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Encyclopedia > Civitavecchia

Civitavecchia is a town and comune of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Lazio, a sea port on the Tyrrhenian sea, 50 miles WNW of Rome, 42°06N 11°47E. According to the 2003 census, its population was 50,100. The harbor was originally constructed by the Emperor Trajan; the town indeed owed its origin entirely to the port of this emperor, and hence came to be known as Portus Trajani. The harbor is formed by two moles and a breakwater, on which latter is a lighthouse. The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696. It suffered at the hands of the Goths and Saracens, and was occupied by the French in 1849. The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Bixio in 1870. It is today a major cruise and ferry port. Its name translates literally to "Old City". In Italy, the commune (comune, plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township. ... Rome (It. ... Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... The Etruscan civilization existed in Etruria and the Po valley in the northern part of what is now Italy, prior to the formation of the Roman Republic. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emperor Trajan Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus (September 18, 53 - August 9, 117), Roman Emperor (98 - 117), commonly called Trajan, was the second of the so-called five good emperors of the Roman Empire. ... Innocent XII, né Antonio Pignatelli (March 13, 1615 - September 27, 1700) pope from 1691 to 1700, was the successor of Alexander VIII. He came of a distinguished Naples family and was educated at the Jesuit college in Rome. ... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche portrays the Goths as cavalrymen. ... For the rugby club Saracens see Saracens (rugby club) The term Saracen comes from Greek sarakenoi. ...


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Visions of Jesus Christ.com - The Madonna of Civitavecchia weeps tears of blood (1217 words)
The Civitavecchia diocese ordered theologians, historians and doctors to review the case and compile their conclusions in a document, according to Corriere della Sera, which published what it said was a summary of the findings.
The case of the Madonna of Civitavecchia, a small port city about 40 miles north of Rome, made international headlines 10 years ago, attracting thousands of faithful to the town.
It is said to have wept bloody tears in the garden of an electrician in Pantano near Civitavecchia.
From Civitavecchia to Civita Castellana: Civitavecchia, Allumiere and Tolfa (700 words)
Civitavecchia means old (vecchia, by the way read "cch" as "k") town (civita, old Italian, nowadays città), because it was destroyed in 812 by the Saracens and its inhabitants, who had sought refuge in the towns in the interior, started to repopulate it after several years (so they went back to the old town).
With the unification of Italy in the XIXth century Civitavecchia became the main port for reaching Sardinia and because of this it was heavily bombed during World War II.
In addition to the fortress, Civitavecchia was protected by walls, which are largely lost or diminished in their size because of a higher ground level.
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