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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in New Zealand
Civil union
Recognised nationwide in:
Denmark (1989)
Norway (1993)
Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996)
Hungary (1996)
Iceland (1996)
Netherlands1 (1998)
France (1999)
South Africa (1999)
Belgium1 (2000)
Canada1 (QC and NS)2 (2000)
Germany (2001)
Portugal (2001)
Finland (2002)
Croatia (2003)
Israel (2004)
Luxembourg (2004)
New Zealand (2005)
United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra (2005)
Slovenia (2005)
Switzerland
(Approved 2005; Expected implemented 2007)
Recognised in some regions in:
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
Australia (Tasmania) (2004)
Spain (Catalonia and 10 other regions)1 (1998)
Italy (Tuscany, Umbria, Emilia-Romagna) (2004)
Brazil (Rio Grande de Sul) (2004)
United States: CA (1999), CT (2005), DC (2002), MD (2005),

HI (1997), ME (2004), NJ (2004), OR (2005), VT (2000) A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... In Argentina, Buenos Aires City and Rio Negro Province (both in 2003) offer Civil unions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Same-sex marriage in Australia. ... Marriage bill was approved by government. ... Beginning July 2004 some Italian regions recognized coppie di fatto, both same-sex and opposite-sex couples, giving them legal benefits. ... The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalizated civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. ... Example of California domestic partnership certificate. ... The Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill to adopt civil unions in Connecticut, insuring that same-sex couples get the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. ... The District of Columbia has recognised civil unions since 2002. ... Hawaii state recognize Reciprocal Beneficiaries since 1997. ... Overview Domestic partnerships in Maine are a legal unions created by P.L. 2003, c. ... New Jersey offer Domestic partnership for same-sex couples and opposite-sex partners over 62 since 2004. ... Oregon state senators passed legislation (July 8 2005) to allow same-sex civil unions. ... Overview Civil unions in Vermont are legal unions of same-sex couples in accordance with a law that went into effect in 2000. ...

Other countries:
Liechtenstein
Austria
Czech Republic
Greece
Ireland
Poland
Notes:
1 - Country subsequently legalized same-sex marriage.
2 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Quebec (2002), Nova Scotia (2001), and Manitoba (2002), common-law marriage extended to same-sex partners nationwide (2000).
See also
Same-sex marriage
Domestic partnership

Civil unions in New Zealand were ratified on 9 December 2004 when Parliament passed the Civil Union Bill to establish the institution of civil union for same-sex and opposite-sex couples. The Act has been described as a copy of the Marriage Act with "marriage" replaced by "civil union". Its companion bill, the Relationships (Statutory References) Act, was passed to remove discriminatory provisions from much legislation, but ran into stumbling blocks in Parliament. An amended version was passed in 2005. Both the Civil Union Bill and the Relationships (Statutory References) Bill were promoted by the Labour MPs David Benson-Pope and Lianne Dalziel. Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal sex. ... Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the M. v. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal sex. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... David Henry Benson-Pope (born 1950) is a New Zealand politician. ... Lianne Audrey Dalziel (born 7 June 1960) is a member of the New Zealand Parliament and a former Cabinet minister. ...


The Civil Union Bill was treated as a conscience issue by most parties, including the largest parties on the left and right, and passed by 65 votes to 55. The table below shows the breakdown of votes by party. A conscience vote or free vote is a type of vote in a legislative body where legislators are each expected to vote according to their own personal conscience rather than according to an official line set down by their political party. ...

Party Voted For Voted Against
Labour Party 45 6
National Party 3 24
New Zealand First 1 12
ACT 5 4
Green Party 9 0
United Future 0 8
Progressive Party 2 0
Maori Party 0 1
Totals 65 55

During consideration of the bill, proposals were made to bring the question to a binding referendum or to replace it with a "civil relationships" bill that would allow any two people to register any personal relationship and gain joint property rights. These proposals were dismissed by supporters of the bill as delaying tactics rather than serious proposals and were defeated in Parliament by a block vote of Labour, the Greens, and the Progressives. The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... Current National Party logo The New Zealand National Party currently forms the second-largest (in terms of seats) political party in the New Zealand Parliament, and thus functions as the core of the Opposition. ... Current New Zealand First logo New Zealand First is a political party in New Zealand. ... Current ACT New Zealand logo ACT New Zealand is a free market liberal party in the New Zealand Parliament. ... Current Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand logo The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a political party in the New Zealand parliament. ... Current United Future logo United Future New Zealand is a political party in the New Zealand parliament with eight MPs -- seven list MPs, and one electorate MP, leader Peter Dunne (see MMP for the difference). ... Current Progressive Party logo The Progressive Party (initially the Progressive Coalition) is a political party in the New Zealand Parliament. ... The Maori Party, a political party in New Zealand based around Maori citizens, formed around Tariana Turia, a former Labour Party member who had been a New Zealand Cabinet minister in the current Labour-dominated coalition government. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ... Current Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand logo The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a political party in the New Zealand parliament. ... Current Progressive Party logo The Progressive Party (initially the Progressive Coalition) is a political party in the New Zealand Parliament. ...


The New Zealand public narrowly supported the bill, with opinion polls indicating around 56 per cent in favour. The bill was controversial in some quarters, attracting strong opposition from the evangelical Destiny Church and the Catholic Church in New Zealand. However, not all Christians were opposed to the Bill. Christians for Civil Unions played an important role in the debates (example) along with other Christian groups including the Student Christian Movement (example). Destiny Church is a charismatic Christian church with headquarters in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The Catholic Church in New Zealand is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... The Student Christian Movement (SCM) has fostered liberal and progressive religious and social views amongst university students since 1889. ...


Civil unions came into effect on April 26, 2005 and at least two couples had applied for licences by 9:30 that morning. April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...


Public Opinion

Three months after the Civil Union Act came into effect, a HeraldDigiPoll survey revealed that the majority of New Zealanders (who expressed an opinion either way) were happy with the legislation.


When asked "whether they were happy or unhappy with the way the law allowing civil unions is working" 46 percent said they were happy, 35.7 per cent were unhappy and 18.1 percent were undecided or refused to comment.


At the end of June 2005, The Department of Internal Affairs said 74 couples had solemnised their relationship in a Civil Union. Of those, 10 couples were opposite-sex couples.


External link

  • Civil Union Bill & Relationships (Statutory References) Bill
  • Pro-civil union lobby site
  • The New Zealand Herald: The Civil Unions Bill has been passed by Parliament.
  • The New Zealand Herald: Majority happy with civil union, prostitution laws

  Results from FactBites:
 
Civil unions in New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (867 words)
Civil unions in New Zealand were passed into law on 9 December 2004 when Parliament passed the Civil Union Act to establish the institution of civil union for same-sex and opposite-sex couples.
The Civil Union Bill was treated as a conscience issue by most parties, including the largest parties on the left and right, and passed its third and final reading by 65 votes to 55.
Civil Unions came into effect on April 26, 2005 and at least two couples had applied for licences by 9:30 that morning.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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