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Encyclopedia > Clare Martin
Clare Martin

Incumbent
Assumed office 
13 August 2001
Deputy Syd Stirling
Constituency Fannie Bay

Born June 15, 1952 (1952-06-15) (age 55)
Lindfield, NSW, Australia
Nationality Flag of Australia Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Profession Journalist

Clare Majella Martin (born June 15, 1952) is an Australian politician. A former journalist, she was elected to the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly in a shock by-election win in 1995. She was appointed Opposition Leader in 1999, and won a surprise victory at the 2001 territory election, becoming the first Australian Labor Party and first female Chief Minister of the Northern Territory. She resigned as Chief Minister on 26 November 2007. Claire Martin is the name of: Claire Martin, the Canadian author. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... In Australia, a Chief Minister is the head of government of a self-governing territory, while the head of government of a state is a Premier. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Fannie Bay is a electoral division of the Legislative Assembly in Australias Northern Territory. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lindfield is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... NSW redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... ALP redirects here. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Northern Territory in Australia. ... ALP redirects here. ... In Australia, a Chief Minister is the head of government of a self-governing territory, while the head of government of a state is a Premier. ...

Contents

Early life

Martin was one of ten children. [1] Her parents were strong Catholics and passionate Democratic Labor Party supporters. [citation needed] Her uncle, Kevin Cairns, was a Liberal minister and MP in the McMahon government, but the family was not inclined towards his conservative politics. The Democratic Labor Party (DLP) is a minor political party in Australia that espouses social conservatism. ... The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups Liberal Party (74) ALP (60) National Party (12) Country Liberal Party (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House... Sir William McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 – 31 March 1988), Australian politician and 20th Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, where his father was a lawyer. ...


After attending Loreto Normanhurst, Martin graduated from the University of Sydney in 1975 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. [1] Loreto Normanhurst is a private, Catholic, day and boarding school for slutty girls in Normanhurst, New South Wales, Australia with an enrolment of approximately 900 students from Year 7 to Year 12, including 180 boarders. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ...


Pre-political career

After spending time in London and overseas, she began working as a typist for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Sydney in 1978. In 1979, she became a trainee reporter. [1] After several years, she began to take an interest in presenting, but was told that she would not be given a position in Sydney unless she had experience elsewhere [citation needed]. In February 1983 [1], Martin was then offered a six-month position [citation needed] presenting a morning radio show in Darwin for the ABC Radio station 8DDD. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Port Darwin redirects here. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... 8DDD (identified on air and in print as 105. ...


She had little intention of staying there, and briefly returned to Canberra in May 1983[1], before being offered a job in Sydney. However, at the same time, Martin's partner was offered a partner's position at the law firm he had worked in Darwin. He liked living in Darwin and was keen to take up the position, so Martin agreed to decline the Sydney job and return to Darwin in May 1985 where Martin gained another position on a ABC Radio morning show [1].


In 1986, Martin made the move to television, as the presenter of The 7.30 Report until 1988. After returning from long service leave where she cared for her two young children[1], Martin returned to work in 1990 to work on ABC Radio’s morning program. [1] . The 7:30 Report is an Australian nightly television current affairs program, shown on ABC TV at 7. ...


Political career

Martin had been interested in political journalism for some years, although she was not a member of any party, believing that party affiliation compromises journalistic integrity. [citation needed] In 1994, she was approached to contest the Darwin Legislative Assembly seat of Casuarina for the Australian Labor Party at the 1994 election. However, she was defeated by Country Liberal Party candidate Peter Adamson. She soon resigned from the party and returned to journalism, but when CLP Chief Minister Marshall Perron resigned from his Darwin seat of Fannie Bay, causing a by-election, she decided to make another attempt to enter Parliament. While in some ways the odds of success were even less than in 1994 [citation needed], she rejoined the ALP and successfully gained pre-selection. In one of the largest upsets in the Territory during the 1990s [citation needed], Martin went on to win the seat by 69 votes, becoming one of only two ALP MLAs in Darwin. Port Darwin redirects here. ... The Legislative Assembly is the only chamber of parliament in the Northern Territory in Australia. ... Casuarina is an electoral division of the Legislative Assembly in Australias Northern Territory. ... ALP redirects here. ... In Australian politics, the Country Liberal Party (CLP) is the Northern Territory equivalent to the Liberal and National parties. ... Marshall Perron is a former Chief Minister of the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Fannie Bay is a electoral division of the Legislative Assembly in Australias Northern Territory. ...


Martin worked hard to retain her seat, and was ultimately successful, holding Fannie Bay despite a heavy defeat for the ALP at the 1997 election. She subsequently served as Shadow Minister for Lands under then leader Maggie Hickey. When Hickey unexpectedly resigned in February 1999, Martin was in a position to succeed her, and was soon appointed as Opposition Leader. She soon emerged as a vocal critic of the Burke government's policy of mandatory sentencing, and began preparing the ALP for the election, which was then two years away. Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ... A mandatory sentence is a judicial decision setting the punishment to be inflicted on a person convicted of a crime where judicial discretion is limited by law. ...


Term as Chief Minister

Martin faced her first electoral test as leader at the 2001 election. At the time, the Country Liberal Party had held office for the 27 years since self-government, and the Australian Labor Party had never come particularly close to government. However, the ALP was coming off a particularly successful eighteen months, and Martin ran a skilled campaign. She was also able to take advantage of a number of gaffes made by Chief Minister Denis Burke, such as the decision to preference the One Nation Party over the ALP - which lost the CLP a number of votes in crucial Darwin seats. Despite this, most commentators were predicting a close result with the CLP returned. However, in a shock result, the ALP achieved majority government by one seat, and Martin became the first ever ALP and first female Chief Minister in the history of the Northern Territory. A general election was held in the Northern Territory, Australia, on August 18, 2001. ... Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ... One Nation is a nationalist and protectionist political group in Australia. ...


As Chief Minister, Martin immediately set about making changes, repealing the territory's controversial mandatory sentencing laws [2], and introducing freedom of information legislation, which had been neglected during the CLP's 27-year rule. [citation needed] A mandatory sentence is a judicial decision setting the punishment to be inflicted on a person convicted of a crime where judicial discretion is limited by law. ... Over seventy countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation. ...


Aboriginal Issues

Although Martin appointed Aboriginal Territorians to her cabinet, she has been criticised for not improving the lot of her Aboriginal constituents, the majority of whom have a life expectancy well below that of white Australians. A respected commentator in The Bulletin has suggested that she has gone slow on Aboriginal issues because she fears a white backlash that could result in her government being toppled.[citation needed] Language(s) Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religion(s) Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... The Bulletin is an Australian weekly magazine, which has been published in Sydney since 1880. ...


The life expectancy of the Northern Territory's Aboriginal citizens has not increased markedly during Martin's administration. [citation needed] Alcohol abuse is rampant in most Aboriginal communities [citation needed] and third-world diseases like trachoma can be seen in remote Aboriginal townships. [3] Martin's failure to markedly improve the lot of Aboriginal Territorians has angered many Australians. [citation needed] [neutrality disputed] However in 2006, Martin rejected accusations by John Howard and Federal Indigenous Affairs Minister, Mal Brough that her government had been underfunding Aboriginal communities. [4] Nevertheless, Martin is widely regarded [weasel words] as being more friendly to Aboriginal causes than her political opponents who are currently in opposition.[citation needed] John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Hon Mal Brough Malcolm Thomas Mal Brough (pronounced Bruff) (born 29 December 1961), Australian politician, has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives since March 1996, representing the Division of Longman, Queensland. ...


Martin has been critical of the Federal Government's intervention in Aboriginal communities as announced in 2007. She opposes certain aspects of the intervention such as removal of the permit system. In response, the Federal Government has rejected the Territory's argument, saying it is essential to remove artificial barriers to Aboriginal townships that prevent the measures needed to improve living conditions for Indigenous children [5]


Achievements

In the longer term, she oversaw the completion of the Adelaide-Darwin railway, which had begun under the Burke government, and vowed to resurrect the stalled statehood movement. [6] She also managed to markedly boost the ALP's standing amongst the electorate, as seen in the 2003 Katherine by-election, which saw a major swing to the party. Current route map of the Ghan The Ghan, short for The Afghan, is the 48-hour, 2,979-km passenger service on the Adelaide-Alice Springs-Darwin Central Australian Railway in Australia. ...


By 2005, the Northern Territory, under Martin's leadership, had achieved the following:

  • the highest economic growth in Australia at 7.2 per cent
  • the lowest small business taxes
  • record population growth
  • the highest building approval rates
  • surging house prices and record levels of home ownership.
  • Property crime almost halved
  • Approval for $1 billion development of Darwin wharf precinct[2]

As Chief Minister, Martin led the ALP to the 2005 election, which was their first as an incumbent government in the Territory. Martin campaigned largely on law and order issues which, while popular with marginal voters, were not necessarily popular with her constituency. [citation needed] It was predicted that the ALP would win a relatively narrow victory. The final result gave 19 seats to the ALP, 4 to the opposition CLP and 2 to independents. The ALP won 6 new seats, including unseating the Opposition Leader, Denis Burke, in the most unexpected victory of all. As a result of her victory at the election, Martin will most likely remain Chief Minister until at least 2009, as she has committed to serving out a full term. It was suggested during the campaign that Martin may enter federal politics at the completion of this term. [citation needed] Legislative elections will be held in the Northern Territory of Australia on June 18, 2005. ... The Leader of the Opposition of the Northern Territory is an official role usually occupied by the leader of the second largest party in the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly. ... Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ...


On September 10, 2007, Queensland Premier Peter Beattie announced he would leave politics that week. This left Martin as Labor's longest-serving current state or territory leader, and as the longest-serving state or territory head of government in Australia, until she herself announced her resignation on 26 November 2007. is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... List of Premiers of Queensland Before the 1890s there was no formal party system in Queensland. ... Peter Douglas Beattie (born 18 November 1952), Australian politician, was the 36th Premier of the Australian state of Queensland for nine years and leader of the Australian Labor Party in that state for eleven and a half. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Resignation

On November 26, 2007, Clare Martin and her deputy Syd Stirling announced their resignations at a media conference in Darwin. It was expected that NT education minister Paul Henderson would be elected as the new leader and chief minister by the ALP caucus.[7] is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Clare Martin ALP biography
  2. ^ a b http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/The-race-is-on/2005/06/16/1118869048130.html
  3. ^ http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/175_07_011001/taylor/taylor.html
  4. ^ http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22008970-17001,00.html
  5. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2007/s1973945.htm
  6. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/stateline/nt/content/2003/s862748.htm
  7. ^ Murdoch, Lindsay: Clare Martin and deputy quit, The Sydney Morning Herald, 26 November 2007.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

  • Office of the Chief Minister
Political offices
Preceded by
Maggie Hickey
Opposition Leader of the Northern Territory
19992001
Succeeded by
Denis Burke
Preceded by
Denis Burke
Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
2001–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Marshall Perron
Member for Fannie Bay
1995–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent


The Leader of the Opposition of the Northern Territory is an official role usually occupied by the leader of the second largest party in the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ... Denis Gabriel Burke (born September 22, 1948) is an Australian politician. ... In Australia, a Chief Minister is the head of government of a self-governing territory, while the head of government of a state is a Premier. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Marshall Perron is a former Chief Minister of the Northern Territory of Australia. ... Fannie Bay is a electoral division of the Legislative Assembly in Australias Northern Territory. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...

Chief Ministers of the Northern Territory
Everingham | Tuxworth | Hatton | Perron | Stone | Burke | Martin
Persondata
NAME Martin, Clare
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Martin, Clare Majella (full name)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Australian politician, 7th Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
DATE OF BIRTH 15 June 1952
PLACE OF BIRTH Lindfield, New South Wales, Australia
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clare Martin (126 words)
Clare Majella Martin (1952 -), is the current Chief Minister of the Northern Territory of Australia, leading the first Australian Labor Party government in the Territory since it began self-government in 1974.
After graduating from the University of Sydney in 1972 with a BA, she worked for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Sydney and Canberra, before moving to Darwin in 1985 and continuing her work as a journalist until 1994.
Martin and her partner have a son and a daughter.
Mont Clare (1695 words)
Martin was born in the Sydney suburb of Lindfield.
Martin had been interested in political journalism for some years, although she was not a member of any party, believing that party affiliation compromises journalistic integrity.
framerightPoulnabrone Dolmen in the Burren, County Clare, Ireland, [2004 in Ireland2004.] County Clare (''An Clár'' in Irish) is in the Irish province of Munster.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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