FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in New Jersey
Same-sex civil unions
Recognised nationwide

Denmark (1989)
Norway (1993)
Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996)
Iceland (1996)
France (1999)
Germany (2001)
Portugal (2001)
Finland (2002)
A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ...

Luxembourg (2004)
New Zealand (2005)
United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra (2005)
Czech Republic (2006)
Slovenia (2006)
Switzerland (2007)
Colombia (2007)

As unregistered cohabitation

Israel (1994)
Hungary (1996)

Croatia (2003)
Austria (2003)

Recognised in some regions

United States (1997)
Argentina (2003)
Australia (2004)

Brazil (2004)
Italy (2004)
Mexico (2006)

Recognised prior to legalisation
of same-sex marriage

Netherlands (nationwide) (1998)
Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998)
South Africa (nationwide) (1999)
Belgium (nationwide) (2000)
Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001)
  CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... This politics article needs to be wikified. ... Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities, 11 of which recognize civil unions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Same-sex marriage in South Africa. ... Statutory cohabitation: Act of 23 November 1998: Gives limited rights to registered same-sex and opposite-sex couples. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ...

Recognition debated

Argentina
Australia
Austria
Brazil
Chile

Costa Rica
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Liechtenstein

Mexico
Poland
United States
Uruguay

See also

Same-sex marriage
Registered partnership
Domestic partnership
Common-law marriage
Same-sex unions by country
Homosexuality laws of the world
  CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ... A domestic partnership (known as Pairage) is a legal or personal relationship between individuals who live together and share a common domestic life but are not joined in a traditional marriage or a civil union. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ...

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Main article: Same-sex marriage in New Jersey

As of February 19, 2007, New Jersey offers same-sex couples the opportunity to enter into a "civil union" with virtually all the rights of married couples. Additionally, as of that date, same-sex marriages and civil unions formed under the laws of other states and nations are recognized as civil unions in New Jersey. The state of New Jersey has neither allowed nor recognized marriages between couples of the same-sex. ...

Contents

Judicial Actions

On October 25, 2006, the Supreme Court of New Jersey unanimously ruled, in Lewis v. Harris that the "unequal dispensation of rights and benefits to committed same-sex partners can no longer be tolerated under our State Constitution." With the Lewis v. Harris decision, gay couples were granted the same rights, benefits and responsibilities as heterosexual couples with respect to their relationships. October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The New Jersey Supreme Court is the highest court in the State. ... Lewis v. ... Lewis v. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ...


This was the first time in the history of the United States that the highest court of any states has ruled unanimously in favor of the rights of same-sex couples.


While the decision was widely reported as a 4-3 split, the differences between the Justices on the Court was on whether only the provision of "marriage" rights would resolve the constitutional defect, or whether another statutory scheme would satisfy constitutional scrutiny. The Court avoided the question of what to call the legal status, leaving that to, as the majority stated, the "crucible of the democratic process."


The dissent, led by then-Chief Justice Deborah T. Poritz, chastised the junior members of the Court who said that anything other than marriage would provide equal rights: "[w]hat we name things matters, language matters...Labels set people apart surely as physical separation on a bus or in school facilities...By excluding same-sex couples from civil marriage, the State declares that it is legitimate to differentiate between their commitments and the commitments of heterosexual couples. Ultimately the message is that what same-sex couples have is not as important or as significant as "real" marriage, that such lesser relationships cannot have the name of marriage." Chief Justice Deborah Poritz Deborah T. Poritz is the Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court. ...


Legislative Actions

In July 2004, New Jersey enacted a domestic partnership law giving same-sex couples many of the rights associated with marriage.[citation needed]


On December 4, 2006, New Jersey Assemblyman Reed Gusciora, himself a gay man, introduced the "Civil Marriage and Religious Protection Act" in order to implement the Court's directive to provide equal rights to same-sex couples. The bill, which would have provided for extension of NJ marriage rights, benefits and responsibilities to same-sex couples was largely ignored by New Jersey legislators. December 4th redirects here. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Assemblyman Reed Gusciora Reed Gusciora (born March 27, 1960 in Passaic, New Jersey) has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 1996 and represents the 15th legislative district. ...


On December 14, 2006, the New Jersey Legislature passed a bill establishing civil unions; this was signed into law by the Governor Jon Corzine. The NJ Civil Unions law was effective February 19, 2007. December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Legislature of New Jersey is the U.S. state of New Jerseys legislative branch, seated in the New Jersey State House at the states capital, Trenton. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1, 1947) is the Governor of New Jersey. ...


Same-sex couples who enter into a civil union are provided almost all of the rights granted to married couples under New Jersey state law. Currently, with the federal Defense of Marriage Act or DOMA in place, same-sex couples in marriages, civil unions, or domestic partnerships do not have any right or entitlement to the 1,138 rights that a married couple has under federal law.[1] Additionally, many citizens do not understand the concept of civil unions, and therefore treat civil unions differently from marriages. A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ... The Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, is the commonly-used name of a federal law of the United States that is officially known as Pub. ... The Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA is a federal law of the United States passed by Congress and signed by former President Bill Clinton on September 21, 1996. ...


The law provides for the creation of a Civil Unions Review Commission that will evaluate the laws effectiveness and any problems resulting therefrom, and will report every six months for two years following enactment to assess the impact of the law.


According to the new civil union law, when a same-sex couple receives a civil union, their domestic partnership is automatically terminated by the civil union. However, while domestic partnerships are no longer to be offered to same-sex couples after February 19, 2007, those couples who remain in domestic partnerships and elect to not enter into a civil union will be allowed to remain as domestic partners.


Criticisms

The New Jersey State Bar Association took a formal position against the adoption of Civil Unions law, citing inherent and obvious problems and confusion the law has for the state's citizens and the legal representation. In addition, the NJSBA formally endorsed the Gusciora marriage bill, saying that only marriage equality would meet the standard mandated by the NJ Supreme Court in its Lewis decision.


In addition, newspapers have also covered the apparent failure of the civil union law, once it became effective on February 19, 2007, to provide equal protection consistently to same-sex couples in New Jersey. The New York Times, the Star-Ledger and the Bergen Record have each done investigative stories on employers and insurers failing to provide benefits to civil unioned couples.


During the first 90 days of the law, 852 same-sex couples had gotten civil-unioned, according to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. During the same 90 days, the LGBT civil rights organization Garden State Equality reported that it has received complaints from 102 civil-unioned couples denied benefits by employers or insurers.


On May 22, 2007, the Star-Ledger reported that the New Jersey Division on Civil Rights has received at least 270 inquiries from civil-unioned couples denied benefits by employers or insurers.


See also

  CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage, often called gay marriage, is a marriage between two persons of the same sex. ... This article serves to provide the final outcome of legislation only. ... This article summarizes the legal and political actions taken by the individual states of the United States regarding same-sex marriage. ... Advocates of same-sex marriage generally hold that marriage and its benefits should not be denied to same-sex couples, and that such a denial infringes one or more of their rights as American citizens. ... Same sex marriage permitted Laws permitting civil unions or domestic partnerships Same sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships prohibited State Constitutional amendment banning same sex marriage State law banning same sex marriage No state law banning same sex marriage (however, judicial or executive rulings prevent same sex marriage) Same... It has been suggested that Rights and responsibilities of marriages in the United States be merged into this article or section. ... The Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, is the commonly-used name of a federal law of the United States that is officially known as Pub. ... The Marriage Protection Act is a bill considered by the U.S. Congress and passed by the House of Representatives in 2004, and reintroduced in the House in 2005, that sought to divest the power of the federal courts to hear cases related to the Marriage Protection Act itself, as... Defense of marriage amendments are U.S. state constitutional amendments that have been proposed, and in some instances adopted, to prevent the legalization of same-sex marriage. ... The United States Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA) is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution which would define marriage in the United States as a union of one man and one woman. ... In the United States, domestic partnership is a legal status similar to marriage that has been available to same-sex couples (and sometimes opposite-sex couples). ... The Freedom to Marry coalition is a conglomeration of groups working toward the legalization of same-sex marriage in the United States. ... Civil marriage has undergone significant changes in the United States since the countrys inception: 1830 - Right of married woman to own property in her own name (instead of all property being owned exclusively by the husband) in Mississippi. ...

References

The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is the audit, evaluation, and investigative agency of the United States Congress. ... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ...

External links


Same-sex marriage in the United States
This box: view  talk  edit
Marriage Legalized: Massachusetts
Civil unions permitted: Connecticut - New Jersey - Vermont
Marriage or Civil Union
Laws proposed
:
Connecticut - Illinois - Maine - New Jersey - New Hampshire - New York - Rhode Island - Washington - California

 Domestic partnerships permitted:   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage, often called gay marriage, is a marriage between two persons of the same sex. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... Same-sex marriage in the U.S. state of Massachusetts began on May 17, 2004 because the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts ruled in Goodridge v. ... The Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill to adopt civil unions in Connecticut, ensuring that same-sex couples get the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. ... Overview Civil unions in Vermont are legal unions of same-sex couples in accordance with a law that went into effect in 2000. ... The State of Connecticut does not currently recognize nor allow same-sex couples the ability to marry. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... In April 2004, the Maine Legislature passed a bill to establish Domestic Partnerships, providing many important rights akin to marriage for same-sex couples in that state. ... The state of New Jersey has neither allowed nor recognized marriages between couples of the same-sex. ... Civil unions in New Hampshire are currently being pursued at a state legislative level. ... Same-sex marriage is not recognized in New York state. ... Same-sex marriage is not recognized in Rhode Island state. ... Same-sex marriage is not recognized in Washington state. ... Determining the status of same sex marriage in California has been an intense political battle for at least the last decade. ...

California - District of Columbia - Hawaii - Maine - Oregon - Washington
Prohibited by statute: Arizona - Connecticut - Delaware - Florida - Illinois - Indiana - Iowa - Maryland - Minnesota - New Hampshire - New York - North Carolina - Pennsylvania - Puerto Rico - Washington - West Virginia - Wyoming
Prohibited by constitutional amendment: Alabama - Alaska - Arkansas - Colorado - Georgia - Hawaii - Idaho - Kansas - Kentucky - Louisiana - Michigan - Mississippi - Missouri - Montana - Nebraska - Nevada - North Dakota - Ohio - Oklahoma - Oregon - South Carolina - South Dakota - Tennessee - Texas - Utah - Virginia - Wisconsin
Marriage undefined: New Mexico - Rhode Island

 
 

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