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Encyclopedia > Clan

A clan is a group of people united by kinship and descent, which is defined by perceived descent from a common ancestor. Even if actual lineage patterns are unknown, clan members nonetheless recognize a founding member or apical ancestor. As kinship based bonds can be merely symbolical in nature some clans share a "stipulated" common ancestor, which is a symbol of the clan's unity. When this ancestor is not human, this is referred to as animallian totem. Generally speaking, kinship differs from biological relation, as it also involves adoption, marriage, and fictive genealogical ties. Clans can be most easily described as sub-groups of tribes and usually constitute groups of 7000 to 10 000 people. Clan or Clans may refer to: A clan, a group of people united by kinship and descent, which is defined by perceived descent from a common ancestor Clan (computer gaming) Clans in the fictional BattleTech universe Clans, a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in France Clans, a commune... Kinship and descent is one of the major concepts of cultural anthropology. ... A totem is any entity which watches over or assists a group of people, such as a family, clan or tribe (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary [1] and Websters New World College Dictionary, Fourth Edition). ...

Contents

Etymology

Clan is the English spelling of clann[1], a Gaelic word meaning children or family. An Chlann Aoidh, the Scottish Gaelic name for the Clan Mackay, literally means "The Children of Fire" - fire being the literal meaning of the Gaelic name 'Aodh,' genitive and vocative case, 'hAoidh' - which translates to Scots and English, variously and as phonetically as possible, as Eth, Y, Hy, Heth, Huey, and Hugh. The Goidelic languages (also sometimes called the Gaelic languages or collectively Gaelic) are one of two major divisions of modern-day Insular Celtic languages (the other being the Brythonic languages). ... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... Clan MacKay crest: Manu Forti The Clan Mackay is an ancient and once powerful Scottish clan from the countrys far north in the Scottish Highlands, but with roots in the old province of Moray. ...


Organization of clans

Some clans are patrilineal, meaning its members are related through the male line; for example, the clans of Armenia. Others are matrilineal; its members are related through the female line. Still other clans are bilateral, consisting of all the descendants of the apical ancestor through both the male and female lines; the clans of Scotland are one example. Whether a clan is patrilineal, matrilineal, or bilateral depends on the kinship rules and norms of their society. Patrilineality (a. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Clan map of Scotland Scottish clans (from Old Gaelic clann, children), give a sense of identity and shared descent to people in Scotland and to their relations throughout the world, with a formal structure of Clan Chiefs officially registered with the court of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms which...


In different cultures and situations a clan may mean the same thing as other kin-based groups such as tribes and bands. Often, the distinguishing factor is that a clan is a smaller part of a larger society such as a tribe, a chiefdom, or a state. Examples include Irish, Scottish, Chinese, and Japanese clans, which exist as kin groups within their respective nations. Note, however, that tribes and bands can also be components of larger societies. Arab tribes are small groups within Arab society, and Ojibwa bands are smaller parts of the Ojibwa tribe. In some cases multiple tribes recognized the same clans, such as the bear and fox clans of the Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes. http://www. ... A Band Society is the simplest form of human society. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... A chiefdom is any community led by an individual known as a chief. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... Clan map of Scotland Scottish clans (from Old Gaelic clann, children), give a sense of identity and shared descent to people in Scotland and to their relations throughout the world, with a formal structure of Clan Chiefs officially registered with the court of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms which... Grave of Iwakuni Kikkawa clan at Mount Koya. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... This article is about the native North American people. ... For other uses, see Chickasaw (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Choctaw (disambiguation). ...


Apart from these different traditions of kinship, further conceptual confusion arises from colloquial usages of the term. In post-Soviet countries for example it is quite common to speak of clans referring to informal networks within the economic and political sphere. This usage reflects the assumption that their members act towards each other in a particularly close and mutually supportive way approximating the solidarity among kinsmen. However, the Norse clans, the ├Ątter, can not be translated with tribe or band, and consequently they are often translated with house or line. The Scandinavian clan or ætt in Old Norse, was a social group based on common descent or on the formal acceptance into the group at a þing. ...


Polish clans differ from most others in being a collection of families bearing the same coat of arms, as opposed to actually claiming a common descent. This is discussed under the topic of Polish Heraldry. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The history of Polish heraldry is an integral part of the history of the Szlachta, the Polish nobility. ...


Most clans are exogamous, meaning that its members cannot marry one another. Most clans have an official leader such as a chieftain or patriarch. Exogamy has two related definitions, both biological and cultural. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ...


Clans by country

Continent Europe Subregion Southeast Europe Geographic coordinates Area  - Total  - Water Ranked 143rd 28,748 km² 1,350- km² (2. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Australian Aboriginal kinship is the system of law governing social interaction, particularly marriage, in traditional Aboriginal culture. ... Teip (pronounced TAPE) is the name of a film and commercial production company located in Stavanger, Norway. ... The Chechen tukkhum was a form of military-economic or military-political union of a group of teips or tribal clans, combined together for joint decision making or defense from enemy attacks, trade and economic bartering. ... A Chinese clan is a group of related Chinese people with a common surname and sharing a common ancestor and ancestral village (see clan). ... A Chinese surname, also called a clan name or family name (姓, pinyin: x ng; or 氏, shi), is one of the over seven hundred family names used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups. ... The consort clan (外戚 Pinyin: waichi) is the family, clan or a group related to a spouse or a empress dowager of the Chinese dynastic ruler or a warlord. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Punti (Chinese: 本地; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: bun2 dei6; Mandarin Pinyin: BÄ›n Dì), a rough transliteration of the Cantonese term for original locality, refers to the Cantonese-speaking populations of southern China, namely, Guangdong province. ... The Tang Clan are one of the Great Five Clans of Hong Kong. ... å½­ Péng Peng (Chinese: å½­; pinyin: Péng) is a common Chinese family name, ranking 35th most common in 2006. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... German Clan The German clan Sippe or (Sibba) in Old Germanic, was a social group based on common descent. ... A Sippe (or Geschlecht) was a German cognatic, extended family unit, similar to the Irish sept. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A sept is a division of a family, especially a division of a clan. ... The Chief of the Name is the recognized head of a family or clan. ... Rajputs, c. ... Flag of the Maratha Empire Maratha king Shivaji Bhonsale The Marāthās is a collective term referring to a group of Hindu, Marathi language speaking castes of warriors and peasants, hailing mostly from the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Crest of Suren-Pahlav Clan. ... Grave of Iwakuni Kikkawa clan at Mount Koya. ... Bon-gwan are the traditional clan lineages of Korean culture. ... A Korean personal name consists of a family name followed by a given name. ... This is a list of Manchu clans. ... Like the Mongols, the Manchus were simply called by given name but they had their own clan names (hala in Manchu). ... Polish clans differ from most others in being a collection of families bearing the same coat of arms, as opposed to actually claiming a common descent. ... The Scandinavian clan or ætt in Old Norse, was a social group based on common descent or on the formal acceptance into the group at a þing. ... Clan map of Scotland Scottish clans (from Old Gaelic clann, children), give a sense of identity and shared descent to people in Scotland and to their relations throughout the world, with a formal structure of Clan Chiefs officially registered with the court of the Lord Lyon, King of Arms which... Map of the Serb clans (In Serbian Cyrillic). ... This 2002 CIA map shows the distribution of Somali clan populations across the Somali homelands, and their percentages within Somalia: Hawiye (25%), Isaaq (22%), Darod (20%), Rahanweyn (17%), Dir (7%), Digil (3%), and ethnic minorities (6%) Somali clan refers to the clan grouping of the Somali people. ...

See also

http://www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Endemic warfare is the state of continual, low-threshold warfare in a tribal warrior society. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ "Oxford Pocket Irish Dictionary (Paperback)" Breandan O Croinin (Editor), Oxford University Press
  2. ^ "Irish Families" Edward Mac Lysaght, Irish Academic Press, Dublin, 1985

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (592 words)
A clan is a group of people united by kinship and descent, which is defined by perceived descent from a common ancestor.
Still other clans are bilateral, consisting of all the descendants of the apical ancestor through both the male and female lines; the clans of Scotland are one example.
Often, the distinguishing factor is that a clan is a smaller part of a larger society such as a tribe, a chiefdom, or a state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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