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Encyclopedia > Civil unions in Germany
Same-sex civil unions
Recognized nationwide in:
Denmark (1989) | Norway (1993)
Israel1 (1994) | Sweden (1995)
Greenland (1996) | Hungary1 (1996)
Iceland (1996) | France (1999)
Germany (2001) | Portugal (2001)
Finland (2002) | Croatia1 (2003)
Austria1 (2003) | Luxembourg (2004)
New Zealand (2005) | United Kingdom (2005)
Andorra (2005) | Czech Republic (2006)
Slovenia (2006) | Switzerland (2007)
Colombia (2007)
Recognized in some regions in:
United States (7 states+DC) (1997) :

CA, CT, HI, ME, NJ, VT, WA + DC A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ... Civil unions or some other form of relationship recognition such as same-sex marriage, domestic partnerships, or reciprocal benefits are legal in six of the United States, and the District of Colombia. ... Example of California domestic partnership certificate. ... The Connecticut General Assembly passed a bill to adopt civil unions in Connecticut, ensuring that same-sex couples get the same civil rights as heterosexual couples. ... Since 1997, the state of Hawaii has offered reciprocal beneficiary registration for any adults who are prohibited by state law from marrying, including same-sex couples. ... In April 2004, the Maine Legislature passed a bill to establish Domestic Partnerships, providing many important rights akin to marriage for same-sex couples in that state. ... Main article: Same-sex marriage in New Jersey The American state of New Jersey offers domestic partnerships for same-sex couples 18 years of age or older and opposite-sex partners 62 years of age or older [1]. The present law was passed by the state legislature and signed by... Overview Civil unions in Vermont are legal unions of same-sex couples in accordance with a law that went into effect in 2000. ... On April 10, 2007 the Washington Legislature gave final approval to domestic partnership legislation that would give same-sex couples many state rights of marriage, however does not legalise gay marriage nor civil unions. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence Washington, D.C., has recognized domestic partnerships since 1992. ...

Argentina (Buenos Aires, Rio Negro) (2003)
Australia Tasmania (2004), Victoria (2007)
Italy (Some municipalities) (2004)
Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) (2004)
Mexico (Mexico City and Coahuila) (2007)
Was recognized before legalization of same-sex marriage in:
Netherlands (nationwide) (1998)
Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998)
South Africa (nationwide)2 (1999)
Belgium (nationwide) (2000)
Canada (QC, NS and MB)3 (2001)
Recognition debated in:
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Brazil
Chile
Costa Rica
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Liechtenstein
Mexico
Poland
United States
Uruguay
Notes:
1 - In form of unregistered cohabitation.
2 - Explicitly referred to as the "civil unions Act" in South Africa.
3 - Explicitly referred to as "civil unions" in Quebec (2002), and called "domestic partnership" in Nova Scotia (2001) and Manitoba in (2002). Marriage was extended to same-sex couples nationwide in (2005).
See also
Same-sex marriage
Registered partnership
Domestic partnership
Common-law marriage
Marriage, unions and partnerships by country
Homosexuality laws of the world
This box: view  talk  edit

Since 1 August 2001, Germany has allowed registered partnerships for same-sex couples. The Life Partnership Act (German: Eingetragene Lebenspartnerschaft) was a compromise between same-sex marriage and the conservative interpretation of marriage. The act grants a number of rights enjoyed by married, opposite-sex couples. In Argentina, marriage is allowed between a man and woman. ... Beginning July 2004 some Italian regions recognized coppie di fatto (de facto couples), both same-sex and opposite-sex couples, giving them legal benefits. ... The Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul legalised civil unions after a court decision in March 2004. ... In November of 2006, Mexicos capital, Mexico City, legalized civil unions between same-sex couples. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... This politics article needs to be wikified. ... Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities, 11 of which recognize civil unions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Same-sex marriage in South Africa. ... Statutory cohabitation: Act of 23 November 1998: Gives limited rights to registered same-sex and opposite-sex couples. ... Same-sex marriage was legalized across Canada by the Civil Marriage Act enacted on July 20, 2005. ... Civil unions in Quebec: Pursuant to a range of activism and to the M. v. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Nationwide can refer to: Nationwide Building Society, the worlds largest building society, located in the United Kingdom. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ... A domestic partnership (known as Pairage) is a legal or personal relationship between individuals who live together and share a common domestic life but are not joined in a traditional marriage or a civil union. ... Common-law marriage (or common law marriage), sometimes called informal marriage or marriage by habit and repute is, historically, a form of interpersonal status in which a man and a woman are legally married. ... World laws on homosexuality US laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in Western Europe. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


Volker Beck, a member of the Green Party caucus of the Bundestag, is called "Father of the German Registered Partnership Act". Volker Beck campaigning in Freiburg, Germany, in 2005 Volker Beck (born 12 December 1960 in Stuttgart) is a German politician, specifically a Green Party representative in the Bundestag first as their Speaker for Legal Affairs (1994-2002) and now as the Green Party whip. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ...


On 17 July 2002, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany upheld enacted act. The Court found, unanimously, that the process leading to the law's enactment was constitutional. The 8-member Court further ruled, with three dissenting votes, that the substance of the law conforms to the Grundgesetz (Basic Law), and ruled that these partnerships could be granted equal rights to those given to married couples. (The initial law had deliberately withheld certain privileges, such as joint adoption and pension rights for widow(er)s, in an effort to observe the "special protection" which the constitution provided for marriage and the family. The court determined that the "specialness" of the protection was not in the quantity of protection, but in the obligatory nature of this protection, whereas the protection of registered partnerships was at the Bundestag's discretion.) July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ...


On 12 October 2004, the Gesetz zur Überarbeitung des Lebenspartnerschaftsrechts (Life Partnership Law (Revision) Act) was passed by the Bundestag, increasing the rights of registered life partners to include, among other things, the possibility of stepchild adoption and simpler alimony and divorce rules, but excluding the same tax benefits as in a marriage. By October 2004, 5,000 couples had registered their partnerships.[1] October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... Legal status of gay adoption in Europe (map needs to be changed; UK, Norway, Iceland see text). ... In many countries alimony, maintenance or spousal support is an obligation established by law that is based on the premise that both spouses have an absolute obligation to support each other during the marriage (or civil union) unless they are legally separated, though in some instances the obligation to support... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ...


In December 2006, a poll conducted by the Angus-Reid Global Monitor, seeking public attitudes on economic, political, and social issues for member-states of the European Union found that Germany ranked seventh supporting Same-Sex Marriage for German citizens. Behind The Netherlands (82%), Sweden (71%), Denmark (69%), Belgium (62%), Luxembourg (58%), and Spain (56%); German attitudes on this social issue were above the European Union average of 44%. Tying with Germany was The Czech Republic with 52% in support, and neighboring Austria with 49%, respectively.[2] Under the current leadership it is difficult to ascertain the future is of this issue. However, the Social Democratic Party and the Green Party have both acknowledged their support with the legalization of same-sex marriage. If legalized, Germany would be the first German-speaking nation and the first Baltic nation to recognize same-sex marriage.


See also

Registered partnership is one of several terms for a civil union or civil partnership similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing same-sex couples access to the legal and social benefits of traditional marriage. ... A civil union is a recognized union similar to marriage. ...   CA, CT, MD, NY, NJ, OR, RI, VT, WA See also Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence For extensive information regarding historical legislation against homosexuality in Germany, see Paragraph 175. ...

External links

  • Lifetime Partnership Act of Germany
  • Decriminalization of Homosexuality and Its Effects on Family Rights: A German-US-American Comparison in the German Law Journal (in English)
  • The position of German Christian denominations as regards blessings and marriage ceremonies for same-sex couples (in German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Germany. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (7504 words)
Germany is a federal republic whose 16 states have their own constitutions, legislatures, and governments, which can pass laws on all matters except those that are the exclusive right of the federal government such as defense, foreign affairs, and finance.
The chief theater of the war, Germany was reduced to misery and starvation, lost a large part of its population, and became, as a result of the Peace of Westphalia (1648; see Westphalia, Peace of), a loose confederation of petty principalities under the nominal suzerainty of the emperor.
In Mar., 1936, Germany remilitarized the Rhineland in violation of the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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