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Encyclopedia > Clarkson Memorial

The Clarkson Memorial, located in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England, is a memorial to Thomas Clarkson MA, one of the earliest campaigners against slavery in England. Wisbech (IPA /wızbıž/) is a town with a population of about 20,000 in the Fenland area of Cambridgeshire. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... Thomas Clarkson (28 March 1760 - 26 September 1846), born at Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, England, was a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire. ...


The memorial consists of statue mounted on a platform. Above this, rises a canopy, reaching into a spire. The whole structure is 68 feet (20.6 m) high. On three of the four sides are carved bas-reliefs, representing, in order, Wilberforce, Granville Sharp and a manacled slave in a beseeching attitude. The fourth side features an inscription to Clarkson. A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ... Bas relief is a method of sculpting which entails carving or etching away the surface of a flat piece of stone or metal. ... Wilberforce can refer to: the family name of several prominent English men: William Wilberforce, who fought against the slave trade, and Samuel Wilberforce, his son, a bishop who debated the theory of evolution with Thomas Henry Huxley. ... Granville Sharp (10 November 1735 - 6 July 1813) was an English campaigner for the abolition of the slave trade. ... The word slaves has several meanings and usages: People who are owned by others, and live to serve them without pay. ...


History

The Memorial is built on Bridge Street, on the South Brink of the River Nene. The site is the location of the old Customs House (which before that was the Butter Market) built in 1801. In 1856 the Old Bridge was rebuilt, and the Customs House was was pulled down to make way for the bridge improvements. In 1880, when work started on the Clarkson Memorial the location was chosen because of its central position. The River Nene is a river in the east of England. ...


The Clarkson Memorial cost £2035 at the time of its construction, and was paid for primarily by a large donation from the Peckover family. The shortfall was made up by public subscriptions. Work started on 28th October 1880. The statue was unveiled on 11th November 1881. (Redirected from 28th October) October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... (Redirected from 11th November) November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The original design was an adapted version of the one by Sir George Gilbert Scott RA, who first put forward his design in 1875. The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals. ...


Symbolism

The Clarkson Memorial is seen by some to have Freudian significance, or even represent a phallic symbol due to its shape and size. Certainly, it is meant to represent the might (both moral and literal of Thomas Clarkson), and psychoanalysts argue that subconsciously it has been built to represent a phallus. Sigmund Freud His famous couch Sigmund Freud (May 6, 1856 - September 23, 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, a movement that popularized the theory that unconscious motives control much behavior. ... Phallic symbols are forms or concepts considered to be representations of the penis (or phallus) and the fertility and cultural implications that are associated with the male sexual organ. ... Thomas Clarkson (28 March 1760 - 26 September 1846), born at Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, England, was a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire. ... The Latin word phallus (from the Greek phallos) and its derived adjective phallic, adopted in English and in many modern languages, refers to the penis. ...


External links

  • Clarkson Memorial at Night
  • Tourist Information About the Memorial

 
 

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