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Encyclopedia > Clarence White
Clarence White

Born June 7, 1944
Madawaska, Maine, U.S.A.
Died July 14, 1973
Palmdale, California, U.S.A.
Genre(s) Bluegrass
Country Rock
Rock
Affiliation(s) The Kentucky Colonels
The Byrds
Label(s) Columbia Records
Notable guitars Fender Telecaster
Years active 1958 - 1973
Official site www.clarencewhiteforum.com

Clarence White (born Clarence LeBlanc) (June 7, 1944July 14, 1973) was a guitar player for Nashville West, The Byrds, Muleskinner, and the Kentucky Colonels. His parents were French-Canadians from New Brunswick, Canada. The father, Eric White, Sr., played fiddle, guitar, banjo and harmonica, and his children, Roland, Eric Jr., Joanne and Clarence took up music at a young age. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Seal of Madawaska, ME Madawaska is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Aerospace Capital of America Location of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor James C. Ledford Jr. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music which has its own roots in Irish, Scottish and English traditional music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... The Fender Telecaster, also known as a Tele, is a typically dual-pickup, solid-body electric guitar made by Fender. ... See also: 1957 in music, other events of 1958, 1959 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Little Richard begins attending classes at Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama February 14 - The Iranian government bans rock & roll because they claim that the form... See also: 1970s in music. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the Canadian province; for the city in New Jersey, see New Brunswick, New Jersey. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... A steel string acoustic guitar is a modern form of guitar descended from the classical guitar, but strung with steel strings for a brighter, louder sound. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) A modern 5-string banjo The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin adapted from several African instruments. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

The Kentucky Colonels

Born in 1944 in Madawaska, Maine, the family eventually followed relatives in 1954 to Burbank, California, and the White children eventually formed a band called the Three Little Country Boys, and soon secured a regular spot on a local radio program, and had attracted the interest of country star, Joe Maphis. in 1958 the band cut their first single, and had become well enough known to land several appearances on the Andy Griffith Show. In late 1962, the Country Boys became the Kentucky Colonels. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... An American guitarist b. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Griffith as Andy Taylor and Howard as Opie Knotts as Barney Fife and Griffith as Andy Taylor The Andy Griffith Show was an American television series that aired from 1960 to 1968. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Despite their successes, the Colonels were having a harder time making a living playing bluegrass. The folk boom had been staggered by the British Invasion in 1964, but the death blow, ironically, was dealt in mid-1965 with the release of "Mr. Tambourine Man" by the Byrds and "Subterranean Homesick Blues" by Bob Dylan. While they did attempt to experiment with electric instrumentation, this was only met with indifference from rock audiences and consternation from their folk and country fan base. By October of '65, the Colonels dissolved as an ongoing unit after playing their final show on Halloween night. For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ... Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, musician, and poet who has been a major figure in popular music for five decades. ...


The Byrds

After the dissolution of the Colonels, White found employ as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, playing on early records of The Monkees, and performed at night with future Byrd Gene Parsons in the group Nashville West. Along with the International Submarine Band and the Ian Dunlop-led Flying Burrito Brothers, the band was one of the first to play a seamless blend of country and rock in modern pop music. The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Gene Parsons is an american drummer, best known for his work with The Byrds from 1968 to 1972, although officially still a member until the groups dissolution in 1973, he had not performed with them after 1972, as Roger McGuinn was on a reunion tour with the other original members. ... The International Submarine Band was a country-rock group led by a 21-year old Gram Parsons. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Cover of The Gilded Palace of Sin (1969) The Flying Burrito Brothers were an early country rock band, best known for their massively influential debut album, 1969s The Gilded Palace of Sin. ...


White's association with the Byrds began in earnest in 1966, when he contributed his distinctive playing to former member Gene Clark's solo album Gene Clark with the Gosdin Brothers; he and Gene Parsons briefly joined Clark's touring band shortly thereafter. Striking up an acquaintance with Byrds bassist Chris Hillman (who played mandolin in bluegrass combo the Hillmen before electing to join the rock wave) during the Clark sessions, White contributed twangy lead guitar to two of his songs from the album Younger Than Yesterday: "Time Between" and "The Girl With No Name". Both of the country flavored songs were a bit of a stylistic departure for the group, who until that point had rarely strayed from folk or psychedelic rock. White was invited back to record a lead guitar solo for "Change is Now" on The Notorious Byrd Brothers. With its utilization of echo and delay and emphasis upon texture rather than melody, the piece has been favorably compared to the later work of Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. He would also contribute to Sweetheart of the Rodeo, the group's Gram Parsons-led foray into traditional honky-tonk, but much of his work on the album is obscured by Nashville pedal steel. For other uses, see Gene Clark (disambiguation). ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) (born Brian Peter George St. ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... Gram Parsons (November 5, 1946 – September 19, 1973) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and pianist. ... A vintage belt buckle from Gilleys, a large honky tonk featured in the movie Urban Cowboy. ...


After the abrupt departure of Parsons in 1968, with Hillman following not long after, White was finally invited to join the reconstituted Byrds in September 1968, remaining until the group was finally dissolved by Roger McGuinn in 1973. The White-era group (McGuinn, White, Gene Parsons, and bassists John York & Skip Battin), while never held in the same esteem as the original band and often dismissed as being little more than McGuinn and his backing band, would maintain a loyal following into the early 70s and record five albums to somewhat favorable reception. However, while the original group's ability to play live was often questioned, the latter-day Byrds--propelled by the intertwining lead/rhythm guitars of White and McGuinn--were considered to be one of the live powerhouses of the epoch. Never one to abandon his roots, White was well-known for downplaying his onstage virtuosity, maintaining the stern "poker face" composure common amongst bluegrass musicians. James Roger McGuinn (born July 13, 1942) is an American singer-songwriter, who was born as James Joseph McGuinn III in Chicago, Illinois. ... Skip Clyde Skip Battin (Born 2/18/34 in Gallipolis, Ohio) was a successful singer-songwriter, musician, performer and recording artist. ...


Despite being on the road for the majority of the year (poor business decisions had left the band wallowing in debt, forcing McGuinn to continue to use the Byrds moniker and interminable stretches of road work), White continued to play sessions during his Byrds tenure, alternating with Ry Cooder as guitarist on Randy Newman's 12 Songs and collaborating with the insurgent singer-songwriter Jackson Browne on his albums. Periodically fronting the group, White sang the Browne composition "Jamaica Say You Will" on Byrdmaniax and the bluegrass standard "Farther Along", providing the title for the group's final album. Ryland Ry Peter Cooder (born 15 March 1947, in Los Angeles, California) is an American guitarist, singer and composer, known for his slide guitar work, his interest in the American roots music and, more recently, for his collaborations with traditional musicians from many countries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Clyde Jackson Browne (born October 9, 1948) is an American rock music singer, songwriter, guitarist, and pianist, whose introspective lyrics made him one of the standouts in Southern Californias confessional singer-songwriter movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. ...


Post-Byrds and death

By 1972, the pace of the group had slowed down considerably; while they would mount two more tours with percussionist Joe Lala onboard, much of McGuinn's attentions had been diverted to a possible reunion of the original Byrds, contingient on his disbanding of the "other" Byrds. After fulfilling their final obligations in early 1973, the Clarence White-era Byrds broke up. Joe Lala is an actor and voice actor, notable for a his dubbing of Kun Lan of the computer-game Killer7. ...


White remained busy throughout early 1973. In addition to more Browne sessions, he joined with Peter Rowan, David Grisman, fiddler Richard Greene and banjo player Bill Keith to form the bluegrass supergroup Muleskinner. The group was scheduled to back up Bill Monroe on a TV broadcast, but ended up performing on their own when Bill's bus broke down on the way to the show. The band played anyhow and the live tapes once thought lost have reappeared and been released in recent years. Shortly after the concert, they made some preliminary recordings, all of which were in the vein of contemporary bluegrass or "newgrass". Peter Rowan Peter Rowan (b. ... David Grisman David Grisman (born March 23, 1945 in Hackensack, New Jersey) is a noted bluegrass/newgrass mandolinist and composer of acoustic music. ... Muleskinner was an American bluegrass band, consisting of Clarence White (guitar, vocals), Peter Rowan (guitar/vocals), Bill Keith, Richard Greene (fiddle) and David Grisman (mandolin). ... For the retired NBC News correspondent of the same name, see Bill Monroe (journalist). ...


His final road jaunt was a three-date "country-rock" package tour with the likes of Gram Parsons, Emmylou Harris, Sneaky Pete Kleinow, and Chris Etheridge. Even though they had presumably been acquainted with one another in the past, Parsons and White would develop a fast friendship after what was by all accounts a very acrimonious re-acquaintance. Emmylou Harris (b. ... Sneaky Pete Kleinow Sneaky Pete Kleinow (born August 20, 1934 in South Bend, Indiana, died January 6, 2007 in California) was an American country-rock musician, songwriter, and a motion picture special effects artist. ...


White was killed on July 14, 1973 by a drunken driver while loading his equipment in his car following a spur-of-the moment reunion gig with the Colonels. Especially shaken by his death was Gram Parsons, who would lead a singalong of "Farther Along" at the funeral service and conceive his final song before his own death, "In My Hour of Darkness", as a partial tribute to White. The driver who hit him, Yoko Ito, received a one-year suspended sentence and lost her driver's license. is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...


Musical influence

Clarence White almost single-handedly legitimized the acoustic guitar as a lead instrument in bluegrass. With few exceptions, before Clarence, the guitar was strictly a rhythm instrument. Tony Rice, arguably the greatest living bluegrass guitarist, cites his friend Clarence as his primary musical influence. Rice owns and plays Clarence's highly modified 1935 Martin D-28. David Grier and Russ Barenberg are two other highly acclaimed acoustic guitarists who were heavily influenced by White's innovative and highly sophisticated guitar work. Tony Rice Tony Rice (born June 8, 1951 in Danville, Virginia) is an influential bluegrass guitarist. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... C.F. Martin & Company is a guitar manufacturer established in 1833 by Christian Frederick Martin. ... Some of the people, places or things you have written about in the article [[{{{1}}}]] may not be sufficiently well-known to merit articles of their own. ...


On the electric side of the guitar spectrum, White was similarly influential. With fellow Byrd Gene Parsons, White invented the B-Bender device. This device raises the b (second) string of the guitar a whole step by the use of pulleys and levers attached to the upper strap knob and the second string on the guitar. It is activated by pushing down on the neck, and produces a "pedal steel" type sound. Subsequently, his Telecaster sound became at least as revered as his bluegrass playing. Marty Stuart was one player highly influenced by White's playing; he owns and regularly plays White's now-legendary Fender Telecaster. Gene Parsons is an american drummer, best known for his work with The Byrds from 1968 to 1972, although officially still a member until the groups dissolution in 1973, he had not performed with them after 1972, as Roger McGuinn was on a reunion tour with the other original members. ... B-Bender is a system designed for Fender Telecaster guitars that enables a player to simulate a bending of a single B-string up to a whole tone (thus the name). ... Pedal steel guitar (also called Steel Guitar) is a type of guitar, and a method of playing the instrument. ... 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music which has its own roots in Irish, Scottish and English traditional music. ... Marty Stuart (born John Marty Stuart September 30, 1958 in Philadelphia, Mississippi) is an American country music singer, known for both his traditional style, and eclectic merging of rockabilly, honky tonk, and traditional country music. ... It has been suggested that Fender Amplifier History be merged into this article or section. ...


External links

  • AOL Biography
  • Clarence White forum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clarence White (3055 words)
Clarence and Roland's father, Eric Sr., was one of 17 children, so the boys frequently visited with numerous aunts, uncles and cousins.
Clarence picked up guitar from many sources, Roland says, and made small breakthroughs, such as seeing the guitarist with Monroe's Blue Grass Boys play with a capo, which "really opened his eyes to what the guitar could do." Continuing the family band they'd had in Maine, Clarence, Roland and youngest brother Eric Jr.
Suddenly, Clarence White had become an extraordinary flatpicking guitarist.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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