to be published from this time. For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


Adoption of common rules for ship construction by Norwegian insurance societies in the late 1850s led to the establishment of Det Norske Veritas (DNV) in 1864. Germanischer Lloyd (GL) was formed in 1867 and Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (ClassNK) in 1899. The Russian Maritime Register of Shipping (RS) was an early offshoot of the River Register of 1913. DNV or Det Norske Veritas is a Norwegian company established in 1864. ...


As the classification profession evolved, the practice of assigning different classifications has been superseded, with some exceptions. Today a ship either meets the relevant class society’s rules or it does not. As a consequence it is either 'in' or 'out' of 'class'. Classification societies do not issue statements or certifications that a vessel is 'fit to sail' or 'unfit to sail', merely that the vessel is in compliance with the required codes. This is in part related to legal liability of the classification society.


However, each of the classification societies has developed a series of notations that may be granted to a vessel to indicate that it is in compliance with some additional criteria that may be either specific to that vessel type or that are in excess of the standard classification requirements. See Ice class as an example. Ships with an Ice Class have a strengthened hull to enable them to navigate through sea ice. ...


Today

Today there are a number of classification societies, the "big three" being Lloyd's Register, Det Norske Veritas and the American Bureau of Shipping. The Lloyds Register Group is an independent risk management organisation providing risk assessment and risk mitigation solutions and management systems certification. ... DNV or Det Norske Veritas is a Norwegian company established in 1864. ... American Bureau of Shipping is a Classification Society with headquarters in Houston, Texas. ...


Classification societies employ ship surveyors, material engineers, piping engineers, mechanical engineers, chemical engineers and electrical engineers, often located at ports and office buildings around the world. This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The Materials Science Tetrahedron, which often also includes Characterization at the center Materials science or Materials Engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. ... Mechanical engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. ... Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ... An engineers degree is an academic degree which is intermediate in rank between a masters degree and a doctorate; it is occasionally to be encountered in the United States in technical fields. ...


Marine vessels and structures are classified according to the soundness of their structure and design for the purpose of the vessel. The classification rules are designed to ensure an acceptable degree of stability, safety, environmental impact, etc.


All nations require that ships and other marine structures flying their flag meet certain standards; in most cases these standards are deemed to be met if the ship has the relevant certificate from a member of the IACS or EMSA. Certificates issued by the classification society on behalf of the flag country are also required for pumps, engines, and other equipment vital to the ship's function. Equipment under certain sizes is usually excluded from these certificate requirements. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Location: Lisbon, Portugal Formation: - Signed - Established 2002 Superseding pillar: European Communities Director: Willem de Ruiter Website: emsa. ...


In particular, classification societies may be authorised to inspect ships, oil rigs, submarines, and other marine structures and issue certificates on behalf of the state under whose flag the ships are registered.


There are more than 50 marine classification organizations worldwide, some of which are listed below.


List of Classification Societies

Name Abvr Date Head office IACS EMSA
Lloyd's Register of Shipping LR 1760 London [1] x x
Bureau Veritas BV 1828 Paris x x
Registro Italiano Navale RINA 1861 Genua x x
American Bureau of Shipping ABS 1862 Houston x x
Det Norske Veritas DNV 1864 Oslo x x
Germanischer Lloyd GL 1867 Hamburg x x
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai NKK 1899 Tokio x x
Russian Maritime Register of Shipping
(Российский морской регистр судоходства)
RS 1913 Sankt Petersburg x x
Hellenic Register of Shipping HR 1919 Pireus x x[2]
International Register of Shipping IROS 1993 Miami - -
Polish Register of Shipping PRS 1936 Gdańsk - x[3]
Croatian Register of Shipping CRS 1949 Split - -
China Classification Society CCS 1956 Beijing x x
Korean Register of Shipping KR 1960 Daejeon x x
Registro Internacional Naval[4] RINAVE 1973 Paris - x [5]
Indian Register of Shipping IRS 1975 Mumbai x[6] -
Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia BKI 1964 Jakarta  ?  ?
  1. ^ LR will move head office to Southampton in 2009
  2. ^ Recognition for Greece and Cyprus
  3. ^ Limited recognition
  4. ^ Since 2004 in Bureau Veritas
  5. ^ Recognition for Portugal
  6. ^ Associated with IACS

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Location: Lisbon, Portugal Formation: - Signed - Established 2002 Superseding pillar: European Communities Director: Willem de Ruiter Website: emsa. ... The Lloyds Register Group is an independent risk management organisation providing risk assessment and risk mitigation solutions and management systems certification. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Registro Italiano Navale (meaning Italian Shipping Register, shortly: R.I.NA.) was established in 1861 in Genoa, Italy, and after some changes in name and tasks, took the current name in 1938. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Genua is a fictional city from Terry Pratchetts Discworld novels. ... American Bureau of Shipping is a Classification Society with headquarters in Houston, Texas. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Houston redirects here. ... DNV or Det Norske Veritas is a Norwegian company established in 1864. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... The Germanischer Lloyd AG is a classification society founded in 1867. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... Nippon Kaiji Kyokai is a ship classification society. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... TOKIO is a Japanese popular pop/rock band formed by Johnny & Associates in 1994. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Piraeus, or Peiraeus (Modern Greek: Πειραιά(ς) Pireá(s), Ancient Greek / Katharevousa: Πειραιεύς Pireéfs) is a city in the prefecture of Attica, Greece, located south of Athens. ... The International Register of Shipping (IRS) was established in 1993, and is an independent classification society which provides classification, certification, verification and advisory services. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Polish Register of Shipping, (in Polish: ), also known as PRS, is an independent classification society established in 1936. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; Wade-Giles: Peiching or Pei-ching; IPA: ; literally Northern capital;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Daejeon Metropolitan City is a metropolitan city in the centre of South Korea, and the capital of South Chungcheong Province. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Djakarta, Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

External links

  • ABS American Bureau of Shipping
  • BV Bureau Veritas
  • CCS China Classification Society
  • CRS Hrvatski Registar Brodova (Croatian Register of Shipping)
  • DNV Det Norske Veritas
  • GL Germanischer Lloyd
  • HRS Hellenic Register of Shipping for Greece
  • IRS Indian Register of Shipping
  • IROS International Register of Shipping
  • KR Korean Register of Shipping
  • LR Lloyd's Register
  • NK Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (ClassNK)
  • PRS Polish Register of Shipping (Polski Rejestr Statków)
  • RINA Registro Italiano Navale
  • RINAVE Registro Internacional Naval SA
  • RS Russian Maritime Register of Shipping

IACS document explaining Classification societies


 
 

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