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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in Switzerland
Same-sex unions
Recognized nationwide in:
Denmark (1989) | Norway (1993)
Israel1 (1994) | Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996) | Hungary (1996)
Iceland (1996) | France (1999)
South Africa (1999) | Germany (2001)
Portugal (2001) | Finland (2002)
Croatia (2003) | Luxembourg (2004)
New Zealand (2005) | United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra (2005) | Czech Republic (2006)
Slovenia (2006) | Switzerland (starting 2007)
Was recognized before
legalization of same-sex marriage in:
Netherlands (nationwide) (1998)
Spain (12 of 14 communities) (1998)
Belgium (nationwide) (2000)
Canada (QC and NS)2 (2000)
Recognized in some regions in:
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
Australia (Tasmania, ACT) (2004)
Italy (10 regions) (2004)
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) (2004)
United States(10 states) (1997)
Recognition debated in:
Austria
Chile
Greece
Ireland
Liechtenstein
Poland
Notes:
1 - In form of common-law marriage.
2 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Quebec (2002), Nova Scotia (2001), and Manitoba (2002), common-law marriage extended to same-sex partners nationwide (2000).
See also
Same-sex marriage
Registered partnership
Domestic partnership
Common-law marriage
Marriage, unions and partnerships by country
Homosexuality laws of the world
Wikinews has news related to:
The Swiss vote yes to same-sex relationships and "Schengen/Dublin"

On June 5th, 2005, the Swiss people approved by 58% in a referendum a government proposal to grant same-sex couples the same rights and protections as heterosexual couples, except: A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married opposite-sex peoples (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by opposite-sex couples who... World homosexuality laws Same-sex marriage is the union of two people who are of the same gender. ... This politics article needs to be wikified. ... Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities, 11 of which recognize civil unions. ... Statutory cohabitation: Act of 23 November 1998: Gives limited rights to registered same-sex and opposite-sex couples. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... In Argentina, marriage is allowed between a man and woman. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Same-sex marriage in Australia. ... Beginning July 2004 some Italian regions recognized coppie di fatto (de facto couples), both same-sex and opposite-sex couples, giving them legal benefits. ... The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalised civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. ... Same-sex marriage, often called gay marriage, is a marriage between two persons of the same gender. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the M. v. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World homosexuality laws Same-sex marriage is the union of two people who are of the same gender. ... See also: Civil Union Volker Beck, a member of the Green party caucus of the Bundestag, is the father of the German law. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World laws on homosexuality Same-sex unions in North America. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, marriage equality, and often just marriage by its proponents, and—usually by its opponents—homosexual marriage) refers to a marriage between individuals of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ...

However, in terms of next of kin status, taxation, social security, insurance, and shared possession of the apartment, etc., same-sex couples are granted the same rights. The official title of the same-sex union is "Eingetragene Partnerschaft", literally meaning "registered partnership". Parliament originally passed the law by a 3/4s majority in June 2004, but the conservative Federal Democratic Union collected signatures to force a referendum. Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ... In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilised outside the womans body. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Next of kin is the term used to describe a persons closest living blood relative or relatives. ... For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security primarily refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... See also: Civil Union Volker Beck, a member of the Green party caucus of the Bundestag, is the father of the German law. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in orange and red—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Social conservatism is a belief in traditional or natural law-based morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ... The Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland (Switzerland: Eidgenössisch-Demokratische Union, Union Démocratique Fédérale, Unione Democratica Federale) is a political party in Switzerland. ...


Same-sex marriages formed outside Switzerland (e.g. in the Netherlands, where this is allowed) will be acknowledged as civil unions. Switzerland was the first nation to pass a same-sex union law by referendum. Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, and—less frequently—homosexual marriage) refers to marriage between partners of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in that section). ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not...


Canton laws

The canton of Geneva has had a law on cantonal level, "Registered Partnership" or "PACS" (Pacte civil de solidarité), since 2001. It grants unmarried couples, whether same-sex or opposite-sex, many rights, responsibilities and protections that married couples have. However, it does not allow benefits in taxation, social security, or health insurance premiums (unlike the federal law). The origin of the PACS lies in the French law of the same name. By February 2005, 215 same-sex and 54 opposite-sex couples took advantage of the law and 19 couples ended their partnerships. Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland, and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... In France, a pacte civil de solidarité (English: civil pact of solidarity) commonly known as a PACS /paks/, is a form of civil union between two adults (same-sex or opposite-sex) for organising their joint life. ... Cohabitation is defined as an emotional, physical, and intellectually intimate relationship which includes a common living place and which exists without the benefit of legal, cultural, or religious sanction. ... Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse, which can be contrasted with an annulment, which is a declaration that a marriage is void, though the effects of marriage may be recognized in such unions, such as spousal support, child custody...


In analogy to the verb "se marier" (to marry), in both the French-speaking parts of Switzerland as well as in France there exists the expression "se pacser".


On September 22nd, 2002, the canton of Zurich passed a same-sex partnership law by referendum (62.7% yes) that goes further than Geneva's law, but requires couples to live together for six months before registering. Between July 2003 and the end of 2004, 383 same-sex couples took advantage of the law. September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In July 2004, the canton of Neuchâtel passed a law recognizing unmarried couples. 35 opposite-sex and 21 same-sex couples took advantage of the law by February 2005. Location within Switzerland Neuchâtel 47. ...


External links

  • Geneva registers its first "gay divorces"

  Results from FactBites:
 
A Primer on Same-Sex Marriage, Civil Unions, Domestic Partnerships, and Defense of Marriage Acts (890 words)
The most significant difference between marriage and civil unions (or domestic partnerships) is that only marriage offers federal benefits and protections.
Because civil unions and domestic partnerships are not federally recognized, any benefits available at the state or local level are subject to federal taxation.
The amendment would define marriage as the union of a man and a woman and could be used to overrule state or local protections for same-sex couples and their children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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