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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in Israel
Civil union
Recognised nationwide in:
Denmark (1989)
Norway (1993)
Israel3 (1994)
Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996)
Hungary (1996)
Iceland (1996)
Netherlands1 (1998)
France (1999)
South Africa (1999)
Belgium1 (2000)
Canada1 (QC and NS)2 (2000)
Germany (2001)
Portugal (2001)
Finland (2002)
Croatia (2003)
Luxembourg (2004)
New Zealand (2005)
United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra (2005)
Slovenia (2006)
Switzerland
(Approved 2005; Expected implemented 2007)
Recognised in some regions in:
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
Australia (Tasmania) (2004)
Spain (11 autonomous communities)1 (1998)
Italy (8 regions) (2004)
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) (2004)
United States: CU: VT (2000) , CT (2005); DP: HI (1997), CA (1999), DC (2002), ME (2004), NJ (2004)
Other countries:
Liechtenstein
Austria
Czech Republic
Greece
Ireland
Poland
Honduras
Notes:
1 - Country subsequently legalized same-sex marriage.
2 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Quebec (2002), Nova Scotia (2001), and Manitoba (2002), common-law marriage extended to same-sex partners nationwide (2000).
3 - In form of common-law marriage.
See also
Same-sex marriage
Registered partnership
Domestic partnership
Common-law marriage
Marriage, unions and partnerships by country
Homosexuality laws of the world

Israel has granted unregistered cohabitation for same-sex couples since 1994, in the form of common law marriage, a status that until then was only extended to heterosexual couples. Following lawsuits, same-sex couples enjoy several spousal benefits (1994 –1996) and the right of same sex partners of civil service employees to survivor benefits (1998). A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married opposite-sex peoples (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by opposite-sex couples who... In Argentina, marriage is allowed between a man and woman. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Same-sex marriage in Australia. ... Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities, 11 of which recognize civil unions. ... Beginning July 2004 some Italian regions recognized coppie di fatto (de facto couples), both same-sex and opposite-sex couples, giving them legal benefits. ... The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalised civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. ... Overview Civil unions in Vermont are legal unions of same-sex couples in accordance with a law that went into effect in 2000. ... The Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill to adopt civil unions in Connecticut, ensuring that same-sex couples get the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. ... Hawaii state recognize Reciprocal Beneficiaries since 1997. ... Example of California domestic partnership certificate. ... The District of Columbia has recognised civil unions since 2002. ... Overview Domestic partnerships in Maine are a legal unions created by P.L. 2003, c. ... New Jersey offer Domestic partnership for same-sex couples and opposite-sex partners over 62 since 2004. ... Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal or biological sex. ... Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the M. v. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal or biological sex. ... See also: Civil Union Volker Beck, a member of the Green party caucus of the Bundestag, is the father of the German law. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World laws on homosexuality Same-sex unions in North America. ... Cohabitation is an arrangement where two unrelated people live together, often as part of a sexual relationship. ... In many jurisdictions, common-law marriage is a legal provision whereby two people who are eligible to marry, but who do not obtain a legal marriage, are nevertheless considered married under certain conditions. ... Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, marriage equality, and often just marriage by its proponents, and—usually by its opponents—homosexual marriage) refers to a marriage between individuals of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in...


Insurance companies recognise same-sex partners in regard to deceased's ensured employment compensation benefits to surviving partner (1999). Pension rights of the same sex partner of the deceased are recognised (2000), non-biological parents can register guardianship of their partner's child (2001); a January, 2005 supreme court ruling has made it possible for a partner to legally adopt a same-sex partner's biological child, and still courts grant more and more rights for same sex couples. Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of potential financial loss. ... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, is the highest court in that jurisdiction and functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be appealed. ...


The Israeli government is considering whether to recognise full civil unions. A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married opposite-sex peoples (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by opposite-sex couples who...


See also


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